Author: Peter G?ssel,Gabriele Leuthäuser
After several pages of prologue summing up 18th century highlights--especially the rise in importance of geometry--some forty pages cover 1784-1916, focusing on the heavily fenestrated high-rises of the Chicago School and the iron and glass pavilions of Europe. The chapter spanning 1892-1925 concentrates on the many disputes over the trajectory of modernism: Nieuwe Kunst, Stile Liberty, Jugendstil, and Art Nouveau, all arguing the direction that the boom of prisons, hospitals, schools, town halls, and other institutional buildings would take. Three more time divisions follow and a concise compendium of architect biographies ends the volume. Along with an array of great pictures (par for Taschen), Gossel and Leuthauser--both active in the private sector--add a strong prose style attentive to debates among architects and the socioeconomic stage on which architects act. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Architecture and Politics in the Twentieth Century
Author: Sandy Isenstadt,Kishwar Rizvi
Publisher: University of Washington Press
This provocative collection of essays is the first book-length treatment of the development of modern architecture in the Middle East. Ranging from Jerusalem at the turn of the twentieth century to Libya under Italian colonial rule, postwar Turkey, and on to present-day Iraq, the essays cohere around the historical encounter between the politics of nation-building and architectural modernism's new materials, methods, and motives. Architecture, as physical infrastructure and as symbolic expression, provides an exceptional window onto the powerful forces that shaped the modern Middle East and that continue to dominate it today. Experts in this volume demonstrate the political dimensions of both creating the built environment and, subsequently, inhabiting it. In revealing the tensions between achieving both international relevance and regional meaning, Modernism in the Middle East affords a dynamic view of the ongoing confrontations of deep traditions with rapid modernization. Political and cultural historians, as well as architects and urban planners, will find fresh material here on a range of diverse practices.
Author: Hans Ibelings
Publisher: NAI Publishers
Hans Ibelings, curator of the Netherlands Architecture Institute, has written and compiled the illustrations for this rich and elegant introduction to twentieth-century Dutch architecture. In addition to portraying and discussing internationally renowned masterpieces by such architects as Berlage, Oud, Duiker, Van Eycke and Koolhaas, the book includes a number of less known buildings which help define the versatility, richness and high quality of Dutch architecture.
Author: Jean La Marche
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
This ambitious study uses the concept of the familiar and the avant-garde practice of defamiliarization to reexamine some of the most important buildings of the twentieth century. In approaching the history of twentieth-century Western architecture from the perspective of the architectural subject -- the person architects imagine experiencing their work -- Jean La Marche reveals new insights into the ways humans are imagined in relation to architecture.The Familiar and the Unfamiliar in Twentieth-Century Architectureexamines the work -- written and built -- of four seminal twentieth-century architects and firms: Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Aldo Rossi, and the partnership of Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown. In separate chapters devoted to analyzing the early writings and architecture of each architect or firm, La Marche uncovers assumptions that each makes about the ways they expect their works to be experienced. Matching the texts the architects wrote with the buildings they were designing contemporaneously, he focuses on the language employed in discussing the subject to reveal the author-architects' distinct voices and points of view. La Marche engages these four analyses to expound on some of the more pressing issues of late twentieth-century architectural theory. In addressing how the meaning of the familiar and the unfamiliar are altered when we imagine the influence architecture can have on its subjects, La Marche provides a fresh framework for delineating the politics and ethics of the discipline.
Author: David Gartman
Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
One of the most interesting questions in architectural history is why modern architecture emerged from the war-ravaged regions of central Europe and not the United States, whose techniques of mass production and mechanical products so inspired the first generation of modern architects like Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius. In From Autos to Architecture, historian David Gartman offers a critical social history that shows how Fordist mass production and industrial architecture in America influenced European designers to an extent previously not understood. Drawing on Marxist economics, the Frankfurt School, and French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, From Autos to Architecture deftly illustrates the different class structures and struggles of America and Europe. Examining architecture in the context of social conflicts, From Autos to Architecture offers a critical alternative to standard architectural histories focused on aesthetics alone.
