Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1627030476

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 1408

Chronic alcohol use is associated with heart, liver, brain, and other organ pathology. Alcohol is a drug of abuse and a caloric food and it causes poor intake and absorption of nutrients, thus playing a major role in many aspects of clinical consequences. Alcohol use lowers consumption of fruit and vegetables, lowers tissue nutrients, and, in some cases, requires nutritional therapy by clinicians. Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences will help the clinician define the causes and types of nutritional changes due to alcohol use and also explain how nutrition can be used to ameliorate its consequences. Chapters present the application of current nutritional knowledge by physicians and dietitians. Specific areas involving alcohol-related damage due to nutritional changes are reviewed, including heart disease, obesity, digestive tract cancers, lactation, brain function, and liver disease. In addition, alcohol’s effects on absorption of minerals and nutrients, a key role in causing damage are treated. The importance of diet in modifying alcohol and its metabolite damage is also explained. Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences is essential reading for alcohol therapists and researchers as well as primary care physicians and dietitians and is an easy reference to help the clinician, student, and dietitian comprehend the complex changes caused by direct and indirect effects of ethanol at the cellular level via its nutritional modification.
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Linking Nutrient Interactions and Dietary Intake

Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203507636

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 9663

Over the past decade, much has been learned about the damaging effects that moderate to severe alcohol use has on tissue nutrient levels and dietary intake. In addition to alcohol's potential to damage every organ in the body, alcohol abuse or heavy use causes poorer dietary intake and provides a greater risk of alcohol's damage while increasing the need for several nutrients. Rapid advancement in this field of study has created an urgent need for a timely reference work in this important area. Summarising current research, Nutrition and Alcohol: Linking Nutrient Interactions and Dietary Intake explores the latest data available on the effects of alcohol on the nutritional state of alcohol abusers. It illustrates the combined effects of malnutrition on tissue damage and examines the role of altered nutrition in various alcohol-related diseases. The authors discuss alcohol's effects on the absorption of nutrients and minerals and explain the role of nutritional supplementation and diet in the therapy of alcohol abusers. Providing detailed knowledge of the effects of alcohol on biochemical reactions and nutritional changes, this desk reference will assist physicians, nutrition scientists and researchers, therapists, dieticians, and students. It will be a critical tool in the understanding, treatment, and prevention of the nutritional consequences of alcohol.
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A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series

Author: Vinood B. Patel

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128010037

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 4825

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study or treat alcohol-related diseases. Experts from across the field of alcohol research explain how alcohol disrupts normal fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolic processes occurring in the liver as well as other parts of the body. The book discusses how this can lead to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as well as contribute to the onset of Type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. It also explores how alcohol affects nutrient absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to anemia and reduced amounts of fat soluble vitamins. This book explores both the primary and secondary consequences of alcohol consumption. Chapters in the first section investigate the basic science of alcohol metabolism – focusing on how alcohol and its toxic metabolites disrupt and impair normal nutrient regulation at the molecular level. Further chapters explore how alcohol affects many extra-hepatic organs and tissues as well as the secondary consequences of alcohol consumption such as reduced levels of minerals like magnesium, calcium, and trace elements like zinc. Offers a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study alcohol-related diseases and attempt to treat them through nutritional strategies Explores how alcohol and its toxic metabolite acetaldehyde disrupt and impair normal macro and micro nutrient regulation at the molecular level Investigates how alcohol affects and interferes with cell signaling, cell death pathways, calcium homeostasis leading to osteoporosis, oxygen balance, as well as the pathophysiology of alcohol consumption and abuse
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Second Edition

