A Biocultural Perspective

Author: Robert R. Sands,Linda R. Sands

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739129406

Category: Medical

Page: 353

View: 4639

Explores the relationship between biology and culture within the realms of sports, games and other forms of human competition, delving into the innate motivations behind these activities.
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An Introduction

Author: Kendall Blanchard

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897893299

Category: Games

Page: 306

View: 9169

Analyzes sport from an anthropological perspective that includes cultural evolution, social function, and human expression.
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Anthropological Approaches

Author: Noel B. Salazar,Nelson H. H. Graburn

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782383689

Category: Travel

Page: 304

View: 7047

It is hard to imagine tourism without the creative use of seductive, as well as restrictive, imaginaries about peoples and places. These socially shared assemblages are collaboratively produced and consumed by a diverse range of actors around the globe. As a nexus of social practices through which individuals and groups establish places and peoples as credible objects of tourism, "tourism imaginaries" have yet to be fully explored. Presenting innovative conceptual approaches, this volume advances ethnographic research methods and critical scholarship regarding tourism and the imaginaries that drive it. The various authors contribute methodologically as well as conceptually to anthropology's grasp of the images, forces, and encounters of the contemporary world.
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From Actions to Transformations

Author: Susan A. Crate,Mark Nuttall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315530325

Category: Social Science

Page: 450

View: 9564

The first edition of Anthropology and Climate Change (2009) pioneered the study of climate change through the lens of anthropology, covering the relation between human cultures and the environment from prehistoric times to the present. This second, heavily revised edition brings the material on this rapidly changing field completely up to date, with major scholars from around the world mapping out trajectories of research and issuing specific calls for action. The new edition introduces new “foundational” chapters—laying out what anthropologists know about climate change today, new theoretical and practical perspectives, insights gleaned from sociology, and international efforts to study and curb climate change—making the volume a perfect introductory textbook; presents a series of case studies—both new case studies and old ones updated and viewed with fresh eyes—with the specific purpose of assessing climate trends; provides a close look at how climate change is affecting livelihoods, especially in the context of economic globalization and the migration of youth from rural to urban areas; expands coverage to England, the Amazon, the Marshall Islands, Tanzania, and Ethiopia; re-examines the conclusions and recommendations of the first volume, refining our knowledge of what we do and do not know about climate change and what we can do to adapt.
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Author: Raymond Case Kelly

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472067381

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 4305

A concise study using archeological and ethnographic evidence to refute current theories about the origin of war
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Author: Peter Thorpe Ellison,Peter B. Gray

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674031173

Category: Medical

Page: 499

View: 9641

This book, a rare melding of human and animal research and theoretical and empirical science, ventures into the most interesting realms of behavioral biology to examine the intimate role of endocrinology in social relationships.
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Global Forces, Local Lives

Author: Jack David Eller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317428188

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 475

Cultural Anthropology: Global Forces, Local Lives presents all the key areas of cultural anthropology as well as providing original and nuanced coverage of current and cutting-edge topics. An exceptionally clear and readable introduction, it helps students understand the application of anthropological concepts to the contemporary world and everyday life. Thorough treatment is given throughout the text to issues such as globalization, colonialism, ethnicity, nationalism, neoliberalism, and the state. Changes for the third edition include a brand new chapter on medical anthropology and an updated range of cases studies with a fresh thematic focus on China. The book contains a number of features to support student learning, including: A wealth of color images Definitions of key terms and further reading suggestions in the margins Summaries at the end of every chapter An extensive glossary, bibliography and index.
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Author: Arthur Kleinman,Veena Das,Margaret Lock,Margaret M. Lock

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520209954

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 8290

"Social Suffering" takes in the human consequences of war, famine, depression, disease and torture, problems that result from what political, economic and institutional power does to people. Experts have joined together to investigate the cultural representations of.
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The Place of Sugar in Modern History

