Idiots, Half-Wits, and Other State-Sponsored Inventions
Author: Zosha Stuckey
Publisher: SUNY Press
Examines the rhetoric in and around the New York State Asylum for Idiots in Syracuse from 1854 to 1884. In the nineteenth century, language, rather than biology, created what we think of as disability. Much of the rhetorical nature of “idiocy,” and even intelligence itself, can be traced to the period when the New York State Asylum for Idiots in Syracuse first opened in 1854—memorialized today as the first public school for people considered “feeble-minded” or “idiotic.” The asylum-school pupil is a monumental example of how education attempts to mold and rehabilitate one’s being. Zosha Stuckey demonstrates how all education is in some way complicit in the urge to normalize. The broad, unstable, and cross-cultural category of “people with disabilities” endures an interesting relationship with rhetoric, education, speaking, and writing. Stuckey demystifies some of that relationship which requires new modes of inquiry and new ways of thinking, and she calls into question many of the assumptions about embodied differences as they relate to pedagogy, history, and public participation. “There is no other single work quite like this one. Stuckey makes an original contribution to rhetorical studies, to disability history, and to a history of special education.” — Cynthia Lewiecki-Wilson, coeditor of Disability and Mothering: Liminal Spaces of Embodied Knowledge
US, UK and Global Race Joking
Author: Simon Weaver
Category: Social Science
In today's multicultural and multireligious societies, humour and comedy often become the focus of controversy over alleged racist or offensive content, as shown, for instance, by the intense debate of Sacha Baron Cohen's characters Ali G and Borat, and the Prophet Muhammad cartoons published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. Despite these intense debates, commentary on humour in the academy lacks a clear way of connecting the serious and the humorous, and a clear way of accounting for the serious impact of comic language. The absence of a developed 'serious' vocabulary with which to judge the humorous tends to encourage polarized debates, which fail to account for the paradoxes of humour. This book draws on the social theory of Zygmunt Baumann to examine the linguistic structure of humour, arguing that, as a form of language similar to metaphor, it is both unstable and unpredictable, and structurally prone to act rhetorically; that is, to be convincing. Deconstructing the dominant form of racism aimed at black people in the US, and that aimed at Asians in the UK, The Rhetoric of Racist Humour shows how racist humour expresses and supports racial stereotypes in the US and UK, while also exploring the forms of resistance presented by the humour of Black and Asian comedians to such stereotypes. An engaging exploration of modern, late modern and fluid or postmodern forms of humour, this book will be of interest to sociologists and scholars of cultural and media studies, as well as those working in the fields of race and ethnicity, humour and cultural theory.
Author: P. Pender
Category: Literary Criticism
An in-depth study of early modern women's modesty rhetoric from the English Reformation to the Restoration. This book provides new readings of modesty's gendered deployment in the works of Anne Askew, Katharine Parr, Mary Sidney, Aemilia Lanyer and Anne Bradstreet.
Author: Kent A. Ono
Publisher: Peter Lang
Contemporary Media Culture and the Remnants of a Colonial Past examines contemporary representations of colonialism, by developing a historically and culturally specific theory of neocolonialism in U.S. media culture. Noting how colonialism never officially ended in the United States, Kent A. Ono draws together race, gender, sexuality, and nation to examine neocolonialism in popular media narratives. The book asks, «What are the lingering traces within contemporary culture that provide evidence not only of what colonialism was but also of what it continues to be today?» Offering five case studies on Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the sale of the Seattle Mariners, Mighty Morphin Power Rangers, Pocahontas, and Star Trek: The Next Generation – and providing current media examples in the introduction and conclusion, the book documents the persistence of colonialism in media culture. White vigilantism, prototypical colonial rescue plots, and cloaked and not-so-hidden anxieties about racial and national miscegenation all contribute towards a continuation of colonialism and a neocolonial mind-set. The book’s critical examination from a historical and cultural perspective makes it possible to alter colonialism for future generations.
