Author: Helen Beebee,Christopher Hitchcock,Peter Menzies

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191629464

Category: Philosophy

Page: 816

View: 4369

Causation is a central topic in many areas of philosophy. In metaphysics, philosophers want to know what causation is, and how it is related to laws of nature, probability, action, and freedom of the will. In epistemology, philosophers investigate how causal claims can be inferred from statistical data, and how causation is related to perception, knowledge and explanation. In the philosophy of mind, philosophers want to know whether and how the mind can be said to have causal efficacy, and in ethics, whether there is a moral distinction between acts and omissions and whether the moral value of an act can be judged according to its consequences. And causation is a contested concept in other fields of enquiry, such as biology, physics, and the law. This book provides an in-depth and comprehensive overview of these and other topics, as well as the history of the causation debate from the ancient Greeks to the logical empiricists. The chapters provide surveys of contemporary debates, while often also advancing novel and controversial claims; and each includes a comprehensive bibliography and suggestions for further reading. The book is thus the most comprehensive source of information about causation currently available, and will be invaluable for upper-level undergraduates through to professional philosophers.
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Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior

Author: Frank E. Hagan

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483389197

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 5882

Written by active researcher and bestselling author, Frank E. Hagan, Introduction to Criminology, Ninth Edition is a comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology, focusing on the vital core of criminological theory— theory, method, and criminal behavior. With more attention to crime typologies than most introductory texts, Hagan investigates all forms of criminal activity, such as organized crime, white collar crime, political crime, and environmental crime. The methods of operation, the effects on society and policy decisions, and the connection between theory and criminal behavior are all explained in a clear, accessible manner. All statistics, tables, and figures have been updated, as have the photographs, supplements, and audio and video packages in the new edition to make the material most relevant for your course.
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The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst

Author: Robert M. Sapolsky

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0735222789

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 7572

Why do we do the things we do? Over a decade in the making, this game-changing book is Robert Sapolsky's genre-shattering attempt to answer that question as fully as perhaps only he could, looking at it from every angle. Sapolsky's storytelling concept is delightful but it also has a powerful intrinsic logic: he starts by looking at the factors that bear on a person's reaction in the precise moment a behavior occurs, and then hops back in time from there, in stages, ultimately ending up at the deep history of our species and its genetic inheritance. And so the first category of explanation is the neurobiological one. What goes on in a person's brain a second before the behavior happens? Then he pulls out to a slightly larger field of vision, a little earlier in time: What sight, sound, or smell triggers the nervous system to produce that behavior? And then, what hormones act hours to days earlier to change how responsive that individual is to the stimuli which trigger the nervous system? By now, he has increased our field of vision so that we are thinking about neurobiology and the sensory world of our environment and endocrinology in trying to explain what happened. Sapolsky keeps going--next to what features of the environment affected that person's brain, and then back to the childhood of the individual, and then to their genetic makeup. Finally, he expands the view to encompass factors larger than that one individual. How culture has shaped that individual's group, what ecological factors helped shape that culture, and on and on, back to evolutionary factors thousands and even millions of years old. The result is one of the most dazzling tours de horizon of the science of human behavior ever attempted, a majestic synthesis that harvests cutting-edge research across a range of disciplines to provide a subtle and nuanced perspective on why we ultimately do the things we do...for good and for ill. Sapolsky builds on this understanding to wrestle with some of our deepest and thorniest questions relating to tribalism and xenophobia, hierarchy and competition, morality and free will, and war and peace. Wise, humane, often very funny, Behave is a towering achievement, powerfully humanizing, and downright heroic in its own right.
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A Critical Introduction

Author: Rob Watts,Judith Bessant,Richard Hil

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134083343

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 6944

International Criminology is an easy-access critical introduction to how conventional criminologists in the international arena think about and research crime. By using examples from the US, UK and Australia, the authors outline key ideas, vocabulary, assumptions and findings of the discipline while opening up a set of critical underlying issues and problems. From theoretical traditions to historical perspectives; contemporary criminology to reflexive criminology; this all encompassing text covers it all. This is the most valuable introduction to international criminology available for undergraduates and works as a superb refresher for more experienced students.
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Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452258198

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 1879

Like its predecessors, this Fifth Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice (by Ronet Bachman and Russell K. Schutt) provides complete coverage of the use and results of the contemporary methods employed in criminology and criminal justice research today. Specifically designed for undergraduate and beginning graduate criminal justice courses and programs, this text teaches research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students who will become professionals in the field. Students learn about the wide realm of research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of exercises included in the text and on the student study website that help them practice as they learn.
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For a Social Theory of Deviance

Author: Ian Taylor,Paul Walton,Jock Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134966660

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 1938

A major contribution to criminology in which Taylor, Walton and Young provide a framework for a fully social theory of crime.
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A Multiple Paradigm Science

Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: 292

View: 2697

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Author: Matt DeLisi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137469072

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 6051

This book applies the psychopathy concept toward the understanding of crime. Drawing on hundreds of studies and his own clinical, research, and practitioner experience working with the most antisocial and violent offenders, the author demonstrates that psychopathy can explain all forms of crime across the life course, and also examines the biosocial foundations of the disorder. With an abundance of case studies and historical references, written in a distinctive writing style, the book is equally fascinating to the academic scholar and the true crime buff alike.
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The Biological Roots of Crime

Author: Adrian Raine

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307475611

Category: Psychology

Page: 478

View: 4012

A criminologist who specializes in the neurological and biosocial bases of antisocial and violent behavior explains how impairments to areas of the brain that control fear, decision-making, and empathy can increase the likelihood of criminal activity.
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Introduction and Evaluation

Author: Ronald L. Akers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135948291

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5545

In Criminological Theories, the noted criminologist Ronald Akers provides thorough description, discussion, and appraisal of the leading theories of crime/delinquent behavior and law/criminal justice - the origin and history of each theory and its contemporary developments and adherents. Akers offers a clear explanation of each theory (the central concepts and hypotheses of each theory as well as critical criteria for evaluating each theory in terms of its empirical validity). Researchers and librarians, as well as general readers, will find this book a very useful tool and will applaud its clear and understandable exposition of abstract concepts.
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Author: W. A. Bonger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317433416

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 5201

This book, first published in 1936, provides an introduction to the various branches of criminology, including criminal psychology and criminology as an applied science. This title also provides an overview of some of the different criminological schools and theories. This book will be of interest to students of criminology and sociology.
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Author: Frank P. Williams, III,Marilyn D. McShane

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9780134558899

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8262

The authoritative resource for concise, chronological coverage of all the major sociological criminological theories This book provides all of the key principles of the most researched theories in the field of criminology in a concise, clearly written, and economical format. For over 30 years Williams and McShane's Criminological Theory has been one of the most well-respected resources for undergraduate and graduate students nationwide, much appreciated for its strong research orientation and detailed research bibliographies that show the relationship between theory, research, and policy. Chapters are logically arranged with the social, cultural, and political context necessary to maximize understanding of the times that generated and supported the various theories presented. The book provides a chronological map tracing the development of each theory in relation to its predecessors and its role in the evolution of future theories. Each chapter ties into the preceding and subsequent chapter, making the theories that are meaningful to criminology today more cohesive. As a result, by understanding the relationship between early and present theory, students see the role played by the theorist more realistically, and can see themselves participating in theory as others before them have done.
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On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality

Author: Kevin M. Beaver,J.C. Barnes,Brian B. Boutwell

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322653

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 348

The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. Kevin M. Beaver, J.C. Barnes, and Brian B. Boutwell aim to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.
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Author: I. P. Pavlov

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486161218

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 8754

Accessible exposition of the Nobel Prize-winning scientist's landmark work in experimental psychology. This translation was authorized by the author himself and remains the best introduction to his work. 18 figures.
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Understanding Transitional Relationships in Context

Author: Mark Findlay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521789837

Category: Law

Page: 246

View: 5623

On a contracting world stage, crime is a major player in globalization and is as much a feature of the emergent globalized culture as are other forms of consumerism. The Globalization of Crime charts crime's evolution. It analyses how globalization has enhanced material crime relationships such that they must be understood on the same terms as any other significant market force. Trends in criminalization, crime and social development, crime and social control, the political economy of crime, and crime in transitional cultures are all examined in order to understand the role of crime as an agent of social change and present an integrated theory of crime and social context. This was the first book to challenge existing analyses of crime in the context of global transition, and show that crime is as much a force for globalization as globalization is a force for crime.
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Author: Derk Pereboom

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521029961

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 5125

Argues that morality, meaning and value remain intact even if we are not morally responsible for our actions.
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How Do We Know What We Know?

Author: Douglas Woodwell

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483334058

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 695

Designing research can be daunting and disorienting for novices. After experiencing this first hand, author Douglas Woodwell has written Research Foundations: How Do We Know What We Know?,a book that shows how to mentally frame research in a way that is understandable and approachable while also discussing some of the more specific issues that will aid the reader in understanding the options available. Stressing the link between research and theory-building, this concise book shows students how new knowledge is discovered through the process of research. The author presents a model that ties together research processes across the various traditions and shows how different types of research interrelate. The book is sophisticated in its presentation, but uses plain language to provide an explanation of higher-level concepts in an engaging manner. Throughout the book, the author treats research methodologies as a blueprint for answering a wide range of interesting questions, rather than simply a set of tools to be applied. The book is an excellent guide for students who will be consumers of research and who need to understand how theory and research interrelate.
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