A Multidimensional Perspective

Author: Giulia C Romano,Jean-Francois Meglio

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317428560

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 8425

A secure supply of energy is essential for all nations, to sustain their economy, and indeed their very survival. This subject is especially important in the case of China, as China’s booming economy and consequent demand for energy is affecting the whole world, and in turn potentially driving realignments in international relations. Moreover, as this book argues, energy security should be considered more broadly, to include issues of sustainability, environmental protection and the domestic organisation of energy policy and energy supply. This book presents a comprehensive picture of China’s energy security. It covers all energy sectors – coal, oil, gas, renewables; international relations with all major sources of energy supply – the Middle East, Central Asia, Africa; and key areas of domestic policy making and supply.
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The Domestic Discussion

Author: Prachi Aggarwal

Publisher: K W Publishers Pvt Limited

ISBN: 9789383649532

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 8259

This book is about two subjects which have been keeping the world on tenterhooks: China and Energy. When China is discussed economy becomes the protagonist and when energy is discussed West Asia and Africa are the only regions thought about. However there is a symbiotic relationship between the world's fastest rising superpower and the world's fastest depleting natural resources, which is less talked about. China has crossed borders to procure fuel for its economy but how does it manage its own internal situation? What is the connection between economy, energy and environment and how does China's political structure manage it? This book is primarily based on resources written in the Chinese language, and it gives an inside view of China, and compares and contrasts both the Chinese and Western perspectives of an issue of extreme gravity. Moreover it talks about the nexus between energy, economy and environment and its internal politics. This book is aimed at giving an overall view of the picture, as it is not just one dimension that dominates or determines China's energy script. With an intense focus on the growing importance of China's energy factor, it traces the changing priorities given to the energy sector as reflected in China's policies. It further studies the impact of economic growth on energy and vice versa, i.e., the relation between the changing economic dynamism and the role of energy in contribution to its growth. It discusses the participation of economics in intensified energy utilisation and the function it can play in achieving energy optimisation. Moreover, environmental determinism and sustainable development is an important issue especially in the context of the degradation of environment and the investment in renewable resources and advanced know-how to achieve a greater degree of sustainable development.
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Author: Hongtu Zhao

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128151536

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 394

View: 3284

The Economics and Politics of China’s Energy Security Transition clarifies China’s energy and foreign policies through a comprehensive examination of energy sources, providing an insider’s unique perspective for assessing China’s energy policies. China’s historic decline in coal consumption since 2013-2014 and a plateauing of its carbon dioxide emissions have given China an unprecedented opportunity to decarbonize while growing its economy. In response to global questions about China’s institutional, administrative, and political challenges and risks, this book provides the answers that everyone is asking. Provides a rare assessment of China’s energy policies and reveals insights into the Chinese government Devotes attention to issues of global energy governance and energy sanctions Includes data and reference content suitable for researchers in economics, sustainability, energy policy, geopolitics and political science
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Author: M. Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137350555

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 8747

Monique Taylor analyses the policy rationale and institutional underpinnings of China's state-led or neomercantilist oil strategy, and its development, set against the wider context of economic transformation as the country transitions from a centrally planned to market economy.
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implications for U.S. policy

Author: Kenneth Lieberthal,Mikkal Herberg,National Bureau of Asian Research (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 42

View: 5427

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Author: Erica Strecker Downs,Richard Mesic,Charles T. Jr. Kelley,Christopher J. Bowie,Glenn Buchan,Hugh P. Levaux

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833048325

Category: Political Science

Page: 82

View: 1009

China's two decades of rapid economic growth have fueled a demand for energy that has outstripped domestic sources of supply. China became a net oil importer in 1993, and the country's dependence on energy imports is expected to continue to grow over the next 20 years, when it is likely to import some 60 percent of its oil and at least 30 percent of its natural gas. China thus is having to abandon its traditional goal of energyself-sufficiency--brought about by a fear of strategic vulnerability--and look abroad for resources. This study looks at the measures that China is taking to achieve energy security and the motivations behind those measures. It considers China's investment in overseas oil exploration and development projects, interest in transnational oil pipelines, plans for a strategic petroleum reserve, expansion of refineries to process crude supplies from the Middle East, development of the natural gas industry, and gradual opening of onshore drilling areas to foreign oil companies. The author concludes that these activities are designed, in part, to reduce the vulnerability of China's energy supply to U.S. power. China's international oil and gas investments, however, are unlikely to bring China theenergy security it desires. China is likely to remain reliant on U.S. protection of the sea-lanes that bring the country most of its energy imports.
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The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Central Asia

