Heilung aus dem Wald
Author: Clemens G. Arvay
Publisher: Editions A Verlag
Der Wald tut uns gut, das spüren wir intuitiv. Doch was bisher mehr ein Gefühl war, belegt jetzt die Wissenschaft. Sie erforscht das heilende Band zwischen Mensch und Natur, das einen viel stärkeren Effekt auf uns hat, als wir bisher dachten. So kommunizieren Pflanzen mit unserem Immunsystem, ohne dass es uns bewusst wird, und stärken dabei unsere Widerstandskräfte. Bäume sondern unsichtbare Substanzen ab, die gegen Krebs wirken. Der Anblick unterschiedlicher Landschaften trägt zur Heilung unterschiedlicher Krankheiten bei, und wenn ein Spaziergang im Grünen die Stimmung aufhellt, hat das auch einen Grund. Clemens G. Arvay zeigt diesen »Biophilia-Effekt« nicht nur, er sagt auch, wie wir ihn mit Übungen besonders gut für uns nützen können. Im Wald, oder auch im eigenen Garten.
Author: Stephen R. Kellert
Publisher: Island Press
"Biophilia" is the term coined by Edward O. Wilson to describe what he believes is humanity's innate affinity for the natural world. In his landmark book Biophilia, he examined how our tendency to focus on life and lifelike processes might be a biologically based need, integral to our development as individuals and as a species. That idea has caught the imagination of diverse thinkers.The Biophilia Hypothesis brings together the views of some of the most creative scientists of our time, each attempting to amplify and refine the concept of biophilia. The variety of perspectives -- psychological, biological, cultural, symbolic, and aesthetic -- frame the theoretical issues by presenting empirical evidence that supports or refutes the hypothesis. Numerous examples illustrate the idea that biophilia and its converse, biophobia, have a genetic component: fear, and even full-blown phobias of snakes and spiders are quick to develop with very little negative reinforcement, while more threatening modern artifacts -- knives, guns, automobiles -- rarely elicit such a response people find trees that are climbable and have a broad, umbrella-like canopy more attractive than trees without these characteristics people would rather look at water, green vegetation, or flowers than built structures of glass and concrete The biophilia hypothesis, if substantiated, provides a powerful argument for the conservation of biological diversity. More important, it implies serious consequences for our well-being as society becomes further estranged from the natural world. Relentless environmental destruction could have a significant impact on our quality of life, not just materially but psychologically and even spiritually.
Wie wir die Heilkraft der Natur in unsere Städte bringen - Vom Autor des Bestsellers 'Der Biophilia-Effekt' - Mit einem Vorwort von Gerald Hüther
Author: Clemens G. Arvay
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
Mit einem Vorwort von Gerald Hüther Die Natur ist das beste Mittel gegen Zivilisationsleiden wie Stress, Herz-Kreislaufprobleme und depressive Verstimmung. Im Wald stärken wir unser Immunsystem und unsere Organe bis zu den Zellen. Aber wie die heilende Kraft der Natur in der Stadt erleben? Waldbaden in der City? Clemens Arvay ist optimistisch. Der Biologe zeigt, wie und warum sich naturnah gestaltete Großstädte positiv auf die Gesundheit des Einzelnen und auf das gesamtgesellschaftliche Wohlbefinden auswirken. Die biophile Stadt der Zukunft besteht aus einem Netzwerk von Ökokorridoren, garantiert verbesserte Luftqualität und bietet Naturerfahrung für jeden. Mit Tipps, wie Stadtbewohner die Heilkraft der Natur schon jetzt effizient nutzen können.
Fitness aus dem Wald
Author: Clemens G. Arvay,Mariya Beer
Publisher: Editions A Verlag
Category: Health & Fitness
Die Wissenschaft hat bewiesen, was wir alle schon lange spüren: Bewegung im Wald tut uns gut, körperlich und seelisch. Denn die Bäume kommunizieren über bestimmte Botenstoffe mit unserem Immunsystem. Wenn wir im Wald statt in geschlossenen Räumen trainieren, kriegen wir beides im Paket: Fitness und Heilung. Der Biologe Clemens G. Arvay und die Fitnesstrainerin Mariya Beer zeigen die besten Übungen im Wald für Anfänger und Fortgeschrittene und erklären die Vorteile einer natürlichen Umgebung für den Muskelaufbau und den Bewegungsapparat.
