Author: Phil Weicker

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608076598

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 2186

The advent of lithium ion batteries has brought a significant shift in the area of large format battery systems. Previously limited to heavy and bulky lead-acid storage batteries, large format batteries were used only where absolutely necessary as a means of energy storage. The improved energy density, cycle life, power capability, and durability of lithium ion cells has given us electric and hybrid vehicles with meaningful driving range and performance, grid-tied energy storage systems for integration of renewable energy and load leveling, backup power systems and other applications. This book discusses battery management system (BMS) technology for large format lithium-ion battery packs from a systems perspective. This resource covers the future of BMS, giving us new ways to generate, use, and store energy, and free us from the perils of non-renewable energy sources. This book provides a full update on BMS technology, covering software, hardware, integration, testing, and safety.
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Author: Reiner Korthauer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642306535

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 6188

Die Lithium-Ionen-Batterie wird zukünftig zwei Anwendungen dominieren: als Speicher in Hybrid- und Elektrofahrzeugen und als Zwischenspeicher elektrischer Energie im Dienste der Dezentralisierung der Energieerzeugung. In dem Fachbuch stellen die Autoren das Speichersystem in all seinen Facetten vor: von den einzelnen Komponenten, den Dichtungen und Sensoren über thermisches Management, Batterie-Management-System und Fertigungsverfahren bis zu den wichtigsten Anwendungsbereichen. Der Band enthält ein umfangreiches Glossar der Fachbegriffe.
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Author: Gregory L. Plett

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 163081024X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 4902

Large-scale battery packs are needed in hybrid and electric vehicles, utilities grid backup and storage, and frequency-regulation applications. In order to maximize battery-pack safety, longevity, and performance, it is important to understand how battery cells work. This first of its kind new resource focuses on developing a mathematical understanding of how electrochemical (battery) cells work, both internally and externally. This comprehensive resource derives physics-based micro-scale model equations, then continuum-scale model equations, and finally reduced-order model equations. This book describes the commonly used equivalent-circuit type battery model and develops equations for superior physics-based models of lithium-ion cells at different length scales. This resource also presents a breakthrough technology called the “discrete-time realization algorithm” that automatically converts physics-based models into high-fidelity approximate reduced-order models.
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Author: Shriram Santhanagopalan,Kandler Smith,Jeremy Neubauer,Gi-Heon Kim,Ahmad Pesaran,Matthew Keyser

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608077144

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 2122

This new resource provides you with an introduction to battery design and test considerations for large-scale automotive, aerospace, and grid applications. It details the logistics of designing a professional, large, Lithium-ion battery pack, primarily for the automotive industry, but also for non-automotive applications. Topics such as thermal management for such high-energy and high-power units are covered extensively, including detailed design examples. Every aspect of battery design and analysis is presented from a hands-on perspective. The authors work extensively with engineers in the field and this book is a direct response to frequently-received queries. With the authors’ unique expertise in areas such as battery thermal evaluation and design, physics-based modeling, and life and reliability assessment and prediction, this book is sure to provide you with essential, practical information on understanding, designing, and building large format Lithium-ion battery management systems.
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Author: Nicholas Abi-Samra

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1630814946

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 8848

Written by a leading expert in the field, this practical book offers a comprehensive understanding of the impact of extreme weather and the possible effects of climate change on the power grid. The impact and restoration of floods, winter storms, wind storms, and hurricanes as well as the effects of heat waves and dry spells on thermal power plants is explained in detail. This book explores proven practices for successful restoration of the power grid, increased system resiliency, and ride-through after extreme weather and provides readers with examples from super storm Sandy. This book presents the effects of lack of ground moisture on transmission line performance and gives an overview of line insulation coordination, stress-strength analysis, and tower insulation strength, and then provides readers with tangible solutions. Structural hardening of power systems against storms, including wind pressure, wood poles, and vegetation management is covered. Moreover, this book provides suggestions for practical implementations to improve future smart grid resiliency.
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Proceedings of ICSSE 2015

