Author: Jim Boulton

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781780673707

Category: Design

Page: 216

View: 6680

This innovative title looks at the history of the Web from its early roots in the research projects of the US government to the interactive online world we know and use today. Fully illustrated with images of early computing equipment and the inside story of the online world's movers and shakers, the book explains the origins of the Web's key technologies, such as hypertext and mark-up language, the social ideas that underlie its networks, such as open source, and creative commons, and key moments in its development, such as the movement to broadband and the Dotcom Crash. Later ideas look at the origins of social networking and the latest developments on the Web, such as The Cloud and the Semantic Web. Following the design of the previous titles in the series, this book will be in a new, smaller format. It provides an informed and fascinating illustrated history of our most used and fastest-developing technology.
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Author: Jheni Osman

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446417484

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 7067

Every once in a while, an idea comes along that makes the entire world sit up and take notice. From the earliest understandings of our place in the solar system, via Darwinism, DNA, neutrons and quarks, right up to the theories that are pushing the boundaries of our knowledge today, we are forever propelled forward by our most gifted scientific minds. In this fascinating book, former BBC Focus magazine editor Jheni Osman explores 100 of the most forward thinking, far-reaching and downright inspired ideas and inventions in history, each nominated by experts from all fields of science and engineering. With selections from established authorities such as Brian Cox, Patrick Moore, Richard Dawkins and Marcus du Sautoy, Osman covers topics as diverse as the Big Bang, vaccination, computing, radioactivity, human genomes, the wheel and many more. Each essay looks at the logic behind these great inventions, discoveries, theories and experiments, studying the circumstances that brought them into being and assessing the impact that they had on the world at large. An intriguing and thought-provoking collection, 100 Ideas that Changed the World offers us a glimpse into the minds behind history's greatest eureka moments.
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Author: Steven Heller,Veronique Vienne

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781856697941

Category: Design

Page: 216

View: 950

New in the "100 Ideas that Changed..." series, this book demonstrates how ideas influenced and defined graphic design, and how those ideas have manifested themselves in objects of design. The 100 entries, arranged broadly in chronological order, range from technical (overprinting, rub-on designs, split fountain); to stylistic (swashes on caps, loud typography, and white space); to objects (dust jackets, design handbooks); and methods (paper cut-outs, pixelation).
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History's Greatest Breakthroughs, Inventions, and Theories

Author: The Editors of TIME

Publisher: Time

ISBN: 9781603201704

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 9741

From the light bulb, automobile and computer to vaccinations and tectonic theory, TIME reports on the most significant scientific and technological breakthroughs — in the form of ideas, inventions and discoveries — that have driven human progress. This book is both mentally and visually stimulating, showcasing beautiful and illuminating photographs, illustrations and graphics. Taking a look back through the most influential ideas that have changed the course of history, this book will take readers on an inspiring journey. From the early telescopes of Galileo to the forefront of American industry with Henry Ford's assembly line, TIME explores the worlds of those bright thinkers that shaped the future.
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The Ingenious Ideas That Drive Today's Computers

Author: John MacCormick

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691147140

Category: Computers

Page: 219

View: 3916

Every day, we use our computers to perform remarkable feats. A simple web search picks out a handful of relevant needles from the world's biggest haystack: the billions of pages on the World Wide Web. Uploading a photo to Facebook transmits millions of pieces of information over numerous error-prone network links, yet somehow a perfect copy of the photo arrives intact. Without even knowing it, we use public-key cryptography to transmit secret information like credit card numbers; and we use digital signatures to verify the identity of the websites we visit. How do our computers perform these tasks with such ease? This is the first book to answer that question in language anyone can understand, revealing the extraordinary ideas that power our PCs, laptops, and smartphones. Using vivid examples, John MacCormick explains the fundamental "tricks" behind nine types of computer algorithms, including artificial intelligence (where we learn about the "nearest neighbor trick" and "twenty questions trick"), Google's famous PageRank algorithm (which uses the "random surfer trick"), data compression, error correction, and much more. These revolutionary algorithms have changed our world: this book unlocks their secrets, and lays bare the incredible ideas that our computers use every day.
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Author: Robert Arp

