Genetics, Evolution, Variation

Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107011450

Category: Medical

Page: 559

View: 6361

This follow-up to The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth puts methods to use in interpreting human origins and affinities.
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Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent and Fossil Homo sapiens

Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316805719

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4765

All humans share certain components of tooth structure, but show variation in size and morphology around this shared pattern. This book presents a worldwide synthesis of the global variation in tooth morphology in recent populations. Research has advanced on many fronts since the publication of the first edition, which has become a seminal work on the subject. This revised and updated edition introduces new ideas in dental genetics and ontogeny and summarizes major historical problems addressed by dental morphology. The detailed descriptions of 29 dental variables are fully updated with current data and include details of a new web-based application for using crown and root morphology to evaluate ancestry in forensic cases. A new chapter describes what constitutes a modern human dentition in the context of the hominin fossil record.
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Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent Human Populations

Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521784535

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 1193

A global study of dental variation offering insights into modern human origins.
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Author: Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052183869X

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 5808

A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.
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Author: Christopher M. Stojanowski,William N. Duncan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107073545

Category: Law

Page: 359

View: 3530

The lives of kings, poets, authors, criminals and celebrities are a perpetual fascination in the media and popular culture, and for decades anthropologists and other scientists have participated in 'post-mortem dissections' of the lives of historical figures. In this field of biohistory, researchers have identified and analyzed these figures' bodies using technologies such as DNA fingerprinting, biochemical assays, and skeletal biology. This book brings together biohistorical case studies for the first time, and considers the role of the anthropologist in the writing of historical narratives surrounding the deceased. Contributors theorize biohistory with respect to the sociology of the body, examining the ethical implications of biohistorical work and the diversity of social theoretical perspectives that researchers' work may relate to. The volume defines scales of biohistorical engagement, providing readers with a critical sense of scale and the different paths to 'historical notoriety' that can emerge with respect to human remains.
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An Introduction to the Teeth of Non-human Primates

Author: Daris R. Swindler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139431507

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3479

Primate dentitions vary widely both between genera and between species within a genus. This book is a comparative dental anatomy of the teeth of living non-human primates that brings together information from many disciplines to present the most useful and comprehensive database possible in one consolidated text. The core of the book consists of comparative morphological and metrical descriptions with analyses, reference tables and illustrations of the permanent dentitions of 85 living primate species to establish a baseline for future investigations. The book also includes information on dental microstructure and its importance in understanding taxonomic relationships between species, data on deciduous dentitions, prenatal dental development and ontogenetic processes, and material to aid age estimation and life history studies. Primate Dentition will be an important reference work for researchers in primatology, dental and physical anthropology, comparative anatomy and dentistry as well as vertebrate paleontology and veterinary science.
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Author: Simon Hillson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107011337

Category: Science

Page: 313

View: 7495

This book critically reviews theory, assumptions, methods and literature to examine the unique role of teeth in preserving records of human growth.
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The Study of Variation in Adult Tooth Size

Author: Julius A. Kieser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521353908

Category: Science

Page: 194

View: 5766

This book has an important role in demonstrating to students the diverse practical applications of odontometrics.
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Studies from Bones and Teeth

Author: Robert D. Hoppa,Charles M. FitzGerald

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521631532

Category: Nature

Page: 315

View: 3237

An interdisciplinary analysis of human growth in past populations, first published in 1999.
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Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107480736

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 6466

This guide to scoring crown and root traits in human dentitions substantially builds on a seminal 1991 work by Turner, Nichol, and Scott. It provides detailed descriptions and multiple illustrations of each crown and root trait to help guide researchers to make consistent observations on trait expression, greatly reducing observer error. The book also reflects exciting new developments driven by technology that have significant ramifications for dental anthropology, particularly the recent development of a web-based application that computes the probability that an individual belongs to a particular genogeographic grouping based on combinations of crown and root traits; as such, the utility of these variables is expanded to forensic anthropology. This book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in the fields of dental, physical, and forensic anthropology and will serve as a methodological guide for many years to come.
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The Individual and the Population

Author: Stanley J. Ulijaszek

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521019972

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 2303

Anthropometry is the measurement of human morphology. This book discusses its uses and problems.
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An Illustrated Manual

Author: Heather J. H. Edgar

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315300826

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 6440

This work provides a new, comprehensive update to the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System (ASUDAS). Drawing upon her extensive experience in informatics, curating data, and dental morphological data acquisition, Edgar has developed accessible and user-friendly standardized images and descriptions of dental morphological variants. The manual provides nearly 400 illustrations that indicate ideal expressions of each dental trait. These drawings are coupled with over 650 photographs of real teeth, indicating real-world examples of each expression. Additionally, trait descriptions have been written to be clear, comparative, and easy to apply. Together, the images and descriptions are presented in a standardized form for quick and clear reference. All of these modifications to ASUDAS make it more usable for students and professionals alike. In addition to these features of the manual, the text makes a brief but strong argument for why dental morphology will continue to be a useful tool in biological anthropology through the 21st century.
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The Biology and Archaeology of Humans on the Edge of the Alaskan Arctic

Author: Charles E. Hilton,Benjamin M. Auerbach,Libby W. Cowgill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107022509

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 7048

Sixty years after their discovery, this is the first anthropological synthesis of the ancient Arctic foragers of Point Hope, Alaska.
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Author: Robert B. Eckhardt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139427081

