Who Lives? who Dies? who Decides?

Author: Albert R. Jonsen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742545243

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 6380

Bioethics beyond the Headlines is a down-to-earth primer. You will not find convoluted philosophical arguments in this volume. Rather, you will find a sampling of the key concepts and debates in bioethics, including euthanasia, assisted reproduction, cloning and stem cells, neuroscience, access to healthcare, and even research on animals and questions of environmental ethics - areas typically overlooked in general introductions to bioethics.
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An Introduction to Christian Ethics

Author: Paul J. Wadell

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742551794

Category: Religion

Page: 257

View: 724

Inspired by Aristotle, Augustine, and Aquinas, Happiness and the Christian Moral Life argues that the central question of ethics is the meaning and nature of happiness. In the Christian life, happiness is inseparable from goodness, particularly from a way of life that helps us grow together in the goodness of God. This book attempts to show what such a life might look like and how it might change our understanding of Christian ethics.
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Author: Sarah Ferber

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137265655

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 2744

How influential has the Nazi analogy been in recent medical debates on euthanasia? Is the history of eugenics being revived in modern genetic technologies? And what does the tragic history of thalidomide and its recent reintroduction for new medical treatments tell us about how governments solve ethical dilemmas? Bioethics in Historical Perspective shows how our understanding of medical history still plays a part in clinical medicine and medical research today. With clear and balanced explanations of complex issues, this extensively documented set of case studies in biomedical ethics explores the important role played by history in thinking about modern medical practice and policy. This book provides student readers with up-to-date information about issues in bioethics, as well as a guide to the most influential ethical standpoints. New twists added to well-known stories will engage those more familiar with the challenging field of contemporary bioethics.
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Author: Carla Mooney,Leanne K. Currie-McGhee

Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC

ISBN: 1420501909

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 8935

Merriam-Webster defines bioethics as a field of study concerned with the ethical and philosophical implications of certain biological and medical procedures or technologies. This informative volume discusses the ethical implications of assisted reproduction, vaccines for children, euthanasia and assisted suicide, testing on humans, genetic engineering, and the use of stem cells. Readers will be inspired to think critically about bioethics and how this field of study impacts the world around them.
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Author: Janie B. Butts,Karen L. Rich

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 1284170225

Category: Law

Page: 600

View: 3188

The fifth edition of Nursing Ethics has been revised to reflect the most current issues in healthcare ethics including new cases, laws, and policies. The text continues to be divided into three sections: Foundational Theories, Concepts and Professional Issues; Moving Into Ethics Across the Lifespan; and Ethics Related to Special Issues focused on specific populations and nursing roles.
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60 Cases and Cautions from the Moral Frontier of Healthcare

Author: Glenn McGee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118254635

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 5641

How far is too far? 60 cases illustrating modern bioethicaldilemmas Bioethics for Beginners maps the giant dilemmas posed bynew technologies and medical choices, using 60 cases taken from ourheadlines, and from the worlds of medicine and science. Thiseminently readable book takes it one case at a time, shedding lighton the social, economic and legal side of 21st century medicinewhile giving the reader an informed basis on which to answerpersonal, practical questions. Unlocking the debate behind theheadlines, this book combines clear thinking with the very latestin science and medicine, enabling readers to decide for themselvesexactly what the scientific future should hold.
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Author: Michael Tomasello

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874822X

Category: Psychology

Page: 282

View: 3365

Die Evolution des menschlichen Moralbewusstseins gehört zu den großen Rätseln der Wissenschaft. Es hat die Phantasie von Generationen von Forschern beflügelt, zahlreiche Theorien liegen auf dem Tisch, aber die Frage »Woher kommt die Moral?« ist nach wie vor offen. In Fortschreibung seiner faszinierenden Naturgeschichte des Menschen legt nun Michael Tomasello eine Antwort vor. Gestützt auf jahrzehntelange empirische Forschungen, rekonstruiert er die Entstehung des einzigartigen menschlichen Sinns für Werte und Normen als einen zweistufigen Prozess. Dieser beginnt vor einigen hunderttausend Jahren, als die frühen Menschen gemeinsame Sache machen mussten, um zu überleben; und er endet beim modernen, ultrakooperativen homo sapiens sapiens, der beides besitzt: Eine Moralität der zweiten Person, die unseren Umgang mit dem je einzelnen Gegenüber prägt, und eine gruppenbezogene »objektive« Moral, die sagt, was hier bei »uns« als gut oder gerecht gilt. In der Tradition von Mead, Kohlberg und Piaget zeigt Tomasello außerdem, wie sich die individuelle Moralentwicklung in einer bereits normengesättigten Welt vollzieht. Und so ist Eine Naturgeschichte der menschlichen Moral der derzeit wohl umfassendste Versuch zu verstehen, wie wir das geworden sind, was nur wir sind: genuin moralische Wesen.
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Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Author: Rosamond Rhodes Ph.D,Margaret P. Battin Ph.D,Anita Silvers Ph.D