Category: Short stories
Pt. 1: Hiawatha's Fasting / Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ; Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County / Samuel L. Clemens ; Frankie and Johnny / Anonymous ; Good man is hard to find / Flannery O'Connor ; Ice Palace / F. Scott Fitzgerald ; Spotted Horses / William Faulkner ; Oral Heritage of Written Narrative / Scholes & Kellogg ; Pt. 2: Legend of Sleepy Hollow / Washington Irving ; Hollow of the three hills / Nathaniel Hawthorne ; My Kinsman, Major Molineux / Nathaniel Hawthorne ; Real Thing / Henry James ; Secret Room / Alain Robbie-Grillet ; Fall of the house of Usher / Edgar Allan Poe ; Blackberry Winner / Robert Penn Warren ; Pictorialism in Henry James's Theory of the novel / Viola Hopkins Winner Pt. 3: To Build a Fire / Jack London ; Chrysanthemums / John Steinbeck ; Three day blow / Ernest Hemingway / Health Card / Frank Yerby ; Condor and the Guests / Evan S. Connell, Jr. ; Toward a Formalist Criticism of Fiction / William Handy Pt. 4: Silent Snow, Secret Snow / Conrad Aiken ; Araby / James Joyce ; Portrait in Georgia / Jean Toomer ; Blood-Burning Moon / Jean Toomer ; Happy Marriage / R.V. Cassill ; In the heart of the heart of the country / William H. Gass ; Nature and Forms of the lyrical novel/ Ralph Freedman Pt. 5 Adventure / Sherwood Anderson ; Night-sea Journey / John Barth ; Robert Kennedy saved from drowning / Donald Barthelme ; Bride comes to yellow sky / Stephen Crane ; Hint of an Explanation / Graham Greene ; Outcasts of Poker Flat / Bret Harte ; Haircut / Ring Lardner / Odour of Chrysanthemums / D.H. Lawrence ; Jockey / Carson McCullerrs ; Marriage a la Mode / Katherine Mansfield ; Molesters / Joyce Carol Oates ; Don't call me by my right name / James Purdy ; Gimpel the fool / Isaac Bashevis Singer ; Navy Black / John A. Williams ; Kew Gardens / Virginia Woolf.
Western Hegemonies and Native American Responses
Author: James Collins
Publisher: Psychology Press
The Native Tolowa of Northern California were displaced and nearly destroyed in the nineteenth century, but they have since struggled to reclaim their language and collective identity. Today they are emerging as a cohesive cultural and political group. In Understanding Tolowa Histories, James Collins presents a complex historical inquiry into the Tolowa, Native American responses to U.S. domination, and Enlightenment political legacies. He incisively analyzes the relation between cultural otherness and political-economic subjugation, the complexities of history and identity, and the discursive dynamics of claiming a place and resisting displacement. In the process, he situates the Tolowa in the larger context of U.S. and Indian histories while developing a critique of contemporary anthropology.
Holocaust Memorials and Meaning
Author: James Edward Young
Publisher: Yale University Press
Examines Holcaust monuments and museums in Europe, Israel, and America, exploring how every nation remembers the Holocaust according to its own tradtions, ideals, and experiences, and how these memorials reflect their place...
Author: Jacob Neusner
Publisher: University Press of America
Neusner assembles anomalous compositions that occur in the Mishnah, Tosefta, four Tannaite Midrashim, and Genesis Rabbah, and he further tests the uniformity of the forms that govern in a familiar chapter of the Bavli, showing that some documents do not conform to the indicative rules of rhetoric, topic, and logic.
Feminist Rhetorical Methods and Methodologies
Author: Eileen E Schell,K. J. Rawson
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Rhetorica in Motion is the first collected work to investigate feminist rhetorical research methods in both contemporary and historical contexts. The contributors analyze the decision-making processes and methodologies employed in deciphering the origins, meanings, theories, workings, and manifestations of feminist rhetoric. The volume examines familiar themes, such as archival, literary, and online research, but also looks to other areas of rhetoric, such as disability studies; gerontology/aging studies; Latina/o, queer, and transgender studies; performance studies; and transnational feminisms in both the United States and larger geopolitical spaces. Rhetorica in Motion incorporates previous views of feminist research, outlines a set of principles that guides current methods, and develops models for undertaking future inquiry, including working as individuals or balancing the dynamics of group research. The text explores how feminist research embodies what has come before and reflects what researchers, institutions, and instructors bring to it and what it brings to them. Underlying the discovery of this volume is the understanding that feminist rhetoric is in constant motion in a dynamic that resists definition.