Author: Sidney W. Mintz

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101666641

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9825

A fascinating persuasive history of how sugar has shaped the world, from European colonies to our modern diets In this eye-opening study, Sidney Mintz shows how Europeans and Americans transformed sugar from a rare foreign luxury to a commonplace necessity of modern life, and how it changed the history of capitalism and industry. He discusses the production and consumption of sugar, and reveals how closely interwoven are sugar's origins as a "slave" crop grown in Europe's tropical colonies with is use first as an extravagant luxury for the aristocracy, then as a staple of the diet of the new industrial proletariat. Finally, he considers how sugar has altered work patterns, eating habits, and our diet in modern times. "Like sugar, Mintz is persuasive, and his detailed history is a real treat." -San Francisco Chronicle
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Author: Daniel E. Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317347811

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 4426

This text is intended for the sophomore level course in human variation/human biology taught in anthropology departments. It may also serve as a supplementary text in introductory physical anthropology courses. In addition to covering the standard topics for the course, it features contemporary topics in human biology such as the Human Genome Project, genetic engineering, the effects of stress, obesity and pollution.
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A Biocultural Approach, CourseSmart eTextbook

Author: Robert L. Anemone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317344758

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 5011

Race and Human Diversity is an introduction to the study of Human Diversity in both its biological and cultural dimensions. This text examines the biological basis of human difference and how humans have biologically and culturally adapted to life in different environments. It critiques the notion that humans can or should be classified into a number of "biological races". Coverage includes discussion of the following topics: Biological background of human variation History of racial classification A critique of the Race Concept Ethnic disease: How race affects morbidity and morality Adapative dimensions of human variability: Life in the tropics, the arctic, and high altitude Physiology of skin color A critical history of attempts to link race and intelligence Race as a cultural construct
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A Biocultural Approach to Religion

Author: Michael Winkelman,John R. Baker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317343735

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9332

This book provides a general introduction to the biological and evolutionary bases of religion and is suitable for introductory level courses in the anthropology and psychology of religion and comparative religion. Why did human ancestors everywhere adopt religious beliefs and customs? The presence and persistence of many religious features across the globe and time suggests that it is natural for humans to believe in the supernatural. In this new text, the authors explore both the biological and cultural dimensions of religion and the evolutionary origins of religious features.
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Cars, Canoes, and Other Metaphors of Moral Imagination

Author: David Lipset,Richard Handler

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 178238376X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1189

Metaphor, as an act of human fancy, combines ideas in improbable ways to sharpen meanings of life and experience. Theoretically, this arises from an association between a sign—for example, a cattle car—and its referent, the Holocaust. These “sign-vehicles” serve as modes of semiotic transportation through conceptual space. Likewise, on-the-ground vehicles can be rich metaphors for the moral imagination. Following on this insight, Vehicles presents a collection of ethnographic essays on the metaphoric significance of vehicles in different cultures. Analyses include canoes in Papua New Guinea, pedestrians and airplanes in North America, lowriders among Mexican-Americans, and cars in contemporary China, Japan, and Eastern Europe, as well as among African-Americans in the South. Vehicles not only “carry people around,” but also “carry” how they are understood in relation to the dynamics of culture, politics and history.
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Author: Richard D. Alexander

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202369488

Category: Philosophy

Page: 301

View: 7556

Despite wide acceptance that the attributes of living creatures have appeared through a cumulative evolutionary process guided chiefly by natural selection, many human activities have seemed analytically inaccessible through such an approach. Prominent evolutionary biologists, for example, have described morality as contrary to the direction of biological evolution, and moral philosophers rarely regard evolution as relevant to their discussions. The Biology of Moral Systems adopts the position that moral questions arise out of conflicts of interest, and that moral systems are ways of using confluences of interest at lower levels of social organization to deal with conflicts of interest at higher levels. Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reciprocity: humans gain and lose socially and reproductively not only by direct transactions, but also by the reputations they gain from the everyday flow of social interactions. The author develops a general theory of human interests, using senescence and effort theory from biology, to help analyze the patterning of human lifetimes. He argues that the ultimate interests of humans are reproductive, and that the concept of morality has arisen within groups because of its contribution to unity in the context, ultimately, of success in intergroup competition. He contends that morality is not easily relatable to universals, and he carries this argument into a discussion of what he calls the greatest of all moral problems, the nuclear arms race. "Crammed with sage observations on moral dilemmas and many reasons why an understanding of evolution based on natural selection will advance thinking in finding practical solutions to our most difficult social problems." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social SciencesRichard D. Alexander is Donald Ward Tinkle Professor of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology, and Curator of Insects, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. A recipient of numerous awards, Dr. Alexander is the author of Darwinism and Human Affairs.
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Author: Terry McMorris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470020822