Author: H. Fujita,S.-F. Su

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614995222

Category: Computers

Page: 656

View: 8913

System science and engineering is a field that covers a wide spectrum of modern technology. A system can be seen as a collection of entities and their interrelationships, which forms a whole greater than the sum of the entities and interacts with people, organisations, cultures and activities and the interrelationships among them. Systems composed of autonomous subsystems are not new, but the increased complexity of modern technology demands ever more reliable, intelligent, robust and adaptable systems to meet evolving needs. This book presents papers delivered at the International Conference on System Science and Engineering (ICSSE2015), held in Morioka, Japan, in July 2015. Some of the topics covered here include: systems modeling, tools and simulation; cloud robotics and computing systems; systems safety and security; smart grid, human systems and industrial organization and management; and novel applications of systems engineering and systems architecture. Capturing as it does the latest state-of-the-art and challenges in system sciences and its supporting technology, this book will be of interest to all those involved in developing and using system science methodology, tools and techniques
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Author: Jingshan Li

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119056497

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 1532

Addresses the methodology and theoretical foundation of battery manufacturing, service and management systems (BM2S2), and discusses the issues and challenges in these areas This book brings together experts in the field to highlight the cutting edge research advances in BM2S2 and to promote an innovative integrated research framework responding to the challenges. There are three major parts included in this book: manufacturing, service, and management. The first part focuses on battery manufacturing systems, including modeling, analysis, design and control, as well as economic and risk analyses. The second part focuses on information technology’s impact on service systems, such as data-driven reliability modeling, failure prognosis, and service decision making methodologies for battery services. The third part addresses battery management systems (BMS) for control and optimization of battery cells, operations, and hybrid storage systems to ensure overall performance and safety, as well as EV management. The contributors consist of experts from universities, industry research centers, and government agency. In addition, this book: Provides comprehensive overviews of lithium-ion battery and battery electrical vehicle manufacturing, as well as economic returns and government support Introduces integrated models for quality propagation and productivity improvement, as well as indicators for bottleneck identification and mitigation in battery manufacturing Covers models and diagnosis algorithms for battery SOC and SOH estimation, data-driven prognosis algorithms for predicting the remaining useful life (RUL) of battery SOC and SOH Presents mathematical models and novel structure of battery equalizers in battery management systems (BMS) Reviews the state of the art of battery, supercapacitor, and battery-supercapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (HESSs) for advanced electric vehicle applications Advances in Battery Manufacturing, Services, and Management Systems is written for researchers and engineers working on battery manufacturing, service, operations, logistics, and management. It can also serve as a reference for senior undergraduate and graduate students interested in BM2S2.
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Author: Gregory L. Plett

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1630810282

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 9973

This second volume discusses state-of-the-art applications of equivalent-circuit models as they pertain to solving problems in battery management and control. Readers are provided information on how to use models from Volume I to control battery packs, along with discussion of fundamental flaws in current approaches. In addition, Volume II introduces the ideas of physics-based optimal battery controls and explains why they can be superior to the state-of-the-art equivalent-circuit controls.
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Advances and Applications

Author: Gianfranco Pistoia

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444595163

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 664

View: 2077

Lithium-Ion Batteries features an in-depth description of different lithium-ion applications, including important features such as safety and reliability. This title acquaints readers with the numerous and often consumer-oriented applications of this widespread battery type. Lithium-Ion Batteries also explores the concepts of nanostructured materials, as well as the importance of battery management systems. This handbook is an invaluable resource for electrochemical engineers and battery and fuel cell experts everywhere, from research institutions and universities to a worldwide array of professional industries. Contains all applications of consumer and industrial lithium-ion batteries, including reviews, in a single volume Features contributions from the world's leading industry and research experts Presents executive summaries of specific case studies Covers information on basic research and application approaches
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Author: Klaus Endrullat,Peter Epinatjeff,Dieter Petzold,Hubertus Protz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662070278