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476705720

Category: History

Page: 960

View: 7751

Presented chronologically and accompanied by more than 900 full-color illustrations, this new addition to the 1001 series presents the important thoughts and big ideas from the most brilliant minds of the past 3,000 years. 25,000 first printing.
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Author: Harriet Worsley

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781856697330

Category: Design

Page: 216

View: 2734

100 Ideas That Changed Fashion chronicles the most influential fashion ideas that changed womenswear in the West from 1900 to the present day. The book will be visually arresting, exciting to read and an inspiring fashion bible. Charting the incidents and ideas that changed the way women dress, it gives a unique perspective on the history of twentieth-century fashion. Rather than just documenting the changes in fashion, it also explains why these changes happened. From the invention of the bias cut and the stiletto heel to designers such as Coco Chanel who changed the way we think about clothes, the book will be entertaining, intelligent and a visual feast.
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Author: Simon Veksner

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781780672342

Category: Design

Page: 216

View: 9748

A chronicle of the key ideas that have shaped the adverts we see everyday, 100 Ideas That Changed Advertising offers a fascinating insight into an ever-changing and fast moving industry. Arranged broadly chronologically, the book looks at the overnight revolutions, the flashes of inspiration, and the long-term evolutions that advertisers have wrought upon their industry. Author Simon Veksner guides us through the key ideas behind these changes, from the development of the first advertising formats and the history of branding, to the creative revolutions of the 1960s and the digital age. Looking forward, the book considers the most recent thinking in reaching new audiences, including the rise of neuromarketing and the latest behavioural economics. Illustrated with hundreds of examples of adverts and explaining their power to inspire, delight, and annoy, but above all, to make us buy, the book is an absorbing guide to a turbulent industry.
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Author: Sally MacGill

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0756665310

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 256

View: 615

An in-depth reference guide to technological developments that changed the world combines stunning photography with fascinating stories that explain each invention, its place in history and how it influenced civilization.
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Author: Mary Warner Marien

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781856697965

Category: Photography

Page: 216

View: 3796

This compelling book chronicles the most influential ideas that have shaped photography from the invention of the daguerreotype in the early 19th century up to the digital revolution and beyond. Entertaining and intelligent, it provides a fascinating resource to dip into. Arranged in a broadly chronological order to show the development of photography, the ideas that comprise the book include innovative concepts, cultural and social incidents, technologies, and movements. Each idea is presented through lively text and arresting visuals, and explores when the idea first evolved and its subsequent impact on photography.
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Author: Josh Sims

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781780673417

Category: Design

Page: 216

View: 5971

100 Ideas that Changed Street Style is a look-by-look dissection of the key ideas that changed the way we dress – from the middle of the 20th century to the present day – explaining the most iconic items of clothing and how they were worn, what the look was born of, its cultural background, how it was received, and how it still resonates in fashion today. The modern wardrobe owes its development not just to fashion designers in Paris or Milan but also to gangs and movements brought together by a shared appreciation of music, sport or a particular underground culture, and a certain style that defines membership. These styles have rocked establishments, created stereotypes, expressed social division as much as they have united people, entered the language, spread around the world, and, above all, transformed dress for a wider public.
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Author: Felipe Fernández-Armesto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780751344141

Category: Civilization

Page: 400

View: 3488

A collection of 175 ideas which have changed the world are presented in this volume - from time to evolution, and anarchy to Zen. Using illustrations to bring the concepts to life, this thought-provoking book could be great for dinner party conversations.
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Author: Richard Weston

