A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur
Author: Ben Kiernan
Publisher: Yale University Press
Category: Social Science
Kiernan examines outbreaks of mass violence from the classical era to the present, focusing on worldwide colonial exterminations and 20th-century case studies including the Armenian genocide, the Nazi Holocaust, Stalins mass murders, and the Cambodian and Rwandan genocides.
Author: Tomi Adeyemi
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
Sie töteten meine Mutter. Sie raubten uns die Magie. Sie zwangen uns in den Staub. Jetzt erheben wir uns. Zélies Welt war einst voller Magie. Flammentänzer spielten mit dem Feuer, Geistwandler schufen schillernde Träume, und Seelenfänger wie Zélies Mutter wachten über Leben und Tod. Bis zu der Nacht, als ihre Kräfte versiegten und der machthungrige König von Orïsha jeden einzelnen Magier töten ließ. Die Blutnacht beraubte Zélie ihrer Mutter und nahm einem ganzen Volk die Hoffnung. Jetzt hat Zélie eine einzige Chance, die Magie nach Orïsha zurückzuholen. Ihre Mission führt sie über dunkle Pfade, wo rachedurstige Geister lauern, und durch glühende Wüsten, die ihr alles abverlangen. Dabei muss sie ihren Feinden immer einen Schritt voraus sein. Besonders dem Kronprinzen, der mit allen Mitteln verhindern will, dass die Magie je wieder zurückkehrt ... Der internationale Bestseller! Große Kinoverfilmung bereits in Arbeit bei Fox 2000 (»Twilight«, »Das Schicksal ist ein mieser Verräter«)
Der Holocaust und warum er sich wiederholen kann
Author: Timothy Snyder
Der Holocaust begann an einem dunklen Ort – in Hitlers Kopf: Die Eliminierung der Juden würde das ökologische Gleichgewicht des Planeten wiederherstellen und Deutschland die Ressourcen verschaffen, die es dringend benötigte. Timothy Snyders aufsehenerregendes Buch beginnt damit, wie Hitler die Welt sah. Atemberaubend intensiv schildert Black Earth, was geschah, wie es geschah und warum es geschah. Und es endet mit einer Warnung: Wir sollten uns nicht zu sicher sein. Wir sind nicht so weit entfernt von jenen Ängsten, die den Holocaust ermöglicht haben, wie wir glauben. Wir haben uns daran gewöhnt, den Holocaust als Todesfabrik zu sehen, in Gang gesetzt von Bürokratien des Bösen. Doch als die Gaskammern in Betrieb gingen, waren bereits mehr als eine Million Juden tot: erschossen aus nächster Nähe vor Gruben und Schluchten. Sie wurden in den Todeszonen ermordet, die in einem deutschen Kolonialkrieg im Osten geschaffen worden waren, viele davon auf der fruchtbaren schwarzen Erde, von der die Deutschen meinten, sie würde künftig ihr Überleben sichern. Es hat etwas Beruhigendes zu glauben, der Holocaust sei ein völlig singulärer Vorgang gewesen. Doch Timothy Snyder zeigt, dass wir an einigen der wichtigsten historischen Lehren vorbeigehen, die wir aus dem Holocaust ziehen können, wenn wir nicht sehr genau hinschauen, welche Faktoren und Bedingungen ihn ermöglicht haben. Sein Bestseller Bloodlands war eine innovative Erkundung der Ereignisse in Osteuropa zwischen 1933 und 1945, als die Politik der Nationalsozialisten und der Sowjets den Tod von 14 Millionen Menschen verursachten. Black Earth ist eine nicht weniger eindringliche Auseinandersetzung mit den Ideen und der Politik, die den schlimmsten Massenmord des Jahrhunderts ermöglicht haben: den Holocaust.
Nature, Environment, and Nation in the Third Reich
Author: Franz-Josef Brüggemeier,Mark Cioc,Thomas Zeller
Publisher: Ohio University Press
The Nazis created nature preserves, contemplated sustainable forestry, curbed air pollution, and designed the autobahn highway network as a way of bringing Germans closer to nature. How Green Were the Nazis? is the first book to examine the ideology and practice of environmental protection in Nazi Germany. Environmentalists and conservationists in Germany welcomed the rise of the Nazi regime with open arms, for the most part, and hoped that it would bring about legal and institutional changes. However, environmentalists soon realized that the rhetorical attention that they received from the regime did not always translate into action. By the late 1930s, nature and the environment became less pressing concerns as Nazi Germany prepared and executed its extensive war. Based on prodigious archival research, and written by some of the most important scholars in the field of twentieth-century German history, How Green Were the Nazis? illuminates the ideological overlap between Nazi ideas and conservationist agendas. Moreover, this landmark book underscores that the "green" policies of the Nazis were more than a mere episode or aberration in environmental history.------EDITORS---Franz-Josef Brueggemeier is a professor of history at the university of Freiburg, Germany. He has published extensively in the field of environmental history in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Europe.Mark Cioc is a professor of history at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and editor of the journal Environmental History. He is the author of The Rhine: An Eco-Biography, 1815-2000. Thomas Zeller is an assistant professor in the department of history at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is the author of Strae, Bahn, Panorama, translated as Driving Germany.
