Author: Michael Howard

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191604488

Category: Political Science

Page: 96

View: 441

Karl von Clausewitz's study On War was described by the American strategic thinker Bernard Brodie as 'not simply the greatest, but the only great book about war'. It is hard to disagree. Even though he wrote his only major work at a time when the range of firearms was fifty yards, much of what he had to say remains relevant today. Michael Howard explains Clausewitz's ideas in terms both of his experiences as a professional soldier in the Napoleonic Wars, and of the intellectual background of his time. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Author: Antulio J. Echevarria

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199340137

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 8993

Since ancient times, poets, historians, and philosophers have contemplated warlords' exploits in battle and praised their ability to lead armies toward victory as the "art of the general." Today, this quality is designated military strategy. Military strategy plays a vital role in everyconflict, because, as the United States' involvement in the Vietnam conflict showed, when the overarching strategy is weak it is possible to win every battle but still lose a war.Taking inspiration from the greatest military theoreticians of history, such as Sun Tzu, Niccolo Machiavelli, and Carl von Clausewitz, this Very Short Introduction highlights the dynamic relationship between the principal components of strategy: purpose, method, and means. Drawing on paradigmaticexamples, from Hannibal's war against Rome to Napoleon's victory at Austerlitz, from the Allies' campaign to overwhelm Hitler's fortress to the terror attacks of September 11, Antulio J. Echevarria II vividly illustrates the factors contributing to the success or failure of military strategy.Echevarria describes the major types of military strategy and their advantages and disadvantages: annihilation and dislocation; attrition and exhaustion; deterrence and coercion; terror and terrorism; targeted killing; and cyber power. He also explores the emerging nano- and bio-genetic technologiesand explains how they are affecting today's military strategy. Clear and engaging, this book shows that military strategy is essential for understanding major events of the past and becomes even more critical today, in a world increasingly threatened by weapons of mass destruction, terroristattacks, and new dimensions of conflict, such as cyberwar and space.
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Author: Richard English

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667749

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 7136

Warfare is the most dangerous threat faced by modern humanity. It is also one of the key influences that has shaped the politics, economics, and society of the modern period. But what do we mean by modern war? What causes modern wars to begin? Why do people fight in them, why do they end, and what have they achieved? In this accessible and compelling Very Short Introduction, Richard English explores the assumptions we make about modern warfare and considers them against the backdrop of their historical reality. Drawing on the wide literature available, including direct accounts of the experience of war, English provides an authoritative account of modern war: its origins, evolution, dynamics, and current trends. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Erfolgreich investieren mit der Österreichischen Schule

Author: Mark Sptznagel

Publisher: Börsenbuchverlag

ISBN: 386470295X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 6508

Was verbindet die Österreichische Schule und den Taoismus? Und was kann man als Anleger aus dieser Verbindung lernen? Mark Spitznagel gibt Antworten. Regierungen, die überregulieren, Zentralbanken, die Wirklichkeiten am Markt verzerren. Der Investment-Ansatz der Österreichischen Schule meint seit 150 Jahren: Die Menschen verdienen etwas Besseres. Er befürwortet sich selbst regulierende Märkte, in denen freie Menschen in einer freien Gesellschaft interagieren. Mark Spitznagel, einer der bekanntesten und erfolgreichsten Investoren unserer Tage, verbindet in "Das Tao des Kapitals" die zentralen Elemente des zeitlosen Investment-Modells "Privateigentum, freie Märkte, stabile Währung und eine liberale Gesellschaft" mit den Gedanken des Taoismus. So wie sich der Mensch im Taoismus an die Gegebenheiten anpassen soll, so sollte auch der Investor den Märkten freien Lauf lassen - und die Früchte seiner Geduld ernten. Spitznagel weist in seinem Ansatz des Austrian Investing den Weg.
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Austrian Investing in a Distorted World

Author: Mark Spitznagel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118416678

