The Republic and Laws

Author: Jed W. Atkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107043581

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 8689

Rehabilitates Cicero's reputation as an important political thinker by providing a fresh interpretation of his central works of political philosophy.
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Author: Jed W. Atkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108619746

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 8331

What can the Romans teach us about politics? This thematic introduction to Roman political thought shows how the Roman world developed political ideas of lasting significance, from the consequential constitutional notions of the separation of powers, political legitimacy, and individual rights to key concepts in international relations, such as imperialism, just war theory, and cosmopolitanism. Jed W. Atkins relates these and many other important ideas to Roman republicanism, traces their evolution across all major periods of Roman history, and describes Christianity's important contributions to their development. Using the politics and political thought of the United States as a case study, he argues that the relevance of Roman political thought for modern liberal democracies lies in the profound mixture of ideas both familiar and foreign to us that shape and enliven Roman republicanism. Accessible to students and non-specialists, this book provides an invaluable guide to Roman political thought and its enduring legacies.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A



Page: 686

View: 6487

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Ein kooperativer Kommentar zu ›De re publica‹ und ›De legibus‹

Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110536226

Category: Philosophy

Page: 204

View: 4670

Marcus Tullius Cicero, der bedeutendste Redner, Staatsmann und Philosoph Roms, prägt mit seinen beiden politischen Hauptwerken De re publica und De legibus für Jahrhunderte das abendländische Rechts- und Staatsdenken. Deren charakteristische Überhöhung von griechischer Philosophie durch römische Staatsklugheit erfährt hier von Fachleuten zum ersten Mal eine kooperative Kommentierung, die sowohl Fachleute als auch interessierte Laien anspricht. In De re publica lässt sich Cicero auf die drei Aufgaben einer Theorie des vorbildlichen Gemeinwesens ein. Jeweils zwei Bücher befassen sich mit der idealen Staatsverfassung (I-II), mit deren rechtlicher und sittlicher Grundlage (III-IV) und mit dem idealen Staatsmann (V-VI). Jedem dieser drei Gesprächspaare schickt Cicero eine persönliche Vorrede (Proöminium) voraus. In De legibus ergänzt er diese Überlegungen um Erörterungen zum Naturrecht, um eine detaillierte Darstellung des geltenden Sakralrechts und des Staats- und Verfassungsrechts von Rom, die dessen Einmaligkeit in politischer Stabilität und Optimalität belegen soll. Der kooperative Kommentar kann sowohl in Ciceros politisches Denken einführen als auch dessen Lektüre begleiten.
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Author: Aristoteles

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423301374

Category: Politische Philosophie

Page: 395

View: 8612

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From Cicero to Augustine

Author: Dean Hammer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521195241

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 6493

This book is the first comprehensive treatment of Roman political thought, arguing that Romans engaged in wide-ranging reflections on politics.
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Die Kunst, beliebt und einflussreich zu werden

Author: Dale Carnegie

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031479

Category: Self-Help

Page: 304

View: 3800

Dieses Buch zeigt Ihnen: - wie man Freunde gewinnt - wie man auf neuen Wegen zu neuen Zielen gelangt - wie man beliebt wird - wie man seine Umwelt beeinflußt - wie man mehr Ansehen erlangt - wie man im Beruf erfolgreicher wird - wie man Streit vermeidet - wie man ein guter Redner und brillanter Gesellschafter wird - wie man den Charakter seiner Mitmenschen erkennt - wie man seine Mitarbeiter anspornt und vieles mehr...
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Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787332391

Category: Philosophy

Page: 674

View: 9927

Vom "Leviathan", einem der bedeutendsten theoretischen Werke über die Ursprünge und Grundlagen der Idee des Staates und der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft, liegt nun erstmalig eine deutschsprachige Ausgabe vor, die den Text der englischen Erstausgabe von 1651 vollständig und nach den allgemein anerkannten philologischen Kriterien textgetreu darbietet. Die Ausgabe enthält die umfangreichen Marginalien der Erstausgabe und ist quellenkritisch kommentiert. Mit einer Einführung, Chronologie, Literaturverzeichnis, Register und umfangreiche Anmerkungen.
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Or, Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. Comprising an Accurate and Popular View of the Present Improved State of Human Knowledge

Author: William Nicholson

Publisher: N.A


Category: Natural history

Page: 680

View: 4578

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Author: Marcus Tullius Cicero