Mediating Power in Built Form
Author: Kim Dovey
Publisher: Psychology Press
Framing Places investigates how the built forms of architecture and urban design act as mediators of social practices of power. It is an account of how our lives are 'framed' within the clusters of rooms, buildings, streets and cities we inhabit. Kim Dovey contends that the nature of architecture and urban design, their silent framings of everyday life, lend them to practices of coercion, seduction and authorization. The book draws from a broad range of social theories and deploys three primary analyses of built form, namely the analysis of spatial structure, the interpretation of constructed meanings and the interpretation of lived experience. These approaches to programme text and place, are woven together through a series of narratives on specific cities (Berlin, Beijing and Canberra and Melbourne) and building types (this corporate tower, shopping mall and domestic house).
Author: Marilyn Ekdahl Ravicz
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
The years immediately preceding World War II in Italy were full of social changes, the phenomenal growth of Fascism and the confusing death of old ideas, values and classes. New dangers and challenges burgeoned until it seemed as if the frantic energy of a masquerade ball prevailed with everyone wearing fancy uniforms and dreaming of conquest. In neighboring Germany, the ranting and rampaging birth of Nazi ideas was followed by Hitler's lightning-strike invasions of European neighbors. These strikes were aimed to gain land and power, change old ideas, entrench and strengthen pure Aryan racially-grounded Nazi values, as well as destroy anything or anyone not compatible with the goals of the glorious Third Reich. Aware that artworks embody ideals and educate people through their symbolic power, the Nazis engaged in a multi-faceted program dedicated to destroy all artworks inconsistent with their views, and to substitute only art and architecture that idealized Aryan purity and Nazidom. To that end, they developed organizations and programs, built museums, filled them with carefully vetted art, outlawed all avant garde and non-Aryan artists, and proceeded to loot desirable artworks from occupied countries. They then stored or displayed their loot in their palaces or museums as fodder for propaganda and self-aggrandizement. Hitler, Goring and many other high-ranking Nazi leaders were deeply involved with these efforts, as well as the rewriting of history to conform to their putative glory through adopted symbols. Meanwhile, when the war continued to drag its bloody traces over occupied countries, Italians discovered just how terrifying it was to be a Nazi ally. Fascism faded as battles and air strikes continued, and victories faltered for the Axis. Italians suffered from a lack of life-supporting supplies or shelter, many youths and old men were conscripted into German work camps, hungry and homeless refugees swarmed into the cities and partisans gathered in the hills ready to become guerilla warriors against the Nazis. Slowly at first and hedged about with lies, information about Nazi art thefts in other countries seeped into the consciousness of concerned Italians. As they became increasingly worried about reports of forced sales and actual looting of Italy's artistic heritage, a small band of dedicated Italians, self-named the Salvatores, made a pact to engage in a series of dangerous acts and subterfuges in order to hide Italian artworks in ricoveri and save them from German theft. Because Florence was a center of much Renaissance art and architecture, and because it did not have a Vatican in which to store artworks safely, the Salvatores struggled on independently with their clandestine rescue efforts to inventory and hide artworks. The little band comprised an odd group: wealthy Duke di Bergolini, his adoptive son Ortolani, a castrato opera singer, Ortolani's Benedictine brother, two young women of talent, two Tuscan museum officials who were art historians, a few helpful Italians and even two German officials who became virtual double-agents. Against difficult odds and in the face death threats or potential seizure and torture, they struggled and continued to inventory and shelter artworks, to track their trails when stolen, and to prevail until peace returned. By August of 1944, after Mussolini was dethroned' and German-backed neo-Fascism was only a Nazi puppet government, it was apparent to everyone but the most rabid Nazis that Germany had lost the war. Even then, SS Officers and contingents from Goring's brigades loaded art from discovered ricoveri into trucks and drove them to northern Italy, which was under complete German control and occupation. The storage locations for the looted art were kept secret from the Italians until the war ended. As the Allies approached the great city of Florence, the withdrawing Nazis mined and destroyed some of the most precious medieval and renaissance buildings and bridges
Author: Julius A. Elias
Publisher: SUNY Press