Author: Ted Wilson,Norman J. Temple

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 3319236725

Category: Medical

Page: 369

View: 5813

This comprehensive and authoritative second edition offers food scientists, nutritionists, public health specialists, and those involved in the research and development of new beverages an exhaustive survey of how common beverages impact our health and nutrition, as well as a basis for research designed to produce healthier beverages.​ Every year brings an improvement in our understanding of how the many types and aspects of what we drink (beverages) impact our health and a desire to understand the current state of affairs for beverage technology. There is still no new single book that provides objective reviews on the wide range of global health issues associated with alcoholic ad non-alcoholic beverages. Beverage Impacts on Nutrition and Health, Second Edition is the single best source of reviews that describe beverage history; coffee, tea, alcohol, wine, cranberry and citrus juice, tea, coffee, dairy milk, soy milks and breast milk. Furthermore the book contains up-to-date reviews that describe beverage effects on satiety and energy balance, recommendations for persons with diabetes and metabolic syndrome, nutritional supplementation for the elderly, performance enhancement by athletes, energy drinks, and bottled water qualities. The final chapters summarize soft drink marketing issues, health effects of sugar and high fructose corn syrup, beverage ingredient functions, beverage labeling regulation and the importance of trends in beverage development. These updated chapters are objectively written to emphasize peer-reviewed references and minimize the anecdotal references often seen in the current literature describing beverages and their impact on our health and nutrition. All chapters are authored by recognized authorities from industry, the health-care system, and universities. This book contains 24 concise and user-friendly chapters intended to enable readers to grasp the message quickly and easily.
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Über Blackouts, Aberglaube, Seekrankheit - wie uns das Gehirn austrickst

Author: Dean Burnett

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641185076

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 738

Ohne Zweifel haben wir das größte Wunderwerk der Evolution in unserem Kopf. Das ist aber nur die halbe Wahrheit. Denn das Gehirn spielt uns fortwährend Streiche: Es versetzt uns in Angstzustände, als verfolge uns der Säbelzahntiger, quält uns an Bord eines Schiffes mit Übelkeit oder entwirft ein völlig überzogenes Bild von uns selbst. Die Gründe werden im unausgeglichenen Verhältnis sehr alter primitiver Hirnteile und neuerer Regionen vermutet. So dominiert uns oft das sogenannte Reptilgehirn, und die uralte Amygdala lässt uns weiterhin Ausschau nach Gefahren halten, die es längst nicht mehr gibt – mit entsprechenden unpassenden, lästigen Reaktionsmustern. Kompetent, leicht nachvollziehbar und witzig erklärt Burnett, wie, wann und warum uns das Gehirn in die Irre führt.
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Medizinische und Soziologische Aspekte von Gebrauch, Missbrauch und Abhängigkeit

Author: Otto-Michael Lesch,Henriette Walter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3211486348

Category: Medical

Page: 311

View: 7384

Die therapeutischen Möglichkeiten bei Alkohol- und Tabakabhängigkeit wurden in den letzten zehn Jahren deutlich verbessert. Heute wirkt eine maßgeschneiderte Therapie bei Untergruppen von Abhängigkeitserkrankungen wesentlich langfristiger als früher übliche starre Abstinenzprogramme. Diesem neuen therapeutischen Ansatz widmet sich das Buch. Die Autoren stützen sich dabei auf Ergebnisse der Basisforschung, aber auch auf Erfahrungen aus der Praxis, die sie mit konkreten Fallbeispielen belegen.
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Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012398467X

Category: Science

Page: 1488

View: 5665

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more. Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases
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Technical, Analytical and Nutritional Aspects

Author: Alan J. Buglass

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470976654

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1208

View: 7563

A comprehensive two- volume set that describes the science and technology involved in the production and analysis of alcoholic beverages. At the heart of all alcoholic beverages is the process of fermentation, particularly alcoholic fermentation, whereby sugars are converted to ethanol and many other minor products. The Handbook of Alcoholic Beverages tracks the major fermentation process, and the major chemical, physical and technical processes that accompany the production of the world’s most familiar alcoholic drinks. Indigenous beverages and small-scale production are alsocovered to asignificant extent. The overall approach is multidisciplinary, reflecting the true nature of the subject. Thus, aspects of biochemistry, biology (including microbiology), chemistry, health science, nutrition, physics and technology are all necessarily involved, but the emphasis is on chemistry in many areas of the book. Emphasis is also on more recent developments and innovations, but there is sufficient background for less experienced readers. The approach is unified, in that although different beverages are dealt with in different chapters, there is extensive cross-referencing and comparison between the subjects of each chapter. Divided into five parts, this comprehensive two-volume work presents: INTRODUCTION, BACKGROUND AND HISTORY: A simple introduction to the history and development of alcohol and some recent trends and developments, FERMENTED BEVERAGES: BEERS, CIDERS, WINES AND RELATED DRINKS: the latest innovations and aspects of the different fermentation processes used in beer, wine, cider, liquer wines, fruit wines, low-alcohol and related beverages. SPIRITS: cover distillation methods and stills used in the production of whisky, cereal- and cane-based spirits, brandy, fruit spirits and liquers ANALYTICAL METHODS: covering the monitoring of processes in the production of alcoholic beverages, as well as sample preparation, chromatographic, spectroscopic, electrochemical, physical, sensory and organoleptic methods of analysis. NUTRITION AND HEALTH ASPECTS RELATING TO ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES: includes a discussion on nutritional aspects, both macro- and micro-nutrients, of alcoholic beverages, their ingestion, absorption and catabolism, the health consequences of alcohol, and details of the additives and residues within the various beverages and their raw materials.
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Author: Catherine Geissler,Hilary Powers