Author: Tarek Mohamed Refaat Sakr
Publisher: Amer Univ in Cairo Press
The first half of the twentieth century witnessed a reaction in Cairo against the occidentalizing architectural trends which had prevailed in the nineteenth century and interrupted the natural evolution of Islamic architecture. This new study seeks to define the different trends of the Islamic Revival period and discuss their motivation, progress, and achievements. After a survey of the stylistic evolution and foreign influences in Cairene architecture until the end of the eighteenth century and a brief account of the nineteenth-century background to the Islamic Revival period, the author discusses the impact of architectural education, nationalism, and parallel styles on Islamic Revival architecture. Then, through the examples of a number of Cairo facades, he proposes for the first time a definition of five recognizable Islamic Revival styles: Neo-Islamic Revival, Modernized Islamic, Eclectic, Twentieth-Century Islamic, and Baroque Islamic (Heliopolis).
A Critique of Twentieth-Century Architecture in the United States
Author: Robert C. Twombly
Publisher: Hill & Wang
Power and Style is a trenchant analysis of twentieth-century architecture and its relationship to civic, corporate, and individual power. Throughout, he offers critiques of the buildings themselves - these reflections, as he sees it, of America's changing socioeconomic structure. This is an invaluable book on modern U.S. architecture, which demonstrates, in the finest tradition of cultural history, whom architecture serves, how, and for what reasons.
Author: Arnold Whittick
Publisher: READ BOOKS
PREFACE. THE Author of this very practical treatise on Scotch Loch - Fishing desires clearly that it may be of use to all who had it. He does not pretend to have written anything new, but to have attempted to put what he has to say in as readable a form as possible. Everything in the way of the history and habits of fish has been studiously avoided, and technicalities have been used as sparingly as possible. The writing of this book has afforded him pleasure in his leisure moments, and that pleasure would be much increased if he knew that the perusal of it would create any bond of sympathy between himself and the angling community in general. This section is interleaved with blank shects for the readers notes. The Author need hardly say that any suggestions addressed to the case of the publishers, will meet with consideration in a future edition. We do not pretend to write or enlarge upon a new subject. Much has been said and written-and well said and written too on the art of fishing but loch-fishing has been rather looked upon as a second-rate performance, and to dispel this idea is one of the objects for which this present treatise has been written. Far be it from us to say anything against fishing, lawfully practised in any form but many pent up in our large towns will bear us out when me say that, on the whole, a days loch-fishing is the most convenient. One great matter is, that the loch-fisher is depend- ent on nothing but enough wind to curl the water, -and on a large loch it is very seldom that a dead calm prevails all day, -and can make his arrangements for a day, weeks beforehand whereas the stream- fisher is dependent for a good take on the state of the water and however pleasant and easy it may be for one living near the banks of a good trout stream or river, it is quite another matter to arrange for a days river-fishing, if one is looking forward to a holiday at a date some weeks ahead. Providence may favour the expectant angler with a good day, and the water in order but experience has taught most of us that the good days are in the minority, and that, as is the case with our rapid running streams, -such as many of our northern streams are, -the water is either too large or too small, unless, as previously remarked, you live near at hand, and can catch it at its best. A common belief in regard to loch-fishing is, that the tyro and the experienced angler have nearly the same chance in fishing, -the one from the stern and the other from the bow of the same boat. Of all the absurd beliefs as to loch-fishing, this is one of the most absurd. Try it. Give the tyro either end of the boat he likes give him a cast of ally flies he may fancy, or even a cast similar to those which a crack may be using and if he catches one for every three the other has, he may consider himself very lucky. Of course there are lochs where the fish are not abundant, and a beginner may come across as many as an older fisher but we speak of lochs where there are fish to be caught, and where each has a fair chance. Again, it is said that the boatman has as much to do with catching trout in a loch as the angler. Well, we dont deny that. In an untried loch it is necessary to have the guidance of a good boatman but the same argument holds good as to stream-fishing...
