Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1627030476

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 3409

Chronic alcohol use is associated with heart, liver, brain, and other organ pathology. Alcohol is a drug of abuse and a caloric food and it causes poor intake and absorption of nutrients, thus playing a major role in many aspects of clinical consequences. Alcohol use lowers consumption of fruit and vegetables, lowers tissue nutrients, and, in some cases, requires nutritional therapy by clinicians. Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences will help the clinician define the causes and types of nutritional changes due to alcohol use and also explain how nutrition can be used to ameliorate its consequences. Chapters present the application of current nutritional knowledge by physicians and dietitians. Specific areas involving alcohol-related damage due to nutritional changes are reviewed, including heart disease, obesity, digestive tract cancers, lactation, brain function, and liver disease. In addition, alcohol’s effects on absorption of minerals and nutrients, a key role in causing damage are treated. The importance of diet in modifying alcohol and its metabolite damage is also explained. Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences is essential reading for alcohol therapists and researchers as well as primary care physicians and dietitians and is an easy reference to help the clinician, student, and dietitian comprehend the complex changes caused by direct and indirect effects of ethanol at the cellular level via its nutritional modification.
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Linking Nutrient Interactions and Dietary Intake

Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203507636

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 9524

Over the past decade, much has been learned about the damaging effects that moderate to severe alcohol use has on tissue nutrient levels and dietary intake. In addition to alcohol's potential to damage every organ in the body, alcohol abuse or heavy use causes poorer dietary intake and provides a greater risk of alcohol's damage while increasing the need for several nutrients. Rapid advancement in this field of study has created an urgent need for a timely reference work in this important area. Summarising current research, Nutrition and Alcohol: Linking Nutrient Interactions and Dietary Intake explores the latest data available on the effects of alcohol on the nutritional state of alcohol abusers. It illustrates the combined effects of malnutrition on tissue damage and examines the role of altered nutrition in various alcohol-related diseases. The authors discuss alcohol's effects on the absorption of nutrients and minerals and explain the role of nutritional supplementation and diet in the therapy of alcohol abusers. Providing detailed knowledge of the effects of alcohol on biochemical reactions and nutritional changes, this desk reference will assist physicians, nutrition scientists and researchers, therapists, dieticians, and students. It will be a critical tool in the understanding, treatment, and prevention of the nutritional consequences of alcohol.
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A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series

Author: Vinood B. Patel

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128010037

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 4931

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study or treat alcohol-related diseases. Experts from across the field of alcohol research explain how alcohol disrupts normal fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolic processes occurring in the liver as well as other parts of the body. The book discusses how this can lead to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as well as contribute to the onset of Type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. It also explores how alcohol affects nutrient absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to anemia and reduced amounts of fat soluble vitamins. This book explores both the primary and secondary consequences of alcohol consumption. Chapters in the first section investigate the basic science of alcohol metabolism – focusing on how alcohol and its toxic metabolites disrupt and impair normal nutrient regulation at the molecular level. Further chapters explore how alcohol affects many extra-hepatic organs and tissues as well as the secondary consequences of alcohol consumption such as reduced levels of minerals like magnesium, calcium, and trace elements like zinc. Offers a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study alcohol-related diseases and attempt to treat them through nutritional strategies Explores how alcohol and its toxic metabolite acetaldehyde disrupt and impair normal macro and micro nutrient regulation at the molecular level Investigates how alcohol affects and interferes with cell signaling, cell death pathways, calcium homeostasis leading to osteoporosis, oxygen balance, as well as the pathophysiology of alcohol consumption and abuse
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Second Edition

