The Exploration of the Arctic

Author: Charles Officer,Jake Page

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199942765

Category: Nature

Page: 232

View: 6331

Inconstant and forbidding, the arctic has lured misguided voyagers into the cold for centuries--pushing them beyond the limits of their knowledge, technology, and endurance. A Fabulous Kingdom charts these quests and the eventual race for the North Pole, chronicling the lives and adventures that would eventually throw light on this "magical realm" of sunless winters. They follow the explorers from the early journeys of Viking Ottar to the daring exploits of Martin Frobisher, Henry Hudson, Frederick Cook, Robert Peary, and Richard Bird. The second edition features a section entitled "The New Arctic" that illuminates current scientific and environmental issues that threaten the region. Officer and Page discuss such topics as the science behind the melting of the polar ice; the endangered species that now depend on the ice, including polar bears, narwhals, walruses, and ringed seals; commerce in mining and natural resources, especially petroleum and natural gas; and predictions for the economic and environmental future of the region. Library Journal called the first edition a "winning fusion of adventure, suspense, and history."
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Nature, Exploration and Exploitation

Author: John McCannon

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1780230761

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 1996

Bitter cold and constant snow. Polar bears, seals, and killer whales. Victor Frankenstein chasing his monstrous creation across icy terrain in a dogsled. The arctic calls to mind a myriad different images. Consisting of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, the United States, Russia, Greenland, Finland, Norway and Sweden, the arctic possesses a unique ecosystem—temperatures average negative 29 degrees Fahrenheit in winter and rarely rise above freezing in summer—and the indigenous peoples and cultures that live in the region have had to adapt to the harsh weather conditions. As global temperatures rise, the arctic is facing an environmental crisis, with melting glaciers causing grave concern around the world. But for all the renown of this frozen region, the arctic remains far from perfectly understood. In A History of the Arctic, award-winning polar historian John McCannon provides an engaging overview of the region that spans from the Stone Age to the present. McCannon discusses polar exploration and science, nation-building, diplomacy, environmental issues, and climate change, and the role indigenous populations have played in the arctic’s story. Chronicling the history of each arctic nation, he details the many failed searches for a Northwest Passage and the territorial claims that hamper use of these waterways. He also explores the resources found in the arctic—oil, natural gas, minerals, fresh water, and fish—and describes the importance they hold as these resources are depleted elsewhere, as well as the challenges we face in extracting them. A timely assessment of current diplomatic and environmental realities, as well as the dire risks the region now faces, A History of the Arctic is a thoroughly engrossing book on the past—and future—of the top of the world.
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The New Race for Tomorrow's Natural Resources

Author: Roger Howard

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441110364

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4899

An exploration of the political significance of the Arctic's vast untapped wealth of natural resources, and a gripping account of the race to exploit them On August 2, 2007, a Russian submarine captured world headlines by making a dangerous journey to the bottom of the Arctic seabed and planting a metal, rustfree national flag more than 14,000 feet beneath the North Pole. The aim was to assert Russia's legal sovereignty over a region whose importance had only recently started to become apparent as its melting ice had made, or was expected to make, vast natural resources open to exploitation. The latest estimates are that the region holds around 13% of the world's undiscovered oil and as much as 30% of undiscovered natural gas reserves that would be hugely profitable for any country that managed to secure control over them. Gold, platinum, copper, and other precious metals have also been found along the coast. Neighboring countries - Russia, the United States, Canada, Denmark, and Norway - are already doing everything they can to mark out new borders. The ensuing political disagreements over the issue are already rife. In particular, games of political intrigue between Moscow and Washington are being played out in the region. But as the world's resources become increasingly scarce and valuable, could the scramble for Arctic resources become violent? Could a "War for the Arctic" be fought? Praise for The Oil Hunters: "The Dramatic Days of oil exploration in the first half of the 20th century are narrated in gripping fashion by Roger Howard." -The Spectator "A fascinating story for anyone interested in one of today's main economic problems: How to reduce the hundreds of billions that Americans spend every year to import oil...the book is packed with intrepid geologists, risk-averse business people, hardup Mideast rulers and ingenious promoters- all concerned with driving up profits."-The Associated Press
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Romanticism, Science and the Imagination

