The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Author: William R. Clark,Michael Grunstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195346404

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2723

Books such as Richard Dawkins's The Selfish Gene have aroused fierce controversy by arguing for the powerful influence of genes on human behavior. But are we entirely at the mercy of our chromosomes? In Are We Hardwired?, scientists William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein say the answer is both yes--and no. The power and fascination of Are We Hardwired? lie in their explanation of that deceptively simple answer. Using eye-opening examples of genetically identical twins who, though raised in different families, have had remarkably parallel lives, the authors show that indeed roughly half of human behavior can be accounted for by DNA. But the picture is quite complicated. Clark and Grunstein take us on a tour of modern genetics and behavioral science, revealing that few elements of behavior depend upon a single gene; complexes of genes, often across chromosomes, drive most of our heredity-based actions. To illustrate this point, they examine the genetic basis, and quirks, of individual behavioral traits--including aggression, sexuality, mental function, eating disorders, alcoholism, and drug abuse. They show that genes and environment are not opposing forces; heredity shapes how we interpret our surroundings, which in turn changes the very structure of our brain. Clearly we are not simply puppets of either influence. Perhaps most interesting, the book suggests that the source of our ability to choose, to act unexpectedly, may lie in the chaos principle: the most minute differences during activation of a single neuron may lead to utterly unpredictable actions. This masterful account of the nature-nurture controversy--at once provocative and informative--answers some of our oldest questions in unexpected new ways
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Are We Hardwired for Success?

Author: Chuck Martin,Peg Dawson,Richard Guare

Publisher: AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn

ISBN: 9780814429952

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 4737

"The Profile" shows readers how to identify their strengths, then leverage them in their careers, personal lives, etc., and offers tips for compensating for one's weaker abilities. The book also shows how to identify abilities of other people and help them succeed. Martin's firm, NFI Research, identifies and analyzes trends and attitudes in business, management and technology. The Institute's invitation-only membership represents 1,400 of the world's most renowned and innovative companies, including members from half of the Fortune 100 companies. The powerful combination of authors - a business expert, a psychologist, and a neuropsychologist - gives this book an unprecedented level of credibility.
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Author: Jim Parry,Mark Nesti,Nick Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136893806

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9537

This book provides an inter-disciplinary examination of the relationship between sport, spirituality and religion. It covers a wide-range of topics, such as prayer and sport, religious and spiritual perspectives on athletic identity and ‘flow’ in sport, theological analysis of genetic performance enhancement technologies, sectarianism in Scottish football, a spiritual understanding of sport psychology consultancy in English premiership soccer and how Zen may be useful in sports performance and participation. As modern sport is often intertwined with commercial and political agendas, this book also provides an important corrective to the “win at all costs” culture of modern sport, which cannot always be fully understood through secular ethical inquiry. This is a unique and important addition to the current literature for a wide-range of fields including theology and religious studies, psychology, health studies, ethics and sports studies.
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What Neuroscience Reveals about Morality

Author: Laurence Tancredi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521860017

Category: Medical

Page: 226

View: 3785

Argues that the concepts of social morality and individual responsibility begin in the brain.
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A Pastor's Struggle with Christology

Author: Jimmy R. Watson

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1498200494

Category: Religion

Page: 178

View: 7081

This may be the most honest book ever written about Jesus. As a veteran pastor in the United Church of Christ, Dr. Watson shares his thoughts on the timeless topic of Christology--the doctrine of Christ--with new and creative insights, informative and accessible theology, personal anecdotes, and lively wit. Nothing is off-limits in this no-holds-barred contribution to the Jesus genre. Big Jesus is not another theological "spin" on the identity and nature of Jesus of Nazareth, nor is it a sentimental fairytale for those who prefer their Christology to be served up on Sunday mornings with fluffy sheep, little children, and footprints in the sand. This book is for Christian adults with a sense of humor.
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Author: Gary Smalley,Greg Smalley,Michael Smalley,Robert S. Paul

Publisher: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 1414361459

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 1518

“Life is relationships; the rest is just details.” We are designed for relationships, yet they often bring us pain. In this paradigm-shifting book, Gary Smalley unravels the DNA of relationships: we are made for three great relationships—with God, others, and ourselves—and all relationships involve choice. Gary exposes a destructive relationship dance that characterizes nearly every relationship conflict, and he offers five new dance steps that will revolutionize relationships. The DNA of Relationships, the cornerstone book in Gary Smalley's relationship campaign, will revolutionize your marriage, family, friendships, and work relationships.
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Author: Anthony Scioli,Henry Biller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199758573

