The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Author: William R. Clark,Michael Grunstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190292318

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 2543

Books such as Richard Dawkins's The Selfish Gene have aroused fierce controversy by arguing for the powerful influence of genes on human behavior. But are we entirely at the mercy of our chromosomes? In Are We Hardwired?, scientists William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein say the answer is both yes--and no. The power and fascination of Are We Hardwired? lie in their explanation of that deceptively simple answer. Using eye-opening examples of genetically identical twins who, though raised in different families, have had remarkably parallel lives, the authors show that indeed roughly half of human behavior can be accounted for by DNA. But the picture is quite complicated. Clark and Grunstein take us on a tour of modern genetics and behavioral science, revealing that few elements of behavior depend upon a single gene; complexes of genes, often across chromosomes, drive most of our heredity-based actions. To illustrate this point, they examine the genetic basis, and quirks, of individual behavioral traits--including aggression, sexuality, mental function, eating disorders, alcoholism, and drug abuse. They show that genes and environment are not opposing forces; heredity shapes how we interpret our surroundings, which in turn changes the very structure of our brain. Clearly we are not simply puppets of either influence. Perhaps most interesting, the book suggests that the source of our ability to choose, to act unexpectedly, may lie in the chaos principle: the most minute differences during activation of a single neuron may lead to utterly unpredictable actions. This masterful account of the nature-nurture controversy--at once provocative and informative--answers some of our oldest questions in unexpected new ways
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Are We Hardwired for Success?

Author: Chuck Martin,Peg Dawson,Richard Guare

Publisher: Amacom Books

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 241

View: 2934

"The Profile" shows readers how to identify their strengths, then leverage them in their careers, personal lives, etc., and offers tips for compensating for one's weaker abilities. The book also shows how to identify abilities of other people and help them succeed. Martin's firm, NFI Research, identifies and analyzes trends and attitudes in business, management and technology. The Institute's invitation-only membership represents 1,400 of the world's most renowned and innovative companies, including members from half of the Fortune 100 companies. The powerful combination of authors - a business expert, a psychologist, and a neuropsychologist - gives this book an unprecedented level of credibility. Book Description "Twelve specific and very important cognitive functions begin developing in the brain at birth. These ""skills” are built in to every individual and are fully developed -- and unchangeable -- by adulthood. Everyone has these same capabilities, but to varying degrees. And it is this unique and unalterable combination of one’s strengths and weaknesses that determines success or failure in any given role. Smarts contains the groundbreaking Executive Skills Profile: a powerful self-assessment tool that will identify, once and for all, a person’s innate strengths and weaknesses. The results offer tangible proof of why we gravitate to certain tasks and struggle with others. With this newfound clarity, readers will learn to play to their stronger skills, and avoid wasting time on lesser ones they can never improve upon. Most important, they will discover their own unique potential for excellence. Supported by proprietary primary research and grounded in widely accepted principles of clinical and neuro-psychology, Smarts is a truly eye-opening book that will change how we think about ourselves -- and others." From the Inside Flap It remains one of the great mysteries in life--what qualities truly define successful people? While we are all destined for greatness, we also possess one or two weaknesses that may be holding us back. While you consider yourself to be highly focused and cool under pressure, you may lack flexibility. You know that you are talented, gifted, and great at what you do, but in trying to overcome your shortcomings, you may be frustrating yourself and others and neglecting those strengths that will lead you to excellence. We all possess twelve specific and very important cognitive functions, including Time Management, Organization, Working Memory, and Stress Tolerance, which begin developing in the brain at birth. Everyone has these same capabilities but to varying degrees. These skills are largely unchangeable by adulthood, but the good news is that they can be enhanced. Smarts reveals what separates those people who continue to excel in their lives and in their careers. These highly successful people know that the real opportunities lie in playing to their strengths, not trying to improve their shortcomings. And in understanding their own innate assets and limitations, they are more tolerant and more patient with the strengths and weaknesses of others, making them better bosses, exceptional workers, and more understanding partners. Using groundbreaking new research, best-selling author Chuck Martin reveals how embracing our two or three strongest Executive Skills can help us achieve excellence, while denying our weaknesses can undermine our progress. This book includes the revolutionary Executive Skills Profile you can use to spot your own strengths, and leverage them both at work and at home. You will begin to understand why you--and those around you--act or behave the way they do. Smarts shows you how to nurture your positive skills; identify, accept, and deal with your own weaknesses; and manage those characteristics of the people with whom you live and work. Impeccably researched and grounded in proven scientific principles, this is a truly eye-opening and empowering book that redefines the way we understand the potential for greatness--in ourselves and others.
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The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought

