Challenging Environmentalism's Supremacy

Author: Anthony Walsh,Lee Ellis

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 9271

In criminology, environmentalism is the assumption that variations in criminal behaviour result only from variations in environmental factors, especially social environmental factors. The biosocial perspective is quite different. It assumes that biological and environmental factors interact to affect criminal behaviour. Social environmental explanations have dominated the field of criminology for at least the past century. Supporters of this perspective argue that because criminal is an ever-changing legal designation, it makes no sense to believe that crimes are the result of biology. Biosocial theorists concede that criminality is a legal concept, but argue that at the core of the concept are acts that are recognised as unacceptable in all societies. The theme of this book is simple: Biology matters when trying to understand criminal behaviour. This is not to exclude social factors but to maintain that social and biological factors interact to affect our varying tendencies to violate criminal statutes. Despite the conceptual simplicity of the biosocial perspective, the evidence that supports it is often complex and rests upon a number of biological principles that many criminologists do not understand. This book conveys some of the excitement that those working from a biosocial perspective are experiencing as they make new discoveries about how biological and social factors interact to affect criminal behaviour.
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An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: Anthony Walsh,Lee Ellis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412938406

Category: Social Science

Page: 495

View: 1509

This unique text offers an interdisciplinary perspective on crime and criminality by integrating the latest theories, concepts, and research from sociology, psychology, and biology. Offering a more complete look at the world of criminology than any other existing text, authors Anthony Walsh and Lee Ellis first present criminological theory and concepts in their traditional form and then show how integrating theory and concepts from the more basic sciences can complement, expand, strengthen, and add coherence to them.
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Author: Jason Roach,Ken Pease

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136233717

Category: Social Science

Page: 130

View: 8973

Human physique and behaviour has been shaped by the pressures of natural selection. This is received wisdom in all scientifically informed circles. Currently, the topic of crime is rarely touched upon in textbooks on evolution and the topic of evolution rarely even mentioned in criminology textbooks. This book for the first time explores how an evolution informed criminology has clear implications for enhancing our understanding of the criminal law, crime and criminal behaviour. This book is directed more towards students of criminology than students of evolution. It is suggested that there is scope for more collaborative work, with criminologists and crime scientists exposed to Darwinian thought having much to gain. What is suggested is simply that such thinking provides a fresh perspective. If that perspective yields only a fraction of the understanding when applied to crime as it has elsewhere in science, the effort will have been worthwhile. The authors attempt to provide a modest appraisal of the potential contribution that a more welcoming approach to the evolutionary perspective would make to criminology; both theoretically (by expanding understanding of the complexity of the origins of behaviour labelled criminal) and practically (where the evolutionary approach can be utilised to inform crime control policy and practice). An evolutionary lens is applied to diverse criminological topics such as the origins of criminal law, female crime, violence, and environmental factors involved in crime causation.
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A Text/Reader

Author: Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412956838

Category: Social Science

Page: 596

View: 7872

This uniquely comprehensive book provides instructors and students the best of both worlds – a text with carefully selected accompanying readings. Each Section has a 15p. introduction (a "mini-chapter) that contains vignettes, photos, tables and graphs, end of chapter questions and Web-exercises and is followed by 3-4 supporting readings. The theory Section introductions will end with a concluding sub-section that focuses on policy and crime prevention. The theory Sections contain a unique table that compares and contrasts the theories presented in that Section. A "How to Read a Research Article" guide for students appears after the book's Introduction in Section 1, prior to the first reading. The guide refers students to portions of the first reading to illustrate key aspects of a research article. The readings are carefully selected, edited journal articles appropriate for an undergraduate audience. Additional readings will be found on the accompanying Study Site. Full ancillary package with IR CD for instructors and a comprehensive study site for students.
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Why We Need a Genuine Natural Science of Societies

Author: Nigel Barber

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 310

View: 7014

Before oxygen's discovery, scientists invoked a mysterious inner principle of fire to account for burning. Today, scholars appeal to an analogously unscientific inner principle, known as culture, to account for human actions. So what is wrong with culture?! It extends from the contents of Petrie dishes to art galleries and is far too imprecise for scientific use. Science aims to separate causes from effects but social scientists use "culture" indiscriminately as both cause and effect making scientific progress impossible. Finally, culture is a smokescreen distracting us from the quest for objective influences on human behavior. (Polygamy is more about parasites than religion, for instance). This book is both a critique of culture-centered social sciences and the manifesto for a new approach - evolutionary social science - that synthesizes evolution and sociology. The author demonstrates that a natural-science approach to human societies helps us to understand social problems such as health inequality and violent crime. Written in a more high-spirited and accessible style than is customary for academic works, The Myth of Culture is a full-throttle indictment of ivory-tower social scientists whose arcane lore does more to feather their nests than to advance knowledge, or solve human problems. It should have broad appeal among college-educated people around the world.
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Author: Joshua Duntley,Todd K. Shackelford

