Author: Peter G?ssel,Gabriele Leuthäuser
After several pages of prologue summing up 18th century highlights--especially the rise in importance of geometry--some forty pages cover 1784-1916, focusing on the heavily fenestrated high-rises of the Chicago School and the iron and glass pavilions of Europe. The chapter spanning 1892-1925 concentrates on the many disputes over the trajectory of modernism: Nieuwe Kunst, Stile Liberty, Jugendstil, and Art Nouveau, all arguing the direction that the boom of prisons, hospitals, schools, town halls, and other institutional buildings would take. Three more time divisions follow and a concise compendium of architect biographies ends the volume. Along with an array of great pictures (par for Taschen), Gossel and Leuthauser--both active in the private sector--add a strong prose style attentive to debates among architects and the socioeconomic stage on which architects act. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Author: Claire Zimmerman
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
One hundred years ago, architects found in the medium of photography—so good at representing a building’s lines and planes—a necessary way to promote their practices. It soon became apparent, however, that photography did more than reproduce what it depicted. It altered both subject and reception, as architecture in the twentieth century was enlisted as a form of mass communication. Claire Zimmerman reveals how photography profoundly influenced architectural design in the past century, playing an instrumental role in the evolution of modern architecture. Her “picture anthropology” demonstrates how buildings changed irrevocably and substantially through their interaction with photography, beginning with the emergence of mass-printed photographically illustrated texts in Germany before World War II and concluding with the postwar age of commercial advertising. In taking up “photographic architecture,” Zimmerman considers two interconnected topics: first, architectural photography and its circulation; and second, the impact of photography on architectural design. She describes how architectural photographic protocols developed in Germany in the early twentieth century, expanded significantly in the wartime and postwar diaspora, and accelerated dramatically with the advent of postmodernism. In modern architecture, she argues, how buildings looked and how photographs made them look overlapped in consequential ways. In architecture and photography, the modernist concepts that were visible to the largest number over the widest terrain with the greatest clarity carried the day. This richly illustrated work shows, for the first time, how new ideas and new buildings arose from the interplay of photography and architecture—transforming how we see the world and how we act on it.
Architecture and Politics in the Twentieth Century
Author: Sandy Isenstadt,Kishwar Rizvi
Publisher: University of Washington Press
This provocative collection of essays is the first book-length treatment of the development of modern architecture in the Middle East. Ranging from Jerusalem at the turn of the twentieth century to Libya under Italian colonial rule, postwar Turkey, and on to present-day Iraq, the essays cohere around the historical encounter between the politics of nation-building and architectural modernism's new materials, methods, and motives. Architecture, as physical infrastructure and as symbolic expression, provides an exceptional window onto the powerful forces that shaped the modern Middle East and that continue to dominate it today. Experts in this volume demonstrate the political dimensions of both creating the built environment and, subsequently, inhabiting it. In revealing the tensions between achieving both international relevance and regional meaning, Modernism in the Middle East affords a dynamic view of the ongoing confrontations of deep traditions with rapid modernization. Political and cultural historians, as well as architects and urban planners, will find fresh material here on a range of diverse practices.
Women and Landscape Architecture in the Early Twentieth Century
Author: Thaïsa Way
"To date, the history of women in American landscape design has been focused on a few individual stars - somewhat surprisingly, considering the breadth of women's involvement in the field over the past century. The first half of the twentieth century was a critical period in the profession's development, a time during which landscape architects began to separate themselves from - in fact, categorically reject association with - the ranks of hobby gardeners and amateur horticulturists, and eventually from the art of garden design. Gardening and the fine arts had long been socially acceptable pastimes for women of the leisured classes, which is likely one reason women designers found it particularly easy to gain initial acceptance within the confines of the new specialty. However, by mid-century many women had begun to be swept aside in the young discipline's eagerness to embrace as a model the more "professionally" oriented field of architecture. In Unbounded Practice, Thaisa Way offers an engaging and detailed account of many of these women. Examined here are the lives and works of Marian Cruger Coffin, Annette Hoyt Flanders, Marjorie Sewell Cautley, Martha Brookes Hutcheson, and a host of other women important to the development of landscape architecture as we know it today."--Book jacket.
