Author: Nancy S. Jecker,Albert R. Jonsen,Robert A. Pearlman

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449635865

Category: Law

Page: 550

View: 1161

Bioethics: An Introduction to the History, Methods, and Practice, Third Edition provides readers with a modern and diverse look at bioethics while also looking back at early bioethics cases that set ethical standards in healthcare. It is well suited for advanced undergraduate and graduate students who plan to pursue careers in nursing, allied health, or medicine, as well as professionals seeking a comprehensive reference in the field. The authors retain the unique three-pronged approach, discussing the history, the methods, and the practice of bioethics. This approach provides students with a breadth of information, focusing on all sides of the issue, which will allow them to think critically about current bioethical topics. The third edition is updated throughout with new information and cases including, the latest on genetics and reproductive technology, physician-assisted suicide, as well as numerous new cases.
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A Nursing Perspective

Author: Megan-Jane Johnstone

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729583635

Category: Medical

Page: 514

View: 6857

An essential resource for both undergraduate and postgraduate students and registered nurses to develop new insights and moral wisdom around ethical issues they will face in clinical practice. Bioethics: A Nursing Perspective, 6th Edition continues to set the standard for bioethical issues in nursing practice. As with previous editions, this highly respected text provides a comprehensive framework to assist students and registered nurses to understand the ethical challenges, obligations and responsibilities they will encounter in daily practice. Greater depth on ethical issues, particularly those concerned with ethical conduct, unprofessional conduct and professional misconduct and ‘morality politics’ Case scenarios and critical questions to encourage students and registered nurses to reflect on key issues that relate to their own practice NEW chapters: - Ethics, dehumanisation and vulnerable populations - Professional obligations to report harmful behaviours with a focus on impaired practitioners, child abuse and elder abuse Introduces a new concept: ‘cultural humility’ Content on ‘needs versus wants’, ‘the right not to be informed’, palliative sedation, preventing ethical conflicts, the relationship between professional judgment and moral decision-making in nursing and health care contexts, and future ethical difficulties concerned with climate change, peak oil, pandemic influenza, antimicrobial resistance and health inequalities All chapters and references have been updated to reflect contemporary nursing practice, locally and globally
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An Anthology

Author: Helga Kuhse,Udo Schüklenk,Peter Singer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118941519

Category: Medical

Page: 800

View: 3432

Now fully revised and updated, Bioethics: An Anthology, 3rd edition, contains a wealth of new material reflecting the latest developments. This definitive text brings together writings on an unparalleled range of key ethical issues, compellingly presented by internationally renowned scholars. The latest edition of this definitive one-volume collection, now updated to reflect the latest developments in the field Includes several new additions, including important historical readings and new contemporary material published since the release of the last edition in 2006 Thematically organized around an unparalleled range of issues, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, neuroethics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, public health, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, genetic screening, and issues facing nurses Subjects are clearly and captivatingly discussed by globally distinguished bioethicists A detailed index allows the reader to find terms and topics not listed in the titles of the essays themselves
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Author: Hartmut Remmers,Helen Kohlen