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1595

Human Paleobiology provides a unifying framework for the study of human populations, both past and present, to a range of changing environments. It integrates evidence from studies of human adaptability, comparative primatology, and molecular genetics to document consistent measures of genetic distance between subspecies, species and other taxonomic groupings. These findings support the interpretation of the biology of humans in terms of a smaller number of populations characterised by higher levels of genetic continuity than previously hypothesised. Using this as a basis, Robert Eckhardt then goes on to analyse problems in human paleobiology including phenotypic differentiation, patterns of species range expansion and phyletic succession in terms of the patterns and processes still observable in extant populations. This book will be a challenging and stimulating read for students and researchers interested in human paleobiology or evolutionary anthropology.
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Volume V: Society for the Study of Human Biology

Author: D. R. Brothwell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483184757

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 7961

Symposia of the Society for the Study of Human Biology, Volume V: Dental Anthropology is a collection of papers that covers the application of dental pathology in the context of anthropology. The book presents 15 studies that cover various human dental variables and relates to different anthropological factors. The dental variables considered in the articles include tooth morphology; occlusion and malocclusion of primate teeth; morphogenesis of deciduous molar pattern in man; and double-rooted human lower canine teeth. The text also covers topics about race specific dental traits such as radiographic study of the Neanderthal teeth from Krapina; crown characters of the deciduous dentition of the Japanese-American hybrids; and analysis of the American Indian dentition. The selection will be of great interest to evolutionary scientists, such as anthropologists and paleontologists.
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Author: Daniel Lieberman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674046366

Category: Science

Page: 756

View: 2665

Dan Lieberman has written an innovative, exhaustively researched and carefully argued book dealing with the evolution of the human head. In it he addresses three interrelated questions. First, why does the human head look the way it does? Second, why did these transformations occur? And third, how is something as complex and vital as the head so variable and evolvable? This book addresses these questions in three sections. The first set of chapters review how human and ape heads grow, both in terms of individual parts (organs and regions) and as an integrated whole. The second section reviews how the head performs its major functions: housing the brain, chewing, swallowing, breathing, vocalizing, thermoregulating, seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, and balancing during locomotion. The final set of chapters review the fossil evidence for major transformations of the head during human evolution from the divergence of the human and ape lineages through the origins of Homo sapiens. These chapters use developmental and functional insights from the first two sections to speculate on the developmental and selective bases for these transformations.
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Form, Function, and Behavior

Author: Fred Anapol,Rebecca Z. German,Nina G. Jablonski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139451567

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7503

Shaping Primate Evolution is an edited collection of papers about how biological form is described in primate biology, and the consequences of form for function and behavior. The contributors are highly regarded internationally recognized scholars in the field of quantitative primate evolutionary morphology. Each chapter elaborates upon the analysis of the form-function-behavior triad in a unique and compelling way. This book is distinctive not only in the diversity of the topics discussed, but also in the range of levels of biological organization that are addressed from cellular morphometrics to the evolution of primate ecology. The book is dedicated to Charles E. Oxnard, whose influential pioneering work on innovative metric and analytic techniques has gone hand-in-hand with meticulous comparative functional analyses of primate anatomy. Through the marriage of theory with analytical applications, this volume will be an important reference work for all those interested in primate functional morphology.
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Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples

Author: Robert D. Hoppa,James W. Vaupel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139441551

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3540

Paleodemography is the field of enquiry that attempts to identify demographic parameters from past populations (usually skeletal samples) derived from archaeological contexts, and then to make interpretations regarding the health and well-being of those populations. However, paleodemographic theory relies on several assumptions that cannot easily be validated by the researcher, and if incorrect, can lead to large errors or biases. In this book, physical anthropologists, mathematical demographers and statisticians tackle these methodological issues for reconstructing demographic structure for skeletal samples. Topics discussed include how skeletal morphology is linked to chronological age, assessment of age from the skeleton, demographic models of mortality and their interpretation, and biostatistical approaches to age structure estimation from archaeological samples. This work will be of immense importance to anyone interested in paleodemography, including biological and physical anthropologists, demographers, geographers, evolutionary biologists and statisticians.
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Identification of Pathological Conditions in the Human Skeletal Remains of Non-Adults

Author: Mary Lewis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124104398

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 1910

Palaeopathology of Children: Identification of Pathological Conditions in the Human Skeletal Remains of Non-Adults provides archaeological examples of pathological child remains with varying degrees of disease manifestation, and where possible, presents illustrations of individually affected bones to help with identification. The structure and inclusion of photographs and summary diagnostic tables make this suitable for use as a textbook. Each chapter includes a table of international archaeological cases collated by the author from published and unpublished literature. Child skeletal remains come in a variety of different sizes, with bones appearing and fusing at different times during growth. Identifying pathology in such unfamiliar bones can be a challenge, and we often rely on photographs of clinical radiographs or intact anatomical specimens to try and interpret the lesions we see in archaeological material. These are usually the most extreme examples of the disease, and do not account for the wide degree of variation we may see in skeletal remains. Provides a comprehensive review of the types of pathological conditions identified in non-adult skeletal remains Contains chapters that tackle a particular disease classification Features for each condition are described and illustrated to aid in the identification
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