An Essay on the Nature of Archaeological Research

Author: Paul Courbin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226116563

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 2088

Paul Courbin puts forward a penetrating and eloquent critique of the New Archeology, a movement of primarily American and British archaeologists that began in the 1960s and continues today. The New Archeologists dropped the "ae" spelling, symbolizing their intent to put the field on a modern and scientific footing. They questioned the bases, the objectives, and consequently the methods of traditional archaeology. Courbin examines this movement, its latent philosophy, its methods and their application, its theories, and its results. He declares that the record shows a devastating failure. The New Archeologists, he contends, may have developed scientific hypotheses, but in most cases they failed to carry out what is necessary to test their theories, thus contradicting the very goals they had set for the discipline. Reevaluating the field as a whole, Courbin asks, What is archaeology? He distinguishes it from such related fields as history and anthropology, emphatically arguing that the primary task of archaeology is what the archaeologist alone can accomplish: the establishment of facts—stratigraphies, time sequences, and identification tools, bones, potsherds, and so on. When archaeological findings lead to historical or anthropological conclusions, as they very often do, archaeologists must be aware that this involves a specific change in their work; they are no longer archaeologists proper. The archaeologist's work, Courbin stresses, is not a humble auxiliary of anthropology or history, but the foundation upon which historians and anthropologists of ancient civilizations will build and without which their theories cannot but collapse. What Is Archaeology? was originally published in French in 1982.
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The Discipline of Things

Author: Bjørnar Olsen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274164

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 7340

“This book exhorts the reader to embrace the materiality of archaeology by recognizing how every step in the discipline’s scientific processes involves interaction with myriad physical artifacts, ranging from the camel-hair brush to profile drawings to virtual reality imaging. At the same time, the reader is taken on a phenomenological journey into various pasts, immersed in the lives of peoples from other times, compelled to engage their senses with the sights, smells, and noises of the publics and places whose remains they study. This is a refreshingly original and provocative look at the meaning of the material culture that lies at the foundation of the archaeological discipline.”—Michael Brian Schiffer, author of The Material Life of Human Beings “This volume is a radical call to fundamentally rethink the ontology, profession, and practice of archaeology. The authors present a closely reasoned, epistemologically sound argument for why archaeology should be considered the discipline of things, rather than its more commonplace definition as the study of the human past through material traces. All scholars and students of archaeology will need to read and contemplate this thought-provoking book.”—Wendy Ashmore, Professor of Anthropology, UC Riverside "A broad, illuminating, and well-researched overview of theoretical problems pertaining to archaeology. The authors make a calm defense of the role of objects against tedious claims of 'fetishism.'"—Graham Harman, author of The Quadruple Object
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The Past in the Present

Author: Robert Layton,Stephen Shennan,Peter G. Stone

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781844721269

Category: Archaeology

Page: 251

View: 4048

The essays in this book look back at some of the most important events where a role for an archaeology concerned with the past in the present first emerged and look forward to the practical and theoretical issues now central to a socially engaged discipline and shaping its future.
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Author: Sarah M. Nelson,Sarah Nelson

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759106789

Category: Social Science

Page: 913

View: 8386

First reference work to explore the research on gender in archaeology.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 4868

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The Key Concepts

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415317573

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 1674

This invaluable resource provides an up-to-date and comprehensive survey of key ideas in archaeology and their impact on archaeological thinking and method. Featuring over fifty detailed entries by international experts, the book offers definitions of key terms, explaining their origin and development. Entries also feature guides to further reading and extensive cross-referencing. Archaeology: The Key Concepts is the ideal reference guide for students, teachers and anyone with an interest in archaeology.
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The Basics

Author: Clive Gamble

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415346597

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 652

A must for anyone considering the study of archaeology, designed to provide the reader with everything they should know when embarking on an archaeological course, whether A Level or first year undergraduate.
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The Widening Debate

Author: Professor of European Archaeology Barry Cunliffe,Pro-Provost European Affairs and Professor of History Wendy Davies

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197262559

Category: Religion

Page: 627

View: 6808

Twenty-six leading scholars from around the world come together here to show how archaeology has transformed itself over the last hundred years from a pursuit deeply rooted in the classical tradition to a discipline spanning the humanities and the sciences, yet still widely accessible to the public at large. The result is a remarkable overview of world archaeology, focusing on new and unexpected themes at the cutting edge of the discipline.
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Author: Robert Kelly,David Thomas

