The Case of Saudi Arabia

Author: Mamarinta P. Mababaya

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581121728

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 3664

This study investigated whether known economic and international business theories available in the literature are meaningful enough to explain the nature, existence and role of multinational companies (MNCs) in the Middle East, particularly Saudi Arabia. Two sets of questionnaires were distributed in major cities of Saudi Arabia -- one set for 100 multinational managers and another for 280 multinational customers. 234 questionnaires were collected -- 45 from multinational managers and 189 from customers. This represents a total response rate of 62 percent, which is adequate for this study.The empirical results, supported with comprehensive secondary data, confirmed virtually all of the research hypotheses. The study found that joint ventures are the dominant form of multinational business in Saudi Arabia, both in manufacturing and service industries. The core roles of MNCs in the Saudi-foreign ventures are evident in the cross-border value-adding activities of marketing, trading, manufacturing, consulting, contracting, project management, insurance, hotel operation and banking. Likewise, MNCs provide licensing, franchising, financing services and various auxiliary roles in the Kingdom. Therefore, the multinationality of a firm or a group of firms operating across national boundaries is not necessarily synonymous with international production -- the main subject of contemporary multinational theories.The respondents generally perceived the competitiveness of MNCs operating in Saudi Arabia as a function of a number of economic, management, marketing, technological and other variables. They also perceived the contributions of MNCs to the KingdomÍs socio-economic developments as significant and positive.The study also found that understanding Islamic values and ethics is important for MNCs. In this regard, the researcher looked at some objective indicators of business success and related them to selected measures of MNCsÍ local cultural awareness and responsiveness. The results indicate that the business success of multinationals operating in Saudi Arabia is positively related to their local cultural awareness and responsiveness. Along this line, this study covers some vital elements of Islamic culture, which will help MNCs understand further the cultural needs, values and sensitivities of the Saudi people and Muslims in general.
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الموطأ للامام مالك بن انس 1/2 [انكليزي/عربي]

Author: أبي عبد الله مالك بن أنس/الأصبحي

Publisher: Dar Al Kotob Al Ilmiyah دار الكتب العلمية

ISBN: 2745155717

Category: Religion

Page: 507

View: 7487

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Author: Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman

Publisher: MSA Publication Limited

ISBN: 1861796676

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8241

This is the 2nd edition of volume 9 of the ten volumes of The Meaning And Explanation Of The Glorious Qur'an. The first edition of this book contained many formatting and typing errors. In this new edition, we have corrected all the errors found in the first edition. We have also re-arranged the structure of the book and added the full Arabic Text of the thirty Parts of the Qur'an. The reader is now able to read not only the meaning, the transliteration and the tafsir (explanation) of the Glorious Qur'an but also the full Arabic text as well. Our mission is to gather in one place, for the English-speaking public, all relevant information needed to make the Qur'an more understandable and easier to study. This book tries to do this by providing the following: 1. The Arabic Text for those who are able to read Arabic 2. Transliteration of the Arabic text for those who are unable to read the Arabic script. This will give them a sample of the sound of the Qur'an, which they could not otherwise comprehend from reading the English meaning. 3. The meaning of the qur'an (translated by Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali, Ph.D. and Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan) 4. Background introductions by two famous Islamic scholars, Maududi and Ibn Kathir 5. Explanation (abridged Tafsir) by Ibn Kathir (translated by Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri) We hope that by doing this an ordinary English-speaker will be able to pick up a copy of this book and study and comprehend The Glorious Qur'an in a way that is acceptable to the understanding of the Rightly-guided Muslim Ummah (Community).
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Volume XV

