The Archeology of Design

Author: Beatriz Colomina,Mark Wigley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037785119


Page: 288

View: 4759

The question Are We Human? is both urgent and ancient. Beatriz Colomina and Mark Wigley offer a multilayered exploration of the intimate relationship between human and design and rethink the philosophy of design in a multi-dimensional exploration from the very first tools and ornaments to the constant buzz of social media. The average day involves the experience of thousands of layers of design that reach to outside space but also reach deep into our bodies and brains. Even the planet itself has been completely encrusted by design as a geological layer. There is no longer an outside to the world of design. Colomina s and Wigley s field notes offer an archaeology of the way design has gone viral and is now bigger than the world. They range across the last few hundred thousand years and the last few seconds to scrutinize the uniquely plastic relation between brain and artifact. A vivid portrait emerges. Design is what makes the human. It becomes the way humans ask questions and thereby continuously redesign themselves."
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The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Author: William R. Clark,Michael Grunstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195346404

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9619

Books such as Richard Dawkins's The Selfish Gene have aroused fierce controversy by arguing for the powerful influence of genes on human behavior. But are we entirely at the mercy of our chromosomes? In Are We Hardwired?, scientists William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein say the answer is both yes--and no. The power and fascination of Are We Hardwired? lie in their explanation of that deceptively simple answer. Using eye-opening examples of genetically identical twins who, though raised in different families, have had remarkably parallel lives, the authors show that indeed roughly half of human behavior can be accounted for by DNA. But the picture is quite complicated. Clark and Grunstein take us on a tour of modern genetics and behavioral science, revealing that few elements of behavior depend upon a single gene; complexes of genes, often across chromosomes, drive most of our heredity-based actions. To illustrate this point, they examine the genetic basis, and quirks, of individual behavioral traits--including aggression, sexuality, mental function, eating disorders, alcoholism, and drug abuse. They show that genes and environment are not opposing forces; heredity shapes how we interpret our surroundings, which in turn changes the very structure of our brain. Clearly we are not simply puppets of either influence. Perhaps most interesting, the book suggests that the source of our ability to choose, to act unexpectedly, may lie in the chaos principle: the most minute differences during activation of a single neuron may lead to utterly unpredictable actions. This masterful account of the nature-nurture controversy--at once provocative and informative--answers some of our oldest questions in unexpected new ways
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The Design of the Species: 2 Seconds, 2 Days, 2 Years, 200 Years, 200,000 Years

Author: Beatriz Colomina

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037785126


Page: 576

View: 2400

This kaleidoscopic book documents the 3rd Istanbul Design Biennial curated by Beatriz Colomina and Mark Wigley in the words of the curators and all the participants, starting with the polemical Biennial Manifesto that launched the project. A remarkable galaxy of designers, architects, artists, historians, theorists, film makers, archaeologists, choreographers, scientists, labs, institutes, and NGOs challenge the self-image of our species. Are We Human? is an urgent question when design has gone viral, infusing every dimension of human and non-human life. Design now encrusts the whole Earth as a living geological layer going deep into the ground, into outer space, bodies, brains, and genes. This book dramatically rethinks design in the face of a planet and a species in unprecedented crisis rebooting the conversation on design.
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Ancient DNA and the New Science of the Human Past

Author: David Reich

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198821255

Category: DNA

Page: 368

View: 9733

David Reich describes how the revolution in the ability to sequence ancient DNA has changed our understanding of the deep human past. This book tells the emerging story of our often surprising ancestry - the extraordinary ancient migrations and mixtures of populations that have made us who we are.
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The Plan, Purpose & Meaning of Life

Author: Brian H. Butler

Publisher: WestBow Press

ISBN: 1490870482

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 1071

Why ARE we here? CHRISTIANITY DIRECT FROM CHRIST ‘THE MASTER' A non-denominational way to study using spiritual 'keys' to gain new understanding of the Scriptures The Scriptures were entirely inspired by God, by YHWH who became Christ Jesus; and were written down exactly as He spoke by the Prophets of old, and by Christ's Apostles. Christ Jesus is the Author of The Holy Bible. True Christians are required to 'Grow in grace and knowledge' Are you growing? You can only 'grow' by studying daily the Word of God, the Holy Scriptures of the Bible, with God's help! Study to show yourself approved unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. 2 Timothy 2:15 STUDY YES, BUT HOW? You will learn the many essential 'keys' and useful practical 'tools' needed to help you to 'master' the study of the true Christianity of the Bible. ESSENTIAL 'KEY' No 1 The carnal human mind cannot fathom the deep meanings in the Bible without asking for, and receiving the help of the Holy Spirit INGREDIENTS: PURE TRUTHS, LOVE, JOY, THE INSPIRATION OF GOD. TOOLS PROFITABLE FOR LEARNING CHRIST'S TEACHINGS ON HOW TO LIVE, AND THE MEANING & PURPOSE OF HUMAN LIFE. THIS MANUAL CONTAINS No false doctrines No man-made gods No artificial teachings No added fables or pagan festivals No idols, images, symbols, relics or statues No doctrines or commandments of men Free from denominational influences You can learn the meaning & purpose of life! Compiled by Brian H. Butler Website:
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Everyday Questions and the Christian Life

