The Migration Age and the Later Roman Empire
Author: Walter Goffart
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
The Migration Age is still envisioned as an onrush of expansionary "Germans" pouring unwanted into the Roman Empire and subjecting it to pressures so great that its western parts collapsed under the weight. Further developing the themes set forth in his classic Barbarians and Romans, Walter Goffart dismantles this grand narrative, shaking the barbarians of late antiquity out of this "Germanic" setting and reimagining the role of foreigners in the Later Roman Empire. The Empire was not swamped by a migratory Germanic flood for the simple reason that there was no single ancient Germanic civilization to be transplanted onto ex-Roman soil. Since the sixteenth century, the belief that purposeful Germans existed in parallel with the Romans has been a fixed point in European history. Goffart uncovers the origins of this historical untruth and argues that any projection of a modern Germany out of an ancient one is illusory. Rather, the multiplicity of northern peoples once living on the edges of the Empire participated with the Romans in the larger stirrings of late antiquity. Most relevant among these was the long militarization that gripped late Roman society concurrently with its Christianization. If the fragmented foreign peoples with which the Empire dealt gave Rome an advantage in maintaining its ascendancy, the readiness to admit military talents of any social origin to positions of leadership opened the door of imperial service to immigrants from beyond its frontiers. Many barbarians were settled in the provinces without dislodging the Roman residents or destabilizing landownership; some were even incorporated into the ruling families of the Empire. The outcome of this process, Goffart argues, was a society headed by elites of soldiers and Christian clergy—one we have come to call medieval.
Author: Time-Life Books
Describes the historical events and the various civilizations that flourished throughout the world, with emphasis on the Mediterranean area, from 1500 to 600 B.C.
Kulturgeschichte einer Region
Author: Steffen Diefenbach,Gernot Michael Müller
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Literary Criticism
The period from the 5th to the 7th century AD was characterised by far-reaching structural changes that affected the entire west of the Roman Empire. This process used to be regarded by scholars as part of the dissolution of Roman order, but in current discussions it is now examined more critically. The contributions to this volume of conference papers combine approaches from history and literature studies in order to review the changing forms and fields of the establishment of collective identities, and to analyse them in their mutual relationships.
Author: Edward James
'Barbarians' is the name the Romans gave to those who lived beyond the frontiers of the Roman Empire - the peoples they considered 'uncivilised'. Most of the written sources concerning the barbarians come from the Romans too, and as such, need to be treated with caution. Only archaeology allows us to see beyond Roman prejudices - and yet these records are often as difficult to interpret as historical ones. Expertly guiding the reader through such historiographical complexities, Edward James traces the history of the barbarians from the height of Roman power through to AD 600, by which time they had settled in most parts of imperial territory in Europe. His book is the first to look at all Europe's barbarians: the Picts and the Scots in the far north-west; the Franks, Goths and Slavic-speaking peoples; and relative newcomers such as the Huns and Alans from the Asiatic steppes. How did whole barbarian peoples migrate across Europe? What were their relations with the Romans? And why did they convert to Christianity? Drawing on the latest scholarly research, this book rejects easy generalisations to provide a clear, nuanced and comprehensive account of the barbarians and the tumultuous period they lived through.