Author: Thrassy N. Marketos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134106025

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 2586

China’s need for energy has become a driving factor in contemporary world politics and a precondition for sustaining China’s continuing high economic growth. Accordingly, Chinese energy policy has been a political and strategic rather than market-driven policy. This book focuses on the need of a stable and secure investment environment which is necessary for the energy provision of China from the Central Asian states. The author argues that the institutionalization of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (S.C.O.), the Friendship and Cooperation Treaty between Russia and China and Chinese bilateral agreements with individual Central Asian states present an avenue and a framework of stability in which pipeline construction can commence. With the backing of the US in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Chinese involvement in the region has now been expanding. However, in order to stabilize the region for Chinese investment in energy resources, the author states that the US needs to be present in the region and that a strategic framework of cooperation between Russia, China and the US has to be developed. The book will be of interest to academics working in the field of International Security, International Relations and Central Asian and Chinese politics.
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Common Challenges and National Responses in Japan, China and Northern Europe

Author: E. Moe,P. Midford

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137338873

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 8518

Bringing together renewable energy and energy security, this book covers both the politics and political economy of renewables and energy security and analyzes renewable technologies in diverse and highly topical countries: Japan, China and Northern Europe.
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Domestic Sources and International Implications

Author: Suisheng Zhao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317981197

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 691

China’s rapid economic growth in the recent decades has produced an unprecedented energy vulnerability that could threaten the sustainability of its economic development, a linchpin to social stability and ultimately the regime legitimacy of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) as well as the foundation for China's rising power aspirations. What is the Chinese perception of the energy security and challenges, how has the Chinese government responded to the challenges? What are the international implications of China’s search for energy security? This collection of contributions by leading scholars seeks answers to these extremely important questions. The book is divided into three parts. Part I presents an overview of China’s sense of energy security and its strategic responses. Part II examines China’s energy policy-making processes, the efforts to reform and reorganize the energy sector and reset policy priorities Part III focuses on the international implications of China’s search for energy security. This book consists of articles published in the Journal of Contemporary China.
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Author: Philip Andrews-Speed,Xuanli Liao,Roland Dannreuther

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136050884

Category: History

Page: 120

View: 8114

China is frequently described as a threat to regional and global stability and its rapidly rising demand for imported energy is seens as one cause of this threat. This book shows that domestic politics and foreign policy have both played a part in China's recent major energy policy decisions. However, China's increasing involvement in the global energy markets can be seen as an opportunity to enhance cooperation and interdependence rather than as a threat.
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The Myth of the PLAN's Frontline Status

Author: Ryan Clarke

Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute

ISBN: 1584874562

Category: China

Page: 113

View: 2877

"This monograph examines the dynamics of China's energy security dilemma and the role of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). Following this, PLAN development is discussed and its future role in regional security is hypothesized. This report argues that it is domestic market inefficiencies and poor management practices that pose the greatest threat to China's energy security. Further, less and less of Chinese energy imports are making their way to the country by sea; thus the PLAN actually has a minimal role to play. Given these realities, Chinese fears of a naval blockade that deprives it of energy supplies, as well as American confidence that this is a realistic strategic option in the event of hostilities are implausible. In addition, Beijing's desire to develop aircraft carriers and other high-tech naval capabilities combined with its contribution to the anti-piracy mission in the Gulf of Aden have led many analysts to erroneously conclude that China seeks to engage in global power projection like the United States. However, the focus of the PLAN will remain regional and on asymmetric capabilities, namely the effective use of submarines and other undersea devices that ultimately seek to deter American and possible Japanese involvement in a conflict over Taiwan and/or in the South China Sea, such as the Spratly Islands, which China views as inalienable parts of its territory. Although China's interests are expanding and becoming more international in nature, recovering from the century of humiliation and ensuring domestic legitimacy remain the top priorities of China's leadership."--P. vii.
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Author: Michael Wesley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113412967X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 5179

