An Essay on the Nature of Archaeological Research

Author: Paul Courbin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226116563

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 7772

Paul Courbin puts forward a penetrating and eloquent critique of the New Archeology, a movement of primarily American and British archaeologists that began in the 1960s and continues today. The New Archeologists dropped the "ae" spelling, symbolizing their intent to put the field on a modern and scientific footing. They questioned the bases, the objectives, and consequently the methods of traditional archaeology. Courbin examines this movement, its latent philosophy, its methods and their application, its theories, and its results. He declares that the record shows a devastating failure. The New Archeologists, he contends, may have developed scientific hypotheses, but in most cases they failed to carry out what is necessary to test their theories, thus contradicting the very goals they had set for the discipline. Reevaluating the field as a whole, Courbin asks, What is archaeology? He distinguishes it from such related fields as history and anthropology, emphatically arguing that the primary task of archaeology is what the archaeologist alone can accomplish: the establishment of facts—stratigraphies, time sequences, and identification tools, bones, potsherds, and so on. When archaeological findings lead to historical or anthropological conclusions, as they very often do, archaeologists must be aware that this involves a specific change in their work; they are no longer archaeologists proper. The archaeologist's work, Courbin stresses, is not a humble auxiliary of anthropology or history, but the foundation upon which historians and anthropologists of ancient civilizations will build and without which their theories cannot but collapse. What Is Archaeology? was originally published in French in 1982.
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Author: Keith Muckelroy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521293488

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 1383

Archaeology has made enormous advances recently, both in volume of discoveries and in its character as an intellectual discipline; new techniques have helped to further the range and rigour of enquiry, and encouraged interdisciplinary communication. The aim of this series is to make available to a wider audience the results of these developments. The coverage will be world-wide and will extend from the earliest period to medieval and industrial archaeology.
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The Past in the Present

Author: Robert Layton,Stephen Shennan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781844721269

Category: Archaeology

Page: 251

View: 6321

Over the last thirty years issues of culture, identity and meaning have moved out of the academic sphere to become central to politics and society at all levels from the local to the global. Archaeology has been at the forefront of these moves towards a greater engagement with the non-academic world, often in an extremely practical and direct way, for example in the disputes about the repatriation of human burials. Such disputes have been central to the recognition that previously marginalised groups have rights in their own past which are important for their future. The essays in this book look back at some of the most important events where a role for an archaeology concerned with the past in the present first emerged and look forward to the practical and theoretical issues now central to a socially engaged discipline and shaping its future. This book is published in honour of Professor Peter Ucko, who has played an unparalleled role in promoting awareness of the core issues in this volume among archaeologists.
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Author: Timothy Insoll

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415221559

Category: Religion

Page: 226

View: 5793

Archaeology and World Religion is an important new work, being the first to examine these two vast topics together. The volume explores the relationship between, and the contribution archaeology can make to the study of 'World Religions'. The contributors consider a number of questions: * can religious (sacred) texts be treated as historical documents, or do they merit special treatment? * Does archaeology with its emphasis on material culture dispel notions of the ideal/divine? * Does the study of archaeology and religion lead to differing interpretations of the same event? * In what ways does the notion of a uniform religious identity exist and is this recognisable in the archaeological record? Clearly written and up-to-date, this volume will be an indispensable research tool for academics and specialists in these fields.
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Author: Kevin Greene

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520074019

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 7829

Kevin Greene shows how archaeology can help provide a more balanced view of the Roman economy by informing the classical historian about geographical areas and classes of society that received little attention from the largely aristocratic classical writers whose work survives.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 1419

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The Key Concepts

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415317573

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 9712

This invaluable resource provides an up-to-date and comprehensive survey of key ideas in archaeology and their impact on archaeological thinking and method. Featuring over fifty detailed entries by international experts, the book offers definitions of key terms, explaining their origin and development. Entries also feature guides to further reading and extensive cross-referencing. Archaeology: The Key Concepts is the ideal reference guide for students, teachers and anyone with an interest in archaeology.
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Author: Paul Bonaventura,Andrew Jones

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754658313

Category: Art

Page: 221

View: 3249

In recent years the intersections between art history and archaeology have become the focus of critical analysis by both disciplines. Contemporary sculpture has played a key role in this dialogue. These essays by art historians, archaeologists and artists, take the intersection between sculpture and archaeology as the prelude for analysis, examining the metaphorical and conceptual role of archaeology as subject matter for sculptors, and the significance of sculpture as a three-dimensional medium for exploring historical attitudes to archaeology.
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Author: Sarah M. Nelson

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759106789

Category: Social Science

Page: 913

View: 8352

First reference work to explore the research on gender in archaeology.
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Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019960200X

Category: Art

Page: 823

View: 771

This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of a rapidly expanding sub-field in archaeology, the study of the present and recent past. It seeks to explore the boundaries of this emerging area, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods, which are applicable to this new sub-field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research.
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The Widening Debate

