Nationalism, Internationalism, and Bushido in Modern Japan

Author: Oleg Benesch

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198706626

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 2034

Inventing the Way of the Samurai examines the development of the 'way of the samurai' - bushid=o - in modern Japan. Bushid=o is often viewed as a defining element of the Japanese national character and even the 'soul of Japan'. This volume demonstrates that bushid=o was not a continuation of ancient traditions, but rather developed from a search for identity during Japan's modernization in the late nineteenth century. This bookconsiders the events and writings that drove the dramatic growth of bushid=o, which tended to emphasize martial virtues and absolute loyalty to the emperor, and became a key ideology before and during the Second World War. Unlike otherwartime ideologies, bushid=o was revived soon after 1945, and is a popular and influential concept in Japan and other countries today. This book further examines the characteristics of bushid=o that have allowed it to recover and again be popularly perceived as a pivotal element of Japanese culture.
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Author: Musashi Miyamoto

Publisher: Booklassic

ISBN: 9635243979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 31

View: 3715

Miyamoto Musashi's Go Rin no Sho or the book of five rings,is considered a classic treatise on military strategy, much like Sun Tzu's The Art of War and Chanakya's Arthashastra. The five "books" refer to the idea that there are different elements of battle, just as there are different physical elements in life, as described by Buddhism, Shinto, and other Eastern religions. Through the book Musashi defends his thesis: a man who conquers himself is ready to take it on on the world, should need arise.
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Samurai Ethics and the Soul of Japan

Author: Inazo Nitobe

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486433912

Category: History

Page: 113

View: 5802

In this eloquent work, Nitobé eloquently explains the persistence of feudal Japan's morals, ethics, and etiquette into modern times. He takes a far-reaching approach, drawing examples from indigenous traditions — Buddhism, Shintoism, Confucianism, and the philosophies of samurai and sages — as well as from ancient and modern Western thinkers.
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Author: Inazô Nitobé,Blago Kirov

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781505489194

Category:

Page: 170

View: 5041

Bushido is the code of moral principles which the knights were required or instructed to observe. It is not a written code; at best it consists of a few maxims handed down from mouth to mouth or coming from the pen of some well-known warrior or savant. More frequently it is a code unuttered and unwritten, possessing all the more the powerful sanction of veritable deed, and of a law written on the fleshly tablets of the heart. It was founded not on the creation of one brain, however able, or on the life of a single personage, however renowned. It was an organic growth of decades and centuries of military career. It, perhaps, fills the same position in the history of ethics that the English Constitution does in political history; yet it has had nothing to compare with the Magna Charta or the Habeas Corpus Act. True, early in the seventeenth century Military Statutes (Buké Hatto) were promulgated; but their thirteen short articles were taken up mostly with marriages, castles, leagues, etc., and didactic regulations were but meagerly touched upon. We cannot, therefore, point out any definite time and place and say, "Here is its fountain head." Only as it attains consciousness in the feudal age, its origin, in respect to time, may be identified with feudalism. But feudalism itself is woven of many threads, and Bushido shares its intricate nature. As in England the political institutions of feudalism may be said to date from the Norman Conquest, so we may say that in Japan its rise was simultaneous with the ascendancy of Yoritomo, late in the twelfth century. As, however, in England, we find the social elements of feudalism far back in the period previous to William the Conqueror, so, too, the germs of feudalism in Japan had been long existent before the period mentioned.
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The Way of the Warrior

Author: Bohdi Sanders,Bohdi Sanders Ph D

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781937884208

Category: Bushido

Page: 407

View: 3537

BUSHIDO is a daily motivational book for martial artists and warriors. There are 365 quotes, commentaries and affirmations, one for each day of the year! The reader can read the text for the day, spend some time reflecting on the meaning for him or her, and then use the affirmation during his or her meditation time. The foreword is written by the legendary martial artist, Sifu Al Dacascos. BUSHIDO is endorsed by some of today's most respected martial artists. In addition to the quotes, commentaries, and affirmations, there is a entire list of all the quotes used in the book, plus a very comprehensive index which makes it easy to find exactly what you are looking for. BUSHIDO is a book that will motivate and inspire you every day of the year. This book is literally packed full of wisdom! The martial arts and warrior philosophy will make your think and inspire you to live a better life. This is one book that EVERY martial artists should have in his or her library!
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The Book of Five Rings, Hagakure - The Way of the Samurai & Bushido - The Soul of Japan