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 7158

As today's preeminent doomsday investor Mark Spitznageldescribes his Daoist and roundabout investmentapproach, “one gains by losing and loses by gaining.”This is Austrian Investing, an archetypal, counterintuitive,and proven approach, gleaned from the 150-year-old Austrian Schoolof economics, that is both timeless and exceedingly timely. In The Dao of Capital, hedge fund manager andtail-hedging pioneer Mark Spitznagel—with one of the topreturns on capital of the financial crisis, as well as over acareer—takes us on a gripping, circuitous journey from theChicago trading pits, over the coniferous boreal forests andcanonical strategists from Warring States China to NapoleonicEurope to burgeoning industrial America, to the great economicthinkers of late 19th century Austria. We arrive at his centralinvestment methodology of Austrian Investing, where victorycomes not from waging the immediate decisive battle, but ratherfrom the roundabout approach of seeking the intermediatepositional advantage (what he calls shi), of aiming at theindirect means rather than directly at the ends. The monumentalchallenge is in seeing time differently, in a whole newintertemporal dimension, one that is so contrary to ourwiring. Spitznagel is the first to condense the theories of Ludwig vonMises and his Austrian School of economics into a cohesiveand—as Spitznagel has shown—highly effective investmentmethodology. From identifying the monetary distortions andnon-randomness of stock market routs (Spitznagel's bread andbutter) to scorned highly-productive assets, in Ron Paul's wordsfrom the foreword, Spitznagel “brings Austrian economics fromthe ivory tower to the investment portfolio.” The Dao of Capital provides a rare and accessible lookthrough the lens of one of today's great investors to discover aprofound harmony with the market process—a harmony that is soessential today.
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Author: Carl “von” Clausewitz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5333

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Author: Christopher Tuck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134701357

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 6126

Understanding Land Warfare provides a thorough grounding in the vocabulary, concepts, issues and debates associated with modern land warfare. The book is a thematic, debate-driven analysis of what makes land warfare unique; how it interacts with the other environments; the key concepts that shape how it is executed; the trade-offs associated with its prosecution; and the controversies that continue to surround its focus and development. Understanding Land Warfare contains several key themes: the difficulty of conducting land warfare the interplay between change and continuity the growing importance of co-operation the variety of ways in which land warfare is fought; the competing theoretical debates; the tensions and trade-offs. This book will be essential reading for military personnel studying on cadet, intermediate and staff courses. In addition, it will also be of use to undergraduate and postgraduate students of military history, war studies and strategic studies.
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An introduction to strategic history

Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136588612

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 1624

War, Peace and International Relations provides an introduction to the strategic history of the past two centuries, showing how those 200 years were shaped and reshaped extensively by war. The book takes a broad view of what was relevant to the causes, courses, and consequences of wars. Written by leading strategist Professor Colin Gray, the book provides students with a good grounding in the contribution of war to the development of the modern world, from the pre-industrial era to the age of international terrorism and smart weapons. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated: It is the first one-volume strategic history textbook on the market; It covers all the major wars of the past two centuries; It is up to date and comprehensive, including a new section on the American Civil War, a new chapter on geography and strategy, and completely rewritten chapters on Iraq and Afghanistan in the 2000s and on irregular warfare. This textbook will be essential reading for students of strategic studies, security studies, war studies, international relations and international history.
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Structure, Politics, and Decision-Making

Author: Jack S. Levy,John A. Vasquez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139916807

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5317

The First World War had profound consequences both for the evolution of the international system and for domestic political systems. How and why did the war start? Offering a unique interdisciplinary perspective, this volume brings together a distinguished group of diplomatic historians and international relations scholars to debate the causes of the war. Organized around several theoretically based questions, it shows how power, alliances, historical rivalries, militarism, nationalism, public opinion, internal politics, and powerful personalities shaped decision-making in each of the major countries in the lead up to war. The emphasis on the interplay of theory and history is a significant contribution to the dialogue between historians and political scientists, and will contribute to a better understanding of the war in both disciplines.
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Author: David Albert Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199547300

Category: History

Page: 141

View: 8465

In this lively and concise Very Short Introduction, David Albert Jones provides a crisp, broad-ranging survey of angels in theology, philosophy, and popular culture. Focusing on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, he examines how angels have been imagined and explained as well as why they continue to captivate us. Jones explores the classical discussion--what they are made of, when they came to be, and how many there are. He names the archangels, surveys the different hierarchies, and examines how they have changed over time. He looks at why the idea of angels remains so potent in modern culture, even among non-believers.
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Author: Aidan O'Donnell