Author: Ronald F. Thiemann,William C. Placher

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 0567537129

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 2006

A one-of-a-kind book in which several outstanding theologians use their expertise to examine everyday questions that Christians ask. Christians do not just believe; they think about what they believe. Moreover, they are not content with simple answers to their questions about life and meaning. The contributors to this volume therefore provide thoughtful responses to the following questions: Why are we here? Why are we so indifferent about our spiritual lives? Why do the innocent suffer? Is Jesus Christ the only way to salvation? Are there angels? Why go to church? The unity of the church--why care? What shall parents teach their children? What does my faith have to do with my job? Must Christians believe in hell? Is there life after death? The eleven contributors to this volume--which include, in addition to the editors--Kathryn Tanner, David Dawson, Thomas F. Tracy, J.A. DiNoia, Bruce D. Marshall, James J. Buckley, Michael Root, William Werpehowski, and George Hunsinger) are friends who attended the same graduate school (Yale) and had many of the same teachers. For twenty years they have been meeting once a year to talk about their work, their lives, and their thinking about the Christian faith. In this book they share with fellow Christians and curious bystanders the intellectual and spiritual wealth and excitement and complexity they have found in that faith. Ronald F. Thiemann is John Lord O'Brian Professor of Theology and Dean of Harvard Divinity School. William C. Placher is Professor of Contemporary Theology and Philosophy of Religion at Wabash College, Crawfordsville, IN.
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Theories of Human Nature

Author: Louis P. Pojman

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195179279

Category: Philosophy

Page: 301

View: 5155

What is our nature? What is this enigma that we call human? Who are we? Since the dawn of human history, people have exhibited wildly contradictory qualities: good and evil, love and hate, strength and weakness, kindness and cruelty, aggressiveness and pacifism, generosity and greed, courage and cowardice. Experiencing a sense of eternity in our hearts--but at the same time confined to temporal and spatial constraints--we seek to understand ourselves, both individually and as a species. In Who Are We? Theories of Human Nature, esteemed author Louis P. Pojman seeks to find answers to these questions by exploring major theories in Western philosophy and religion, along with several traditions in Eastern thought. The most comprehensive work of its kind, the volume opens with chapters on the Hebrew/Christian view of human nature and the contrasting classical Greek theories, outlining a dichotomy between faith and reason that loosely frames the rest of the book. The following chapters cover the medieval view, Hindu and Buddhist perspectives, conservative and liberal theories, Kant's Copernican revolution, Schopenhauer's pessimistic idealism, and Karl Marx's theory. Freud's psychoanalytic view, the existentialist perspective, the Darwinian view, and scientific materialism are also discussed. Pojman concludes with a discussion of the question of free will, ultimately asserting that each one of us must decide for ourselves who and what we are, and, based on that answer, how we shall live.
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Come join me let's talk

Author: Fidelia Iwegbu

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1462048951

Category: Self-Help

Page: 104

View: 8338

Have we ever stopped, put a break in life and reflect, how did we find ourselves on this planet earth. Find out what science religion are saying and how they differ or view things
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Microbes, the Puppet Masters!

Author: Yuan Kun Lee

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812835601

Category: Science

Page: 85

View: 7166

Our genome is littered with scraps of DNA, termed ?junk? DNAs, that serve no apparent purpose. Junk DNAs make up as much as 98.5% of our genome. Scientists believe that some junk DNAs came into existence millions of years ago, when viruses inserted their DNA into that of the human host. There is emerging evidence that suggests that these bits of microbial DNAs may alter our functional genes, impacting our body physiology and behavior.We have been invaded by ?body snatchers? and they are part of us! We could postulate that we are carrying a large number of DNAs that serve only the DNAs, and we are just a small part of the big picture! There is ample scientific evidence to suggest that, even today, free-living microbes are still manipulating our behaviour and our life at large. They are thriving on our wet skin, in our mouth, and in our intestinal and vaginal tracts. We are perhaps not quite what we think we are.This thought-provoking and inspiring book offers many answers, while at the same time raising many questions for future research.
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Critical Reflections and Hopeful Possibilities