Author: Ted Wilson,Norman J. Temple

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 3319236725

Category: Medical

Page: 369

View: 8445

This comprehensive and authoritative second edition offers food scientists, nutritionists, public health specialists, and those involved in the research and development of new beverages an exhaustive survey of how common beverages impact our health and nutrition, as well as a basis for research designed to produce healthier beverages.​ Every year brings an improvement in our understanding of how the many types and aspects of what we drink (beverages) impact our health and a desire to understand the current state of affairs for beverage technology. There is still no new single book that provides objective reviews on the wide range of global health issues associated with alcoholic ad non-alcoholic beverages. Beverage Impacts on Nutrition and Health, Second Edition is the single best source of reviews that describe beverage history; coffee, tea, alcohol, wine, cranberry and citrus juice, tea, coffee, dairy milk, soy milks and breast milk. Furthermore the book contains up-to-date reviews that describe beverage effects on satiety and energy balance, recommendations for persons with diabetes and metabolic syndrome, nutritional supplementation for the elderly, performance enhancement by athletes, energy drinks, and bottled water qualities. The final chapters summarize soft drink marketing issues, health effects of sugar and high fructose corn syrup, beverage ingredient functions, beverage labeling regulation and the importance of trends in beverage development. These updated chapters are objectively written to emphasize peer-reviewed references and minimize the anecdotal references often seen in the current literature describing beverages and their impact on our health and nutrition. All chapters are authored by recognized authorities from industry, the health-care system, and universities. This book contains 24 concise and user-friendly chapters intended to enable readers to grasp the message quickly and easily.
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Über Blackouts, Aberglaube, Seekrankheit - wie uns das Gehirn austrickst

Author: Dean Burnett

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641185076

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 4701

Ohne Zweifel haben wir das größte Wunderwerk der Evolution in unserem Kopf. Das ist aber nur die halbe Wahrheit. Denn das Gehirn spielt uns fortwährend Streiche: Es versetzt uns in Angstzustände, als verfolge uns der Säbelzahntiger, quält uns an Bord eines Schiffes mit Übelkeit oder entwirft ein völlig überzogenes Bild von uns selbst. Die Gründe werden im unausgeglichenen Verhältnis sehr alter primitiver Hirnteile und neuerer Regionen vermutet. So dominiert uns oft das sogenannte Reptilgehirn, und die uralte Amygdala lässt uns weiterhin Ausschau nach Gefahren halten, die es längst nicht mehr gibt – mit entsprechenden unpassenden, lästigen Reaktionsmustern. Kompetent, leicht nachvollziehbar und witzig erklärt Burnett, wie, wann und warum uns das Gehirn in die Irre führt.
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A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series

Author: Didac Mauricio

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128017619

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 398

Molecular Nutrition and Diabetes: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on diabetes as a nutritional problem and its important metabolic consequences. Fuel metabolism and dietary supply all influence the outcome of diabetes, but understanding the pathogenesis of the diabetic process is a prelude to better nutritional control. Part One of the book provides general coverage of nutrition and diabetes in terms of dietary patterns, insulin resistance, and the glucose-insulin axis, while Part Two presents the molecular biology of diabetes and focuses on areas such as oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, insulin resistance, high-fat diets, nutriceuticals, and lipid accumulation. Final sections explore the genetic machinery behind diabetes and diabetic metabolism, including signaling pathways, gene expression, genome-wide association studies, and specific gene expression. While the main focus of each chapter is the basic and clinical research on diabetes as a nutritional problem, all chapters also end with a translational section on the implications for the nutritional control of diabetes. Offers updated information and a perspective on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of diabetes mellitus Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of both type1 and type2 diabetes and their complications Investigates the molecular and genetic bases of diabetes and diabetic metabolism through the lens of a rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition
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Technical, Analytical and Nutritional Aspects

Author: Alan J. Buglass

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470976654

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1208

View: 2440

A comprehensive two- volume set that describes the science and technology involved in the production and analysis of alcoholic beverages. At the heart of all alcoholic beverages is the process of fermentation, particularly alcoholic fermentation, whereby sugars are converted to ethanol and many other minor products. The Handbook of Alcoholic Beverages tracks the major fermentation process, and the major chemical, physical and technical processes that accompany the production of the world’s most familiar alcoholic drinks. Indigenous beverages and small-scale production are alsocovered to asignificant extent. The overall approach is multidisciplinary, reflecting the true nature of the subject. Thus, aspects of biochemistry, biology (including microbiology), chemistry, health science, nutrition, physics and technology are all necessarily involved, but the emphasis is on chemistry in many areas of the book. Emphasis is also on more recent developments and innovations, but there is sufficient background for less experienced readers. The approach is unified, in that although different beverages are dealt with in different chapters, there is extensive cross-referencing and comparison between the subjects of each chapter. Divided into five parts, this comprehensive two-volume work presents: INTRODUCTION, BACKGROUND AND HISTORY: A simple introduction to the history and development of alcohol and some recent trends and developments, FERMENTED BEVERAGES: BEERS, CIDERS, WINES AND RELATED DRINKS: the latest innovations and aspects of the different fermentation processes used in beer, wine, cider, liquer wines, fruit wines, low-alcohol and related beverages. SPIRITS: cover distillation methods and stills used in the production of whisky, cereal- and cane-based spirits, brandy, fruit spirits and liquers ANALYTICAL METHODS: covering the monitoring of processes in the production of alcoholic beverages, as well as sample preparation, chromatographic, spectroscopic, electrochemical, physical, sensory and organoleptic methods of analysis. NUTRITION AND HEALTH ASPECTS RELATING TO ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES: includes a discussion on nutritional aspects, both macro- and micro-nutrients, of alcoholic beverages, their ingestion, absorption and catabolism, the health consequences of alcohol, and details of the additives and residues within the various beverages and their raw materials.
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Author: Catherine Geissler,Hilary Powers