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191633925

Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 4602

What do anaesthetists do? How does anaesthesia work? What are the risks? And how does the anaesthetist know if you are really asleep? Anaesthesia is a mysterious and sometimes threatening process. In this Very Short Introduction, Aidan O'Donnell takes the reader on a tour through the whole of the modern anaesthetic practice. He begins by explaining general anaesthesia: what it is, how it is produced, and how it differs from natural sleep and other forms of unconsciousness. He goes on to consider the main categories of anaesthetic drugs, including anaesthetic vapours, intravenous agents, muscle relaxants, and analgesics, together with explanations of how they work and what their purpose is. Set against the historical background of anaesthetic and surgical practice, O'Donnell examines the large role anaesthetists play in specialised areas such as intensive care medicine, pain medicine, and childbirth; and finally, he considers the risks of anaesthesia, putting in to context that anaesthesia is a very safe process. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Author: Jonathan Slack

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199603383

Category: Medical

Page: 130

View: 4547

There is much public interest in stem cells, but also much confusion and misinformation. Developmental biologist Jonathan Slack explains the biology behind stem cells - what they are what scientists do with them, what stem cell therapies are available today, and what can be expected to happen in the future.
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A Political, Social, and Military History

Author: Gregory Fremont-Barnes

Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated

ISBN: 9781851096466

Category: History

Page: 1213

View: 2772

This comprehensive three-volume work on the French Revolution and Napoleon's rule and campaigns covers a wide range of military, political, social, and cultural events and personalities during a time of dramatic change in Europe. âeuro;¢ Nearly 900 A-Z entries on the military, political, cultural, and social aspects of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars âeuro;¢ More than 100 contributors drawn from North America and across Europe, including a wide range of academics, independent historians, and others with specialist knowledge of their respective subjects âeuro;¢ Ten contextual essays providing useful background information on war, society, politics, science, diplomacy, art, and other subjects âeuro;¢ A range of primary source documents totaling more than 50,000 words, including first-hand accounts of battles, treaty texts, key state papers, and more âeuro;¢ Approximately 100 illustrations including battles on land and at sea; commanders representing all the major belligerent powers; and sovereigns and political leaders from a range of nations âeuro;¢ 65 maps, including depictions of Europe at the start and conclusion of the wars; major battles and campaigns, including troop movements; and the political changes produced by major treaties and international conferences including those at Campo Formio (1797), Amiens (1802), and the Congress of Vienna (1815)
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Author: Khalid Koser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186930

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 204

View: 1333

"Es gibt aktuell auf der Welt mehr Migranten denn jemals zuvor; Kriege und Bürgerkriege sind genauso Gründe dafür wie Armut, wirtschaftliche Ansprüche oder gar Unternehmensgeist. Neu ist das Phänomen gleichwohl nicht, es hat die Geschichte von Kulturen und Staaten immer schon mitgeprägt. Khalid Koser, ein international gefragter Migrationsexperte des Genfer Zentrums für Sicherheitspolitik, stellt das Phänomen mit all seinen Problemen und Auswirkungen knapp, abgewogen und differenziert dar, widerlegt zahlreiche dazu umlaufende Mythen und plädiert dafür, den Wert der Migration für Volkswirtschaften und Kulturen zu erkennen und zu würdigen."--Verl.
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A Very Short Introduction

Author: Richard Curt Kraus

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199740550

Category: History

Page: 138

View: 5771

Examines the radical Chinese Communist movement called the Cultural Revolution, a period of suppression so controversial in China, that the Chinese government forbids a full investigation into it even 50 years later. Original.
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Author: Stephen Blundell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199601208

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 142

View: 7011

What is that strange and mysterious force that pulls one magnet towards another, yet seems to operate through empty space? This is the elusive force of magnetism. Stephen J. Blundell considers early theories of magnetism, the discovery that Earth is a magnet, and the importance of magnetism in modern technology.
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