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3899715462

Category: Medical

Page: 265

View: 6988

English summary: The German development of bioethial discourse in medicine and nursing has reached a highly differentiated stage. The following articles are based on papers presented on an international conference at the University of Osnabruck. Bioethical questions and discussions are brought forward to widen the horizen towards perspectives and research designs that have long been underrepresented. The aim is an intensive interdisciplinarary discussion between different paradigms and specific positions, including standpoints of gender. Despite their potential for sensitisation, there have only been a few works trying to frame ethical issues within an Ethics of Care. In this book the relevance of language, perception and context are highlighted by discussing issues of end-of-life care, prenatal diagnosis, allocation problems as well as ethical conflicts in clinical practice. German description: Der bioethische Diskurs in Medizin und Pflege ist inzwischen auch in Deutschland hoch differenziert. Mit den Beitragen dieses Bandes wird der gegenwartige Stand bioethischer Fragestellungen und Diskussionen um bislang unterreprasentierte Sichtweisen und Forschungsansatze erweitert. Ziel ist, einen intensiven Austausch unterschiedlicher paradigmatischer Positionen und spezifischer, auch genderbezogener Sichtweisen zu erreichen, eine Kommunikation also, die bislang eher zaghaft stattgefunden hat. Anschlusse an eine Ethics of Care und durch sie vertretene Perspektiven wurden bisher wenig gesucht. Diese Anschlusse sind aber dringend angezeigt, kann damit doch ein unschatzbares Sensibilisierungspotenzial erschlossen werden. Es erlaubt, sowohl bei der ethischen Beurteilung existenzieller, gesundheitsrelevanter Handlungs- und Entscheidungsprobleme als auch bei der Suche nach kontextuell angemessenen und vertretbaren Losungen den spezifischen Wahrnehmungs-, sprachlichen Artikulations- sowie evaluativen Interpretationshorizonten aller Beteiligten gerecht zu werden.
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A Primer for Christians, Third Edition

Author: Gilbert Meilaender

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802867707

Category: Medical

Page: 133

View: 6631

Christian vision -- Procreation versus reproduction -- Abortion -- Genetic advance -- Prenatal screening -- Suicide and euthanasia -- Refusing treatment -- Who decides? -- Gifts of the body: organ donation -- Gifts of the body: human experimentation -- Embryos: the smallest of research subjects -- Sickness and health.
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Author: Catherine Myser

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199749829

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 2339

Contemporary bioethics, now roughly 40 years old as a discipline, originated in the United States with a primarily Anglo-American cultural ethos. It continues to be professionalized and institutionalized as a maturing discipline at the intersections of philosophy, medicine, law, social sciences, and humanities. Increasingly bioethics - along with its foundational values, concepts and principals - has been exported to other countries, not only in the developed West, but also in developing and/or Eastern countries. Bioethics thus continues to undergo intriguing transformations as it is globalized and adapted to local cultures. These processes have occurred rapidly in the last two decades, with relatively little reflection and examination. This volume brings together contributors from a wide variety of disciplines to take a critical, empirical look at bioethics around the globe, examining how it is being transformed - at both local and global levels - in this process of cross-cultural exporting and importing. One concern is to identify sociocultural forces and consequences which may positively or negatively affect ethics and social justice goals. This book thereby offers the first comparative anthropology and sociology of globalizing bioethics in the field, exploring the global dissemination, local adaptations, cultural meanings and social functions of bioethics theories, practices and institutions and comparing developed and developing countries. The volume considers a full range of countries on every inhabited continent, including: Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, Europe, the Middle East, and North America. Topics include government agendas such as nationalism and nation building; agendas of powerful, associated professions (e.g., medicine, law); theological and political agendas such as 'culture wars'; agendas of entrepreneurial economies of profit; and other cultural and ideological agendas consciously or unconsciously advanced or contested by bioethics work in particular countries based on their unique history, politics and culture. This cross-cultural exploration of globalizing bioethics will be of great interest to a field that is increasingly introspective about its underlying sociocultural assumptions and biases. "At last-an unabashedly sociological and anthropological look at the globalization of bioethics, a really fresh approach to a maturing discipline. The chapters speak from the perspective of sophisticated Western-developed exporters of the bioethical paradigm [and equally sophisticated] Eastern-developing and third-world and interdisciplinary critics suspicious of the canonical view. Trained in the dominant school of American, mainstream philosophy, Myser draws on her long-standing commitment to a social and cultural approach to bioethics to take a fresh look at bioethics globally. She grasps the globalization of bioethics and the skepticism about analytical philosophy's Americanized consensus. The book sets the stage for a new era in bioethics theory and practice {debating] whether a universal common morality underlies the rich variation in national and cultural bioethics traditions." - Robert Veatch, Georgetown University "This path-breaking volume is the first to explore the global export of Western bioethics to a variety of non-Western settings. Explicitly critical, the book also points to the liberating potential of bioethics to achieve social justice and improve the lives of patients around the world. The book is a must-read for all medical anthropologists interested in bioethics." - Marcia Inhorn, Yale University "Bioethics Around the Globe should change the way bioethics is conceived and practiced in the U.S. and elsewhere. Its rich and wide-ranging comparative examination opens new possibilities for bioethical reflection. I enthusiastically recommend this wonderful book." - James F. Childress, University of Virginia "The past 40 years have seen a remarkable spread of bioethics to every part of the world. Dr. Myser's collection is a wonderful and rich exploration of its international impact, revealing important similarities and differences from country to country. It will have an important impact." - Daniel Callahan, The Hastings Center
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A Return to Fundamentals