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044377

Category: Medical

Page: 760

View: 751

This title is now available under ISBN 9780702044632. This 12th edition of Human Nutrition has been fully updated by a renowned team of international experts to ensure to ensure authoritative content and a global perspective. It provides a comprehensive resource for all those in the field of nutrition and other health sciences. Comprehensive coverage of nutrition in one, concise volume with additional material and interactive exercises on website. A similar logical chapter structure throughout and textbook features in each chapter - learning objectives, key point summaries and text boxes - facilitate learning and revision. Incorporates latest research, for example on organic foods and sustainable agriculture. Team of contributors of international repute from 11 countries guarantees authoritative text. New chapter on dietary reference values N New section on electrolytes and water balance Expanded section on HIV Website: updating between editions online-only chapters on food commodities, e.g. cereals, vegetables and fruit, meat, fish, egg, milk and milk products online examples of calculations and interactive exercises.
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Author: David P. Willis

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825023

Category: Social Science

Page: 531

View: 2764

"Demography and epidemiology, sociology and economics, political science and policy analysis are all brought to bear in this rigorous yet fair-minded examination...an excellent, timely, and useful volume." -Paul D. Stolley, University of Pennsylvania
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Short and Long Term Consequences for Health

Author: BNF (British Nutrition Foundation)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118541111

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 8436

This Task Force report reviews the evidence that the seeds of many adult diseases are sown in utero and in infancy. The report, written by experts in the field, summarises current knowledge in this area. It illustrates how early life nutrition can bring about changes in organ development and function, thus programming risk of disease in adult life. It also considers what might be done in early life to reduce the burden of future ill health. Nutrition and Development: Short- and Long-Term Consequences for Health includes chapters on the history of this topic area, normal growth and development, and current recommendations and practice in relation to nutrition and diet in early life. Chapters exploring the possible mechanisms and pathways of critical windows for development cover the effects of diet and nutrition in early life on organ and skeletal development, the role of sex hormones in programming disease susceptibility, the establishment of gastrointestinal microbiota, and the impact of early life nutrition on cognitive and neurological development. This new report: • describes how development occurs and explores how changes in the fetal and postnatal environment, such as over- or under-nutrition, can result in permanent alterations in function; • explains how diet and nutrition in early life can affect risk of adult disease, with specific chapters on allergic disease and asthma, bone health, cancer, cardiovascular disease, cognitive function, diabetes and obesity; • includes a summary of the key points, as well as recommendations in each chapter to help fill the gaps in our knowledge; • provides an overview of the main messages in a practical question and answer format suitable for lay readers. Nutrition and Development is an important information resource for those involved in research and teaching in the health sciences sector and is also of value to those involved in making decisions about health policy. It will be of interest to a broad range of health professionals, the food industry and those who write and broadcast about the effects of food on health.
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Author: Laura Stewart,Joyce Thompson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118792769

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 8946

Early Years Nutrition and Healthy Weight focuses on the early years of childhood as a key period in which eating and exercise habits are formed. Combining current evidence with practical advice, an international group of health specialists advise on the avoidance and management of childhood obesity. They look at key risk areas such as early sedentary behaviour, parental influences and underlying medical causes, and also investigate practical interventions including advice during pregnancy, parenting strategies, and prevention during pre-school and the early school years. This practical handbook contains vital information and advice for all nutritionists and dietitians working with young children and families. It will also be a valuable text for health visitors, paediatricians and general practitioners, and students of nutrition and dietetics specialising in paediatric nutrition. Key features: Only practitioner handbook dedicated to the early years of childhood as the key to ensuring healthy weight in later life Covers pregnancy through to pre-school and early school years interventions Also addresses the social and psychological issues that underpin nutritional problems International group of expert authors consider the issue across the developed world Case studies in each chapter illustrate the application of theory to practice
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Author: M Gershwin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 032315073X