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044377

Category: Medical

Page: 760

View: 3608

This title is now available under ISBN 9780702044632. This 12th edition of Human Nutrition has been fully updated by a renowned team of international experts to ensure to ensure authoritative content and a global perspective. It provides a comprehensive resource for all those in the field of nutrition and other health sciences. Comprehensive coverage of nutrition in one, concise volume with additional material and interactive exercises on website. A similar logical chapter structure throughout and textbook features in each chapter - learning objectives, key point summaries and text boxes - facilitate learning and revision. Incorporates latest research, for example on organic foods and sustainable agriculture. Team of contributors of international repute from 11 countries guarantees authoritative text. New chapter on dietary reference values N New section on electrolytes and water balance Expanded section on HIV Website: updating between editions online-only chapters on food commodities, e.g. cereals, vegetables and fruit, meat, fish, egg, milk and milk products online examples of calculations and interactive exercises.
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Author: Laura Stewart,Joyce Thompson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118792769

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 2229

Early Years Nutrition and Healthy Weight focuses on the early years of childhood as a key period in which eating and exercise habits are formed. Combining current evidence with practical advice, an international group of health specialists advise on the avoidance and management of childhood obesity. They look at key risk areas such as early sedentary behaviour, parental influences and underlying medical causes, and also investigate practical interventions including advice during pregnancy, parenting strategies, and prevention during pre-school and the early school years. This practical handbook contains vital information and advice for all nutritionists and dietitians working with young children and families. It will also be a valuable text for health visitors, paediatricians and general practitioners, and students of nutrition and dietetics specialising in paediatric nutrition. Key features: Only practitioner handbook dedicated to the early years of childhood as the key to ensuring healthy weight in later life Covers pregnancy through to pre-school and early school years interventions Also addresses the social and psychological issues that underpin nutritional problems International group of expert authors consider the issue across the developed world Case studies in each chapter illustrate the application of theory to practice
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Author: David P. Willis

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825023

Category: Social Science

Page: 531

View: 9697

"Demography and epidemiology, sociology and economics, political science and policy analysis are all brought to bear in this rigorous yet fair-minded examination...an excellent, timely, and useful volume." -Paul D. Stolley, University of Pennsylvania
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Short and Long Term Consequences for Health

Author: BNF (British Nutrition Foundation)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118541111

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 9795

This Task Force report reviews the evidence that the seeds ofmany adult diseases are sown in utero and in infancy. The report,written by experts in the field, summarises current knowledge inthis area. It illustrates how early life nutrition can bring aboutchanges in organ development and function, thus programming risk ofdisease in adult life. It also considers what might be done inearly life to reduce the burden of future ill health. Nutrition and Development: Short- and Long-Term Consequencesfor Health includes chapters on the history of this topic area,normal growth and development, and current recommendations andpractice in relation to nutrition and diet in early life. Chaptersexploring the possible mechanisms and pathways of critical windowsfor development cover the effects of diet and nutrition in earlylife on organ and skeletal development, the role of sex hormones inprogramming disease susceptibility, the establishment ofgastrointestinal microbiota, and the impact of early life nutritionon cognitive and neurological development. This new report: • describes how development occurs and explores howchanges in the fetal and postnatal environment, such as over- orunder-nutrition, can result in permanent alterations infunction; • explains how diet and nutrition in early life canaffect risk of adult disease, with specific chapters on allergicdisease and asthma, bone health, cancer, cardiovascular disease,cognitive function, diabetes and obesity; • includes a summary of the key points, as well asrecommendations in each chapter to help fill the gaps in ourknowledge; • provides an overview of the main messages in apractical question and answer format suitable for lay readers. Nutrition and Development is an important informationresource for those involved in research and teaching in the healthsciences sector and is also of value to those involved in makingdecisions about health policy. It will be of interest to a broadrange of health professionals, the food industry and those whowrite and broadcast about the effects of food on health.
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Author: Andreas M. Papas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849380099