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150008034

Category: Old age

Page: 140

View: 671

Cicero war 62, als er die kleine Schrift über das Alter verfasste. Darin unterhält sich der 84 jährige Cato mit Scipio Africanus und Laelius darüber, ob das Alter zu beklagen sei. In der Erörterung mischen sich Persönliches und Grundsätzliches, Biographisches und Historisches, Römisches und Griechisches, Politisches und Philosophisches in glücklicher Weise. Der Dialog, der zu Ciceros besten Werken zählt, bietet noch heute eine bedenkenswerte Orientierungshilfe bei der Suche nach einem sinnerfüllten Leben.
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The Emotions in Political Philosophy

Author: Rebecca Kingston,Leonard Ferry

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774858184

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9403

The rationalist ideal has been met with cynicism in progressive circles for undermining the role of emotion and passion in the public realm. By exploring the social and political implications of the emotions in the history of ideas, contributors examine new paradigms for liberalism and offer new appreciations of the potential for passion in political philosophy and practice. Bringing the Passions Back In draws upon the history of political theory to shed light on the place of emotions in politics; it illustrates how sophisticated thinking about the relationship between reason and passion can inform contemporary democratic political theory.
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Roman Political Thought from the Fall of the Republic to the Age of Revolution

Author: Benjamin Straumann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019995092X

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 2114

"The crisis and fall of the Roman Republic spawned a tradition of political thought that sought to evade the Republic's fate--despotism. Thinkers from Cicero to Bodin, Montesquieu and the American Founders saw constitutionalism, not virtue, as the remedy. This study traces Roman constitutional thought from antiquity to the Revolutionary Era"--
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From Aristotle to Dewey

Author: Joseph James Chambliss

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887064630

Category: Education

Page: 172

View: 2369

Chambliss presents clearly the position that educational theory is a theory of conduct rather than an applied science. It is theory of conduct, not about conduct. He reveals the richness of this idea and examines the various ways it has been discussed in the works of Aristotle, Rousseau, Dewey, and others. He also demonstrates its timeliness for today's educators by presenting it as an antidote to the current widespread tendency of trying to quantify conduct, to treat education as a thing to be measured.
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How Scholars and Politicians Have Imagined the World, from Plato to Eleanor Roosevelt

Author: Mary Ann Glendon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199843732

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 8949

As Mary Ann Glendon writes in this fascinating new book, the relationship between politics and the academy has been fraught with tension and regret-and the occasional brilliant success-since Plato himself. In The Forum and the Tower, Glendon examines thinkers who have collaborated with leaders, from ancient Syracuse to the modern White House, in a series of brisk portraits that explore the meeting of theory and reality. Glendon discusses a roster of great names, from Edmund Burke to Alexis de Tocqueville, Machiavelli to Rousseau, John Locke to Max Weber, down to Charles Malik, who helped Eleanor Roosevelt draft the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. With each, she explores the eternal questions they faced, including: Is politics such a dirty business that I shouldn't get involved? Will I betray my principles by pursuing public office? Can I make a difference, or will my efforts be wasted? Even the most politically successful intellectuals, she notes, did not all end happily. The brilliant Marcus Tullius Cicero, for example, reached the height of power in the late Roman Republic, then fell victim to intrigue, assassinated at Mark Antony's order. Yet others had a lasting impact. The legal scholar Tribonian helped Byzantine Emperor Justinian I craft the Corpus Juris Civilis, which became a bedrock of Western law. Portalis and Napoleon emulated them, creating the civil code that the French emperor regarded as his greatest legacy. Formerly ambassador to the Vatican and an eminent legal scholar, Glendon knows these questions personally. Here she brings experience and expertise to bear in a timely, and timeless, study.
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Essays in Ancient Greek Political Philosophy

Author: David Keyt,Fred Miller, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521710121

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

View: 2154

What is the nature of law? Does our obligation to obey the law extend to unjust laws? From what source do lawmakers derive legitimate authority? What principles should guide us in the design of political institutions? These essays by prominent contemporary philosophers explore how these questions were addressed by ancient political thinkers. Classical theories of human nature and their implications for political theory are examined, as is the meaning of freedom and coercion in Plato's thought and his idea that philosophers should be political rulers. Other essays ask what we can learn from ancient thinkers like Aristotle about the principles of constitutional design or the limits of political obligation.
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Die advokatische Dispositionskunst in Ciceros Gerichtsreden