Category: Self-Help

Page: 440

View: 7201

Economic collapse, poverty, disease, natural disasters, the constant threat of community unrest and international terrorism--a quick look at any newspaper is enough to cause almost anyone to feel trapped and desperate. Yet the recent election also revealed a growing search for hope spreading through society. In the timely Hope in the Age of Anxiety, Anthony Scioli and Henry Biller illuminate the nature of hope and offer a multitude of techniques designed to improve the lives of individuals, and bring more light into the world. In this fascinating and humane book, Scioli and Biller reveal the ways in which human beings acquire and make use of hope. Hope in the Age of Anxiety is meant to be a definitive guide. The evolutionary, biological, and cultural roots of hope are covered along with the seven kinds of hope found in the world's religions. Just as vital, the book provides many personal tools for addressing the major challenges of the human condition: fear, loss, illness, and death. Some of the key areas illuminated in Hope in the Age of Anxiety: How do you build and sustain hope in trying times? How can hope help you to achieve your life goals? How can hope improve your relationships with others? How can hope aid your recovery from trauma or illness? How does hope relate to spirituality? Hope in the Age of Anxiety identifies the skills needed to cultivate hope, and offers suggestions for using these capacities to realize your life goals, support health and healing, strengthen relationships, enhance spirituality, and inoculate yourself against the despair that engulfs many individuals.
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The Biblical Foundation of Universal Grace

Author: Arch B. Taylor

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630870730

Category: Religion

Page: 410

View: 3455

"God our Savior desires everyone to be saved" (1Tim 2:4). Does God get what God wants? "Yes, but--" depending on how we read the Bible. The Bible is universal: One God, Sovereign Creator of everything, especially humanity in God's image, God's partner to manage creation. Science and evolution say humanity evolved, gradually acquiring superior capabilities. We have yet to transcend animal nature and acknowledge oneness of creation under God. Humans exploited our semi-divine status, becoming alienated. God chose Israelites/Jews for blessing and reconciling humanity. They exploited chosenness, so God sent the Jew Jesus to reveal God's gracious concern for all people. Roman political and Jewish religious power killed Jesus, but he appeared resurrected to his disciples, who proclaimed him Savior. God gave another Jew, Paul, a vision of Jesus resurrected and appointed him to proclaim God's reconciliation to Gentiles. Paul taught that through the faithfulness of Jesus, Gentiles too become God's people and share Israel's blessings without becoming Jews. All who experience reconciliation share Jesus's partnership with God. "We toil and struggle, because we have our hope set on the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of those who believe" (1 Tim 4:10).
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The Rise and Triumph of the One-drop Rule

Author: Frank W. Sweet

Publisher: Backintyme

ISBN: 0939479230

Category: History

Page: 540

View: 5261

This analysis of the nearly 300 appealed court cases that decided the "race" of individual Americans may be the most thorough study of the legal history of the U.S. color line yet published.
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Rumors of Demonic Conspiracy and Ritual Abuse in History

Author: David Frankfurter

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691113500

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 9066

In the 1980s, America was gripped by widespread panics about Satanic cults. Conspiracy theories abounded about groups who were allegedly abusing children in day-care centers, impregnating girls for infant sacrifice, brainwashing adults, and even controlling the highest levels of government. As historian of religions David Frankfurter listened to these sinister theories, it occurred to him how strikingly similar they were to those that swept parts of the early Christian world, early modern Europe, and postcolonial Africa. He began to investigate the social and psychological patterns that give rise to these myths. Thus was born Evil Incarnate, a riveting analysis of the mythology of evilconspiracy. The first work to provide an in-depth analysis of the topic, the book uses anthropology, the history of religion, sociology, and psychoanalytic theory, to answer the questions "What causes people collectively to envision evil and seek to exterminate it?" and "Why does the representation of evil recur in such typical patterns?" Frankfurter guides the reader through such diverse subjects as witch-hunting, the origins of demonology, cannibalism, and the rumors of Jewish ritual murder, demonstrating how societies have long expanded upon their fears of such atrocities to address a collective anxiety. Thus, he maintains, panics over modern-day infant sacrifice are really not so different from rumors about early Christians engaging in infant feasts during the second and third centuries in Rome. In Evil Incarnate, Frankfurter deepens historical awareness that stories of Satanic atrocities are both inventions of the mind and perennial phenomena, not authentic criminal events. True evil, as he so artfully demonstrates, is not something organized and corrupting, but rather a social construction that inspires people to brutal acts in the name of moral order.
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Author: Lawrence J. Gitman,Michael D. Joehnk,Randy Billingsley