Author: Tarek Mohamed Refaat Sakr
Publisher: Amer Univ in Cairo Press
The first half of the twentieth century witnessed a reaction in Cairo against the occidentalizing architectural trends which had prevailed in the nineteenth century and interrupted the natural evolution of Islamic architecture. This new study seeks to define the different trends of the Islamic Revival period and discuss their motivation, progress, and achievements. After a survey of the stylistic evolution and foreign influences in Cairene architecture until the end of the eighteenth century and a brief account of the nineteenth-century background to the Islamic Revival period, the author discusses the impact of architectural education, nationalism, and parallel styles on Islamic Revival architecture. Then, through the examples of a number of Cairo facades, he proposes for the first time a definition of five recognizable Islamic Revival styles: Neo-Islamic Revival, Modernized Islamic, Eclectic, Twentieth-Century Islamic, and Baroque Islamic (Heliopolis).
Key Buildings of the Twentieth Century
Author: Richard Weston
Publisher: Laurence King Publishing
Category: Architectural drawing
Featuring more than 100 of the most significant and influential buildings of the twentieth century, this book includes both classic works by seminal architects such as Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd and Alvar Aalto as well as the more recent works of Norman Foster, Frank Gehry, Rem Koolhaas and others.
Author: Jean La Marche
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
This ambitious study uses the concept of the familiar and the avant-garde practice of defamiliarization to reexamine some of the most important buildings of the twentieth century. In approaching the history of twentieth-century Western architecture from the perspective of the architectural subject -- the person architects imagine experiencing their work -- Jean La Marche reveals new insights into the ways humans are imagined in relation to architecture.The Familiar and the Unfamiliar in Twentieth-Century Architectureexamines the work -- written and built -- of four seminal twentieth-century architects and firms: Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Aldo Rossi, and the partnership of Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown. In separate chapters devoted to analyzing the early writings and architecture of each architect or firm, La Marche uncovers assumptions that each makes about the ways they expect their works to be experienced. Matching the texts the architects wrote with the buildings they were designing contemporaneously, he focuses on the language employed in discussing the subject to reveal the author-architects' distinct voices and points of view. La Marche engages these four analyses to expound on some of the more pressing issues of late twentieth-century architectural theory. In addressing how the meaning of the familiar and the unfamiliar are altered when we imagine the influence architecture can have on its subjects, La Marche provides a fresh framework for delineating the politics and ethics of the discipline.
Architectural Change in Late Twentieth-century America
Author: Magali Sarfatti Larson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Magali Larson's comprehensive study explores how architecture "happens" and what has become of the profession in the postmodern era. Drawing from extensive interviews with pivotal architects--from Philip Johnson, who was among the first to introduce European modernism to America, to Peter Eisenman, identified with a new "deconstructionist" style--she analyzes the complex tensions that exist between economic interest, professional status, and architectural product. She investigates the symbolic awards and recognition accorded by prestigious journals and panels, exposing the inner workings of a profession in a precarious social position. Larson captures the struggles around status, place, and power as architects seek to redefine their very purpose in contemporary America. The author's novel approach in synthesizing sociological research and theory proposes nothing less than a new cultural history of architecture. This is a ground-breaking contribution to the study of culture and the sociology of knowledge, as well as to architectural and urban history. Magali Larson's comprehensive study explores how architecture "happens" and what has become of the profession in the postmodern era. Drawing from extensive interviews with pivotal architects--from Philip Johnson, who was among the first to introduce European modernism to America, to Peter Eisenman, identified with a new "deconstructionist" style--she analyzes the complex tensions that exist between economic interest, professional status, and architectural product. She investigates the symbolic awards and recognition accorded by prestigious journals and panels, exposing the inner workings of a profession in a precarious social position. Larson captures the struggles around status, place, and power as architects seek to redefine their very purpose in contemporary America. The author's novel approach in synthesizing sociological research and theory proposes nothing less than a new cultural history of architecture. This is a ground-breaking contribution to the study of culture and the sociology of knowledge, as well as to architectural and urban history.
Author: Stanford Anderson
Publisher: MIT Press
The complete story of Behrens' contribution to the history oftwentieth-century architecture.