Author: William Finnegan
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
Vor fünfzig Jahren verfällt William Finnegan dem Surfen. Damals verschafft es ihm Respekt, dann jagt es ihn raus in die Welt – Samoa, Indonesien, Australien, Südafrika –, als Familienvater mit Job beim New Yorker dient es der Flucht vor dem Alltag ... Barbarentage erzählt die Geschichte dieser lebenslangen Leidenschaft, sie handelt vom Fernweh, von wahren Abenteuern und den Versuchen, trotz allem ein Träumer zu bleiben. Ein Buch wie das Meer, atemberaubend schön. »Wie Into the Wild erzählt dieses Buch auf mitfühlende, kluge Weise, was passiert, wenn Ideen von Freiheit einen jungen Menschen erfassen und in die entlegensten Winkel der Welt hinausschleudern.« The New York Times Magazine »Fesselnde Abenteuergeschichte, intellektuelle Autobiografie, rastlose Meditation über Liebe, Freundschaft und Familie ... Barbarentage ist ein Buch von ergreifender Schönheit und wird Surfer und Nichtsurfer gleichermaßen begeistern.« Washington Post »Das zu lesen, was dieser Kerl über Wellen und Wasser schreibt, ist wie Hemingway über Stierkämpfe zu lesen, William Burroughs über Drogen und Updike über Ehebruch.« Sports Illustrated
Römische Rechtstradition und Fiskalsukzession im bairischen Dukat der Agilolfinger
Author: Josephine Blei
Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH
Category: Bavaria (Germany)
Der Übergang von der römischen Herrschaft zu jener der Agilolfinger ist nach wie vor ein dunkles Kapitel bairischer Frühgeschichte. In der Forschung zur Konstituierung frühmittelalterlicher Herrschaften im Gebiet des Imperium Romanum steht die Suche nach Kontinuitäten und Traditionsbrüchen im Vordergrund. Mit dem Konstrukt der Fiskalsukzession, der Übernahme römischer Rechts und Besitztitel in die Verfügungsgewalt nachfolgender Herrscher, greift die Autorin den Kontinuitätsaspekt auf: Wurde die neue Herrschaft auf der Basis antiker Rechtsgrundlagen ausgestaltet und wenn ja, wie sind solche Anknüpfungspunkte zu fassen? Die Antwort liefert ein umfassender Blick auf die Entwicklung des AlpenDonauRaumes seit der römischen Okkupation sowie auf Tradition und Anwendung römischer Rechtsvorstellungen.
Author: Matthias Becher,Alheydis Plassmann
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
English summary: In the early middle ages the court was a centre for meetings of secular and clerical princes. At the court of emperors, kings, and popes, the princes of different lordships met and the court was therefore at the centre of conflict. The court as centre of rule is especially important at the moment when the cooperation at the court is questioned by escalating quarrels. In the situation of conflict the notions of the princes emerge more clearly, the implicit demands the princes were subordinated to as well as the political mode of functioning at the court. In situations of conflict the mechanism of culture of debate in the early middle ages can be observed. Different aspects of conflict at court in the early middle ages were discussed at this international congress. german description: Im fruhen Mittelalter war der Hof ein zentraler Ort der Begegnung geistlicher und weltlicher Fursten. Kaiser-, Konigs- und Papsthofe vereinten die Fursten der verschiedenen Reiche und wurden daher auch zu Kristallisationspunkten des Streits. Der Hof als Zentrum der Herrschaft tritt fur uns vor allem dann als Phanomen hervor, wenn das Mit- und Zueinander am Hof durch eskalierende Auseinandersetzungen in Frage gestellt wird. An der Streitsituation lassen sich die Vorstellungen der Beteiligten, die impliziten Anspruche, die an Konig und Grosse herangetragen werden, sowie die Wirkungsweise des Hofes besonders deutlich machen. Zudem konnen Mechanismen fruhmittelalterlicher Streitkultur an dem besonders exponierten Ort des Hofes sichtbar werden. Die verschiedenen Aspekte des Streits am fruhmittelalterlichen Hof werden in diesem Band betrachtet und analysiert.
Author: A. D Lee
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
A. D. Lee charts the significant developments which marked the transformation of Ancient Rome into medieval Byzantium.
Author: Peter S. Wells
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
A rich and surprising look at the robust European culture that thrived after the collapse of Rome. The barbarians who destroyed the glory that was Rome demolished civilization along with it, and for the next four centuries the peasants and artisans of Europe barely held on. Random violence, mass migration, disease, and starvation were the only ways of life. This is the picture of the Dark Ages that most historians promote. But archaeology tells a different story. Peter Wells, one of the world’s leading archaeologists, surveys the archaeological record to demonstrate that the Dark Ages were not dark at all. The kingdoms of Christendom that emerged starting in the ninth century sprang from a robust, previously little-known European culture, albeit one that left behind few written texts.