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199748969

Category: Medical

Page: 488

View: 3353

Because medicine can preserve and restore health and function, it has been widely acknowledged as a basic good that a just society should provide its members. Yet there is wide disagreement over the scope of what is to be provided, to whom, how, when and why. In this uniquely comprehensive book some of the best-known philosophers, doctors, lawyers, political scientists, and economists writing on the subject discuss the concerns and deepen our understanding of the theoretical and practical issues that run through the contemporary debate. The first section lays a broad theoretical basis for understanding the concept of justice, particularly as it relates to the distribution of health care. The second section critically examines how medical care is distributed in different countries around the world and the particular advantages and injustices associated with those systems. The third section draws attention to the special needs of different social groups and the specific issues of justice that are raised by the impact of various policies on health care distribution. The concluding section delves intothe dilemmas that confront those designing health care systems--the politics, the priorities, and the place of desires as opposed to needs in a socially just scheme.
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Wie ich versuchte, als Tier zu leben

Author: Charles Foster

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492958761

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5350

Was fühlt ein Tier, wie lebt es und wie nimmt es seine Umwelt wahr? Um das herauszufinden, tritt Charles Foster ein faszinierendes Experiment an. Er schlüpft in die Rolle von fünf verschiedenen Tierarten: Dachs, Otter, Fuchs, Rothirsch und Mauersegler. Er haust in einem Bau unter der Erde, schnappt mit den Zähnen nach Fischen in einem Fluss und durchstöbert Mülltonnen auf der Suche nach Nahrung. Er schärft seine Sinne, wird zum nachtaktiven Lebewesen, beschreibt wie ein Weinkenner die unterschiedlichen »Terroirs« von Würmern und wie sich der Duft der Erde in den verschiedenen Jahreszeiten verändert. In die scharfsinnige und witzige Schilderung seiner skurrilen Erfahrungen lässt er wissenswerte Fakten einfließen und stellt sie in den Kontext philosophischer Themen. Letztendlich geht es dabei auch um die eine Frage: Was es bedeutet, Mensch zu sein.
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Author: Matti Häyry,Tuija Takala

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042010062

Category: Medical

Page: 148

View: 7356

Is bioethics only about medicine and health care? Law? Philosophy? Social issues? No, on all accounts. It embraces all these and more. In this book, fifteen notable scholars from the North West of England critically explore the main approaches to bioethics—and make a scratch on its polished surface.
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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3837

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen

Author: Rebecca Skloot

Publisher: Irisiana

ISBN: 3641051754

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 512

View: 472

Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.
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The Governance of UNESCO’s Bioethics Programme

Author: Adèle Langlois

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136237003

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 2388

The sequencing of the entire human genome has opened up unprecedented possibilities for healthcare, but also ethical and social dilemmas about how these can be achieved, particularly in developing countries. UNESCO’s Bioethics Programme was established to address such issues in 1993. Since then, it has adopted three declarations on human genetics and bioethics (1997, 2003 and 2005), set up numerous training programmes around the world and debated the need for an international convention on human reproductive cloning. Negotiating Bioethics presents Langlois' research on the negotiation and implementation of the three declarations and the human cloning debate, based on fieldwork carried out in Kenya, South Africa, France and the UK, among policy-makers, geneticists, ethicists, civil society representatives and industry professionals. The book examines whether the UNESCO Bioethics Programme is an effective forum for (a) decision-making on bioethics issues and (b) ensuring ethical practice. Considering two different aspects of the UNESCO Bioethics Programme – deliberation and implementation – at international and national levels, Langlois explores: how relations between developed and developing countries can be made more equal who should be involved in global level decision-making and how this should proceed how overlap between initiatives can be avoided what can be done to improve the implementation of international norms by sovereign states how far universal norms can be contextualized what impact the efficacy of national level governance has at international level Drawing on extensive empirical research, Negotiating Bioethics presents a truly global perspective on bioethics. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, politics, science and technology studies, bioethics, anthropology, international relations, and public health. A PDF version of this book is available for free in Open Access at www.tandfebooks.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.
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Wie man die richtigen Entscheidungen trifft

