Author: Michaël Pollak,Geneviève Paicheler,Janine Pierret
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Category: Health & Fitness
This volume provides an overview of social science research approaches, methodologies and theories in the area of AIDS research. Topics covered include: the shaping of social representations of AIDS; public attitudes towards AIDS; theoretical problems specific to AIDS management; the organization of self-help services; changes in sexual behaviour and research into sexuality. AIDS: A Problem for Sociological Research will be essential reading for anyone concerned with the social, cultural and political analysis of AIDS.
Author: Chloe E. Bird,Peter Conrad,Allen M. Fremont,Stefan Timmermans
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
Category: Social Science
Composed entirely of specially commissioned chapters by some of the outstanding scholars in medical sociology, this edition reflects important changes in the study of health and illness. In addition to updated and reconceived chapters on the impacts of gender, race, and inequality on health, this volume has new chapters on topics that include: --social networks, neighborhoods, and social capital --disability --dying and "the right to die" --health disparities --the growing influence of the pharmaceutical industry --the internet --evidence-based medicine and quality of care --health social movements --genetics --religion, spirituality, and health
Author: Noreen Giffney,Michael O'Rourke
Category: Social Science
This interdisciplinary volume of thirty original essays engages with four key concerns of queer theoretical work - identity, discourse, normativity and relationality. The terms ’queer’ and ’theory’ are put under interrogation by a combination of distinguished and emerging scholars from a wide range of international locations, in an effort to map the relations and disjunctions between them. These contributors are especially attendant to the many theoretical discourses intersecting with queer theory, including feminist theory, LGBT studies, postcolonial theory, psychoanalysis, disability studies, Marxism, poststructuralism, critical race studies and posthumanism, to name a few. This Companion provides an up to the minute snapshot of queer scholarship from the past two decades and identifies many current directions queer theorizing is taking, while also signposting several fruitful avenues for future research. This book is both an invaluable and authoritative resource for scholars and an indispensable teaching tool for use in the classroom.
Science in Emergency
Author: Cristiana Bastos
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Global Responses to AIDSanalyses the response to AIDS from various groups involved in developing knowledge of and about a health crisis that (a) had unique public scrutiny and media coverage; (b) generated an organised social response from the homosexual communities of the United States; (c) was subject to special programs of the World Health Organisation for global action and intervention; (d) was portrayed by health agencies and the media as having different epidemic patterns from the developed and developing world; (e) coincided with a moment of intensification of trans-national connections, flows of funding, and new communication systems. Rio de Janeiro serves as an observation point for the study of the intersecting worlds of activism, clinical, and biomedical research. Why Rio de Janeiro and not New York City, or other centres of major research laboratories, activist groups, and hospitals? Because in a semi-peripheral setting like Rio, the contrast of the central and peripheral conditions in the production of knowledge readily emerge. This variable has rarely been taken into account in the social study of science, and it became of utmost importance in the response to AIDS. If the 'global approach' to AIDS promoted by WHO was also interactive, it might mean that peripheral knowledge in medicine, such as the developments in infectious diseases that remained a Third World problem, might be relevant to the understanding of many aspects of AIDS. Global Responses to AIDS pursues this issue, examining the different agendas of the groups involved in studying the crisis, the actors, their interacting networks, their power relationships, their practices, and reproduction of knowledge. Cristiana Bastos is a Senior Research Fellow at the Social Sciences Institute, University of Lisbon and is the author of Montes do Nordeste Algarvio and several articles on Algarve and Alentejo.
Author: Salim Karim,Q. Abdool Karim,Quarraisha Karim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A thoroughly researched account of the AIDS epidemic in the southern African region.
Author: James A. Glynn,Charles F. Hohm,Elbert W. Stewart
Category: Social Science
The first social problems text to approach the subject from a global perspective, Global Social Problems helps students see the interconnected nature of the world's social problems: from pollution, to crime, to population, poverty, and racism. A number of pedagogical aids - including maps, study questions, key terms, and summaries - support the text's global approach, while special boxed features titled "Toward Global Solutions" provide students with an uplifting glimpse of how one nation or group has successfully addressed a pressing social problem.
Author: Jennifer Hillman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Despite continuing ageist beliefs that sexuality is a privilege designed only for the young and physically healthy, research continues to indicate that the majority of older adults maintain interest in sexuality and may engage in fulfilling sexual behavior well into their last decade of life. Unfortunately, many professionals remain unaware of general knowledge of elderly sexuality, including the expected and normal physiological changes that can occur within the context of both male and female aging. The presence of chronic illness and other medical problems certainly can influence the expression of an aging adult’s sexuality, and emergent research suggests that there are effective ways to cope with menopause, heart disease, arthritis, incontinence, diabetes, sleep disorders, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and erectile dysfunction (ED), among others. Dramatic changes have taken place within the last decade alone in terms of non-surgical treatment for incontinence and ED, with forms of sex therapy, biofeedback, and PDE-5 inhibitors. Regrettably, many aging adults and their care providers remain unaware of their increased risk factors for STDs, including HIV infection via lack of knowledge, changes in the vaginal lining, and typical declines in immune function. Estimates suggest that by the year 2020, more than half of all individuals living with HIV will be over the age of 50. Although some high quality professional books are available for clinicians, they tend to be disjointed research bibliographies, edited volumes on a narrowly focused aspect of elderly sexuality, or texts that are more than 10 years old. With the extent of new information available regarding sexuality and aging, an up to date, empirically based text is necessary.