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 128563313X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 656

View: 2175

Knowing what to do with your money is more important than ever. Gitman/Joehnk/Billingsley’s market-leading PERSONAL FINANCIAL PLANNING, 13E, provides students with the tools, techniques, and understanding they need to define and achieve their financial goals. The book follows a life-cycle approach--addressing financial plans, assets, credit, insurance, investment, and retirement--as individuals and families progress through life. The latest updates reflect the most recent financial developments and research--from new tax laws and the latest financial data to professional financial advice that considers the impact of the recent global financial crisis. The 13th edition is packed with new information relevant to today’s students--for example, changing spending habits for the better, knowing the right questions to ask a financial adviser, using tips on budgeting and planning for retirement, knowing what to look for when choosing a bank, knowing whether to buy or lease a car, knowing what’s important when buying your first home, and choosing the right credit card. All-new features teach you to use today’s critical financial tools and technology, including financial planning software. CFP practice questions provide valuable practice. The CengageNOW online learning system helps you complete your homework and achieve the grade you want. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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A History of Communications and Control in the Human Machine, 1660-1830

Author: Allison Muri

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802088503

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 8050

For many cultural theorists, the concept of the cyborg - an organism controlled by mechanic processes - is firmly rooted in the post-modern, post-industrial, post-Enlightenment, post-nature, post-gender, or post-human culture of the late twentieth century. Allison Muri argues, however, that there is a long and rich tradition of art and philosophy that explores the equivalence of human and machine, and that the cybernetic organism as both a literary figure and an anatomical model has, in fact, existed since the Enlightenment. In The Enlightenment Cyborg, Muri presents cultural evidence - in literary, philosophical, scientific, and medical texts - for the existence of mechanically steered, or 'cyber' humans in the works seventeenth- and eighteenth-century thinkers. Muri illustrates how Enlightenment exploration of the notion of the 'man-machine' was inextricably tied to ideas of reproduction, government, individual autonomy, and the soul, demonstrating an early connection between scientific theory and social and political thought. She argues that late twentieth-century social and political movements, such as socialism, feminism, and even conservatism, are thus not unique in their use of the cyborg as a politicized trope. The Enlightenment Cyborg establishes a dialogue between eighteenth-century studies and cyborg art and theory, and makes a significant and original contribution to both of these fields of inquiry.
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Author: Nils K. Oeijord

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595752039

Category: Science

Page: 722

View: 8054

Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was a leading critic of human behavioral genetics, human sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, and the modern evolutionary synthesis. Why Gould Was Wrong explains why Gould's claims were horribly wrong.
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Author: Meredith Wild

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3736301251

Category: Fiction

Page: 352

View: 3806

Erica und Blake - die Liebesgeschichte, die bereits Millionen von Leserinnen begeistert hat Erica Hathaway ist tough und klug. Sie musste früh lernen, was es bedeutet, auf eigenen Beinen zu stehen. Als sie für ihr Internet-Startup einen Investor sucht, trifft sie auf Blake Landon. Blake ist sexy, mächtig und geheimnisvoll - und er schmettert ihre aufwändig vorbereitete Präsentation, ohne mit der Wimper zu zucken, als uninteressant ab. Erica ist außer sich vor Wut. Und doch fühlt sie sich auf magische Weise zu Blake hingezogen. Je mehr Erica über den Self-Made-Milliardär erfährt, desto deutlicher wird, dass er gute Gründe für seine Entscheidung hatte. Und obwohl sie spürt, dass sie besser die Finger von Blake lassen sollte, gibt sie sich ihrem Verlangen hin ... Endlich auf Deutsch! Die Platz-1-New-York-Times-Bestseller-Reihe von Meredith Wild. Band 2 (Hardpressed - verloren) erscheint am 03. August 2016.
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On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