Author: Pascal Boyer

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 046500461X

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 4932

Many of our questions about religion, says renowned anthropologist Pascal Boyer, are no longer mysteries. We are beginning to know how to answer questions such as "Why do people have religion?" Using findings from anthropology, cognitive science, linguistics, and evolutionary biology, Religion Explained shows how this aspect of human consciousness is increasingly admissible to coherent, naturalistic explanation. This brilliant and controversial book gives readers the first scientific explanation for what religious feeling is really about, what it consists of, and where it comes from.
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Author: Rebecca Whitney

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 1447265858

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 4981

As featured on Loose Women's Loose Books as their November book club pick. The Liar's Chair is Rebecca Whitney's stunning psychological thriller debut set in Brighton. Who can she trust If she can't trust herself? Rachel Teller and her husband David appear happy, prosperous and fulfilled. The big house, the successful business . . . They have everything. However, control, not love, fuels their relationship and David has no idea his wife indulges in drunken indiscretions. When Rachel kills a man in a hit and run, the meticulously maintained veneer over their life begins to crack. Destroying all evidence of the accident, David insists they continue as normal. Rachel, though, is racked with guilt and as her behaviour becomes increasingly self-destructive she not only inflames David's darker side, but also uncovers her own long-suppressed memories of shame. Can Rachel confront her past and atone for her terrible crime? Not if her husband has anything to do with it . . . A startling, dark and audacious novel set in and around the Brighton streets, The Liar's Chair will keep readers on the edge of their seats until the final page has been turned. A stunning psychological portrait of a woman in a toxic marriage, Rebecca Whitney's debut will show that sometimes the darkest shadow holds the truth you have been hiding from . . . 'A twist-filled tour of a marriage made in hell' Peter Swanson *Perfect for fans of Louise Doughty's Apple Tree Yard*
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What Neuroscience Reveals about Morality

Author: Laurence Tancredi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521860017

Category: Medical

Page: 226

View: 8981

Argues that the concepts of social morality and individual responsibility begin in the brain.
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Successful Leadership Using Human Instincts

Author: Andrew O'Keeffe

Publisher: Great Bosses Pty Ltd

ISBN: 1742980562

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 6764

Offices are not our natural habitat. Leadership is easier when we understand the nine instincts that still drive human behaviour. With the Industrial Revolution only 250 years ago, we left our hunting, gathering and village societies to work in offices and factories. The behaviour that ensured our ancestors' survival on the savannah plains of Africa over the millennia is alive and well in today's workplaces. The nine instincts explain the reasons, and the solutions, to the challenges that leaders commonly face. Based on the author's wide experience in large organisations combined with witty true stories of chimps from Gombe, Tanzania and Taronga Zoo, Sydney, Hardwired Humans explains the psychology behind the human instincts of social behaviour. As you read this entertaining book, you will learn how the instincts of clan connections, hierarchy, gossip, politics, snap judgments, status displays and sexual competition continue to drive modern office interactions just as they have driven human interaction for millennia. The book shares a practical framework that helps makes sense of human behaviour and allows leaders to manage more effectively. In a note introducing the book, Dr Jane Goodall calls it a 'compelling book'. The Australian Financial Review Boss magazine highly recommends the book as one 'that will captivate anyone who finds the "people stuff" confounding.'
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Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect

Author: Matthew D. Lieberman

Publisher: Crown

ISBN: 0307889114

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 9054

We are profoundly social creatures--more than we know. In Social, renowned psychologist Matthew Lieberman explores groundbreaking research in social neuroscience revealing that our need to connect with other people is even more fundamental, more basic, than our need for food or shelter. Because of this, our brain uses its spare time to learn about the social world--other people and our relation to them. It is believed that we must commit 10,000 hours to master a skill. According to Lieberman, each of us has spent 10,000 hours learning to make sense of people and groups by the time we are ten. Social argues that our need to reach out to and connect with others is a primary driver behind our behavior. We believe that pain and pleasure alone guide our actions. Yet, new research using fMRI--including a great deal of original research conducted by Lieberman and his UCLA lab--shows that our brains react to social pain and pleasure in much the same way as they do to physical pain and pleasure. Fortunately, the brain has evolved sophisticated mechanisms for securing our place in the social world. We have a unique ability to read other people’s minds, to figure out their hopes, fears, and motivations, allowing us to effectively coordinate our lives with one another. And our most private sense of who we are is intimately linked to the important people and groups in our lives. This wiring often leads us to restrain our selfish impulses for the greater good. These mechanisms lead to behavior that might seem irrational, but is really just the result of our deep social wiring and necessary for our success as a species. Based on the latest cutting edge research, the findings in Social have important real-world implications. Our schools and businesses, for example, attempt to minimalize social distractions. But this is exactly the wrong thing to do to encourage engagement and learning, and literally shuts down the social brain, leaving powerful neuro-cognitive resources untapped. The insights revealed in this pioneering book suggest ways to improve learning in schools, make the workplace more productive, and improve our overall well-being.
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The New Brain Science of Contentment, Calm, and Confidence