Category: Medical

Page: 316

View: 8462

Acquisition and Performance of Sports Skills provides students with the theoretical and practical background that is necessary for an understanding of the basics of skill acquisition and performance. This understanding is founded on the student's existing knowledge of sport and leads into the subject, using a student centred, problem-solving approach. The first half of the book examines the nature of sports performance and the second skill acquisition. There is a debate among researchers into psychomotor learning: the ecological versus the cognitive approach. Because this book is aimed clearly at students taking a first course in the subject the author includes examples from both schools of thought thus ensuring a balanced approach. looks at skill acquisition firmly within the context of sports performance takes students' practical experience as a starting point then clearly explains the underlying theories presents both cognitive and ecological approaches to the subject to give a balanced view excellent pedagogy including problem-solving tasks, practical experiments and revision notes at the end of chapters Written by an author with many years teaching, research and practical coaching experience, Acquisition and Performance of Sport Skills proves invaluable for students of sport and exercise science taking a first course in skill acquisition, motor learning and/or motor control. This is the second title to appear in the Wiley SportTexts Series that aims to provide textbooks covering the key disciplines within the academic study of sport.
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Uses of the Useless

Author: Merrill Singer,J Bryan Page

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1611321182

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 6534

In a wide-ranging analysis covering popular culture, policy, and underlying social structures, this book shows how drug addicts are socially constructed as useless burdens on society and who benefits from that portrayal.
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Author: Gary P. Ferraro,Elizabeth K. Briody

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315411008

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 7787

Now in its eighth edition, The Cultural Dimension of Global Business continues to provide an essential foundation for understanding the impact of culture on global business and global business on culture. The highly experienced authors demonstrate how the theory and insights of cultural anthropology can positively influence the conduct of global business, examining a range of issues that individuals and organizations face as they work globally and across cultures. The cross-cultural scenarios presented in each chapter allow students of business, management, and anthropology alike to explore cultural difference while gaining valuable practice in thinking through a variety of complex and thorny cultural issues. The fully updated eighth edition offers: • an expanded focus on organizational activities, with two new chapters that provide greater insight into organizational culture and change, and customer engagement; • fresh case study material with a range of examples drawn from around the world; • further resources via a companion website, including a fully updated Instructor’s Manual and new interactive quiz questions for students.
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Author: Catherine Palmer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446271668

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 240

View: 3960

"Lifts the analysis out of the nuts and bolts of sports policy and into some really thought-provoking areas which will equip the policy maker for the challenges of the 21st century" - Dominic Malcolm, Loughborough University "This is an excellent analysis of the significance of globalisation for national sport policy and especially of the impact of global processes at the local socio-cultural level" - Barrie Houlihan, Loughborough University Drawing upon a range of empirical case studies, Catherine Palmer situates sports policy within a broader consideration of global processes, practices and consequences, exploring the relationship between: the local and the global globalization and governance new technologies human rights the environment corporate responsibility. In doing so she sets out the ground for an understanding of policy making in sport and how this affects society. Covering both theory and practice, it is a detailed and thought provoking resource for students of sports policy, sports development, sports management and sports studies.
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Author: Keith Hart,Jean-Louis Laville,Antonio David Cattani

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745649807

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 371

View: 8657

The global financial crisis has renewed concern about whether capitalist markets are the best way of organizing economic life. Would it not be better if we were to treat the economy as something made and remade by people themselves, rather than as an impersonal machine? The object of a human economy is the reproduction of human beings and of whatever sustains life in general. Such an economy would express human variety in its local particulars as well as the interests of all humanity. The editors have assembled here a citizen's guide to building a human economy. This project is not a dream but is part of a collective effort that began a decade ago at the first World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and has gathered pace ever since. Over thirty original essays address topics that range from globalization, community participation and microcredit to corporate social responsibility and alternative energy. Each offers a critical guide to further reading. The Human Economy builds on decades of engaged research to bring a new economic vision to general readers and a comprehensive guide for all students of the contemporary world.
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