Author: Bernard Gert,Charles M. Culver,K. Danner Clouser

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199722051

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 8888

An updated and expanded successor to Culver and Gert's Philosophy in Medicine, this book integrates moral philosophy with clinical medicine to present a comprehensive summary of the theory, concepts, and lines of reasoning underlying the field of bioethics. Rather than concentrating narrowly on bioethics and investigating moral philosophy only marginally, the authors provide an explicit account of common morality and show how it applies to and is modified by the realities of clinical medicine. Such broader knowledge finds its specific practical application when one attempts to resolve the more complex and difficult cases. This book does not attempt to settle all controversial matters, but rather provides an ethical framework that various parties to the dispute can accept and use as a basis for reaching agreement. Thus, the authors' main goal is to facilitate ethical discussion. Their detailed analyses of death and disease maintain the theoretical objectivity of these concepts while recognizing their central role in social and medical practices. They also provide in-depth discussions of the central concepts and issues in bioethics: competence, consent, justification for moral rule violations, and confidentiality. Paternalism, one of the most pervasive problems in clinical medicine, is accorded special attention. All these concepts have been integrated and systematically grounded within common morality. The book is richly illustrated with discussions of clinical cases. The authors explicitly compare their position with other accounts of bioethics such as principlism, casuistry, and virtue theory. Their discussion of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide clarifies and evaluates the recent legal decisions on these topics. The arguments throughout the volume stand out with characteristic clarity and cogency. A fresh and all-encompassing approach to bioethics that does not shy away from controversy, Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals will interest not only students in philosophy of medicine and medical ethics courses, but also moral philosophers and bioethicists, as well as doctors, nurses, and other health care professionals.
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Latin American Perspectives

Author: Arleen L. F. Salles,María Julia Bertomeu

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042015173

Category: Philosophy

Page: 199

View: 8192

This book presents a unique view of the current state of development of bioethics in Latin America. Twelve Latin American thinkers who share a primary interest in bioethics address a vast range of questions, including autonomy, rights, justice, and the role of culture and religion in bioethics. These studies contribute to an understanding of Latin American thought, and they make possible a transcultural dialogue on bioethical issues.
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Ancient Themes in Contemporary Issues

Author: Mark G. Kuczewski

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262611770

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 4704

Contemporary bioethicists and scholars of ancient philosophy explore the import of classical ethics on such pressing bioethical concerns.
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Basic Writings on the Key Ethical Questions that Surround the Major, Modern Biological Possibilities and Problems

Author: Thomas Anthony Shannon

Publisher: Paulist Press

ISBN: 9780809134441

Category: Medical

Page: 542

View: 6540

Issues in bioethics, medicine, and healthcare continue to plague us - as patients as consumers, as citizens. Here, under one cover, are thirty of the most current and perceptive articles, culled from key medical, ethical, philosophical, legal and theological journals. Dr. Shannon once again offers - to healthcare professionals and students alike - access to this decade's core bioethics questions, a spectrum of viewpoints, and a wealth of insight.
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Methods, Theories, Domains