Author: N.A

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1605206075

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 396

View: 4029

Notorious for the delight he took in tweaking the sexual taboos of the Victorian age-as well as the delight he took in the resulting shock of his bashful peers-British adventurer, linguist, and author CAPTAIN SIR RICHARD FRANCIS BURTON (1821-1890) is perhaps best remembered for his unexpurgated translation of the Eastern classic The One Thousand and One Nights, more famously known today as The Arabian Nights. Originating in Persian, Indian, and Arabic sources as far back as the ninth century AD, this collection of bawdy tales-which Burton was the first to bring to English readers in uncensored form-has exerted incalculable influence on modern literature. It represents one of the earliest examples of a framing story, as young Shahrazad, under threat of execution by the King, postpones her death by regaling him with these wildly entertaining stories over the course of 1,001 nights. The stories themselves feature early instances of sexual humor, satire and parody, murder mystery, horror, and even science fiction. Burton's annotated 16-volume collection, as infamous as it is important, was first published between 1885 and 1888, and remains an entertainingly naughty read. Volume XV-the fifth volume of Burton's Supplemental Nights-includes: [ "History of the Lovers of Syria" [ "The Loves of Al-Hayfa and Yusuf" [ "The Three Princes of China" [ "The Goodwife of Cairo and Her Four Gallants" [ "The Gatekeeper of Cairo and the Cunning She-Thief" [ "The Fellah and His Wicked Wife" [ "The Woman Who Humoured Her Lover At Her Husband's Expense" [ appendices and notes [ and more.
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The Mystery of Solomon and Queen Bilqis of Sheba

Author: Anthon von Lisenborgh

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465391703

Category: Religion

Page: 489

View: 5231

This work reveals what has been hidden for 3000 years that has already been given us by King Solomon when the Archetype Queen of Sheba went to GET this Name of the God of Israel for which she paid about R5,93 Billion in Gold @ $700/oz in 2006. It is the Ancient PRIMORDIAL religion that is ONE and was before where Judaism and Christianity and Islam was ONE body and One religion worshipping the One and Only God and it unlocks the SECRET, Hidden and LOST WORD of all Secret societies who knows not that they know not. In this work I hand you the KEY to unlock the SEPHER YETSIRA, the CABBALA, the TREE of LIFE and the Etz Chayyim in essence and the Knowledge between GOOD and EVIL, Life and Death, Right and Wrong. Here you get the 296, the 345 of Pythagoras, the 358 and other mystic numbers that cannot have any meaning to the Flatline PhDs where the worthies have now received it already in the Ancient Science of the Gematria, (Haroof-e-Abjad) and the ELS of professor Eliyahu Rips to assist us in fi nding ever greater TRUTHS hidden within scripture for which discovery Dr Rashad Khalifa was KILLED on a Fatwa in 1990 when translating the Quran into English. In this work is given the essence of Gnosticism in math and science within the Universal Absolute with PROOF of this NAME of God that is OVER IT ALL so that the Curse of God on all Priests in Malachi 2 may be lifted to GLORIFY His Name and Bow down to it as in Phil 2:9. I am the WAY, the LIFE, the VINE and the DOOR as the Alpha and the Omega as the ONE and the NINE in 19 as WAHD that is Over it all in sura 74:30. The One and the Only NAME that can ever set us FREE to fl y into the Light without the mythical burning of Icharus wings in the TRUTH of God that we too can BECOME what we are as ONE with HIM in John 17:22
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Volume XI

Author: A. V. Williams Jackson

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1605205982

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 276

View: 7633

Notorious for the delight he took in tweaking the sexual taboos of the Victorian age-as well as the delight he took in the resulting shock of his bashful peers-British adventurer, linguist, and author CAPTAIN SIR RICHARD FRANCIS BURTON (1821-1890) is perhaps best remembered for his unexpurgated translation of the Eastern classic The One Thousand and One Nights, more famously known today as The Arabian Nights. Originating in Persian, Indian, and Arabic sources as far back as the ninth century AD, this collection of bawdy tales-which Burton was the first to bring to English readers in uncensored form-has exerted incalculable influence on modern literature. It represents one of the earliest examples of a framing story, as young Shahrazad, under threat of execution by the King, postpones her death by regaling him with these wildly entertaining stories over the course of 1,001 nights. The stories themselves feature early instances of sexual humor, satire and parody, murder mystery, horror, and even science fiction. Burton's annotated 16-volume collection, as infamous as it is important, was first published between 1885 and 1888, and remains an entertainingly naughty read. Volume XI-which begins Burton's Supplemental Nights-includes: [ Burton's foreword [ "The Sleeper and the Waker" [ "Story of the Merchant Who Lost His Luck" [ "Story of the Prisoner and How Allah Gave Him Relief" [ "Tale of the Singer and the Druggist" [ "Tale of the Richard Who Married His Beautiful Daughter to the Poor Old Man" [ "Tale of the Simpleton Husband" [ "Tale of the Weaver Who Became a Leach by Order of His Wife" [ "Tale of the Ugly Man and His Beautifule Wife" [ and more.
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Volume 1: Judaism