Author: Rick Hanson

Publisher: Harmony

ISBN: 0385347324

Category: Self-Help

Page: 304

View: 2890

Why is it easier to ruminate over hurt feelings than it is to bask in the warmth of being appreciated? Because your brain evolved to learn quickly from bad experiences but slowly from good ones. You can change this. Life isn’t easy, and having a brain wired to take in the bad and ignore the good makes us worried, irritated, and stressed, instead of confident, secure, and happy. But each day is filled with opportunities to build inner strengths and Dr. Rick Hanson, an acclaimed clinical psychologist, shows what you can do to override the brain’s default pessimism. Hardwiring Happiness lays out a simple method that uses the hidden power of everyday experiences to build new neural structures full of happiness, love, confidence, and peace. You’ll learn to see through the lies your brain tells you. Dr. Hanson’s four steps build strengths into your brain—counterbalancing its ancient negativity bias—making contentment and a powerful sense of resilience the new normal. In mere minutes each day, you can transform your brain into a refuge and power center of calm and happiness. You can hardwire in happiness.
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Finding the God You Already Know

Author: James Miller

Publisher: Abingdon Press

ISBN: 1426778155

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 748

There is a vast Christian audience that longs for clear explanations in their “case for God” that gives them reason, confidence, and the language to effectively communicate their belief. Hardwired is that book, that confidence, that accessible wisdom and that language! Christian apologetics remains a popular and widely-read genre, with works like The Case for Christ selling millions of copies and Reasonable Faith making inroads into academic discussion. However, those works often rely on scholars to give them a confusing new language for their own faith. Hardwired is altogether different. Miller begins with the language of our own lives: seekers / questioners / ”Nones” and “Somes” who need only to examine their lives, their human existence, to find God. Like a baseball player who has delved into physics while simply trying to get on base, humanity has inferred God’s existence from daily life. Building on the biblical principle that God’s existence is plain in what He has made, Hardwired makes the case for our natural lives giving us a language for God’s existence. Filled with humor, metaphor, and whimsy, Hardwired will empower the layperson to find God without a Ph.D. It’s readable and fun, even as it rests on a credible, scholarly foundation.
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The Surprising Link Between Brain Science and Strong, Healthy Relationships

Author: Amy Banks,Leigh Ann Hirschman

Publisher: TarcherPerigee

ISBN: 1101983213

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 303

Originally published in 2015 under the title: Four ways to click: rewire your brain for stronger, more rewarding relationships.
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New Insights from Neuroscience and Positive Psychology

Author: Jeremy A. Smith,Jason Marsh,Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 0807011584

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 3582

Where do our prejudices come from? Why are some people more biased than others? Is it possible for individuals, and society as a whole, to truly defeat prejudice? In these pages, leading scientists, psychologists, educators, activists, and many others offer answers, drawing from new scientific discoveries that shed light on why and how our brains form prejudices, how racism hurts our health, steps we can take to mitigate prejudiced instincts, and what a post-prejudice society might actually look like. Bringing a diverse range of disciplines into conversation for the first time, Are We Born Racist? offers a straightforward overview of the new science of prejudice, and showcases the abundant practical, research-based steps that can be taken in all areas of our lives to overcome prejudice.
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The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst

Author: Robert M. Sapolsky

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0735222789

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 1856

Why do we do the things we do? Over a decade in the making, this game-changing book is Robert Sapolsky's genre-shattering attempt to answer that question as fully as perhaps only he could, looking at it from every angle. Sapolsky's storytelling concept is delightful but it also has a powerful intrinsic logic: he starts by looking at the factors that bear on a person's reaction in the precise moment a behavior occurs, and then hops back in time from there, in stages, ultimately ending up at the deep history of our species and its genetic inheritance. And so the first category of explanation is the neurobiological one. What goes on in a person's brain a second before the behavior happens? Then he pulls out to a slightly larger field of vision, a little earlier in time: What sight, sound, or smell triggers the nervous system to produce that behavior? And then, what hormones act hours to days earlier to change how responsive that individual is to the stimuli which trigger the nervous system? By now, he has increased our field of vision so that we are thinking about neurobiology and the sensory world of our environment and endocrinology in trying to explain what happened. Sapolsky keeps going--next to what features of the environment affected that person's brain, and then back to the childhood of the individual, and then to their genetic makeup. Finally, he expands the view to encompass factors larger than that one individual. How culture has shaped that individual's group, what ecological factors helped shape that culture, and on and on, back to evolutionary factors thousands and even millions of years old. The result is one of the most dazzling tours de horizon of the science of human behavior ever attempted, a majestic synthesis that harvests cutting-edge research across a range of disciplines to provide a subtle and nuanced perspective on why we ultimately do the things we do...for good and for ill. Sapolsky builds on this understanding to wrestle with some of our deepest and thorniest questions relating to tribalism and xenophobia, hierarchy and competition, morality and free will, and war and peace. Wise, humane, often very funny, Behave is a towering achievement, powerfully humanizing, and downright heroic in its own right.
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The Hacker Series #3