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 1051

Die rationelle Energieverwendung im Bereich wärmetechnischer Systeme hat im mittel europäischen Raum einen hohen Stellenwert, da bei der überwiegenden Anzahl der Haus halte und Gewerbebetriebe der Energieverbrauch zur Wärmeerzeugung den größten An teil am Gesamtenergieverbrauch hat. Das Ziel des vorliegenden Bandes ist es, dem Leser die Vorgehensweise 'zur Beurteilung wärmetechnischer Systeme und energiesparender Maßnahmen zu vermitteln. Schwerpunktmäßig werden die Heiz- und Raumlufttechnik im Umfeld des Menschen behandelt, während das Gebiet der Prozeßwärme für die indu strielle Anwendung aus Gründen des Umfanges nur ansatzweise erörtert werden konnte. Der Anspruch dieses Buches liegt auf einer Ebene, welche bewußt nicht die Einzellösung hervorhebt, da sich das Optimum eines Gesamtsystems noch längst nicht einstellen muß, wenn die Teilsysteme optimiert sind. Das Verständnis der Verzahntheit des vorliegenden Gebietes mit anderen Fachgebieten ist deshalb eine wesentliche Voraussetzung für ko ordinierte Maßnahmen zur rationellen Energieverwendung. Diesem Umstand wird durch zahlreiche qualitative Systembetrachtungen und Zahlenbeispiele Rechnung getragen. Im ersten Abschnitt werden die speziellen Grundlagen der Heiz- und Raumlufttechnik be handelt. Dazu zählen Kenntnisse über technische Funktionsabläufe und die Behaglich keitsanforderungen des Menschen, zu deren Aufrechterhaltung diese Anlagen gebaut werden. Anlagentechnische Maßnahmen zur Energieeinsparung müssen sich immer an der Erfüllung der Behaglichkeitsanforderungen messen lassen. Weiterhin gehört es auch zu einer wirkungsvollen Energieberatung, Maßnahmen an gebäudetechnischen Anlagen als Teilmaßnahme am Gesamtsystem Gebäude zu verstehen, weil durch den Umfang der Systemverbesserung (energetisch-ökonomisch) letztlich die Rangfolge der durchzuführen den Maßnahmen bestimmt wird.
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Author: Detlev Forst,Maximilian Kolb,Helmut Roßwag

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662006545

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8990

Dieses Lehrbuch versucht, allen ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Fachrichtungen gerecht zu werden. Die Themen Werkstoffkunde, Halbleiter, Wasserchemie, Elektrochemie, Umweltschutz und Energie sind u.a. inhaltliche Schwerpunkte. Die wichtigen Industrieprodukte und -bereiche Schwefelsäure, Luftflüssigung, Ethylen und Erdöl, Kalk, Ammoniak, Natronlauge und Chlor sind als Beispiele chemisch-technischer Prozesse mit einbezogen. Übungen mit Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Lehrstoffs.
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Author: Carla Schlatter Ellis

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598291289

Category: Computers

Page: 89

View: 7423

This lecture provides an introduction to the problem of managing the energy demand of mobile devices. Reducing energy consumption, primarily with the goal of extending the lifetime of battery-powered devices, has emerged as a fundamental challenge in mobile computing and wireless communication. The focus of this lecture is on a systems approach where software techniques exploit state-of-the-art architectural features rather than relying only upon advances in lower-power circuitry or the slow improvements in battery technology to solve the problem. Fortunately, there are many opportunities to innovate on managing energy demand at the higher levels of a mobile system. Increasingly, device components offer low power modes that enable software to directly affect the energy consumption of the system. The challenge is to design resource management policies to effectively use these capabilities.
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Author: T. W. Chapman,D. Mah,R. E. White,J. A. Trainham

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 1566776597

Category: Science

Page: 175

View: 8888

Quantitative methods for the analysis and design of electrochemical systems have progressed greatly over the past forty years. Much of this progress is due to the work of Professor John Newman of the University of California-Berkeley. A tutorial symposium was organized to recognize Prof. Newman¿s contributions on the occasion of his 70th birthday. This issue contains a series of invited lectures covering the basic principles of electrochemical engineering as well as a variety of examples of applications in electrodeposition, fuel cells, batteries, and electrolytic processes.
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Modeling, Control and Optimization

Author: Xi Zhang,Chris Mi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857297365

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 346

View: 5628

Vehicle Power Management addresses the challenge of improving vehicle fuel economy and reducing emissions without sacrificing vehicle performance, reliability and durability. It opens with the definition, objectives, and current research issues of vehicle power management, before moving on to a detailed introduction to the modeling of vehicle devices and components involved in the vehicle power management system, which has been proven to be the most cost-effective and efficient method for initial-phase vehicle research and design. Specific vehicle power management algorithms and strategies, including the analytical approach, optimal control, intelligent system approaches and wavelet technology, are derived and analyzed for realistic applications. Vehicle Power Management also gives a detailed description of several key technologies in the design phases of hybrid electric vehicles containing battery management systems, component optimization, hardware-in-the-loop and software-in-the-loop. Vehicle Power Management provides graduate and upper level undergraduate students, engineers, and researchers in both academia and the automotive industry, with a clear understanding of the concepts, methodologies, and prospects of vehicle power management.
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From Electrochemical Models to State Estimator Algorithms