Author: Sami M. El-Soudani

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1450046541

Category: Religion

Page: 324

View: 7583

Preface It was shortly after I had graduated from the University of Cambridge in 1980, with a PhD Degree specializing in fracture mechanics and failure analysis of materials and structures, that I discovered the dire need for this book. This undertaking began to take shape in the early 1980s with the Middle East aflame, devastated by what some viewed as a holy war, and with millennialists prophesying the end of days by the year 2000 C. E. After publishing and co-authoring 87 scientific and industrial reports, and technical papers, many of which were in national and international magazines on the subject of failure analysis of metals and fracture mechanics of aircraft structures, I came to realize that consequences of failures of the human spirit are far more devastating than failures of metals and aircraft structures. But now at the outset of the 21st century the world is still experiencing turmoil and devastation by wars spreading like wildfire, with Jews, Christians and Moslems at each other's throats in seemingly never ending battles and ugly strife. Some call it war on terror, others speak of wars of clashing cultures, crusades, jihad, etc., etc., etc. One cant help but wonder how this saga of 99% misery and 1% heroism will ever come to an end. Only the gullible would attempt to explain the ongoing world conflict among People of the Book: Jews, Christians and Moslems, based on the course of events during the past few years, or even the past few decades. This is where this book comes in with a rigorous, rationalized, and hopefully convincing critical assessment of a never-before-explored, most innate aspect of the human nature, and that is its obsession with hijacking of the religion of God. For better understanding of the root cause of the ongoing conflict among People of the Book, who are supposed to be worshipping the same God, we need to take a step back, take a deep breath, and reflect rationally, while ignoring all rhetoric and emotional bias in researching the past three thousand years of religious history. And this is exactly what I did in writing this three-volume book. More specifically, this book is addressing the religion of God to whom every human being from among the so-called People of the Book today turns in prayer. Whether soldiers or civilians, when they are caught in the midst of the ongoing grisly and devastating wars, some would pray to Yahweh, others call upon Jesus Christ, while Moslem brethren whisper the name of Allah upon taking their last breath. Who is that God? And why is He so shrouded with mystery? Is He truly One and the Same God for all these people? Or are we suffering from some self-delusions and possibly hallucinations that may be the senseless products of our ancient religious fabrications and mythmaking. Going back in time three thousand years brings us to one very special night, when God was said to have come down in person onto Mount Sinai to have a close encounter with human beings through direct speech. This three-volume book examines the course of religious events from that magic and apocalyptic moment onwards till this day. It took me twenty years of research to show that men who practiced hijacking long before they had wings have been quite active over the past three thousand years engaging in the lucrative business of hijacking the religion of God. All three religious persuasions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam suffered the dire consequences of miserably failing to heed the words of our Merciful and Patient God. No irony intended here in calling it a business, and indeed a lucrative one, because it brings the hijackers: power, enormous wealth, and often glory, all of which, in the sight of God translate, respectively into: arrogance, greed, and most certainly infamy. In developing the extensive critical review of religion presented herein, detailing the respective histories of the selected three religious persuasions: Jud
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Author: Rabia Gelgi

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781546472988

Category:

Page: 28

View: 1874

Das kleine M�dchen sagt: "Wir haben viele Dinge in unserem Leben, f�r die wir sagen" Alhamdulillah ""
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Jami‘ al-Ziyarat al-Ma‘sumin