Author: Bradley A. Thayer

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813149703

Category: Political Science

Page: 444

View: 1834

Pathbreaking and controversial, Darwin and International Relations offers the first comprehensive analysis of international affairs of state through the lens of evolutionary theory. Bradley A. Thayer provides a new method for investigating and explaining human and state behavior while generating insights into the origins of human and animal warfare, ethnic conflict, and the influence of disease on international relations. Using ethnological and statistical studies of warfare among tribal societies, Thayer argues that humans wage war for reasons predicted by evolutionary theory -- to gain and protect vital resources but also for the physically and emotionally stimulating effects of combat. Thayer demonstrates that an evolutionary understanding of disease will become a more important part of the study of international relations as new strains of diseases emerge and advances in genetics make biological warfare a more effective weapon for states and terrorists. He also explains the deep causes of ethnic conflict by illuminating how xenophobia and ethnocentrism evolved in humans. He notes that these behaviors once contributed to our ancestors' success in radically different environments, but they remain a part of us. Darwin and International Relations makes a major contribution to our understanding of human history and the future of international relations.
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What you don't know about money and why it matters (more than you think)

Author: Paul Knott

Publisher: Pearson UK

ISBN: 0273788752

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 6579

It's time to wake up or get wiped out. We live in a world dominated by a system that most of us aren’t aware of, never mind understand. When it comes to money and how it really works, most of us are too busy, too bored or too bewildered to think about it, despite being at the sharp end of the consequences. We simply don’t recognise the game that is being played out in front of us. Well check your pockets; you’re in for a nasty shock. OUCH! is your entertaining answer to financial fear, ignorance or confusion. Quintessentially irreverent but with a deadly serious message - ultimately it tells you how to protect your hard earned cash and save yourself from financial meltdown. You can’t afford to ignore it.
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God has a destiny for your life

Author: Brian Gingles

Publisher: WestBow Press

ISBN: 144979033X

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 202

View: 4247

Have you ever asked yourself what God’s plan is for your life? Brian Gingles explores the extraordinary claims the Bible makes, about the wonderful “poem” God wants to fashion out of your life, if you are willing to cooperate with Him. Transformed encourages you to discover how this can happen. It also seeks biblical answers to questions such as: What was God’s original intention for humanity? Did the fall of mankind destroy that plan? How can God heal our emotions and renew our minds? What are some of the key “big, dangerous ideas” that currently oppose biblical teaching? What part do tests, trials, and suffering play in our lives? What about the mystery of death? What is God’s ultimate plan for you? Becoming a better, more purposeful, and focused individual is possible, with the help of the Holy Spirit. God has a much more exciting ambition for you than you might have fully realised. He wants to make you like Christ. Learn what the Bible has to say about God’s extraordinary love for mankind and His wonderful grace in taking the unpromising chrysalises of our lives, to transform them into something free, clean, and beautiful in His eyes. Is it possible that God can change you ‘from one degree of glory to another’? Discussion questions at the end of Transformed offer the opportunity for further study. We will also see that God’s plans for us do not end with the death of our mortal bodies. See how we will be changed forever when Christ returns!
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What Listening to Kids Tells Us About School in America

Author: Inda

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595589813

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 1532

Fourth grade is ground zero in the fierce debates about education reform in America. It’s when kids (well, some of them) make the shift from “learning to read” to “reading to learn,” and tomes have been written about the fourth-grade year by educators, administrators, philosophers, and pundits. Now, in a fascinating and groundbreaking book, Inda Schaenen adds the voices of actual fourth-grade kids to the conversation. Schaenen, a journalist turned educator, spent a year traveling across the state of Missouri, the geographical and spiritual center of the country, visiting fourth-grade classrooms of every description: public, private, urban, rural, religious, charter. Speaking of Fourth Grade looks at how our different approaches to education stack up against one another and chronicles what kids at the heart of our great, democratic education experiment have to say about “What Makes a Good Teacher” and “What Makes a Good Student,” as well as what they think about the Accelerated Reader programs that dominate public school classrooms, high-stakes testing, and the very purpose of school in the first place. A brilliant and original work at the intersection of oral history, sociology, and journalism, Speaking of Fourth Grade offers unique insight into the personal consequences of national education policy. The voices of the children in Speaking of Fourth Grade will stay with readers—parents, teachers, and others—for many years to come.
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