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 3829

Nutrition and Immunity discusses the interaction between nutrition, immune function, and immunity, based on empirical and epidemiologic point of view. It is organized into 14 chapters that focus on experimental studies on laboratory animals, including animal models to isolate specific factors in the interaction between nutrition and immunity. The book starts with an introduction to the potential impact of nutritional factors on immune responsiveness. Two chapters deal with the evaluation of immune function and nutritional assessment. Other chapters present classic observations on malnutrition and infectious disease, involving field studies as well as studies on the effect of nutritional factors on immune ontogeny. The following chapters examine issues related to caloric intake, proteins, minerals, vitamins, lipids, breast milk, and alcohol, as well as their effects in immune function and immunity. The book’s final chapters cover future directions and the potential role of nutritional modulation in immune dysfunction. Each chapter is meant to be an authoritative review presenting the state of the art as well as providing key illustrations from classic papers in a given field. Nutritionists, immunologists, scientists, and researchers will find this book very helpful in expanding their knowledge in the interrelationship between nutrition and immunity.
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Author: Ruth Leyse-Wallace

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439863350

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 1080

Although primary advanced vitamin and mineral deficiencies are rare in the developed world, many common health conditions deplete nutritional status, including sub-optimal dietary intake, frequent alcohol consumption, changes in appetite due to aging, food allergies or sensitivities, special diets, and eating disorders. Covering topics as diverse as aging, the brain, eating habits, genetics, lifestyle, nutrients, and psychology, this book brings together two extremely complex aspects of life—human nutrition and mental health. Organized by mental health concern as well as nutrient group, Nutrition and Mental Health reviews the scientific literature from many fields of science: health, psychology, nutrition, mental well-being, and the interface with chronic disease. It provides a straightforward, readable report of broadly selected scientific research on how various nutrients affect mental health. Professional resources are provided in easy-to-access tables as well as suggested formats for assessing nutritional status and guidelines for interpretation. Chapter summaries, a descriptive table of contents, an index, and glossary assist the reader in finding specific topics of interest. A variety of mental health conditions may affect a person’s ability and interest in getting and eating a well-rounded selection of foods. An examination of the role diet plays in mental health, this book reviews the scientific literature from many fields of science: health, psychology, nutrition, mental well-being, and chronic disease management.
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Author: Susan A. Lanham-New,Ian A. MacDonald,Helen M. Roche

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444347691

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 8502

In this second edition of second title in the acclaimed Nutrition Society Textbook Series, Nutrition and Metabolism has been revised and updated to meet the needs of the contemporary student.
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for Students and Practitioners in the Health Sciences

Author: Catherine Geissler,Hilary Powers

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049905

Category: Medical

Page: 324

View: 7258

Fundamentals of Human Nutrition is an authoritative overview that will help you understand the complex subject of human nutrition. This book is a digest of material from the highly successful Human Nutrition 11th edition. ‘Fundamentals’ is intended for a wide readership of students and practitioners who need a broad understanding of human nutrition, but for whom an in-depth knowledge is not essential. Students and practitioners of nursing, pharmacy, sports science, dentistry and other allied health professions, as well as the interested lay person, will benefit from its easy-to-follow, concise approach. Covers all key aspects of human nutrition Up to date with current issues Explains the epidemiology of diet and disease Considers factors affecting food production, trade and access Technical terms explained to help the non-specialist Comprehensive glossary aids understanding Key points summarise all chapters
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A Comprehensive, Evidence-Based Manual for the Practitioner

Author: David L. Katz

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1451165935

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 6223

Written by one of America's foremost authorities in preventive medicine, Nutrition in Clinical Practice, Second Edition is the practical, comprehensive, evidence-based reference that all clinicians need to offer patients effective, appropriate dietary counseling. This fully revised edition incorporates the latest studies and includes new chapters on diet and hematopoiesis, diet and dermatologic conditions, and health effects of coffee, chocolate, and ethanol. Each chapter concludes with concise guidelines for counseling and treatment, based on consensus and the weight of evidence. Appendices include clinically relevant formulas, nutrient data tables, patient-specific meal planners, and print and Web-based resources for clinicians and patients.
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Author: Harvey B. Milkman,Lloyd I. Sederer

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780669200195

Category: Psychology

Page: 395

View: 523

The text is organized around issues that affect clinical practice: biological factors; prevention and early intervention; multiproblem patients; treatment and the law; and treatment alternatives.
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