Author: Jean Bethke Elshtain

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802847256

Category: Religion

Page: 178

View: 4462

At a time when many despair of culture, Elshtain recovers the life-affirming essence of what it means to be human. Respected Christian ethicist Jean Bethke Elshtain finds in the tensions and tragedies of our turn-of-the-century society hope in the recovery of personhood. She explores the internal and external trappings that so easily lead us to forget how to be faithful to something other than ourselves. This is a work of political analysis, cultural criticism, and theological engagement. Elshtain suggests that much of what we rightly interpret as troubling presents fascinating interpretive occasions for Christians, who, of all people, are called to live in hope. She highlights in particular certain aspects of youth culture, taking up popular films like "Seven and "Titanic and tragedies like the shootings at Columbine High School. What she finds running through all of these are examples of courage and a search for a source of truth and meaning that seems to elude so many.
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A Scientist Explores the Unparalleled Intelligence of the Human Mind

Author: James Trefil

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471249467

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 6203

Acclaim for Are We Unique? "In his masterful book, Trefil shares with readers some of the most recent research in neurology, evolution, primate research, computer science, and philosophy. Trefil's prose is lively and engaging." --Boston Globe "Trefil's race through the science that could explain the brain is highly readable." --Sunday Times of London "In a provocative essay, Trefil argues that the science of artificial intelligence is progressing rapidly. Machines, he theorizes, will one day develop a new kind of intelligence and self-awareness. So, maybe the real question is: Are we ready?" --San Diego Union-Tribune "A highly readable and engaging treatment of a fascinating question. Trefil makes a case for human uniqueness while at the same time celebrating the achievements of creations ranging from lobsters to neural nets. A provocative and enjoyable book." --Daniel L. Schacter Professor and Chair of Psychology, Harvard University author of Searching for Memory
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Human Uniqueness in Science and Theology

Author: Michael Fuller,Dirk Evers,Anne Runehov,Knut-Willy Sæther

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319621246

Category: Philosophy

Page: 313

View: 4334

This book offers a penetrating analysis of issues raised by the perennial question, ‘Are We Special?’ It brings together scholars from a variety of disciplines, from astronomy and palaeontology to philosophy and theology, to explore this question. Contributors cover a wide variety of issues, including what makes humans distinct from other animals, the possibilities of artificial life and artificial intelligence, the likelihood of life on other planets, and the role of religious behavior. A variety of religious and scientific perspectives are brought to bear on these matters. As a whole, the book addresses whether the issue of human uniqueness is one to which sciences and religions necessarily offer differing responses.
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A Study in Personal Ontology

Author: Eric T. Olson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199884218

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 4229

From the time of Locke, discussions of personal identity have often ignored the question of our basic metaphysical nature: whether we human people are biological organisms, spatial or temporal parts of organisms, bundles of perceptions, or what have you. The result of this neglect has been centuries of wild proposals and clashing intuitions. What Are We? is the first general study of this important question. It beings by explaining what the question means and how it differs from others, such as questions of personal identity and the mind-body problem. It then examines in some depth the main possible accounts of our metaphysical nature, detailing both their theoretical virtues and the often grave difficulties they face. The book does not endorse any particular account of what we are, but argues that the matter turns on more general issues in the ontology of material things. If composition is universal--if any material things whatever make up something bigger--then we are temporal parts of organisms. If things never compose anything bigger, so that there are only mereological simples, then we too are simples--perhaps the immaterial substances of Descartes--or else we do not exist at all (a view Olson takes very seriously). The intermediate view that some things compose bigger things and others do not leads almost inevitably to the conclusion that we are organisms. So we can discover what we are by working out when composition occurs.
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Author: Justin Tyers

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472909801

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 240

View: 3104

The enchanting next stage in Justin and Linda's eventful and amusing voyage from the Scottish islands to Cornwall and Brittany in their self-built traditional wooden cruising yacht.
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Author: Harry Collins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 074568274X

Category: Science

Page: 140

View: 7509

To ordinary people, science used to seem infallible. Scientists were heroes, selflessly pursuing knowledge for the common good. More recently, a series of scientific scandals, frauds and failures have led us to question science’s pre-eminence. Revelations such as Climategate, or debates about the safety of the MMR vaccine, have dented our confidence in science. In this provocative new book Harry Collins seeks to redeem scientific expertise, and reasserts science’s special status. Despite the messy realities of day-to-day scientific endeavor, he emphasizes the superior moral qualities of science, dismissing the dubious “default” expertise displayed by many of those outside the scientific community. Science, he argues, should serve as an example to ordinary citizens of how to think and act, and not the other way round.
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The Molecular Evidence for Human Descent

Author: Jan Klein,Naoyuki Takahata

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662048477

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 6933

From the moment we first began to contemplate the world, three questions have occupied our minds: Where do we come from?, What are we?, and Where are we going? Artists, religious thinkers, philosophers, and most recently scientists have all searched for answers. Here, the authors describe how scientists decipher human origin from the record encrypted in the DNA and protein molecules. After explaining the nature of descent and the methods available for studying genealogical relationships, they summarize the information revealed by the molecular archives. In doing so, they draw conclusions about our identity, our place in the living world, and our future.
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