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781856697323

Category: Architecture

Page: 216

View: 3800

This inspiring book chronicles the most influential ideas that have shaped architecture. Entertaining and intelligent, it provides a concise history of the subject, and is also a fascinating resource to dip into. Arranged in a broadly chronological order to show the development of architecture, the ideas that comprise the book include innovative and influential concepts, technologies, techniques and movements. Each idea is presented through interesting text and arresting visuals, and explores when the idea first evolved and the subsequent impact it has had up to the present day.
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Author: Susan Hanson

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813523576

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 7410

In these thought-provoking, witty essays, some of America's most distinguished geographers explore ten geographic ideas that have literally changed the world and the way we think and act. They tackle ideas that impose shape on the world, ideas that mold our understanding of the natural environment, and ideas that establish relationships between people and places. The contributors, who include several past presidents of the Association of American Geographers, members of the National Academy of Sciences, and authors of major works in the discipline, are: Elizabeth K. Burns, Patricia Gober, Anne Godlewska, Michael F. Goodchild, Susan Hanson, Robert W. Kates, John R. Mather, William B. Meyer, Mark Monmonier, Edward Relph, Edward J. Taaffe, and B. L. Turner, II.
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Author: Michael Bird

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781856697958

Category: Art

Page: 216

View: 7514

From the earliest cave paintings through to the internet and street art, this inspiring book chronicles the 100 most influential ideas that have shaped the world of art. Arranged in broadly chronological order, it provides a source of inspiration and a fascinating resource for the general reader to dip into. Lavishly illustrated with historical masterpieces and packed with fascinating contemporary examples, this is an inspirational and wholly original guide to understanding the forces that have shaped world art.
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Author: Ian Wallis

Publisher: Jaico Publishing House

ISBN: 8184952848

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1058

Includes the Revolutionary Stories behind: • Email • Mobile Phones • Microwave Ovens • Digital Cameras • Courier Services • Barcodes THE MOST IMPORTANT BUSINESS IDEAS OF THE LAST 50 YEARS! The world has changed more in the last 50 years than in any previous half century in history. Entire industries have been created or transformed by new business ideas. And the way we all work is utterly different today from how it was 50 years ago. Gamechanging products invented during this period include the pocket calculator, personal computer, email, payment systems and GPS. All dominate our working lives today yet, hard as it is to believe, these did not exist 50 years ago. Who came up with these ideas, and how? This fascinating book tells the stories of the products, the people and the companies behind these amazing business ideas. It is as entertaining as any novel, and will inspire anyone striving to bring their own new idea to market today. Discover: • Inspirational stories of innovation and perseverance • A unique chronology of the biggest advances in business • An insight into the impact of business ideas on society past and present
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Author: Nicholas Carr

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393079364

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 9899

Finalist for the 2011 Pulitzer Prize in General Nonfiction: “Nicholas Carr has written a Silent Spring for the literary mind.”—Michael Agger, Slate “Is Google making us stupid?” When Nicholas Carr posed that question, in a celebrated Atlantic Monthly cover story, he tapped into a well of anxiety about how the Internet is changing us. He also crystallized one of the most important debates of our time: As we enjoy the Net’s bounties, are we sacrificing our ability to read and think deeply? Now, Carr expands his argument into the most compelling exploration of the Internet’s intellectual and cultural consequences yet published. As he describes how human thought has been shaped through the centuries by “tools of the mind”—from the alphabet to maps, to the printing press, the clock, and the computer—Carr interweaves a fascinating account of recent discoveries in neuroscience by such pioneers as Michael Merzenich and Eric Kandel. Our brains, the historical and scientific evidence reveals, change in response to our experiences. The technologies we use to find, store, and share information can literally reroute our neural pathways. Building on the insights of thinkers from Plato to McLuhan, Carr makes a convincing case that every information technology carries an intellectual ethic—a set of assumptions about the nature of knowledge and intelligence. He explains how the printed book served to focus our attention, promoting deep and creative thought. In stark contrast, the Internet encourages the rapid, distracted sampling of small bits of information from many sources. Its ethic is that of the industrialist, an ethic of speed and efficiency, of optimized production and consumption—and now the Net is remaking us in its own image. We are becoming ever more adept at scanning and skimming, but what we are losing is our capacity for concentration, contemplation, and reflection. Part intellectual history, part popular science, and part cultural criticism, The Shallows sparkles with memorable vignettes—Friedrich Nietzsche wrestling with a typewriter, Sigmund Freud dissecting the brains of sea creatures, Nathaniel Hawthorne contemplating the thunderous approach of a steam locomotive—even as it plumbs profound questions about the state of our modern psyche. This is a book that will forever alter the way we think about media and our minds.
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A User's Guide for Privacy and Protest