Author: E. Wilson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403981809

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 278

View: 3478

At the end of the eighteenth century, scientists for the first time demonstrated what medieval and renaissance alchemists had long suspected; ice is not lifeless but vital, a crystalline revelation of vigorous powers. Studied in esoteric and exoterical representations of frozen phenomena, several Romantic figures - including Coleridge and Poe, Percy and Mary Shelley, Emerson and Thoreau - challenged traditional notions of ice as waste and instead celebrated crystals, glaciers, and the poles as special disclosures of a holistic principle of being. The Spiritual History of Ice explores this ecology of frozen shapes in fascinating detail, revealing not only a neglected current of the Romantic age but also a secret history and psychology of ice.
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Author: Michael Golay,John Stewart Bowman

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471391487

Category: History

Page: 518

View: 7806

An accessible, information-packed reference to the exploration and settlement of North America includes vividly written narrative essays on all aspects of this fascinating subject.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Libraries

Page: N.A

View: 4270

Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.
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Arts & humanities

Author: Institute for Scientific Information (Philadelphia)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1763

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Oceanography's Adventures at the Poles

Author: Keith Rodney Benson,Helen M. Rozwadowski

Publisher: Science History Publications

ISBN: 9780881353730

Category: Science

Page: 393

View: 7996

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Author: H.W. Wilson Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 1669

Each vol. is divided into 2 parts 1st-7th ed.: Dictionary catalog and Classified catalog; 8th-9th ed. have 3rd. part: Directory of publishers.
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Author: Hampton Sides

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780745265

Category: History

Page: 999

View: 6519

In 1879 the USS Jeanette set sail from San Francisco to cheering crowds and a frenzy of publicity. The ship and its crew, captained by the heroic George De Long, were heading for glory and the last unmapped area of the globe: the North Pole. But it was not long before the Jeanette was trapped in crushing pack ice. Amid the rush of water and the shrieks of breaking wooden boards, the crew found themselves marooned a thousand miles north of Siberia with only the barest supplies, facing a seemingly impossible trek across the endless ice. Battling everything from snow blindness and polar bears to ferocious storms and frosty labyrinths, the expedition battled madness and starvation as they desperately strove for survival. With twists and turns worthy of a thriller, In the Kingdom of Ice is a spellbinding tale of heroism and determination in the most unforgiving territory on Earth.
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A Narrative History

Author: Anthony Brandt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780792274117

Category: History

Page: 413

View: 405

Henry is generally well-behaved, but he is occasionally arrogant and vain. Henry is at heart a hard worker, but his frequent bouts of illness hinder his work.
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Journal of the History of the Earth Sciences Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Earth sciences

Page: N.A

View: 3275

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 4960

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das Hamburgische Kolonialinstitut 1908 bis 1919

Author: Jens Ruppenthal

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: N.A

Category: Germany

Page: 273

View: 9503

Around 1900, the colonial powers searched to legitimize their claim to power by scientific means and to rationalize their methods of exercising that power. This volume studies the topic from the perspective of the education and training of colonial officers during the German Empire. German text.
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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6988

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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immigrant culture and stories from our Nordic family histories

Author: J. B. Hove

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7893

From 1825 to 1930 almost three million Scandinavians immigrated to the New World. However, emigration did not extinguish their strong and admirable culture. In fact, Scandinavian immigrants exhibited even more of the unique traits that had long nourished their ancestors and this adherence to their cultural values contributed much to their success in the New World. Scandinavian shores is an illuminating and entertaining book that brings to life the rich cultural history that has survived through generations of Scandinavians and has transcended the distance between the New World and their home countries. When these immigrants stepped ashore in the New World, they had what mattered most: their resourcefulness, work ethic and skilled craftsmanship. These, and other inherent traits, set them apart from the thousands of European immigrants of different descent.
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