Author: Marcus Düwell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415609917

Category: LAW

Page: 304

View: 4211

This book is a philosophically-oriented introduction to bioethics. It offers the reader an overview of key debates in bioethics relevant to various areas including; organ retrieval, stem cell research, justice in healthcare and issues in environmental ethics, including issues surrounding food and agriculture. The book also seeks to go beyond simply describing the issues in order to provide the reader with the methodological and theoretical tools for a more comprehensive understanding of current bioethical debates. The aim of the book is to present bioethics as an interdisciplinary field, to explore its close relation to other disciplines (such as law, life sciences, theology and philosophy), and to discuss the conditions under which bioethics can serve as an academically legitimate discipline that is at the same time relevant to society. As a systematic and methodologically rigorous overview, Bioethics: Methods, Theories and Principles will be of particular interest to academics and students in the disciplines of Law, Medicine, Ethics and Philosophy. 'This is a book that embraces neither a single ethical theory nor a pragmatic melange of just-so-principles. It is a thoughtful and engaging analysis of diverse theoretical foundations in Bioethics. It is also an enormous step towards conceptual and philosophical clarity in this fascinating area.' - Professor Christian Illies, Chair for Practical Philosophy at the Otto-Friedrich University Bamberg, Germany
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A Culture War

Author: Nicholas C. Lund-Molfese,Michael L. Kelly

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761829188

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 87

View: 743

The purpose of this valuable book is to consider recent cultural trends in bioethics from a Catholic perspective. Bioethics is intended for a lay audience interested in understanding bioethical issues from a Catholic perspective.
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Author: M. K. Sateesh

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 8190675702

Category: Biotechnology

Page: 820

View: 5400

Biosafety deals with prevention of large scale loss of biological integrity focusing both on ecology and human health. It is related to several fields such as ecology, agriculture, medicine, chemistry and ecobiology. Bioethics is the philosophical study of the ethical controversies brought about by advances in biology and medicine. It is concerned with the ethical questions that arise in the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, philosophy and theology. It is concerned with the nature of life and death, the kind of life to be considered worth living, what constitutes murder, how people in very painful circumstances should be treated, what are the responsibilities of one human being to others, and other such living organisms. The book has been divided in 28 chapters. It is an integrated approach to encompassing information on different aspects of bioethics and biosafety and their applications in biotechnology. Simple, clearly understandable illustrations, correct and up to date information's are the main features of this book. The book is intended not only for undergraduate and postgraduate students of biotechnology, genomics and related sciences, but is also aimed to draw attention of policy makers and teachers at national and international levels to the possible approaches in the field of biotechnology. Key Features * Covers the topics in depth from basic and deals with the key subject areas. * Takes a broader view of the earlier and current situation indifferent countries. * Gives the uses and their ethical aspects of the different technological developments made in the biotechnology fields. * Covers new developments in wider areas of biotechnology and its applications to mankind. * Deals with aspects of the Bioethics and Biosafety protocols and their implements. * Briefs the Indian Biodiversity Act.
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Author: Ellen Frankel Paul,Fred D. Miller, Jnr,Jeffrey Paul

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521525268

Category: Medical

Page: 395

View: 8484

Assesses the methodology of bioethics and examines a variety of moral and political issues.
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A Catholic Perspective on Marriage, Family, Contraception, Abortion, Reproductive Technology, and Death and Dying

Author: D. Brian Scarnecchia

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810874237

Category: Philosophy

Page: 460

View: 8245

Bioethics, Law, and Human Life Issues: A Catholic Perspective on Marriage, Family, Contraception, Abortion, Reproductive Technology, and Death and Dying draws on the Magisterial teaching of the Catholic Church to outline a Catholic response to a host of controversial issues related to human life. Scarnecchia lays out a Catholic moral theology based on the writings of Pope John Paul II and Thomas Aquinas, and he then applies those Christian moral principles to today's most contentious ethical issues, including reproductive technology, embryo adoption, contraception, abortion, family and same-sex marriage, and euthanasia and assisted suicide. This review of Catholic moral principles brings together an in-depth consideration of the central human life issues of our day with abundant reference to the Church's social teaching and to contrasting positions of today's leading ethicists.
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A Christian Approach in a Pluralistic Age