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111829993

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 2977

This text pairs two of archaeology’s most recognized names: Robert L. Kelly and David Hurst Thomas, who together have over seventy years of experience leading excavations. The sixth edition of ARCHAEOLOGY reflects the most recent research and changes in the field, while covering core concepts in an exceptionally student-friendly fashion by using personalized examples and high-interest topics. This edition continues a tradition of combining academic rigor with an engaging writing style that has made Kelly and Thomas’s ARCHAEOLOGY one of the most well-respected and best-selling texts in the discipline. The rich array of supplemental resources includes a book companion website, as well as the option to use the authors’ DOING FIELDWORK: ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEMONSTRATIONS 2.0 CD-ROM. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Author: Gavin Lucas

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415311977

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 1247

Drawing on a wide range of archaeological examples from a variety of regions and periods, this book is an introduction not just to the issues of chronology and dating, but time as a theoretical concept and how this is understood and employed in contemporary archaeology.
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Author: R. Blench,Matthew Spriggs

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415117616

Category: Architecture

Page: 431

View: 1102

Using language to date the origin and spread of food production, Archaeology and Language II represents groundbreaking work in synthesizing two disciplines that are now seen as interlinked: linguistics and archaeology. This volume is the second part of a three-part survey of innovative results emerging from their combination. Archaeology and historical linguistics have largely pursued separate tracks until recently, although their goals can be very similar. While there is a new awareness that these disciplines can be used to complement one another, both rigorous methodological awareness and detailed case-studies are still lacking in the literature. This three-part survey is the first study to address this. Archaeology and Language II examines in some detail how archaeological data can be interpreted through linguistic hypotheses. This collection demonstrates the possibility that, where archaeological sequences are reasonably well-known, they might be tied into evidence of language diversification and thus produce absolute chronologies. Where there is evidence for migrations and expansions these can be explored through both disciplines to produce a richer interpretation of prehistory. An important part of this is the origin and spread of food production which can be modelled through the spread of both plants and words for them. Archaeology and Language II will be of interest to researchers in linguistics, archaeologists and anthropologists.
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Author: Ian Shaw

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780631235835

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 5145

This dictionary provides those studying or working in archaeology with a complete reference to the field. The entries, which range from key-word definitions to longer articles, convey the challenges, ambiguities and theoretical context of archaeology as well as the surveyed and excavated data. The dictionary is based on the premise that archaeology is a process rather than simply a body of knowledge, and includes contributions from more than forty of the world's leading archaeologists. Unlike other dictionaries of archaeology, this volume provides comprehensive coverage of recent archaeological theory together with examples of practical applications and cross-references to site entries. "The Dictionary" also incorporates concepts and movements from adjacent fields such as anthropology, sociology, philosophy and human biology. There are also numerous entries on previously neglected areas such as China, Japan and Oceania. The bibliographies that follow virtually every entry enable the reader to easily locate primary or most recent sources.
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Author: Kevin Greene

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520074019

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 7310

Kevin Greene shows how archaeology can help provide a more balanced view of the Roman economy by informing the classical historian about geographical areas and classes of society that received little attention from the largely aristocratic classical writers whose work survives.
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What it Is, where it Is, and how to Do it

Author: Paul Wilkinson

Publisher: Archaeopress

ISBN: 9781905739004

Category: Social Science

Page: 104

View: 6412

"This book has been written to be used by newcomers to archaeology in the field and explains the techniques and methods that will help you to understand and record the past." -- back cover.
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Author: Marcia-Anne Dobres,John E. Robb

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415207614

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 7409

Agency in Archaeology is the first critical volume to scrutinise the concept of agency and to examine in-depth its potential to inform our understanding of the past. Theories of agency recognise that human beings make choices, hold intentions and take action. This offers archaeologists scope to move beyond looking at broad structural or environmental change and instead to consider the individual and the group Agency in Archaeology brings together nineteen internationally renowned scholars who have very different, and often conflicting, stances on the meaning and use of agency theory to archaeology. The volume is composed of five theoretically-based discussions and nine case studies, drawing on regions from North America and Mesoamerica to Western and central Europe, and ranging in subject from the late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers to the restructuring of gender relations in the north-eastern US.
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Author: Timothy Insoll