Author: Meredith Wild

Publisher: Forever

ISBN: 1455591793

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 2482

Software mogul Blake Landon has met his match in headstrong Erica Hathaway. While his controlling nature and her independent spirit continue to battle, Blake has no intention of letting her out of his life again. Erica has given Blake her trust and her love, determined that they will conquer any challenges together. But when he demands more and tests the boundaries of her commitment, she is forced to face the dark desires he's kept hidden. As their bonds grow tighter, their enemies close in. With Erica's start-up in danger, Blake's frustration grows as he tries to protect her from those who would ruin her only to get to him. Can their relationship survive when Blake's enemies cross the line and threaten more than her livelihood?
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Author: Walter Jon Williams

Publisher: Nightshade Book

ISBN: 9781597800624

Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Page: 257

View: 2748

Ex-fighter pilot Cowboy, "hardwired" via skull sockets directly to his lethal electronic hardware, teams up with Sarah, an equally cyborized gun-for-hire, to make a last stab at independence from the rapacious Orbitals.
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Why Our Brains Are Wired to Ignore Climate Change

Author: George Marshall

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 163286102X

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 9750

The director of the Climate Outreach and Information Network explores the psychological mechanism that enables people to ignore the dangers of climate change, using sidebars, cartoons and engaging stories from his years of research to reveal how humans are wired to primarily respond to visible threats.
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Issues at the Intersection of Feminist Theory and Cognitive Science

Author: Robyn Bluhm,Heidi Lene Maibom,Anne Jaap Jacobson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230368387

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 9069

Going beyond the hype of recent fMRI 'findings', thisinterdisciplinary collection examines such questions as: Do women and men have significantly different brains? Do women empathize, while men systematize? Is there a 'feminine' ethics? What does brain research on intersex conditions tell us about sex and gender?
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How Every Brain is Hardwired for Math

Author: Brian Butterworth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 5662

Demonstrates that an innate sense of numbers is as integral to the makeup of the human brain as the sense of language, arguing that there is a math gene and that mathematics is fundamental to human nature
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The Evolutionary Way to Lose Weight, Have More Energy, and Improve Body Composition - Naturally

Author: Robert Portman,John Ivy

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant

ISBN: 9781459671027

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 318

View: 9878

A simple way to achieve lasting overall fitness. The authors explain that because the body has an inherent tendency towards fitness, there is no good reason for anyone to be overweight or out of shape. The human body's fitness cicuitry is a remarkable, integrated piece of engineering that has the natural ability to burn fat more quickly than supplements, decrease food intake more effectively than appetite suppresants, amd synthesize protein faster than the leading protein powder. This book is based on more than 50 years of research and recent breakthroughs.
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Human Understanding Beyond Surface Personality

Author: Brad Kullman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781946324009

Category:

Page: 230

View: 7819

Have you ever wondered why you think, behave, and perform as you do? This groundbreaking manual opens the door to a new world of comprehension and compassion for yourself, as well as those around you. Learn about the discovery critics are calling a game-changer in the realm of human understanding!The author, Brad Kullman, has been observing and assessing human performance for the greater part of three decades. Initially as a high-ranking Major League Baseball executive and scout, Kullman spearheaded the first formal Research and Development department in MLB, with a focus on exploring better ways of evaluating and cultivating player performance and potential. Originally focused on athletes, Kullman's study evolved into all areas of life, as he collaborated with top minds in the fields of behavioral and performance science. Those efforts are finally revealed in this highly anticipated, cutting-edge book, which presents a revolutionary development in human understanding.Hardwiring details the first methodology to bridge the soft science of 20th century typology with the hard science revelations of the 21st century. More profound than conventional personality inventories, hardwiring reveals a deeper understanding of each person's inborn tendencies and potential. It eliminates the need for unreliable written questionnaires while providing a more substantive and objective means of human understanding. Hardwiring marks a state-of-the-art breakthrough in behavioral science.
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Pioneering Discoveries in the New Science of Song

Author: Elena Mannes

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 0802719961

Category: Music

Page: 263

View: 1675

The award-winning creator of the documentary The Music Instinct traces the efforts of visionary researchers and musicians to understand the biological foundations of music and its relationship to the brain and the physical world. 35,000 first printing.
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