Author: Scott B. Rae,Paul M. Cox

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802845955

Category: Medical

Page: 326

View: 5842

The authors assess various secular approaches to bioethics that are particularly influential today and develop a framework for a Christian approach to assist people in addressing the many pressing issues in the field. Throughout, the authors touch on the numerous debated issues in bioethics though they are primarily concerned to give an account of the central theological notions crucial to an informed Christian perspective on bioethics.
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A Philosophical Introduction

Author: Carol Collier,Rachel Haliburton

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1551307235

Category: Bioethics

Page: 570

View: 7009

Every day bioethical conflicts arise in Canadian hospitals and courtrooms; they are debated in newspaper columns and argued in private. This updated edition of Bioethics in Canada provides an accessible introduction to the philosophical, historical, and medical concepts shaping these contemporary, and very contentious, debates. Bioethics in Canada opens with an introduction to moral theory and bioethical principles. These theoretical conceptions are then applied to practical ethical conflicts involving abortion, distributive justice, genetics, reproductive technology, and other vital topics. A landmark case opens each chapter, illuminating the many issues involved in these debates, as well as the philosophical assumptions that shape them. This highly usable text features excerpts of significant bioethical writings, as well as recommended websites, suggestions for further reading, and original case studies for students to analyze. With new information on emerging topics such as transplant tourism and multicultural challenges in pluralistic societies; updated research, recommended reading lists, and web resources; and new cases of interest, this second edition will be a valuable resource for many classes in the disciplines of Philosophy, Health Studies, Medicine, and Nursing, providing a strong ethical foundation in a field whose technical frontiers are ever shifting.
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Author: Vincent Barry

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495814083

Category: Education

Page: 464

View: 4550

BIOETHICS IN A CULTURAL CONTEXT--PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, HISTORY, POLITICS presents a unique, philosophical approach to modern bioethics. Rather than simply setting up debates about contemporary issues, this book helps students understand that many of today's bioethical controversies are tied to profound underlying questions fundamental as: When does life begin and end? What is a human being or person? What is life's purpose? What is the ideal society? The text is comprehensive and accessible, featuring a wide range of content that is crisply presented and clearly explained. A multitude of interesting examples and cases provides ample opportunity for discussion, debate, and research. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Author: Cosimo Marco Mazzoni

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041105233

Category: Law

Page: 245

View: 3520

Over the past few years bioethics, as a discipline, has attempted to elaborate individual and collective behavioural codes in several fields, but it has come up against difficulties; it has not even been possible to reach a consensus between different countries on the general principles. An example of this is the recent Convention on Bioethics endorsed by the Council of Europe.
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Papers Dedicated in Tribute to Kazumasa Hoshino

Author: H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr.,Kazumasa Hoshino,L.M. Rasmussen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792368281

Category: Medical

Page: 297

View: 4325

Is there only one bioethics? Is a global bioethics possible? Or, instead, does one encounter a plurality of bioethical approaches shaped by local cultural and national traditions? Some thirty years ago a field of applied ethics emerged under the rubric `bioethics'. Little thought was given at the time to the possibility that this field bore the imprint of a particular American set of moral commitments. This volume explores the plurality of moral perspectives shaping bioethics. It is inspired by Kazumasa Hoshino's critical reflections on the differences in moral perspectives separating Japanese and American bioethics. The essays include contributions from Hong Kong, China, Japan, Texas, the United States, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. The volume offers a rich perspective of the range of approaches to bioethics. It brings into question whether there is unambiguously one ethics for bioethics to apply.
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