Author: K.M. Ziyauddin,Eswarappa Kasi
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Social Science
Dimensions of Social Exclusion focuses largely on social exclusion in the context of communities and social groups who have or have not been considered in discussing the benefits of mainstream inclusive society or development. Contemporary understanding of social exclusion has revived great interest among academics, researchers and policy makers in understanding problems from the perspectives of social exclusion. The decision to adopt the perspective of social exclusion has not been universal; rather the nature of this is very heterogeneous. In addition, the concept of social exclusion is not static; in reality, it is a process. The process is seen in the marginalization and discrimination of people in their everyday lives and interactions. The term ‘exclusion’ has become a part of the vocabulary in Europe and other developing societies like ‘poverty’ or ‘unemployment’; it is one of those words which seem to have both an everyday meaning and an underlying sense. It emphasizes the social aspects of concerns such as housing, health, employment, education, participation in social activities and festivities, social interaction and social intercourse. It excludes certain communities and groups from interaction and access to social resources through social arrangements, normative value systems and customs. Exclusion based on caste is one example and patriarchy is another, which is a form of systemic or constitutive exclusion. Having social, cultural, political and economic ramifications, it is also a complex and multi-dimensional concept. These dimensions are interwoven and are addressed in the different papers of the volume. This book revolves around the societal interventions and institutions that exclude, discriminate, isolate and deprive some groups on the basis of group identities such as caste or ethnicity. It covers a wide spectrum of societies and communities living in various cultural environments. The multidisciplinary nature of the book will render it helpful to students and researchers of sociology, anthropology, historical and political studies, demography, social work and gender studies in particular and the humanities in general.
Author: Leonard Cargan
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Social Science
Doing Social Research is an easy-to-understand guidebook for readers who have little or no knowledge of the social research process. Written in a clear, straightforward style, this book presents the various topics of social research in the outline form of all sociological research articles, providing a concise overview of the most important elements of social research. As an added bonus, synopses of classical studies introduce readers to the early pioneers of social research.
Author: Leo P. Chall
CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Author: John A. Walker,Sarah Chaplin
Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr
This book is about the expanding realm of visual culture: in everything from architecture and art to computer imagery and virtual reality, this is the age of the visual image, and whatever excites and attracts the eye the most is king. Visual Culture is also about visual culture studies, a relatively new academic discipline, or rather range of disciplines, that scholars employ to analyze visual artifacts. Unlike many other texts on the same subject, it places the "visual" in the foreground and is systematic and accessible. The volume provides an overview of the subject that pays attention to the achievements of both traditional and new theory while directing the reader to a large body of literature via references and an extensive bibliography. John Walker and Sarah Chaplin discuss the concepts of "the visual" and of "culture" as well as the field and origins of Visual Culture Studies; coping with theory; models of production and consumption; institutions; pleasure; the canon and concepts of value; visual literacy and poetics; modes of analysis; culture and commerce; and new technologies.
A Documentary History
Author: Julia Miller
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Category: Health & Fitness
Offers a narrative historical overview of the AIDS crisis, including the history, global impact, legal and ethical aspects, human side, and political implications of the disease
Author: William Meezan,James I. Martin
Category: Social Science
Take an in-depth look at what works—and what doesn't—in research with GLBT populations! This essential book examines the usefulness of current frameworks for research with GLBT populations and highlights the necessity for greater complexity in the conceptualization and design of research with these populations. It will help you understand the need for more inclusive and representative samples and the need to protect the privacy of GLBT research participants-and ways to accomplish these goals. In addition, Research Methods with Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations considers the advantages and limitations of having an “inside” perspective when conducting research with these populations. It also explores the myriad ways in which this research can be used to better understand issues facing GLBT communities. Specifically, Research Methods with Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations discusses: eight strategies that “outsiders” can use to overcome barriers to doing their work the challenges of finding and studying older members of gay and lesbian communities the special challenges that studying gay drug users pose to the researcher factors affecting research with urban Black and African-American GLBT populations sampling issues, including ways to overcome the challenges of conducting research with sexual minority adolescents, issues related to dealing with institutional review boards, and lessons derived from empirical articles in the Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services unique features of AIDS service organizations to consider when developing an evaluation strategy ethical standards for research and evaluation with GLBT populations and a great deal more! From the Foreword, by Anthony R. D'Augelli: “In social science research, the effort to extract durable principles of social causality from the apparent randomness of everyday life requires the construction of reliable, if tentative, knowledge that is significantly more informative than mere speculation. With our ever-increasing knowledge base, increasingly sophisticated and powerful quantitative and qualitative methodologies, and with an ever-expanding cadre of researchers, our ability to discern patterns of development of GLBT people from birth to death, the unique qualities of their relationships, and the impact of communities and cultures on the ways in which their sexualities are manifested, will come into sharper focus. In this way, research becomes a tool by which GLBT people transcend invisibility and marginalization. As new research accumulates, the unique contributions that GLBT lives make to our understanding of the nature of human development will be documented in ways never before thought possible. “Within the larger context of social science research on GLBT populations, this book describes the current status of social service researchers in their quest for methodological sophistication and conceptual complexity. The work of the contributors to this volume exemplifies the progress that has been made since the first research reports on this topic were published.”