Proceedings of the International Conference held in Graz, Austria, August 30 to September 5, 1998

Author: F. Halter-Koch,Robert F. Tichy

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110801957

Category: Mathematics

Page: 571

View: 1387

The series is aimed specifically at publishing peer reviewed reviews and contributions presented at workshops and conferences. Each volume is associated with a particular conference, symposium or workshop. These events cover various topics within pure and applied mathematics and provide up-to-date coverage of new developments, methods and applications.
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Volume I: Tools and Diophantine Equations

Author: Henri Cohen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387499237

Category: Mathematics

Page: 650

View: 6189

The central theme of this book is the solution of Diophantine equations, i.e., equations or systems of polynomial equations which must be solved in integers, rational numbers or more generally in algebraic numbers. This theme, in particular, is the central motivation for the modern theory of arithmetic algebraic geometry. In this text, this is considered through three of its most basic aspects. The book contains more than 350 exercises and the text is largely self-contained. Much more sophisticated techniques have been brought to bear on the subject of Diophantine equations, and for this reason, the author has included five appendices on these techniques.
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Author: H. Kisilevsky,Eyal Zvi Goren,Canadian Number Theory Association. Conference

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821833316

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

View: 4837

This volume contains a collection of articles from the meeting of the Canadian Number Theory Association held at the Centre de Recherches Mathematiques (CRM) at the University of Montreal. The book represents a cross section of current research and new results in number theory. Topics covered include algebraic number theory, analytic number theory, arithmetic algebraic geometry, computational number theory, and Diophantine analysis and approximation. The volume contains both research and expository papers suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in number theory.
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Author: Richard A. Mollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420083293

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 5144

Exploring one of the most dynamic areas of mathematics, Advanced Number Theory with Applications covers a wide range of algebraic, analytic, combinatorial, cryptographic, and geometric aspects of number theory. Written by a recognized leader in algebra and number theory, the book includes a page reference for every citing in the bibliography and more than 1,500 entries in the index so that students can easily cross-reference and find the appropriate data. With numerous examples throughout, the text begins with coverage of algebraic number theory, binary quadratic forms, Diophantine approximation, arithmetic functions, p-adic analysis, Dirichlet characters, density, and primes in arithmetic progression. It then applies these tools to Diophantine equations, before developing elliptic curves and modular forms. The text also presents an overview of Fermat’s Last Theorem (FLT) and numerous consequences of the ABC conjecture, including Thue–Siegel–Roth theorem, Hall’s conjecture, the Erdös–Mollin-–Walsh conjecture, and the Granville–Langevin Conjecture. In the appendix, the author reviews sieve methods, such as Eratothesenes’, Selberg’s, Linnik’s, and Bombieri’s sieves. He also discusses recent results on gaps between primes and the use of sieves in factoring. By focusing on salient techniques in number theory, this textbook provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive material for a second course in this field. It prepares students for future study at the graduate level.
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Two Volumes Bound As One

Author: R. D. Carmichael

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486438030

Category: Mathematics

Page: 118

View: 5786

Single-volume compilation of two complete works: The Theory of Numbers explores prime numbers, elementary properties of congruences, the theories of Fermat and Wilson, primitive roots modulom, and other topics; Diophantine Analysis covers rational triangles, method of infinite descent, problems involving a multiplicative domain, more. 1914, 1915 editions.
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Author: Yann Bugeaud

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139455671

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3119

Algebraic numbers can approximate and classify any real number. Here, the author gathers together results about such approximations and classifications. Written for a broad audience, the book is accessible and self-contained, with complete and detailed proofs. Starting from continued fractions and Khintchine's theorem, Bugeaud introduces a variety of techniques, ranging from explicit constructions to metric number theory, including the theory of Hausdorff dimension. So armed, the reader is led to such celebrated advanced results as the proof of Mahler's conjecture on S-numbers, the Jarnik–Besicovitch theorem, and the existence of T-numbers. Brief consideration is given both to the p-adic and the formal power series cases. Thus the book can be used for graduate courses on Diophantine approximation (some 40 exercises are supplied), or as an introduction for non-experts. Specialists will appreciate the collection of over 50 open problems and the rich and comprehensive list of more than 600 references.
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A Journey Into Diophantine Analysis