This book explores the various dimensions of energy security in Asia – which has become an increasingly important geopolitical issue. Reputable international contributors look at the roles played by each of the major energy importers: the United States, China, Japan and India, as well as the main suppliers: the OPEC states, Russia, the Central Asian states and Australia. In each case, the domestic politics of energy security are investigated, and state interests and perspectives on the issue are considered. Analyzing the policy and security aspects of energy security, the book includes an examination of: the geopolitics of energy competition strategic, economic and environmental dimensions the impacts of energy security on human security. With energy security being one of the central issues facing the world today, this book is a timely and impressive appraisal of the major energy security issues facing Asia.
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The Maritime Dimension

Author: H. Lai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230619606

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 6585

The main focus of the contributors of this volume is to analyze closely major aspects of energy security, energy diplomacy, and maritime security in East and Southeast Asia. Specifically, they examine the current state of energy security and maritime security of China and Japan, as well as Southeast Asia.
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Energy Security, Cooperation and Competition

Author: Zhao Hong

Publisher: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute

ISBN: 9814695254

Category: Political Science

Page: 229

View: 301

This book examines the energy resource relations between China and ASEAN countries. It addresses the following issues: as the world energy demand shifts East because of the rise of China, ASEAN community and other emerging Asian economies, and as the Greater Indian Ocean and the South China Sea become the world’s energy interstates, will geopolitical tensions over energy resources spark conflicts in the region, especially in the South China Sea? Against the background of China’s rise and its growing influence in Southeast Asia, will China’s quest for energy resource cooperation be viewed as a threat or opportunity by its neighbouring countries? Since the United States, Japan and India are important players in Southeast Asia, does the shifting geopolitics of energy give these big powers a new strategic tool in an intensifying rivalry with China? Or does the changing geopolitics of energy resources create more areas of shared interests and opportunities for cooperation between these big powers to balance, rather than increase, tensions in Southeast Asia? This book will be of interest to anyone who is keen to learn how the world, especially the United States, can accommodate and adapt to the new global energy dynamics and how China and ASEAN operate as new players in global and regional energy markets.
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Author: Zhang Chi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814696757

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 2914

Since the beginning of the 21st century, China's energy diplomacy has been expanding rapidly and the country is searching for energy resources worldwide. This movement has not only improved China's energy security and international relations, but also enabled the Chinese national oil companies (NOCs) to access new investment markets and implement development strategies. The Chinese government and the NOCs need each other's support to realise their respective interests. The interaction between the government and the NOCs will have a critical influence on China's energy diplomacy. The Domestic Dynamics of China's Energy Diplomacy explores the long-neglected domestic dynamics of China's energy diplomacy, in particular the interaction of national and corporate interests. It argues that the convergence of national and corporate interests is the key momentum of China's energy diplomacy. It observes that the government-NOC relationship has been evolving with China's economic and enterprise reform. Finally, it tests the empirical evidence of the domestic dynamics of China's energy diplomacy against the three mainstream international political economy theories, showing their merits and shortcomings in explaining the phenomenon, before providing an alternative conceptualisation of the movement.
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Hedging Against Risk

Author: Øystein Tunsjø

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231535430

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 571

China has developed sophisticated hedging strategies to insure against risks in the international petroleum market. It has managed a growing net oil import gap and supply disruptions by maintaining a favorable energy mix, pursuing overseas equity oil production, building a state-owned tanker fleet and strategic petroleum reserve, establishing cross-border pipelines, and diversifying its energy resources and routes. Though it cannot be "secured," China's energy security can be "insured" by marrying government concern with commercial initiatives. This book comprehensively analyzes China's domestic, global, maritime, and continental petroleum strategies and policies, establishing a new theoretical framework that captures the interrelationship between security and profit. Arguing that hedging is central to China's energy-security policy, this volume links government concerns about security of supply to energy companies' search for profits, and by drawing important distinctions between threats and risks, peacetime and wartime contingencies, and pipeline and seaborne energy-supply routes, the study shifts scholarly focus away from securing and toward insuring an adequate oil supply and from controlling toward managing any disruptions to the sea lines of communication. The book is the most detailed and accurate look to date at how China has hedged its energy bets and how its behavior fits a hedging pattern.
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The Geopolitics of Energy Paths of China and the European Union

Author: M. Parvizi Amineh,Guang Yang

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004218572

Category: Social Science

Page: 490

View: 8084

While intensive cooperation between China and the EU in the fields of energy use and environmental protection is needed, the question remains unanswered how this cooperation could be organized. This book puts the geopolitical implementation of energy security into the context of geo-economic systems in a global scale.
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Author: International Energy Agency,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

ISBN: 9789264176485

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 83

View: 6441

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