Author: Finn Brunton,Helen Nissenbaum

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262331322

Category: Computers

Page: 136

View: 5718

With Obfuscation, Finn Brunton and Helen Nissenbaum mean to start a revolution. They are calling us not to the barricades but to our computers, offering us ways to fight today's pervasive digital surveillance -- the collection of our data by governments, corporations, advertisers, and hackers. To the toolkit of privacy protecting techniques and projects, they propose adding obfuscation: the deliberate use of ambiguous, confusing, or misleading information to interfere with surveillance and data collection projects. Brunton and Nissenbaum provide tools and a rationale for evasion, noncompliance, refusal, even sabotage -- especially for average users, those of us not in a position to opt out or exert control over data about ourselves. Obfuscation will teach users to push back, software developers to keep their user data safe, and policy makers to gather data without misusing it.Brunton and Nissenbaum present a guide to the forms and formats that obfuscation has taken and explain how to craft its implementation to suit the goal and the adversary. They describe a series of historical and contemporary examples, including radar chaff deployed by World War II pilots, Twitter bots that hobbled the social media strategy of popular protest movements, and software that can camouflage users' search queries and stymie online advertising. They go on to consider obfuscation in more general terms, discussing why obfuscation is necessary, whether it is justified, how it works, and how it can be integrated with other privacy practices and technologies.
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17 Equations That Changed the World

Author: Ian Stewart

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465029744

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 3162

In In Pursuit of the Unknown, celebrated mathematician Ian Stewart uses a handful of mathematical equations to explore the vitally important connections between math and human progress. We often overlook the historical link between mathematics and technological advances, says Stewart—but this connection is integral to any complete understanding of human history. Equations are modeled on the patterns we find in the world around us, says Stewart, and it is through equations that we are able to make sense of, and in turn influence, our world. Stewart locates the origins of each equation he presents—from Pythagoras's Theorem to Newton's Law of Gravity to Einstein's Theory of Relativity—within a particular historical moment, elucidating the development of mathematical and philosophical thought necessary for each equation's discovery. None of these equations emerged in a vacuum, Stewart shows; each drew, in some way, on past equations and the thinking of the day. In turn, all of these equations paved the way for major developments in mathematics, science, philosophy, and technology. Without logarithms (invented in the early 17th century by John Napier and improved by Henry Briggs), scientists would not have been able to calculate the movement of the planets, and mathematicians would not have been able to develop fractal geometry. The Wave Equation is one of the most important equations in physics, and is crucial for engineers studying the vibrations in vehicles and the response of buildings to earthquakes. And the equation at the heart of Information Theory, devised by Claude Shannon, is the basis of digital communication today. An approachable and informative guide to the equations upon which nearly every aspect of scientific and mathematical understanding depends, In Pursuit of the Unknown is also a reminder that equations have profoundly influenced our thinking and continue to make possible many of the advances that we take for granted.
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Author: Joanne McNeil,Phoebe Stubbs

Publisher: Black Dog Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781907317989

Category: Art

Page: 223

View: 2052

This long-awaited visual survey of art and the Internet over the last two and a half decades explores the legacy of the Internet on art and reveals how artists and institutions are using it and why. Original, 3,000 first printing.
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