Author: Barry W. Cunliffe,Colin Renfrew

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197262559

Category: Social Science

Page: 627

View: 8931

Twenty-six leading scholars from around the world have come together to celebrate the strengths, the energies and the sheer intellectual excitement of their discipline. They unashamedly proclaim that over the last hundred years archaeology has transformed itself from a genteel antiquarian pursuit, deeply rooted in the classical tradition, to a rigorous and demanding discipline, spanning the humanities and the sciences, yet at the same time one widely accessible to the public at large.The contributors show how our understanding of the past has changed, reveal the exciting ideas under current debate, and offer their visions of the future. The result is a remarkable overview of world archaeology, focusing on new and unexpected themes at the cutting edge of the discipline.
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Perspectives from Archaeology and History

Author: Susan E. Alcock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521770200

Category: History

Page: 523

View: 4525

Empires, the largest political systems of the ancient and early modern world, powerfully transformed the lives of people within and even beyond their frontiers in ways quite different from other, non-imperial societies. Appearing in all parts of the globe, and in many different epochs, empires invite comparative analysis - yet few attempts have been made to place imperial systems within such a framework. This book brings together studies by distinguished scholars from diverse academic traditions, including anthropology, archaeology, history and classics. The empires discussed include case studies from Central and South America, the Mediterranean, Europe, the Near East, South East Asia and China, and range in time from the first millennium BC to the early modern era. The book organises these detailed studies into five thematic sections: sources, approaches and definitions; empires in a wider world; imperial integration and imperial subjects; imperial ideologies; and the afterlife of empires.
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C. 8000-332 BCE

Author: Margreet L. Steiner,Ann E. Killebrew

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019921297X

Category: History

Page: 885

View: 7036

This Handbook aims to serve as a research guide to the archaeology of the Levant, an area situated at the crossroads of the ancient world that linked the eastern Mediterranean, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. Unique in its treatment of the entire region, it offers a comprehensive overview and analysis of the current state of the archaeology of the Levant within its larger cultural, historical, and socio-economic contexts. Written by leading scholars inthe field, it focuses chronologically on the Neolithic through Persian periods - a time span during which the Levant was often in close contact with the imperial powers of Egypt, Anatolia, Assyria, Babylon, andPersia. This volume will serve as an invaluable reference work for those interested in a contextualised archaeological account of this region, beginning with the tenth millennium BC 'agricultural revolution', until the conquest of Alexander the Great that marked the end of the Persian period.
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Author: Timothy Clack,Marcus Brittain

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598742345

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 3363

The public's fascination with archaeology has meant that archaeologists have had to deal with media more regularly than other scholarly disciplines. In this volume, a group of archaeologists address a wide range of questions in this intersection of fields.
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Discovering the Past

Author: John Orna-Ornstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195219090

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 7243

Archaeologists are detectives who use science and history to find out how people lived in the past. Archaeology takes you to archaeological digs all over the world to help answer such questions as "Why is the past often buried underground?" and "How do archaeologists know where to dig?"
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Author: Graeme Barker

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415213295

Category: Anthropology

Page: 1219

View: 4469

This comprehensive, fully illustrated Companion answers the need for an in-depth archaeology reference that provides authoritative coverage of this complex and interdisciplinary field. The work brings together the myriad strands and the great temporal and spatial breadth of the field into two thematically organized volumes. In twenty-six authoritative and clearly-written essays, this Companion explores the origins, aims, methods and problems of archaeology. Each essay is written by a scholar of international standing and illustrations complement the text.
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Author: John McRay

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 0801036089

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 982

A veteran archaeologist sheds light on the biblical text by examining archaeological discoveries.
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The Discipline of Things

Author: Bjørnar Olsen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274172

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 5314

"This book exhorts the reader to embrace the materiality of archaeology by recognizing how every step in the discipline's scientific processes involves interaction with myriad physical artifacts, ranging from the camel-hair brush to profile drawings to virtual reality imaging. At the same time, the reader is taken on a phenomenological journey into various pasts, immersed in the lives of peoples from other times, compelled to engage their senses with the sights, smells, and noises of the publics and places whose remains they study. This is a refreshingly original and provocative look at the meaning of the material culture that lies at the foundation of the archaeological discipline."--Michael Brian Schiffer, author of The Material Life of Human Beings "This volume is a radical call to fundamentally rethink the ontology, profession, and practice of archaeology. The authors present a closely reasoned, epistemologically sound argument for why archaeology should be considered the discipline of things, rather than its more commonplace definition as the study of the human past through material traces. All scholars and students of archaeology will need to read and contemplate this thought-provoking book."--Wendy Ashmore, Professor of Anthropology, UC Riverside "A broad, illuminating, and well-researched overview of theoretical problems pertaining to archaeology. The authors make a calm defense of the role of objects against tedious claims of 'fetishism.'"--Graham Harman, author of The Quadruple Object
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Author: Larry J. Zimmerman,Karen D. Vitelli,Julia J. Hollowell

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759102712

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 7300

Edited volume exploring key issues in ethics for archaeologists. Visit our website for sample chapters!
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Author: Robert Chapman,Ian Kinnes,Klavs Randsborg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521237758

Category: Social Science

Page: 159

View: 1381

This volume brings together studies on the disposal of the dead and the archaeological research potential of found remains.
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