the 20th century
Author: Sabine Thiel-Siling,Wolfgang Bachmann
Publisher: Prestel Pub
Shows and describes landmark designs of modern architecture, and includes profiles of influential architects
Author: Jon T. Lang
Publisher: Orient Blackswan
In Lucid Language That Speaks To Laymen And Architects Alike, This Book Provides A History Of Twentieth Century Architecture In India. It Examines In Detail The Early Influences On Indian Architecture Both Of Movements Like The Bauhaus As Well As Prominent Individuals Like Habib Rehman, Jawaharlal Nehru, Frank Lloyd Wright And Le Corbusier.
Author: Stanford Anderson
Publisher: MIT Press
The complete story of Behrens' contribution to the history oftwentieth-century architecture.
Key Buildings of the Twentieth Century
Author: Richard Weston
Publisher: Laurence King Publishing
Category: Architectural drawing
Featuring more than 100 of the most significant and influential buildings of the twentieth century, this book includes both classic works by seminal architects such as Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd and Alvar Aalto as well as the more recent works of Norman Foster, Frank Gehry, Rem Koolhaas and others.
Author: Julian Holder,Steven Parissien
Publisher: Paul Mellon Ctr for Studies
Published for the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art.
Architectural Change in Late Twentieth-century America
Author: Magali Sarfatti Larson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Magali Larson's comprehensive study explores how architecture "happens" and what has become of the profession in the postmodern era. Drawing from extensive interviews with pivotal architects--from Philip Johnson, who was among the first to introduce European modernism to America, to Peter Eisenman, identified with a new "deconstructionist" style--she analyzes the complex tensions that exist between economic interest, professional status, and architectural product. She investigates the symbolic awards and recognition accorded by prestigious journals and panels, exposing the inner workings of a profession in a precarious social position. Larson captures the struggles around status, place, and power as architects seek to redefine their very purpose in contemporary America. The author's novel approach in synthesizing sociological research and theory proposes nothing less than a new cultural history of architecture. This is a ground-breaking contribution to the study of culture and the sociology of knowledge, as well as to architectural and urban history. Magali Larson's comprehensive study explores how architecture "happens" and what has become of the profession in the postmodern era. Drawing from extensive interviews with pivotal architects--from Philip Johnson, who was among the first to introduce European modernism to America, to Peter Eisenman, identified with a new "deconstructionist" style--she analyzes the complex tensions that exist between economic interest, professional status, and architectural product. She investigates the symbolic awards and recognition accorded by prestigious journals and panels, exposing the inner workings of a profession in a precarious social position. Larson captures the struggles around status, place, and power as architects seek to redefine their very purpose in contemporary America. The author's novel approach in synthesizing sociological research and theory proposes nothing less than a new cultural history of architecture. This is a ground-breaking contribution to the study of culture and the sociology of knowledge, as well as to architectural and urban history.
The Place of Sculpture in Modern Architecture
Author: Penelope Curtis
Publisher: Getty Publications
This book examines the relationship between modern sculpture and architecture in the mid-twentieth century, an interplay that has laid the ground for the semi-sculptural or semi-architectural works by architects such as Frank Gehry and artists such as Dan Graham. The first half of the book looks at how the addition of sculpture enhanced several architectural projects, including Mies van der Rohe's Barcelona Pavilion (1929) and Eliel Saarinen's Cranbrook Campus (1934). The second half of the book uses several additional case studies, including Philip Johnson's sculpture court for New York's Museum of Modern Art (1953), to explore what architectural spaces can add to the sculpture they are designed to contain. Curtis argues that it was in the middle of the twentieth century, before sculptural and architectural forms began to converge, that the complementary nature of--though essential difference between--the two art forms began to clearly emerge: how figurative sculpture highlighted the modernist architectural experience and how the abstract qualities of that architecture imparted to sculpture a heightened role.