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415221559

Category: Religion

Page: 226

View: 3393

Archaeology and World Religion is an important new work, being the first to examine these two vast topics together. The volume explores the relationship between, and the contribution archaeology can make to the study of 'World Religions'. The contributors consider a number of questions: * can religious (sacred) texts be treated as historical documents, or do they merit special treatment? * Does archaeology with its emphasis on material culture dispel notions of the ideal/divine? * Does the study of archaeology and religion lead to differing interpretations of the same event? * In what ways does the notion of a uniform religious identity exist and is this recognisable in the archaeological record? Clearly written and up-to-date, this volume will be an indispensable research tool for academics and specialists in these fields.
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Author: Sarah H. Parcak

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134060459

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 6021

This handbook is the first comprehensive overview of the field of satellite remote sensing for archaeology and how it can be applied to ongoing archaeological fieldwork projects across the globe. It provides a survey of the history and development of the field, connecting satellite remote sensing in archaeology to broader developments in remote sensing, archaeological method and theory, cultural resource management, and environmental studies. With a focus on practical uses of satellite remote sensing, Sarah H. Parcak evaluates satellite imagery types and remote sensing analysis techniques specific to the discovery, preservation, and management of archaeological sites. Case studies from Asia, Central America, and the Middle East are explored, including Xi’an, China; Angkor Wat, Cambodia and Egypt’s floodplains. In-field surveying techniques particular to satellite remote sensing are emphasized, providing strategies for recording ancient features on the ground observed from space. The book also discusses broader issues relating to archaeological remote sensing ethics, looting prevention, and archaeological site preservation. New sensing research is included and illustrated with the inclusion of over 160 satellite images of ancient sites. With a companion website (www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448789) with further resources and colour images, Satellite Remote Sensing for Archaeology will provide anyone interested in scientific applications to uncovering past archaeological landscapes a foundation for future research and study.
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C. 8000-332 BCE

Author: Margreet L. Steiner,Ann E. Killebrew

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019921297X

Category: History

Page: 885

View: 4098

This Handbook aims to serve as a research guide to the archaeology of the Levant, an area situated at the crossroads of the ancient world that linked the eastern Mediterranean, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. Unique in its treatment of the entire region, it offers a comprehensive overview and analysis of the current state of the archaeology of the Levant within its larger cultural, historical, and socio-economic contexts. Written by leading scholars inthe field, it focuses chronologically on the Neolithic through Persian periods - a time span during which the Levant was often in close contact with the imperial powers of Egypt, Anatolia, Assyria, Babylon, andPersia. This volume will serve as an invaluable reference work for those interested in a contextualised archaeological account of this region, beginning with the tenth millennium BC 'agricultural revolution', until the conquest of Alexander the Great that marked the end of the Persian period.
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Author: Claire L. Lyons,John K. Papadopoulos

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 9780892366354

Category: Architecture

Page: 284

View: 5660

The Archaeology of Colonialism demonstrates how artifacts are not only the residue of social interaction but also instrumental in shaping identities and communities. Claire Lyons and John Papadopoulos summarize the complex issues addressed by this collection of essays. Four case studies illustrate the use of archaeological artifacts to reconstruct social structures. They include ceramic objects from Mesopotamian colonists in fourth-millennium Anatolia; the Greek influence on early Iberian sculpture and language; the influence of architecture on the West African coast; and settlements across Punic Sardinia that indicate the blending of cultures. The remaining essays look at the roles myth, ritual, and religion played in forming colonial identities. In particular, they discuss the cultural middle ground established among Greeks and Etruscans; clothing as an instrument of European colonialism in nineteenth-century Oceania; sixteenth-century Andean urban planning and kinship relations; and the Dutch East India Company settlement at the Cape of Good Hope.
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Author: Margaret Wright Conkey,Christine Ann Hastorf

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521445764

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 9799

This book brings together essays that illustrate the different uses and interpretations of style in archaeology. Style is a widely discussed and controversial issue, which has always been central for archaeological interpretation. The collection considers the history of style in archaeology, its relationship to the concept of style in art history and how stylistic analyses will differ according to different initial assumptions. The essays show how stylistic interpretation works at different levels and they debate stylistic terminologies and concepts. Although these essays show that there is no unified theory of style, they underline the importance of continuing creative discussion through different themes and individual case studies.
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