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019029597X

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 4637

The field of forensic psychology explores the intersection of psychology and the law. The purpose of this book is to examine topics in the field using the powerful, multidisciplinary, conceptually integrated approach that the natural sciences have embraced for decades with great success. Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection is the meta-theoretical framework that unifies the field of biology. It unites research and understanding of the development, control, and organization of behavior. The study of humans, which includes all of the social sciences, is part of the field of biology. Darwin's theory provides a powerful meta-theoretical framework that can unify and energize forensic psychology, just as it has the biological sciences. Evolutionary processes undoubtedly shaped physiological characteristics to help solve problems of survival and reproduction. The lungs, for example, with their vast surface area and moist membranes are marvelous adaptions for extracting oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. Natural selection is the only known process capable of shaping complex functional mechanisms. Just as it shaped physiological adaptations with specific problem-solving functions, it also shaped our thoughts and emotions to guide behaviors toward solving recurrent problems of survival and reproduction. With this logic, we can use knowledge of ancestral problems to guide our understanding of how the mind works. Evolutionary Forensic Psychology is a necessary step toward a unified and complete understanding of psychology and the law. It recognizes that crimes such as murder, non-lethal violence, rape, and theft are manifestations of evolutionarily recurrent selection when they gave individuals an advantage in competition for resources. Each of the chapters that comprise this volume has been selected to provide the first unified examination of important research contributions and future directions of Evolutionary Forensic Psychology.
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Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321878

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 7514

Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Sixth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, and Richard A. Ball include new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.
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Author: Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289921

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 9064

Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.
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A Sociolegal Introduction

Author: Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195334081

Category: Law

Page: 404

View: 4655

Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociolegal Introduction incorporates a number of distinctive and innovative substantive features, which are not provided much attention in other textbooks for this course. These include: a discussion of how law comes into existence, the history and development of the American legal system, the sociology of law, court structure, and the difference between civil and criminal law. Also included are chapters on juvenile law/justice and gender and the law. It has many pedagogical features, including photographs, tables, an extensive bibliography for each chapter, a glossary of terms (with definitions), chapter summaries, lists of key terms and concepts, lists of key cases, and discussion questions. In addition, this text is engaging and easy to read and use, unlike many of the existing books for this course, which are very difficult for students because of extensive legal jargon, and/or lack sufficient teaching aids.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bibliographical literature

Page: 26

View: 8759

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Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322936171

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 2982

Die Proklamation der "Postmoderne" hatte mindestens ein Verdienst. Sie hat bekannt gemacht, daß die moderne Gesellschaft das Vertrauen in die Richtigkeit ihrer eigenen Selbstbeschreibungen verloren hat. Vielleicht hatte das Stichwort der Postmoderne nur eine andere, variantenreichere Beschreibung der Moderne versprechen wollen, die ihre eigene Einheit nur noch negativ vorstellen kann als Unmöglichkeit eines métarécit. Wir mögen gern konzedieren, daß es keine verbindliche Repräsentation der Gesellschaft in der Gesellschaft gibt. Aber das wäre dann nicht das Ende, sondern der Beginn einer Reflexion der Form von Selbstbeobachtungen und Selbstbeschreibungen eines Systems, die im System selbst vorgeschlagen und durchgesetzt werden müssen in einem Prozeß, der seinerseits wieder beobachtet und beschrieben wird.Die hier publizierten Texte gehen von der Überzeugung aus, daß darüber etwas ausgesagt werden kann, ja, daß Theoriematerialien schon verfügbar sind, die nur auf dieses Thema der Beobachtungen der Moderne hingeführt werden müssen.
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Ausgewählte Verhältnisbestimmungen

Author: Georg Hans Neuweg

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3706513781

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 1358

Die komplexen Beziehungen zwischen Wissen, Können und Reflexion werden im vorliegenden Sammelband aus unterschiedlichen disziplinären Perspektiven metatheoretisch, objekttheoretisch und empirisch beleuchtet. Experten aus Großbritannien, Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz diskutieren das Verhältnis zwischen Reflexion und Handlung, Wissen und Können, bewusstem Denken und intuitiver Urteils- und Handlungssteuerung, Theorie- und Erfahrungswissen.
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Eine humanistische Perspektive

Author: Peter Berger

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825248321

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9443

Im Alter von 35 Jahren schrieb Peter L. Berger seine charmante Einführung „Invitation to Sociology“, welche in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt wurde. Mit seiner konkurrenz- und zeitlosen »Einladung zur Soziologie« eröffnet er auf möglichst leichtfüßige und eingängige Art einen Zugang in die Denk- und Arbeitsweisen des Fachs. Ergänzt wird das Werk durch ein aktuelles Interview, das die Herausgeberin Michaela Pfadenhauer mit Peter L. Berger über dieses Buch und sein heutiges Verständnis von Soziologie führte. Peter L. Berger gilt als bedeutendster Vertreter der „neueren Wissenssoziologie“ und scharfer Analytiker der Gegenwart. Er leitete 30 Jahre lang das von ihm gegründete „Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs“ (CURA) an der Boston University. Mit dieser utb-Studienausgabe wird das wichtige Werk Studienanfängern wieder zugänglich gemacht.
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Gedächtnistraining mit der Jugendweltmeisterin