Ignorant, irrational and irresponsible: these are the terms used by Plato when referring to poets. Yet the philosopher acknowledged that he was not insensible to the charms of poetry, and many would agree that Plato's myths are themselves poetry of the very first rank. In Plato's Defence of Poetry--the first full-scale treatment of the subject since 1905--Julius A. Elias demonstrates that Plato offers a defence of poetry in response to his own famous challenge. This study restores the myths to their proper place in the Platonic corpus by showing their methodological relationship to the dialectic and their substantive connection to Plato's theories of knowledge, ethics, politics, and aesthetics. While agreeing that for Plato, poetry must be harnessed to the service of truth and socially desirable values, Elias shows that poetry is indispensable to the philosopher: when the audience would reject a more obviously didactic approach, poetry makes accessible and palatable truths demonstrable by reason. Furthermore--and this is the most novel and important feature of this study--Elias argues that the myths embody the indemonstrable axioms of Plato's system. Plato was aware that in every system, including mathematics, certain fundamental presuppositions necessarily remain unproven. Rather than assert them dogmatically, Plato expresses these undercurrents poetically so as to capture their emotional persuasiveness while defining their relevance. In Plato's Defence of Poetry, the myths themselves are interpreted afresh in light of these claims.
Perspectives on Taiwan Culture
Author: Christina Neder,Ines-Susanne Schilling
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Category: Political Science
Public discourse on cultural identity was not possible on the island of Taiwan until martial law was lifted there in 1987. While until then culture had mainly been an arena for the suppressed political discourse, the demise of the oneparty reign of the Guomindang (KMT) at the end of the 20th century signified not only the transformation from an autocratic to a democratic system but also the end of the cultural hegemony of the mainlanders on the island. The transformation process paved the way for further cultural innovation, the keywords here being education reform, language debate, establishment of new academic disciplines, historiographic reconstruction etc. It has also led to a widespread discussion of a specifically Taiwanese cultural identity which is reflected in literature, language, art, theatre and film. The international workshop "Transformation! - Innovation? Taiwan in her Cultural Dimensions", held at Ruhr University in Bochum from March 7th-9th 2001, set out to shed new light on these issues and generated an intensive discussion of potential new interdisciplinary approaches to cultural and literary research in the field of Taiwan studies.
Author: Erwin K. Scheuch,David Sciulli
Category: Social Science
These papers, from the 1997 Cologne conference of the International Institute of Sociology, are written by major, contemporary sociologists. A number of issues are discussed, including freedom of societies; the privatisation of belief, ethnicity, and globalisation; East-West relations; and institutional rehabilitation.
Author: Dan Stone
Publisher: Berghahn Books
In the last two decades our empirical knowledge of the Holocaust has been vastly expanded. Yet this empirical blossoming has not been accompanied by much theoretical reflection on the historiography. This volume argues that reflection on the historical process of (re)constructing the past is as important for understanding the Holocaust-and, by extension, any past event-as is archival research. It aims to go beyond the dominant paradigm of political history and describe the emergence of methods now being used to reconstruct the past in the context of Holocaust historiography.
Lessons from the Coeur d'Alene River Basin
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Superfund Site Assessment and Remediation in the Coeur d' Alene River Basin
Publisher: National Academies Press
Category: Political Science
For more than 100 years, the Coeur dâ€™ Alene River Basin has been known as "The Silver Valley" for being one of the most productive silver, lead, and zinc mining areas in the United States. Over time, high levels of metals (including lead, arsenic, cadmium, and zinc) were discovered in the local environment and elevated blood lead levels were found in children in communities near the metal-refining and smelter complex. In 1983, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) listed a 21-square mile mining area in northern Idaho as a Superfund site. EPA extended those boundaries in 1998 to include areas throughout the 1500-square mile area Coeur d'Alene River Basin project area. Under Superfund, EPA has developed a plan to clean up the contaminated area that will cost an estimated $359 million over 3 decades--and this effort is only the first step in the cleanup process. Superfund and Mining Megasites: Lessons from Coeur d'Alene River Basin evaluates the issues and concerns that have been raised regarding EPAâ€™s decisions about cleaning up the area. The scientific and technical practices used by EPA to make decisions about human health risks at the Coeur d'Alene River Basin Superfund site are generally sound; however, there are substantial concerns regarding environmental protection decisions, particularly dealing with the effectiveness of long-term plans.