Author: Miyamoto Musashi,Yamamoto Tsunetomo,Inazo Nitobe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781934255797

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7822

The Samurai Series brings together three of the most important books dealing with the Samurai path and philosophy into one deluxe, illustrated hardcover volume. "The Book of Five Rings" was written by Miyamoto Musashi, a Samurai of legendary renown, about 1645. It is a masterpiece of simple exposition written by a master swordsman, who, near the end of his spectacular life, tried earnestly to explain the essentials of individual combat and the essence of being a Samurai. His book is widely considered to a cornerstone of the philosophy of "Bushido." "Hagakure - The Way of the Samurai," which means: "Hidden by Leaves," was composed from dialogs by the famous Samurai Yamamoto Tsunetomo, by a scribe, Tashiro Tsuramoto, about 1716 AD. It explains the major ideas and philosophy that are essential to the "way of the Samurai," by which is meant the "way of dying." It contains numerous tales of various Samurai and their deeds which illustrate their philosophy and practice. "Bushido - The Soul of Japan" by Inazo Nitobe was first published 1899. It is an extremely literate presentation by a Japanese intellectual who wished to present Japan and its fundamental philosophy in a way that could be understood by Westerners. It describes how the Shinto religion and Buddhism are the underpinnings of the essentially militaristic view of honor and life that are inherent in Bushido, the Samurai code. Excerpt from The Book of Five Rings. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved. The Gaze in Strategy The gaze should be large and broad. This is the twofold gaze, "Perception and Sight." Perception is strong and sight, weak. In strategy, it is important to see distant things as if they were close, and to take a distanced view of close things. It is important in strategy to know the enemy's sword, yet not be distracted by insignificant movements of his sword. You must study this. The gaze is the same for single combat and for large-scale strategy. It is necessary in strategy to be able to look to both sides without moving the eyeballs. You cannot master this ability quickly. Learn what is written here; use this gaze in everyday life and do not vary it...
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Writings from a Zen Master to a Master Swordsman

Author: Takuan Soho

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 0834827891

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 5746

This classic samurai-era text fused Japanese swordsmanship with Zen and influenced the direction that the art has taken ever since. Written by the seventeenth-century Zen master Takuan Soho (1573–1645), The Unfettered Mind is a book of advice on swordsmanship and the cultivation of right mind and intention. It was written as a guide for the samurai Yagyu Munenori, who was a great swordsman and rival to the legendary Miyamoto Musashi. Takuan was a giant in the history of Zen; he was also a gardener, calligrapher, poet, author, adviser to samurai and shoguns, and a pivotal figure in Zen painting. He was known for his brilliance and acerbic wit. In these succinct and pointed essays, Takuan is concerned primarily with understanding and refining the mind—both generally and when faced with conflict. The Unfettered Mind was a major influence on the classic manifestos on swordsmanship that came after it, including Miyamoto Musashi's Book of Five Rings and Yagyu Munenori's Life-Giving Sword.
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Understanding the Culture of Strategy

Author: Thomas Cleary

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 0834824558

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 2307

Military rule and the martial tradition of the samurai dominated Japanese culture for more than eight hundred years. According to Thomas Cleary—translator of more than thirty-five classics of Asian philosophy—the Japanese people have been so steeped in the way of the warrior that some of the manners and mentality of this outlook remain embedded in their individual and collective consciousness. Cleary shows how well-known attributes such as the reserve and mystery of formal Japanese behavior are deeply rooted in the ancient strategies of the traditional arts of war. Citing original Japanese sources that are popular among Japanese readers today, he reveals the hidden forces behind Japanese attitudes and conduct in political, business, social, and personal life.
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A Modern Translation of the Bushido Shoshinshu of Taira Shigesuke