Biophilia In Human Evolution And Development
Author: Stephen R. Kellert
Publisher: Island Press
Kinship to Mastery is a fascinating and accessible exploration of the notion of biophilia -- the idea that humans, having evolved with the rest of creation, possess a biologically based attraction to nature and exhibit an innate affinity for life and lifelike processes. Stephen R. Kellert sets forth the idea that people exhibit different expressions of biophilia in different contexts, and demonstrates how our quality of life in the largest sense is dependent upon the richness of our connections with nature. While the natural world provides us with material necessities -- food, clothing, medicine, clean air, pure water -- it just as importantly plays a key role in other aspects of our lives, including intellectual capacity, emotional bonding, aesthetic attraction, creativity, imagination, and even the recognition of a just and purposeful existence. As Kellert explains, each expression of biophilia shows how our physical, material, intellectual, emotional, and spiritual well-being is to a great extent dependent on our relationships with the natural world that surrounds us. Kinship to Mastery is a thought-provoking examination of a concept that, while not widely known, has a significant and direct effect on the lives of people everywhere. Because the full expression of biophilia is integral to our overall health, our ongoing destruction of the environment could have far more serious consequences than many people think. In a readable and compelling style, Kellert describes and explains the concept of biophilia, and demonstrates to a general audience the wide-ranging implications of environmental degradation. Kinship to Mastery continues the exploration of biophilia begun with Edward O. Wilson's landmark book Biophilia (Harvard University Press, 1984) and followed by The Biophilia Hypothesis (Island Press, 1993), co-edited by Wilson and Kellert, which brought together some of the most creative scientists of our time to explore Wilson's theory in depth.
Publisher: Harry N. Abrams
Christopher Marley's art expresses his passionate engagement with the beautiful forms of nature. Beginning with insects and moving on to aquatic life, reptiles, birds, plants, and minerals, Marley has used his skills as a designer, conservator, taxidermist, and environmentally responsible collector to make images and mosaics that produce strong, positive emotional responses in viewers. Marley has a brilliant eye for color and pattern in different natural objects, and he expertly captures the deep relationships among them. Biophilia (literally, "love of living things") is a must-have for nature lovers, designers, artists, craftspeople, and anyone looking for visual inspiration in the arts.
Psychological, Sociocultural, and Evolutionary Investigations
Author: Peter H. Kahn Jr.,Stephen R. Kellert
Publisher: MIT Press
For much of human evolution, the natural world was one of the most important contexts of children's maturation. Indeed, the experience of nature was, and still may be, a critical component of human physical, emotional, intellectual, and even moral development. Yet scientific knowledge of the significance of nature during the different stages of childhood is sparse. This book provides scientific investigations and thought-provoking essays on children and nature. Children and Nature incorporates research from cognitive science, developmental psychology, ecology, education, environmental studies, evolutionary psychology, political science, primatology, psychiatry, and social psychology. The authors examine the evolutionary significance of nature during childhood; the formation of children's conceptions, values, and sympathies toward the natural world; how contact with nature affects children's physical and mental development; and the educational and political consequences of the weakened childhood experience of nature in modern society.
Towards an Ecology of Emotion
Author: Kay Milton
Category: Social Science
As the full effects of human activity on Earth's life-support systems are revealed by science, the question of whether we can change, fundamentally, our relationship with nature becomes increasingly urgent. Just as important as an understanding of our environment, is an understanding of ourselves, of the kinds of beings we are and why we act as we do. In Loving Nature Kay Milton considers why some people in Western societies grow up to be nature lovers, actively concerned about the welfare and future of plants, animals, ecosystems and nature in general, while others seem indifferent or intent on destroying these things. Drawing on findings and ideas from anthropology, psychology, cognitive science and philosophy, the author discusses how we come to understand nature as we do, and above all, how we develop emotional commitments to it. Anthropologists, in recent years, have tended to suggest that our understanding of the world is shaped solely by the culture in which we live. Controversially Kay Milton argues that it is shaped by direct experience in which emotion plays an essential role. The author argues that the conventional opposition between emotion and rationality in western culture is a myth. The effect of this myth has been to support a market economy which systematically destroys nature, and to exclude from public decision making the kinds of emotional attachments that support more environmentally sensitive ways of living. A better understanding of ourselves, as fundamentally emotional beings, could give such ways of living the respect they need.