Author: Krishnan S. Hariharan,Piyush Tagade,Sanoop Ramachandran

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319035274

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 211

View: 8857

This book is unique to be the only one completely dedicated for battery modeling for all components of battery management system (BMS) applications. The contents of this book compliment the multitude of research publications in this domain by providing coherent fundamentals. An explosive market of Li ion batteries has led to aggressive demand for mathematical models for battery management systems (BMS). Researchers from multi-various backgrounds contribute from their respective background, leading to a lateral growth. Risk of this runaway situation is that researchers tend to use an existing method or algorithm without in depth knowledge of the cohesive fundamentals—often misinterpreting the outcome. It is worthy to note that the guiding principles are similar and the lack of clarity impedes a significant advancement. A repeat or even a synopsis of all the applications of battery modeling albeit redundant, would hence be a mammoth task, and cannot be done in a single offering. The authors believe that a pivotal contribution can be made by explaining the fundamentals in a coherent manner. Such an offering would enable researchers from multiple domains appreciate the bedrock principles and forward the frontier. Battery is an electrochemical system, and any level of understanding cannot ellipse this premise. The common thread that needs to run across—from detailed electrochemical models to algorithms used for real time estimation on a microchip—is that it be physics based. Build on this theme, this book has three parts. Each part starts with developing a framework—often invoking basic principles of thermodynamics or transport phenomena—and ends with certain verified real time applications. The first part deals with electrochemical modeling and the second with model order reduction. Objective of a BMS is estimation of state and health, and the third part is dedicated for that. Rules for state observers are derived from a generic Bayesian framework, and health estimation is pursued using machine learning (ML) tools. A distinct component of this book is thorough derivations of the learning rules for the novel ML algorithms. Given the large-scale application of ML in various domains, this segment can be relevant to researchers outside BMS domain as well. The authors hope this offering would satisfy a practicing engineer with a basic perspective, and a budding researcher with essential tools on a comprehensive understanding of BMS models.
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Cases and Materials

Author: Joel B. Eisen,Jim Rossi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 1207

View: 7607

This casebook integrates a legal assessment of energy resources with economic and environmental issues, thereby encouraging thoughtful analysis of energy policy issues confronting the U.S. and the world. Historical and contemporary legal issues confronting a range of energy resources are surveyed, including water power, coal, oil and gas, electricity, and nuclear power. Particular attention is paid to the need to reduce consumption of imported oil by motor vehicles. The third edition of the book contains considerable material on problems presented by climate change, including legal issues confronting renewable power projects and various conservation measures. We believe that the material can be taught in many different variations, and we continue to teach it in a somewhat different order every time it is offered.
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Author: Findlay Shearer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556406

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 8106

Sealed Lead Acid...Nickel Cadmium...Lithium Ion... How do you balance battery life with performance and cost? This book shows you how! Now that "mobile" has become the standard, the consumer not only expects mobility but demands power longevity in wireless devices. As more and more features, computing power, and memory are packed into mobile devices such as iPods, cell phones, and cameras, there is a large and growing gap between what devices can do and the amount of energy engineers can deliver. In fact, the main limiting factor in many portable designs is not hardware or software, but instead how much power can be delivered to the device. This book describes various design approaches to reduce the amount of power a circuit consumes and techniques to effectively manage the available power. Power Management Advice On: •Low Power Packaging Techniques •Power and Clock Gating •Energy Efficient Compilers •Various Display Technologies •Linear vs. Switched Regulators •Software Techniques and Intelligent Algorithms * Addresses power versus performance that each newly developed mobile device faces * Robust case studies drawn from the author's 30 plus years of extensive real world experience are included * Both hardware and software are discussed concerning their roles in power
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A Structured Design Approach

Author: Gerard Villar Piqué,Eduard Alarcón

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441988430

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 313

View: 8103

This book describes the structured design and optimization of efficient, energy processing integrated circuits. The approach is multidisciplinary, covering the monolithic integration of IC design techniques, power electronics and control theory. In particular, this book enables readers to conceive, synthesize, design and implement integrated circuits with high-density high-efficiency on-chip switching power regulators. Topics covered encompass the structured design of the on-chip power supply, efficiency optimization, IC-compatible power inductors and capacitors, power MOSFET switches and efficient switch drivers in standard CMOS technologies.
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