Author: Hans Ibelings
Publisher: NAI Publishers
Hans Ibelings, curator of the Netherlands Architecture Institute, has written and compiled the illustrations for this rich and elegant introduction to twentieth-century Dutch architecture. In addition to portraying and discussing internationally renowned masterpieces by such architects as Berlage, Oud, Duiker, Van Eycke and Koolhaas, the book includes a number of less known buildings which help define the versatility, richness and high quality of Dutch architecture.
Architecture, Economy, and Politics in the Twentieth Century
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
Governing by Design offers a unique perspective on twentieth-century architectural history. It disputes the primacy placed on individuals in the design and planning process and instead looks to the larger influences of politics, culture, economics, and globalization to uncover the roots of how our built environment evolves. In these chapters, historians offer their analysis on design as a vehicle for power and as a mediator of social currents. Power is defined through a variety of forms: modernization, obsolescence, technology, capital, ergonomics, biopolitics, and others. The chapters explore the diffusion of power through the establishment of norms and networks that frame human conduct, action, identity, and design. They follow design as it functions through the body, in the home, and at the state and international level. Overall, Aggregate views the intersection of architecture with the human need for what Foucault termed “governmentality”—societal rules, structures, repetition, and protocols—as a way to provide security and tame risk. Here, the conjunction of power and the power of design reinforces governmentality and infuses a sense of social permanence despite the exceedingly fluid nature of societies and the disintegration of cultural memory in the modern era.
Architecture and Public Space in Twentieth-Century European Culture
Author: Ken Worpole
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Elizabeth A. Kaye specializes in communications as part of her coaching and consulting practice. She has edited Requirements for Certification since the 2000-01 edition.
The Cultural Expression of Changing Ways of Life and Aspirations in the Domestic Architecture of Colonial and Post-colonial Society
Author: Mādhavī Desāī,Madhavi Desai,Miki Desai,Jon Lang
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
The primary era of this study - the twentieth century - symbolizes the peak of the colonial rule and its total decline, as well as the rise of the new nation state of India. The processes that have been labeled 'westernization' and 'modernization' radically changed middle-class Indian life during the century. This book describes and explains the various technological, political and social developments that shaped one building type - the bungalow - contemporaneous to the development of modern Indian history during the period of British rule and its subsequent aftermath. Drawing on their own physical and photographic documentation, and building on previous work by Anthony King and the Desais, the authors show the evolution of the bungalow's architecture from a one storey building with a verandah to the assortment of house-forms and their regional variants that are derived from the bungalow. Moreover, the study correlates changes in society with architectural consequences in the plans and aesthetics of the bungalow. It also examines more generally what it meant to be modern in Indian society as the twentieth century evolved.
Fordism and Architectural Aesthetics in the Twentieth Century
Author: David Gartman
Publisher: Chronicle Books
One of the most interesting questions in architectural history is why modern architecture emerged from the war-ravaged regions of central Europe and not the United States, whose techniques of mass production and mechanical products so inspired the first generation of modern architects like Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius. In From Autos to Architecture, sociologist David Gartman offers a critical social history that shows how Fordist mass production and industrial architecture in America influenced European designers to an extent previously not understood. Drawing on Marxist economics, the Frankfurt School, and French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, From Autos to Architecture deftly illustrates the different class structures and struggles of America and Europe. Examining architecture in the context of social conflicts, From Autos to Architecture offers a critical alternative to standard architectural histories focused on aesthetics alone.
Plans, Sections and Elevations
Author: Colin Davies
Publisher: Laurence King Publishing
Category: Architect-designed houses
Featuring over 100 of the most significant and influential houses of the twentieth century, For each of the houses included there are numerous, accurate scale plans showing each floor, together with elevations, sections and site plans where appropriate. All of these have been specially drawn for this book and are based on the most up-to-date information and sources.
architecture and design in the 1930s
Author: Susannah Charlton,Alan Powers
Publisher: Paul Holberton Pub
This latest publication from the Twentieth Century Society covers many aspects of the architecture and design of the 1930s, from the influence of sculpture and photography, through the work of iconic architects like Lubetkin, to the impact of new housing models on their inhabitants. Setting the context is an essay by Nikolaus Pevsner, written for the Architecture Review in 1939 but never published. It is a highly perceptive early assessment of the modern movement in Britain, from the man who did much to champion it. Other topics include modernism and tradition in British sculpture, architectural photography, the design of schools, the work of Sir Owen Williams, of Lubetkin, and of Lasdun, and housing.