Author: N.A

Publisher: MIU Press

ISBN: 1907905138

Category: Muslim pilgrims and pilgrimages

Page: 224

View: 2102

The texts of the present Compendium, seemingly the most comprehensive collection of Shi‘i pilgrimage prayers addressed to the Fourteen Infallibles (AS), have been edited by collating reliable sources. Each prayer is preceded by traditions on the merits of visiting the shrine of the Infallible to be followed by the narrations and sources of the prayer. The classification of the prayers is regional, i.e. they are arranged according to the burial places of the Infallibles (AS). Further, mention has been made of the devotional acts to be performed at each shrine. The contents of the volumes include the following: volume one (Medina) includes the pilgrimage prayers devoted to the Noble Prophet (SAW), Fatimat al-Zahra’ (SA), the Imams (AS) and saints buried at the Baqi‘ Cemetery, and the martyrs of the Uhud Battle; vol. 2: the prayers devoted to the Commander of the Faithful, Imam ‘Ali (AS; Najaf) and those said at the Mosque of Kufa; vol. 3: those devoted to Imam al-Íusayn (AS) and Hadrat Abu al-Fadl al-‘Abbas (as) and other martyrs buried in Karbala’; vol. 4: those devoted to the Kazimayn, i.e. Imam Musa (AS) and Imam Muhammad Taqi (AS), and the ‘Askariyayn, i.e. Imam ‘Ali al-Naqi (AS) and Imam Hasan al-‘Askari (AS), and those of Imam al-Mahdi, the Twelfth Imam (AS; Samarra’ and Kazimayn); vol. 5: those devoted to Imam al-Rida (AS; Mashhad); vol. 6: Ziyarat al-Jami‘a, i.e. general prayers and also those devoted to the descendants of the Imams, e.g. Hadrat Ma‘suma (AS).
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Author: Ismail Raji Al-Faruqi

Publisher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)

ISBN: 1565645979

Category: Islamic civilization

Page: 33

View: 327

There can be no doubt that the essence of Islamic civilization is Islam; or that the essence of Islam is tawhid, the act of affirming Allah to be the One, absolute, transcendent Creator, Lord and Master of all that is. These two fundamental premises are self evident. They have never been in doubt by those belonging to this civilization or participating in it. Only in recent times have missionaries, Orientalists, and other interpreters of Islam subjected these premises to doubt. Whatever their level of education, Muslims are apodictically certain that Islamic civilization does have an essence, that this essence is knowable and capable of analysis or description, that it is tawhid. Analysis of tawhid as essence, as first determining principle of Islamic civilization, is the object of this document. According to the author, in the final analysis, it is this principle of ontic separation of God and the world that distinguishes tawhid from all theories that apotheosize man or humanize God, whether Greek, Roman, Hindu, Buddhist, or Christian.
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Islam Explained for African Christians

Author: John Azumah

Publisher: Hippo Books

ISBN: 0310574625

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 5902

Nowhere else in the world have both Islam and Christianity been more instrumental in shaping the history of a people and their way of life than in Africa. African Muslims and Christians have a lot in common, including kinship ties, shared languages and citizenship. Yet, despite the centuries of deep historical links and harmonious existence between the two religions, new challenges threaten this harmony. Conflicts involving Christians and Muslims in places like Sudan, Nigeria and Ivory Coast are common. These conflicts are fueled primarily by ignorance, stereotyping and prejudice, which in turn breed fear, suspicion and even hatred, in some cases leading to violence. My Neighbour’s Faith sheds light on the beliefs and teaching of Islam by addressing matters of contemporary importance to Christians and the wider non-Muslim audience. It presents the human face of Islam—the face of a close relative, a neighbour, a teacher and even a head of state—in a balanced and critical way that gives a credible view of Islam.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Muslim women

Page: N.A

View: 5666

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with complete Arabic text, English translation, synopses of surahs and explanatory notes

Author: Laʼl Muhammad Chawla

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 941

View: 9856

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