Author: Wilfried Stroh

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110951312

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 765

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Author: Gerard B. Wegemer

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 9780813209135

Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

View: 3228

The term "statesman" entered the English language during the Renaissance as a result of the widespread return to the Greek and Roman classics. Sir Thomas More, who brought his careful study of Plato and Aristotle, Cicero and Augustine to bear upon his political life, contributed most to the recovery of the ancient Greco-Roman concept of the statesman. Throughout More's writings and his actions one finds a consistent and principled approach to statesmanship that emphasizes the free character of the human person and integrates classical and Christian thought with the best of England's common law tradition of self-rule. This study is the first to examine More's complete works in view of his concept of statesmanship, and, in the process, link More's humanism, his faith, and his legal and political vocations into a coherent narrative. In Part One Gerard B. Wegemer sets forth More's theory of statesmanship, drawing heavily from the entire corpus of his work. In the second part he presents More's understanding of literature and applies this understanding to his book Utopia. In Part Three he investigates the two most controversial events in More's life: his treatment of heretics and his refusal to obey his king. More presented a consistent defense of institutional arrangements now taken as basic to all democratic government: rule of law, division of power, separation of church and state, elected representation, and protected forms of free and public deliberation. He believed that the essential work of the statesman is to draw upon the nation's deepest and longest-standing consensus, as expressed in its literature and its laws, in order to govern with the people's consent. More was convinced that law, not individual persons, should rule. This book, which integrates the literature, philosophy, history, and politics of the Renaissance, will appeal across disciplines to scholars of early modern England and to anyone fascinated by the life and times of St. Thomas More. Gerard B. Wegemer is the author of Thomas More: A Portrait of Courage (1995) and has written about More and his times for such journals as Renascence, Philosophy and Rhetoric, Moreana, and The Review of Politics. He holds master's degrees in political philosophy and literature from Boston College and Georgetown respectively, and a doctorate in English literature from Notre Dame. He is associate professor of literature at the University of Dallas, and he teaches and lectures regularly on St. Thomas More. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "Professor Wegemer's book is an extraordinary work of interpretation. The key to its success is a comprehensive grasp of More's life and work, rooted in a profound sympathy for the man and his goals. With a calm and confident hand, Wegemer sheds new light on More's views of statesmanship and its requirements, on the inner structure of his enigmatic and playful masterpiece Utopia, and on the guiding conceptions of his practical political life. Rarely do authors show such a capacity for leaping across the chasm of culture and years to understand the vision that makes sense of a man's life and thought."-- Professor Christopher Wolfe, Department of Political Science, Marquette University Table of Contents Introduction I. More's Understanding of the Statesman's Work 1. Can Reason Rule the Free? 2. First, Self-Rule 3. Ruling Citizens: What Is Needed? II. Utopia: A Statesman's Puzzle 4. Literature and the Acquisition of Political Prudence 5. Utopia 1 and 2: Dramatizing Competing Philosophies of Life 6. Utopia 1: Ciceronian Statesmanship 7. Utopia 2: Augustinian Realist III. Issues in More's Career as Statesman 8. The Limits of Reason and the Need for Law 9. Reform over Revolution: In Defense of Free
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An Historical Introduction

Author: Michael White

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199860513

Category: Philosophy

Page: 431

View: 4068

This historical survey of political philosophy explores the theme of how political philosophy relates to the nature of man. It illustrates how great political thinkers have always grounded their political thought in what the author terms a "normative anthropology," which typically has not only ethical but also metaphysical or theological components.
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Empire, Religion and Philosophy in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Author: Peter N. Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521617123

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 4745

The theme of this book is the crisis of the early modern state in eighteenth-century Britain. The revolt of the North American colonies and the simultaneous demand for wider religious toleration at home challenged the principles of sovereignty and obligation that underpinned arguments about the character of the state. These were expressed in terms of the 'common good', 'necessity', and 'community' - concepts that came to the fore in early modern European political thought and which gave expression to the problem of defining legitimate authority in a period of increasing consciousness of state power. The Americans and their British supporters argued that individuals ought to determine the common good of the community. A new theory of representation and freedom of thought defines the cutting edge of this revolutionary redefinition of the basic relationship between individual and community.
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