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 4990

This is the first book to integrate the biological, nutritional, and health aspects of antioxidant status. Fifty contributors integrate and transfer the knowledge of free radicals and antioxidants from the test tube to the laboratory of the biologist, clinical nutritionist, and medical researcher, as well as to the office of the dietician, nutritionist, and physician. Topics examined include factors affecting and methods for evaluating antioxidant status in humans; effect of diet and physiological stage (infancy, aging, exercise, alcoholism, HIV infection, etc.) on antioxidant status; and the role of antioxidant status in nutrition, health, and disease.
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Author: Ruth Leyse-Wallace

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439863350

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 9895

Although primary advanced vitamin and mineral deficiencies are rare in the developed world, many common health conditions deplete nutritional status, including sub-optimal dietary intake, frequent alcohol consumption, changes in appetite due to aging, food allergies or sensitivities, special diets, and eating disorders. Covering topics as diverse as aging, the brain, eating habits, genetics, lifestyle, nutrients, and psychology, this book brings together two extremely complex aspects of life—human nutrition and mental health. Organized by mental health concern as well as nutrient group, Nutrition and Mental Health reviews the scientific literature from many fields of science: health, psychology, nutrition, mental well-being, and the interface with chronic disease. It provides a straightforward, readable report of broadly selected scientific research on how various nutrients affect mental health. Professional resources are provided in easy-to-access tables as well as suggested formats for assessing nutritional status and guidelines for interpretation. Chapter summaries, a descriptive table of contents, an index, and glossary assist the reader in finding specific topics of interest. A variety of mental health conditions may affect a person’s ability and interest in getting and eating a well-rounded selection of foods. An examination of the role diet plays in mental health, this book reviews the scientific literature from many fields of science: health, psychology, nutrition, mental well-being, and chronic disease management.
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Author: Susan A. Lanham-New,Ian A. MacDonald,Helen M. Roche

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444347691

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 5224

Nutrition and Metabolism Second Edition Edited by Susan A Lanham-New, Ian A Macdonald and Helen M Roche EditionIn this second edition of the second title in the acclaimed Nutrition Society Textbook Series, Nutrition and Metabolism has been revised and updated to meet the needs of the contemporary student. Groundbreaking in their scope and approach, the titles in the series: Provide students with the required scientific basics of nutrition in the context of a systems and health approach Enable teachers and students to explore the core principles of nutrition, to apply these throughout their training, and to foster critical thinking at all times. Throughout, key areas of knowledge are identified Are fully peer-reviewed, to ensure completeness and clarity of content, as well as to ensure that each book takes a global perspective Nutrition and Metabolism is an essential purchase for students of nutrition and dietetics, and also for those students who major in other subjects that have a nutrition component, such as food science, medicine, pharmacy and nursing. Professionals in nutrition, dietetics, food science, medicine, health sciences and many related areas will also find much of great value within its covers.
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Author: Zobair Younossi

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323266657

Category: Medical

Page: 707

View: 1447

Internationally renowned experts present topics related to obesity, nutrition, and liver disease in this issue. In the first article, the epidemiology of obesity and its association with liver disease are covered. The following two articles focus on the roles that visceral adipose tissue and microbiota potentially play in the pathogenesis of obesity-related liver disease. The next article focuses on the hepatic pathology seen in patients with obesity-related liver disease and those with malnutrition. The next five articles are focused on NAFLD and provide in-depth data on the natural history and treatment strategies for patients with NAFLD. The next six articles deal with the impact of obesity on other liver diseases and on special populations including children and liver-transplant recipients. The final article provides the most updated information regarding genomics and genetic targets that may provide better prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers and more personalized treatment targets for patients with NAFLD. Cutting-edge information in this issue will help readers gain better understanding of the natural history and pathogenesis of primary and secondary liver diseases associated with obesity. As the information about obesity-related liver disease expands, clinicians will be able to provide more targeted therapeutic options for these patients and develop more accurate diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers.
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