An Argument for Restructuring
Author: Maureen Smith
Publisher: MIT Press
The problems recyclers face with wastepaper are connected to the issues addressed by forest advocates, as well as to the difficulties confronted by those involved with industrial pollution from the paper industry. In this richly detailed study, Maureen Smith shows how industrial and environmental analysis can be synthesized to clarify these complex problems and produce solutions. Smith outlines the basic structural characteristics of the U.S. pulp and paper industry and its relationship to the larger forest products sector, as well as its patterns of domestic and global fiber resource use. She then reviews the core technologies employed in virgin pulp production, with an emphasis on their environmental impacts, the role of technological innovation, and the relationships between fiber choices and pollution prevention. Building on this base she reveals structural barriers within the industry that have impeded positive change and shows how these barriers are reinforced by the traditional isolation of environmental policy domains.The study includes a comparative analysis of how organochlorine pollution from pulp mills has been addressed in the United States, Europe, and Canada (and why the United States has seen the slowest rate of progress); an assessment of commodity trade patterns in the industry and how they are linked to resource demand; an examination of the momentum building around annual plant fiber use and the diverse interests it reflects; and a review of recent developments in paper recycling within the context of historical trends in fiber utilization. A case study of the controversial environmental review process of the largest recycled pulp and paper mill ever proposed ties together earlier elements of the book and forms the basis for the conclusions. In closing, Smith argues convincingly against narrowly focused attempts to "fix" the problems associated with the industry, and offers practical guidance on new frameworks and approaches for industrial restructuring. She highlights the need for regional perspectives that integrate environmental, social, and economic objectives. Urban and Industrial Environment series
The Restructuring of Modern Rome
Author: Michael Herzfeld
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Social Science
Modern Rome is a city rife with contradictions. Once the seat of ancient glory, it is now often the object of national contempt. It plays a significant part on the world stage, but the concerns of its residents are often deeply parochial. And while they live in the seat of a world religion, Romans can be vehemently anticlerical. These tensions between the past and the present, the global and the local, make Rome fertile ground to study urban social life, the construction of the past, the role of religion in daily life, and how a capital city relates to the rest of the nation. Michael Herzfeld focuses on Rome’s historic Monti district and the wrenching dislocation caused by rapid economical, political, and social change. Evicted from Eternity tells the story of the gentrification of Monti—once the architecturally stunning home of a community of artisans and shopkeepers now displaced by an invasion of rapacious real estate speculators, corrupt officials, dithering politicians, deceptive clerics, and shady thugs. As Herzfeld picks apart the messy story of Monti’s transformation, he ranges widely over many aspects of life there and in the rest of the city, richly depicting the uniquely local landscape of globalization in Rome.
Modernism, Tel Aviv, and the Creation of Jewish Urban Space
Author: Barbara E. Mann
Publisher: Stanford University Press
A Place in History is a cultural study of Tel Aviv, Israel's population center and one of the original settlements, established in 1909. The book describes how a largely European Jewish immigrant society attempted to forge a home in the Mediterranean, and explores the difficulties and challenges of this endeavor.
the Abbé Sieyès and What is the Third Estate?
Author: William Hamilton Sewell
Publisher: Duke Univ Pr
What Is the Third Estate?was the most influential pamphlet of 1789. It did much to set the French Revolution on a radically democratic course. It also launched its author, the Abbeacute; Sieyes, on a remarkable political career that spanned the entire revolutionary decade. Sieyes both opened the revolution by authoring the National Assemblyrs"s declaration of sovereignty in June of 1789 and closed it in 1799 by engineering Napoleon Bonaparters"s coup drs"eacute;tat. This book studies the powerful rhetoric of the great pamphlet and the brilliant but enigmatic thought of its author. William H. Sewellrs"s insightful analysis reveals the fundamental role played by the new discourse of political economy in Sieyesrs"s thought and uncovers the strategies by which this gifted rhetorician gained the assent of his intended readers-educated and prosperous bourgeois who felt excluded by the nobility in the hierarchical social order of the old regime. He also probes the contradictions and incoherencies of the pamphletrs"s highly polished text to reveal fissures that reach to the core of Sieyesrs"s thought-and to the core of the revolutionary project itself. Combining techniques of intellectual history and literary analysis with a deep understanding of French social and political history, Sewell not only fashions an illuminating portrait of a crucial political document, but outlines a fresh perspective on the history of revolutionary political culture.
Authenticity and the American West
Author: William R. Handley,Nathaniel Lewis
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Category: Literary Criticism
In no other region of the United States has the notion of authenticity played such an important yet elusive role as it has in the West. Though pervasive in literature,øpopular culture, and history, assumptions about western authenticity have not received adequate critical attention. Given the ongoing economic and social transformations in this vast region, the persistent nostalgia and desire for the ?real? authentic West suggest regional and national identities at odds with themselves. True West explores the concept of authenticity as it is used to invent, test, advertise, and read the West. The fifteen essays collected here apply contemporary critical and cultural theory to western literary history, Native American literature and identities, the visual West, and the imagining of place. Ranging geographically from the Canadian Prairies to Buena Park?s Entertainment Corridor in Southern California, and chronologically from early tourist narratives to contemporary environmental writing, True West challenges many assumptions we make about western writing and opens the door to an important new chapter in western literary history and cultural criticism.
Author: Marcelo Svirsky
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
This collection of essays evaluates Agamben's work from a postcolonial perspective. Svirsky and Bignall assemble leading figures to explore the rich philosophical linkages and the political concerns shared by Agamben and postcolonial theory.