Author: Erich Fromm
Publisher: Open Publishing Rights GmbH
Dass der Mensch (auch) ein aggressives Wesen ist und als einziges Lebewesen eine Lust am Zerstören entwickeln kann, zeigt der Blick in die Nachrichten, wo Berichte über Kriege, Folter und Terror an der Tagesordnung sind. Doch wo liegen die Ursachen für diese Art der Aggressivität beim Menschen – einem Wesen, dass doch eigentlich die Liebe als sein höchstes Ideal ansieht? Tatsächlich versucht Fromm auf der einen Seite, anhand von zahlreichen wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen seinen humanistischen Glauben an den Menschen gegenüber allen Verteufelungen des Menschen durch einen angeborenen Destruktionstrieb zu verteidigen. Andererseits ist es ihm wichtig, bei der Diskussion um die menschliche Aggression auf eine Besonderheit hinzuweisen: nur beim Menschen gibt es eine charakterbedingte Grausamkeit und Nekrophilie, deren Entstehungs- und Wirkungsweise Fromm im einzelnen darlegt. Das Buch analysiert nicht nur diese besonderen Arten der Destruktivität, sondern illustriert sie auch an einzelnen Menschen. So enthält das Buch ein Kapitel über Stalin, Himmler und Hitler, wobei ihm Hitler als Fallbeispiel für einen nekrophil-destruktiven Charakter dient. Darüber hinaus macht dieses Buch wie kein anderes deutlich, wie Fromm sich das Zusammenspiel von individuellen und sozialpsychologischen Faktoren bei der Genese des Charakters konkret vorstellt und wie er zu klinischen Urteilen kommt, ohne dabei auf die Freudsche Triebtheorie zurück zu greifen.
Development and Culture
Author: Peter H. Kahn
Publisher: MIT Press
Winner of Outstanding Book Award, 2000, Moral Development and Education, American Educational Research Association. Winner of the 2000 Book Award from the Moral Development & Education Group of the American Educational Research Association Urgent environmental problems call for vigorous research and theory on how humans develop a relationship with nature. In a series of original research projects, Peter Kahn answers this call. For the past eight years, Kahn has studied children, young adults, and parents in diverse geographical locations, ranging from an economically impoverished black community in Houston to a remote village in the Brazilian Amazon. In these studies Kahn seeks answers to the following questions: How do people value nature, and how do they reason morally about environmental degradation? Do children have a deep connection to the natural world that gets severed by modern society? Or do such connections emerge, if at all, later in life, with increased cognitive and moral maturity? How does culture affect environmental commitments and sensibilities? Are there universal features in the human relationship with nature? Kahn's empirical and theoretical findings draw on current work in psychology, biology, environmental behavior, education, policy, and moral development. This scholarly yet accessible book will be of value to practitioners in the social science and environmental fields, as well as to informed generalists interested in environmental issues and children.
Author: Nicola Dibben
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
On its release in 2011 Biophilia was acclaimed as the first "app album" and the birth of a new music format. It was greeted as the way forward for musicians and developers, at a time when the traditional album format was under threat. Biophilia is an album for mobile digital devices, conceived and creatively directed by Björk, one the world's most innovative musicians, and executed by a team including interactive artists, developers, and designers. Here, Nicola Dibben draws on her experience as a member of the creative team working on the app suite to provide an insider's perspective on the creative process and product. The entire project's conception and realisation are traced, drawing on dozens of original interviews and participant observation. Dibben explores questions including: the new potential for interactivity and multi-sensory experience of music; the implications of Biophilia's visualisation of music for audio-visual aesthetics and music education; immersive versus 'distributed' modes of listening; and the creation of a curated artistic vision that counters the fragmentation and lack of multimedia experience associated with music consumption via MP3 download. The result is a brilliant exploration of a cutting-edge musical work and offers a unique perspective on the creative processes and ambitions of one of pop music's most compelling figures.
Organic Design Philosophy in Theory and Practice
Author: James Harris
Publisher: UNM Press
Throughout history, nature has served as an inspiration for architecture and designers have tried to incorporate the harmonies and patterns of nature into architectural form. Alberti, Charles Renee Macintosh, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Courbusier are just a few of the well- known figures who have taken this approach and written on this theme. With the development of fractal geometry--the study of intricate and interesting self- similar mathematical patterns--in the last part of the twentieth century, the quest to replicate nature’s creative code took a stunning new turn. Using computers, it is now possible to model and create the organic, self-similar forms of nature in a way never previously realized. In Fractal Architecture, architect James Harris presents a definitive, lavishly illustrated guide that explains both the “how” and “why” of incorporating fractal geometry into architectural design.