Author: Edward B. Burger

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821826409

Category: MATHEMATICS

Page: 151

View: 6481

Welcome to diophantine analysis--an area of number theory in which we attempt to discover hidden treasures and truths within the jungle of numbers by exploring rational numbers. Diophantine analysis comprises two different but interconnected domains--diophantine approximation and diophantine equations. This highly readable book brings to life the fundamental ideas and theorems from diophantine approximation, geometry of numbers, diophantine geometry and $p$-adic analysis. Through an engaging style, readers participate in a journey through these areas of number theory. Each mathematical theme is presented in a self-contained manner and is motivated by very basic notions. The reader becomes an active participant in the explorations, as each module includes a sequence of numbered questions to be answered and statements to be verified. Many hints and remarks are provided to be freely used and enjoyed. Each module then closes with a Big Picture Question that invites the reader to step back from all the technical details and take a panoramic view of how the ideas at hand fit into the larger mathematical landscape. This book enlists the reader to build intuition, develop ideas and prove results in a very user-friendly and enjoyable environment. Little background is required and a familiarity with number theory is not expected. All that is needed for most of the material is an understanding of calculus and basic linear algebra together with the desire and ability to prove theorems. The minimal background requirement combined with the author's fresh approach and engaging style make this book enjoyable and accessible to second-year undergraduates, and even advanced high school students. The author's refreshing new spin on more traditional discovery approaches makes this book appealing to any mathematician and/or fan of number theory.
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Third Edition

Author: Ian Stewart,David Tall

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143986408X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 334

View: 7948

First published in 1979 and written by two distinguished mathematicians with a special gift for exposition, this book is now available in a completely revised third edition. It reflects the exciting developments in number theory during the past two decades that culminated in the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. Intended as a upper level textbook, it is also eminently suited as a text for self-study.
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Author: Jürgen Neukirch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540376631

Category: Mathematics

Page: 595

View: 1706

Algebraische Zahlentheorie: eine der traditionsreichsten und aktuellsten Grunddisziplinen der Mathematik. Das vorliegende Buch schildert ausführlich Grundlagen und Höhepunkte. Konkret, modern und in vielen Teilen neu. Neu: Theorie der Ordnungen. Plus: die geometrische Neubegründung der Theorie der algebraischen Zahlkörper durch die "Riemann-Roch-Theorie" vom "Arakelovschen Standpunkt", die bis hin zum "Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch-Theorem" führt.
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Author: R. Rashed

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401732744

Category: History

Page: 382

View: 3812

An understanding of developments in Arabic mathematics between the IXth and XVth century is vital to a full appreciation of the history of classical mathematics. This book draws together more than ten studies to highlight one of the major developments in Arabic mathematical thinking, provoked by the double fecondation between arithmetic and the algebra of al-Khwarizmi, which led to the foundation of diverse chapters of mathematics: polynomial algebra, combinatorial analysis, algebraic geometry, algebraic theory of numbers, diophantine analysis and numerical calculus. Thanks to epistemological analysis, and the discovery of hitherto unknown material, the author has brought these chapters into the light, proposes another periodization for classical mathematics, and questions current ideology in writing its history. Since the publication of the French version of these studies and of this book, its main results have been admitted by historians of Arabic mathematics, and integrated into their recent publications. This book is already a vital reference for anyone seeking to understand history of Arabic mathematics, and its contribution to Latin as well as to later mathematics. The English translation will be of particular value to historians and philosophers of mathematics and of science.
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Algebraic Numbers and Functions