Author: Thomas Cleary

Publisher: Tuttle Publishing

ISBN: 1462900429

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 128

View: 2281

Learn the ways of the Japanese Bushido Code with this very readable, modern translation of the Bushido Shoshinshu. Code of the Samurai is a four-hundred-year-old explication of the rules and expectations embodied in Bushido, the Japanese Way of the Warrior. Bushido has played a major role in shaping the behavior of modern Japanese government, corporations, society, and individuals, as well as in shaping modern Japanese martial arts within Japan and internationally. The Japanese original of this book, Bushido Shoshinshu, (Bushido for Beginners), has been one of the primary sources on the tenets of Bushido, a way of thought that remains fascinating and relevant to the modern world, East and West. This handbook, written after five hundred years of military rule in Japan, was composed to provide practical and moral instruction for warriors, correcting wayward tendencies and outlining the personal, social, and professional standards of conduct characteristic of Bushido, the Japanese chivalric tradition. With a clear, conversational narrative by Thomas Cleary, one of the foremost translators of the wisdom of Asia, and powerfully evocative line drawings by master illustrator Oscar Ratti, this book is indispensable to the corporate executive, student of the Asian Culture, martial artist, those interested in Eastern philosophy or military strategy, as well as for those simply interested in Japan and its people.
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The Life of Miyamoto Musashi

Author: William Scott Wilson

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 1590309871

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 284

View: 8527

The life of Miyamoto Musashi (1584-1645), Japan's greatest samurai swordsman, is chronicled in this first authoritative, "lively and balanced" ("Library Journal"), English-language biography of the impressive warrior. Included is original artwork by Musashi plus Glossary, map, and Appendices.
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A Graphic Novel

Author: Sean Michael Wilson

Publisher: Shambhala

ISBN: 0834829568

Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Page: 160

View: 4252

Here is the first historically accurate graphic-novel version of a legendary event in Japanese history. In the eighteenth century, forty-seven samurai avenged the death of their master in a plot involving over two years of secrecy. After succeeding in their mission, the masterless samurai all committed ritual suicide. The story, which is a national legend, remains a most potent example of Japan’s deeply rooted cultural imperatives of honor, persistence, loyalty, and sacrifice, and of bushido—the samurai code.
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The Warrior's Code

Author: Inazō Nitobe

Publisher: Black Belt Communications Incorporated

ISBN: 9780897500319

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 112

View: 2144

This reprint of the 1899 original is perhaps the most complete study of samurai life, exhaustively researched using original documents.
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Author: Inazo Nitobe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1406835358

Category: Fiction

Page: 72

View: 2953

"Bushido: The Soul of Japan," which has been called the best explanation of bushido in the English language, outlines the codes and ethics of the Samurai warrior class of Tokugawa era Japan. Much like the code of Chivalry of European Knights, Bushido lays down stringent rules of behavior towards superiors and inferiors, of behavior in battle and in peace, as well as the minutia of life. Written in 1900, "Bushido: the Soul of Japan" was meant to educate the Western audience about the soul of Japan and eliminate common prejudices towards the Japanese civilization. As such, "Bushido: the Soul of Japan" provides a wonderful cross-cultural and cross-theological comparison between Christian and non-Christian belief systems. Nitobe takes it for granted that the reader is familiar with Shakespeare and often uses Shakespearian characters as mouthpieces for the Western point of view while explaining the origin and sources of Bushido, its character and teachings, its influence, and its permanence. Often turning to fables and examples to illustrate his points, Nitobe clearly sees the value in this military way of life and waxes poetic from time to time. This book is a great resource for understanding historic Japan and the Samurai cast.
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Author: Jonathan Clements

Publisher: Robinson

ISBN: 9781845299477

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 6735

'Clements has a knack for writing suspenseful sure-footed conflict scenes: His recounting of the Korean invasion led by samurai and daimyo Toyotomi Hideyoshi reads like a thriller. If you're looking for a samurai primer, Clements' guide will keep you on the hook' Japan Times, reviewed as part of an Essential Reading for Japanophiles series From a leading expert in Japanese history, this is one of the first full histories of the art and culture of the Samurai warrior. The Samurai emerged as a warrior caste in Medieval Japan and would have a powerful influence on the history and culture of the country from the next 500 years. Clements also looks at the Samurai wars that tore Japan apart in the 17th and 18th centuries and how the caste was finally demolished in the advent of the mechanized world.
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Author: Chris Bradford