Adaptation and the Future of Human Life
Author: Peter H. Kahn
Publisher: MIT Press
Why it matters that our relationship with nature is increasingly mediated and augmented by technology. Our forebears may have had a close connection with the natural world, but increasingly we experience technological nature. Children come of age watching digital nature programs on television. They inhabit virtual lands in digital games. And they play with robotic animals, purchased at big box stores. Until a few years ago, hunters could "telehunt"--shoot and kill animals in Texas from a computer anywhere in the world via a Web interface. Does it matter that much of our experience with nature is mediated and augmented by technology? In Technological Nature, Peter Kahn argues that it does, and shows how it affects our well-being. Kahn describes his investigations of children's and adults' experiences of cutting-edge technological nature. He and his team installed "technological nature windows" (50-inch plasma screens showing high-definition broadcasts of real-time local nature views) in inside offices on his university campus and assessed the physiological and psychological effects on viewers. He studied children's and adults' relationships with the robotic dog AIBO (including possible benefits for children with autism). And he studied online "telegardening" (a pastoral alternative to "telehunting"). Kahn's studies show that in terms of human well-being technological nature is better than no nature, but not as good as actual nature. We should develop and use technological nature as a bonus on life, not as its substitute, and re-envision what is beautiful and fulfilling and often wild in essence in our relationship with the natural world.
Author: Lawrence J. Friedman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Erich Fromm was a political activist, psychologist, psychoanalyst, philosopher, and one of the most important intellectuals of the twentieth century. Known for his theories of personality and political insight, Fromm dissected the sadomasochistic appeal of brutal dictators while also eloquently championing loveÑwhich, he insisted, was nothing if it did not involve joyful contact with others and humanity at large. Admired all over the world, Fromm continues to inspire with his message of universal brotherhood and quest for lasting peace. The first systematic study of FrommÕs influences and achievements, this biography revisits the thinkerÕs most important works, especially Escape from Freedom and The Art of Loving, which conveyed important and complex ideas to millions of readers. The volume recounts FrommÕs political activism as a founder and major funder of Amnesty International, the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, and other peace groups. Consulting rare archival materials across the globe, Lawrence J. Friedman reveals FrommÕs support for anti-Stalinist democratic movements in Central and Eastern Europe and his efforts to revitalize American democracy. For the first time, readers learn about FrommÕs direct contact with high officials in the American government on matters of war and peace while accessing a deeper understanding of his conceptual differences with Freud, his rapport with Neo-Freudians like Karen Horney and Harry Stack Sullivan, and his association with innovative artists, public intellectuals, and world leaders. Friedman elucidates FrommÕs key intellectual contributions, especially his innovative concept of Òsocial character,Ó in which social institutions and practices shape the inner psyche, and he clarifies FrommÕs conception of love as an acquired skill. Taking full stock of the thinkerÕs historical and global accomplishments, Friedman portrays a man of immense authenticity and spirituality who made life in the twentieth century more humane than it might have been.
Evolutionary Governance and Biophilia in the Anthropocene
Author: Walter Truett Anderson
Science is telling us that Earth has become a different kind of planet. There was a time when its life forms evolved according to rules similar to those described by Darwin and his colleagues Now we find that the rules have changed. Every ecosystem, every species, everything that happens in the air or the water or on the land is affected by what people do or have done. This is why many scientists believe it is time to proclaim an end to the Holocene Epoch, which began some ten to twelve thousand years ago, and recognize that we have now entered a new epoch, the Anthropocene, in which human activity has come to rival nature as a force in the evolution of life on Earth. We are stepping out onto a wider stage than the human species has ever occupied or imagined before, forming a new sense of our place in the universe and--whether we want it or not--of our responsibility on Earth. And we have every reason to be absolutely terrified by that prospect. Are we up to it? It's quite possible that we aren't--that Homo sapiens, sapient or not, simply isn't far enough down from the trees and out of the caves to handle an evolutionary challenge of such monumental difficulty and complexity. If we do succeed, we won't simply owe it to our scientific and technological achievements--although they will certainly play a major part--but because we have successfully advanced our capacities to function at appropriate levels of cognitive and emotional development. We are going to have to rely on our own equipment as embodied minds, our capacity to recognize, cultivate and act on the felt connection to life that is sometimes called biophilia. From We The Planet