A Critique of Christianity
Author: Gil Anidjar
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Blood, according to Gil Anidjar, maps the singular history of Christianity. As a category for historical analysis, blood can be seen through its literal and metaphorical uses as determining, sometimes even defining Western culture, politics, and social practices and their wide-ranging incarnations in nationalism, capitalism, and law. Engaging with a variety of sources, Anidjar explores the presence and the absence, the making and unmaking of blood in philosophy and medicine, law and literature, and economic and political thought from ancient Greece to medieval Spain, from the Bible to Shakespeare and Melville. The prevalence of blood in the social, juridical, and political organization of the modern West signals that we do not live in a secular age into which religion could return. Flowing across multiple boundaries, infusing them with violent precepts that we must address, blood undoes the presumed oppositions between religion and politics, economy and theology, and kinship and race. It demonstrates that what we think of as modern is in fact imbued with Christianity. Christianity, Blood fiercely argues, must be reconsidered beyond the boundaries of religion alone.
Pound, Yeats, Williams, and Modern Sciences of Rhythm
Author: Michael Golston
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
In the half-century between 1890 and 1950, a variety of fields and disciplines, from musicology and literary studies to biology, psychology, genetics, and eugenics, expressed a profound interest in the subject of rhythm. In this book, Michael Golston recovers much of the work done in this area and situates it in the society, politics, and culture of the Modernist period. He then filters selected Modernist poems through this archive to demonstrate that innovations in prosody, form, and subject matter are based on a largely forgotten ideology of rhythm and that beneath Modernist prosody is a science and an accompanying technology. In his analysis, Golston first examines psychological and physiological experiments that purportedly proved that races responded differently to rhythmic stimuli. He then demonstrates how poets like Ezra Pound, W. B. Yeats, Mina Loy, and William Carlos Williams either absorbed or echoed the information in these studies, using it to hone the innovative edge of Modernist practice and fundamentally alter the way poetry was written. Golston performs close readings of canonical texts such as Pound's Cantos, Yeats's "Lake Isle of Innisfree," and William Carlos Williams's Paterson, and examines the role the sciences of rhythm played in racist discourses and fascist political thinking in the years leading up to World War II. Recovering obscure texts written in France, Germany, England, and America, Golston argues that "Rhythmics" was instrumental in generating an international modern art and should become a major consideration in our reading of reactionary avant-garde poetry.
The Relationship Between Culture, Language, Politics and Conflict
Author: David Murphy
Publisher: Lapwing Publications
Explores the subject of propaganda and its role in politics, war, revolution, and counterinsurgency.
Author: Paulgerhard Lohmann
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
This work of non-fiction wants to impart knowledge, encourage reflection, and awaken sympathy. It provides information about the anti-Jewish race politics of National Socialism and the increasingly more difficult effects it had on individual Jews in Fritzlar and its surrounding towns year after year. It reports on the few people who helped those Jews who returned from concentration camps and about the de-Nazification process from 1944 to 1948. Additionally, it documents in both words and pictures the different forms of lasting memorials. This book reminds us not only of past peaceful neighborly coexistence and on the growing contempt and oppression of the Jewish citizens, and their consequent expulsion and terrible murder, but also on personal salvation, and the efforts toward forgiveness and atonement. Photos, gravestone inscriptions, family trees, and lists of names will aid in researching Jewish family histories. Dies Sachbuch will Wissen vermitteln, zum Nachdenken anregen und Mitgefühl erwecken. Es informiert über die antijüdische Rassenpolitik des Nationalsozialismus und deren von Jahr zu Jahr härteren Auswirkungen auf die einzelnen Juden in Fritzlar und seinen Ortsteilen. Es berichtet von den wenigen Helfern, von den 1945 aus den KZs zurückkehrenden Juden und von der Entnazifizierung 1944 bis 1948. Ferner dokumentiert es in Wort und Bild verschiedene Formen dauerhaften Gedenkens. Dies Buch erinnert an friedliches Zusammenleben als Nachbarn, doch auch an zunehmende Verachtung und Verdrängung der jüdischen Mitbürger, schließlich an ihre Vertreibung und schreckliche Ermordung, aber auch an Errettung Einzelner, an Bemühen um Verzeihung und Versöhnung. Fotos, Grabsteininschriften, Stammbäume und Namenslisten helfen bei der Erforschung von jüdischen Familiengeschichten.