Author: Gerd Gigerenzer

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641119901

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 8116

Der neue Bestseller von Gerd Gigerenzer Erinnern wir uns an die weltweite Angst vor der Schweinegrippe, als Experten eine nie dagewesene Pandemie prognostizierten und Impfstoff für Millionen produziert wurde, der später still und heimlich entsorgt werden musste. Für Gerd Gigerenzer ist dies nur ein Beleg unseres irrationalen Umgangs mit Risiken. Und das gilt für Experten ebenso wie für Laien. An Beispielen aus Medizin, Rechtswesen und Finanzwelt erläutert er, wie die Psychologie des Risikos funktioniert, was sie mit unseren entwicklungsgeschichtlich alten Hirnstrukturen zu tun hat und welche Gefahren damit einhergehen. Dabei analysiert er die ungute Rolle von irreführenden Informationen, die von Medien und Fachleuten verbreitet werden. Doch Risiken und Ungewissheiten richtig einzuschätzen kann und sollte jeder lernen. Diese Risikoschulung erprobt Gigerenzer seit vielen Jahren mit verblüffenden Ergebnissen. Sein Fazit: Schon Kinder können lernen, mit Risiken realistisch umzugehen und sich gegen Panikmache wie Verharmlosung zu immunisieren.
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Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150189191

Category: Ethics

Page: 564

View: 6910

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A Guide to Making Your Own Decisions

Author: Frank Harron,John W. Burnside,Tom L Beauchamp,Tom L. Beauchamp

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300030266

Category: Medical

Page: 194

View: 1848

Discusses the ethical, moral, legal, and philosophical aspects of controversial medical issues, such as abortion, euthanasia, genetic engineering, and determination of death
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The User's Guide to DNA

Author: Glenn McGee

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 006184232X

Category: Self-Help

Page: 240

View: 5582

Genetic science is about to radically alter our lives. Sooner than you can imagine, human beings will be capable of diagnosing their own illnesses, designating the sex of their children, even designing the food they eat -- all as easily as using a cell phone. Now is the time for every one of us to take control of our DNA, and one man is uniquely qualified to show us how: Glenn McGee, bioethicist at the University of Pennsylvania, pioneer in the study of "home genetics," and the acknowledged wunderkind of the exciting world found at the nexus of life science and computer technology. One of the most respected authorities in the field of genomics -- the study of the genetic "software" inside plants, animals, and us -- McGee takes us on an eye-opening journey behind the headlines and into the heart of this formidable cutting-edge science. Probing the far-ranging ethical and legal implications of genomic research, McGee tackles its most controversial and hotly debated aspects -- from patenting your DNA to genetic engineering at the supermarket -- and explodes unnecessary fears about this wondrous new knowledge. We live in a brave new world. Beyond Genetics provides us with the knowledge we need to take the right steps forward into tomorrow ... and beyond.
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Hospital Ethics Committees in the USA and Germany

Author: Helen Kohlen

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593388146

Category: Medical

Page: 251

View: 3730

Since the 1980s, increasing numbers of hospitals in the United States have formed internal ethics committees to help doctors and other health care professionals deal with complicated ethical questions, especially those regarding the end of a life. But it is only in recent years that German hospitals have followed suit. In Conflicts of Care, Helen Kohlen offers the first comprehensive look at the origin and function of these committees in German hospitals. Using a mix of archival research, participant observation, and interviews, Kohlen explores the debates that surrounded their formation and the functions they have taken on since their creation.
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Five Principles for Untangling Your Toughest Problems at Work and Beyond

Author: Bruce Weinstein, PhD

Publisher: New World Library

ISBN: 160868055X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 6885

Ethical intelligence may not get as much attention as other forms of “smarts,” but as Bruce Weinstein shows, it is the most practical, valuable, and even courageous form, determining success on the job, ful?llment in relationships, and sense of self-worth. After reviewing the ?ve basic ethical principles agreed upon by cultures and religious traditions around the world and throughout time, Weinstein shows readers how to develop their ethics IQ by applying these principles in daily life. Real-world examples and interviews — with CEOs, athletes, celebrities, and political leaders — illustrate ethics in action, and their absence. Most strikingly, Weinstein shows that ethical principles aren’t just good; they are good for us, bene?ting our health, happiness, and prosperity. While ethical ignorance grabs headlines, it is ethical intelligence that creates the most ful?lling life.
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