Author: Helmut Koch

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821820544

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 5910

Early chapters discuss topics in elementary number theory, such as Minkowski's geometry of numbers, public-key cryptography and a short proof of the Prime Number Theorem, following Newman and Zagier. Next, some of the tools of algebraic number theory are introduced, such as ideals, discriminants and valuations. These results are then applied to obtain results about function fields, including a proof of the Riemann-Roch Theorem and, as an application of cyclotomic fields, a proof of the first case of Fermat's Last Theorem.There are a detailed exposition of the theory of Hecke L-series, following Tate, and explicit applications to number theory, such as the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis. Chapter 9 brings together the earlier material through the study of quadratic number fields. Finally, Chapter 10 gives an introduction to class field theory.
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Collection of Papers Dedicated to Academician Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov on His Ninetieth Birthday

Author: Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich Bogoli︠u︡bov,K. K. Mardzhanishvili

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821830772

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 467

This Proceedings of the Steklov Institute of Mathematics, together with the volume preceding it (Volume 157), is a collection of papers dedicated to Academician I. M. Vinogradov on his ninetieth birthday. This volume contains original papers on various branches of mathematics: analytic number theory, algebra, partial differential equations, probability theory, and differential games.
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Algebraische Zahlen und Funktionen

Author: Helmut Koch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322803120

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 9374

Hauptziel des Buches ist die Vermittlung des Grundbestandes der Algebraischen Zahlentheorie einschließlich der Theorie der normalen Erweiterungen bis hin zu einem Ausblick auf die Klassenkörpertheorie. Gleichberechtigt mit algebraischen Zahlen werden auch algebraische Funktionen behandelt. Dies geschieht einerseits um die Analogie zwischen Zahl- und Funktionenkörpern aufzuzeigen, die besonders deutlich im Falle eines endlichen Konstantenkörpers ist. Andererseits erhält man auf diese Weise eine Einführung in die Theorie der "höheren Kongruenzen" als eines wesentlichen Bestandteils der "Arithmetischen Geometrie". Obgleich das Buch hauptsächlich algebraischen Methoden gewidmet ist, findet man in der Einleitung auch einen kurzen Beweis des Primzahlsatzes nach Newman. In den Kapiteln 7 und 8 wird die Theorie der Heckeschen L-Reihen behandelt einschließlich der Verteilung der Primideale algebraischer Zahlkörper in Kegeln.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080873428

Category: Mathematics

Page: 311

View: 6469

Diophantine Equations
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Author: Yuan Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642581714

Category: Mathematics

Page: 170

View: 1958

The circle method has its genesis in a paper of Hardy and Ramanujan (see [Hardy 1])in 1918concernedwiththepartitionfunction andtheproblemofrep resenting numbers as sums ofsquares. Later, in a series of papers beginning in 1920entitled "some problems of'partitio numerorum''', Hardy and Littlewood (see [Hardy 1]) created and developed systematically a new analytic method, the circle method in additive number theory. The most famous problems in ad ditive number theory, namely Waring's problem and Goldbach's problem, are treated in their papers. The circle method is also called the Hardy-Littlewood method. Waring's problem may be described as follows: For every integer k 2 2, there is a number s= s(k) such that every positive integer N is representable as (1) where Xi arenon-negative integers. This assertion wasfirst proved by Hilbert [1] in 1909. Using their powerful circle method, Hardy and Littlewood obtained a deeper result on Waring's problem. They established an asymptotic formula for rs(N), the number of representations of N in the form (1), namely k 1 provided that 8 2 (k - 2)2 - +5. Here.
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Author: H. E. Rose

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198523765

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

View: 6621

The second edition of this undergraduate textbook is now available in paperback. Covering up-to-date as well as established material, it is the only textbook which deals with all the main areas of number theory, taught in the third year of a mathematics course. Each chapter ends with acollection of problems, and hints and sketch solutions are provided at the end of the book, together with useful tables.
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Author: Isabella G. Bashmakova,Joseph H. Silverman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780883855263

Category: Mathematics

Page: 90

View: 1902

Semi-popular maths on an area of number theory related to Fermat.
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Author: John William Scott Cassels

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521315258

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 1450

This book provides a fairly elementary and self-contained introduction to local fields.
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