Author: Scott Fitzgerald Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity offers an innovative overview of a period (c. 300-700 CE) that has become increasingly central to scholarly debates over the history of western and Middle Eastern civilizations. This volume covers such pivotal events as the fall of Rome, the rise of Christianity, the origins of Islam, and the early formation of Byzantium and the European Middle Ages. These events are set in the context of widespread literary, artistic, cultural, and religious change during the period. The geographical scope of this Handbook is unparalleled among comparable surveys of Late Antiquity; Arabia, Egypt, Central Asia, and the Balkans all receive dedicated treatments, while the scope extends to the western kingdoms, and North Africa in the West. Furthermore, from economic theory and slavery to Greek and Latin poetry, Syriac and Coptic literature, sites of religious devotion, and many others, this Handbook covers a wide range of topics that will appeal to scholars from a diverse array of disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity engages the perennially valuable questions about the end of the ancient world and the beginning of the medieval, while providing a much-needed touchstone for the study of Late Antiquity itself.
Transcultural Experiences in the Premodern World
Author: Albrecht Classen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Literary Criticism
This new volume explores the surprisingly intense and complex relationships between East and West during the Middle Ages and the early modern world, combining a large number of critical studies representing such diverse fields as literary (German, French, Italian, English, Spanish, and Arabic) and other subdisciplines of history, religion, anthropology, and linguistics. The differences between Islam and Christianity erected strong barriers separating two global cultures, but, as this volume indicates, despite many attempts to 'Other' the opposing side, the premodern world experienced an astonishing degree of contacts, meetings, exchanges, and influences. Scientists, travelers, authors, medical researchers, chroniclers, diplomats, and merchants criss-crossed the East and the West, or studied the sources produced by the other culture for many different reasons. As much as the theoretical concept of 'Orientalism' has been useful in sensitizing us to the fundamental tensions and conflicts separating both worlds at least since the eighteenth century, the premodern world did not quite yet operate in such an ideological framework. Even though the Crusades had violently pitted Christians against Muslims, there were countless contacts and a palpitable curiosity on both sides both before, during, and after those religious warfares.
Author: James Palmer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book offers a fascinating exploration of the concept of the apocalypse in early medieval Europe. Calling upon a wealth of archival evidence ranging from the late antiquity to the first millennium, it surveys the role of religious ideas and apocalyptic thought in shaping medieval society in Western Europe.
Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach
Author: Gregory I. Halfond
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Few historians have argued so forcefully or persuasively as Bernard S. Bachrach for the study of warfare as not only worthy of scholarly attention, but demanding of it. In his many publications Bachrach has established unequivocally the relevance of military institutions and activity for an understanding of medieval European societies, polities, and mentalities. In so doing, as much as any scholar of his generation, he has helped to define the status quaestionis for the field of medieval military history. The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach pays tribute to its honoree by gathering in a single volume seventeen original studies from an international roster of leading experts in the military history of medieval Europe. Ranging chronologically from Late Antiquity through the Later Middle Ages (ca. AD 300-1500), and with a broad geographical scope stretching from the British Isles to the Middle East, these diverse studies address an array of critical themes and debates relevant to the conduct of war in medieval Europe. These themes include the formation and implementation of military grand strategies; the fiscal, material, and administrative resources that underpinned the conduct of war in medieval Europe; and religious, legal, and artistic responses to military violence. Collectively, these seventeen studies embrace the interdisciplinarity and topical diversity intrinsic to Bachrach’s research. Additionally, they strongly echo his conviction that the study of armed conflict is indispensable for an accurate and comprehensive understanding of medieval European history.
Sacred War and World Change
Author: Michael Vlahos
Publisher: Praeger Security International Academic Cloth
As globalization rips at old ways of life and forces disparate peoples to redefine their identities, many have found a common opponent in the United States. Vlahos examines these ongoing trends and suggests ways in which emerging adversaries may be successfully countered in their efforts to challenge the United States.
Ethnogenese und Assimilation eines Volkes : Dokumentation des 6. wissenschaftlichen Symposiums der Nibelungenliedgesellschaft Worms e.V. und der Stadt Worms vom 21. bis 24. September 2006
Author: Nibelungenlied-Gesellschaft Worms (Germany). Symposium
Betrifft die Handschrift Cod. 24 der Burgerbibliothek Bern (S. 285-323).