Author: Christiane Stenger

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593374552

Category: Self-Help

Page: 231

View: 3027

Die junge Autorin, mehrfache Jugendweltmeisterin im Gedächtnistraining, stellt Wege zur Verbesserung der Merk- und Denkfähigkeit vor.
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Author: Erika Landau

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Gifted children

Page: 127

View: 5837

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Author: Werner Habermehl

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486782487

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 5960

Grundlagen und Modelle für die angewandte Sozialforschung werden nach aktuellem Erkenntnisstand dargestellt. Dies geschieht im Rückgriff auf die in Jahrzehnten von Praktikern des In- und Auslandes gelegten Fundamente. Damit wird dieses Werk Bestandteil der methodischen Ausbildung an den Hochschulen werden.
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Author: Aristoteles

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843046638

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 8054

Aristoteles: Metaphysik Entstanden zwischen 348 und 322 v. Chr. Erstdruck: Venedig 1498. Erste vollständige deutsche Übersetzung durch Julius Rieckher, Stuttgart 1860. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Adolf Lasson von 1907, der die überlieferten Bücher der »Metaphysik« in folgender Anordnung wiedergegeben hat: II. Buch [α] S. 1-5. – I. Buch [Α] S. 6-35. – III. Buch [Β] S. 36-57. – IV. Buch [Γ] S. 58-84. – VI. Buch [Ε] S. 85-92. – VII. Buch [Ζ] S. 93-130. – VIII. Buch [Η] S. 131-141. – IX. Buch [Θ] S. 142-161. – XII. Buch [Λ] S. 162-181. – X. Buch [Ι] S. 185-206. – XI. Buch [Κ] S. 207-236. – XIII. Buch [Μ] S. 237-267. – XIV. Buch [Ν] S. 267-285. – V. Buch [Δ] S. 286-319. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016, 2. Auflage. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Aristoteles: Metaphysik. Ins Deutsche übertragen von Adolf Lasson, Jena: Eugen Diederichs, 1907. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Aristoteles, seine Ethik haltend. Detail aus dem Fresko Die Schule von Athen von Raffael (1510–1511). Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt. Über den Autor: 384 v. Chr. als Sohn des Hofarztes Nikomachos in Stageira in Thrakien geboren, wird Aristoteles Mitglied von Platons »Akademie« in Athen und Lehrer des jungen Alexander (dem Großen), der ihn später in seinen Studien unterstützt. Seine Sytematisierung ist bis heute prägend, er ist neben seinem Lehrer Platon und dessen Lehrer Sokrates der dritte große Philosoph der Antike. Aristoteles stirbt 322 v. Chr. bei Chalkis auf Euböa.
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Leben als hochbegabter Erwachsener

Author: Andrea Brackmann

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608103791

Category: Self-Help

Page: 171

View: 7656

Drei Millionen hochbegabte Erwachsene leben in Deutschland. Viele wissen nicht sicher um ihre besonderen Fähigkeiten und fühlen sich in diffuser Weise »anders«. Die erste Veröffentlichung speziell für hochbegabte Erwachsene erleichtert die Identitätsfindung. Als hochbegabter Mensch durchs Leben zu gehen könnte so schön sein: Schule und Studium stellen kein Problem dar, der gesellschaftliche Aufstieg ist gesichert ... Doch für viele hochbegabte Erwachsene sieht die Wirklichkeit etwas anders aus. Sie wissen nicht sicher um ihre besondere Begabung, wurden nie gefördert und fühlen sich diffus unzufrieden, oft angespannt und manchmal depressiv, wenn sie ihre Begabungen nicht umsetzen. Freundschaften und soziale Kontakte gestalten sich mitunter schwierig. Andrea Brackmann, Psychotherapeutin und Spezialistin auf dem Gebiet, lässt hochbegabte Erwachsene selbst zu Wort kommen. Sie schildern ihre Wege und Irrwege, in denen sich betroffene Leserinnen und Leser wiedererkennen können. Die Autorin kommentiert kundig, hebt Typisches hervor, gibt Hilfestellungen für den Alltag und informiert über alles Wissenswerte rund um das Thema Hochbegabung: Wie erkennt man Hochbegabung? Was weiß die Forschung zum Thema? Welche Anlaufstellen und Kontaktadressen gibt es? Ein Buch, das sich ausschließlich der Erfahrungen und Nöte hochbegabter Erwachsener annimmt. Aus dem Inhalt - Erkennen von Hochbegabung - Hilfestellung für den Alltag - Anlaufstellen - Kontaktadressen
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