Publisher: Disney Electronic Content

ISBN: 1423140885

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 233

View: 1421

Shipwrecked on the shore of Japan, twelve-year-old Jack Fletcher is wounded and alone. His father and the entire crew have been slaughtered by ninja pirates. Jack's last remaining possession is his father's rudder, an invaluable book of maps and notes about the world's uncharted oceans. Masamoto-sama, one of Japan's greatest samurai, rescues Jack, adopts him, and sends him to samurai school, where Jack will be trained in the Way of the Warrior. Will it be enough to help Jack defeat Dragon Eye, the ruthless ninja who is intent on stealing the rudder at any cost?
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Lessons from Japan's Warrior Culture - Five Classic Texts on Bushido

Author: Thomas Cleary

Publisher: Tuttle Publishing

ISBN: 9784805312933

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 3445

The ancient warrior culture of Japan produced a sophisticated martial philosophy that we know today as Bushido—the Way of the Warrior. In Samurai Wisdom, author Thomas Cleary provides five critical new translations of major Japanese works on Bushido. The writings of the scholar Yamaga Soko and his disciples are among the most lucid expositions we have of the core ideas and philosophy underlying the Samurai's disciplined way of life and outlook. Together they provide an in-depth, practical guide to character building and conduct according to the precepts of Bushido—a code for professional warriors that retains as much relevance in today's world as it had when these works were written 400 years ago. Yamaga's writings inspired the transformation of the Samurai from a feudal class of warriors under the command of the Shogun to a group of prominent individuals with significant intellectual, political and moral leadership and influence. The works translated in Samurai Wisdom for the very first time are as timeless and essential today as the works of Sun Tzu, Musashi and Clausewitz. The five Japanese works on Bushido translated in Samurai Wisdom are: The Way of the Knight by Yamaga Soko The Warrior's Rule by Tsugaru Kodo-shi Essentials of Military Matters compiled by Yamaga Takatsune The Education of Warriors by Yamaga Soko Primer of Martial Education by Yamaga Soko
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Seven Sword-Sharp Principles for Success

Author: Lori Tsugawa Whaley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781938686825

Category: Self-Help

Page: 264

View: 8621

The Courage of a Samurai is a Japanese American's journey into bushido, the samurai's code of ethics. Each chapter features a timeless message about Japanese and Japanese Americans who applied the principles of courage, integrity, benevolence, respect, honesty, honor, and loyalty to overcome life's challenges, and emerge stronger individuals. The Courage of a Samurai provides the reader a look 'inside' this ancient code through the lives of inspiring individuals. Why did Chiune Sugihara, aka the Japanese Schindler, save the lives of Polish and Lithuanian Jews during World War II against the orders of the Japanese and Lithuanian governments? Understand the meaning of Honor in Saigo Takamori's, aka The Last Samurai, determination to preserve the samurai's way of life. Learn why "Go for Broke!" was the motto of the famous World War II all-Nisei 100th/442nd RCT, and discover why this simple motto reflects the essence of the way of the warrior. The Code of Bushido can guide us through the challenges we all face, and inspire us to live a life of honor, courage, and integrity in today's fast-paced and changing world. Sharpen your sword, and let the journey begin!
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Author: Morihei Ueshiba,John Stevens

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 1590308921

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 3404

The inspirational teachings in this collection show that the real way of the warrior is based on compassion, wisdom, fearlessness, and love of nature. Drawn from the writings of the founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido, this work offers a nonviolent way to victory in the face of conflict.
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Author: Inazo Nitobe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781784282608

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 1776

This classic text by Inazo Nitobe defining the moral code of the warrior class or Samurai has had a huge impact both in the West and in Japan itself. Drawing on Japanese traditions such as Shinto and Buddhism, and citing parallels with Western philosophy and literature, Nitobe's text is essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand the traditional Samurai culture and how it had an affect on the moral philosophies of Japan. This deluxe slipcase edition is illustrated throughout. Originally published as Bushido, The Way of the Samurai, has become a book like The Art of War: a classic with information that was created as a guide for the life of the literal warrior, but has become lifestyle reading for the martial artist, the yoga practioner, and the businessperson in the 21st century. Nitobe details the sources of the eight virtues most admired by his people and practiced by the Samurai - rectitude, courage, benevolence, politeness, sincerity, honor, loyalty, and self-control - and compares these virtues to ancient Western philosophies and more.
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