Volume 1: The Ancient Near East
Author: Elisabeth Meier Tetlow
Publisher: A&C Black
Crime and punishment, criminal law and its administration, are areas of ancient history that have been explored less than many other aspects of ancient civilizations. Throughout history women have been affected by crime both as victims and as offenders. Yet, in the ancient world customary laws were created by men, formal laws were written by men, and both were interpreted and enforced by men.
Author: Richard Dargie
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Describes the various kinds of punishment, including exile and execution, that were given for such crimes as theft, assault, impiety, and murder in ancient Greece.
Publisher: Abhinav Publications
Category: Social Science
This Study Is An Attempt To Focus Attention On That Aspect Of Society Which Arises Out Of Disobedience Of Established Norms And Rules Invoking Widespread Moral Indignation, Strain, Stress And Tension That Calls For Deterrents. Geographically The Study Is Chiefly Confined To Northern India While The Main Emphasis Is On A Specified Time Period Of History. The Work Is Divided Into Six Chapters. The First Chapter Deals With Source Materials And Their Respective Values. The Chapter On Crime Offers A Glimpse Of Various Crimes Prevalent During The Period From Petty Breaches Of Laws To Grave Offences Against Society And State. The Chapter On Punishment Notes The Nature And Modes Of Punishment And Remissions Of Punishment Under Prescribed Conditions. The Chapter On Police Organisation Deals With The Various Measures Employed By Police Administration To Detect Control And Prevent Crimes And The Role Of Different Officials In The Hierarchy. The Chapter On Judicial Administration Is A Survey Of The Factors Involved In The Intellectual Procedure By Which Judges Could Arrive At Decisions And Various Procedures Adopted Therefor. The Concluding Chapter Discusses Sources Of Hindu Law And Notes That Application And Interpretation Of Law Is Subject To Adjustment With Cycles Of Time And Political Changes, Which Determine The Social Attitude To Crime-Punishment Forms And Relations, Though Law Remains, Unchanged In Essence.
Author: George Miller Calhoun
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
A fascinating examination of the evolution of criminal law in ancient Greece that begins with the Homeric era and highlights Solon's impact on legislation and the institution of criminal action. Marke 110.
Author: Mitchel Roth
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Category: Social Science
Authoritative and engaging, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT: A HISTORY OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, 2e delivers a comprehensive examination of the history of the criminal justice system. Roth begins with a discussion of system’s roots in the ancient world and Great Britain and carries the narrative all the way through the 21st Century and the impact of terrorism and white collar crime on today’s criminal justice institutions. Written by a historian and criminologist, the text goes in depth to demonstrate how history has shaped the present criminal justice system and how it affects public policy being established today. It offers intriguing insight into the people--such as Robert F. Kennedy and J. Edgar Hoover--and events--like the Innocence Project--that impacted the evolution of the American system. In addition to its thorough coverage of history, the Second Edition explores the issues challenging today’s system, such as Ponzi schemes, medical marijuana, the Second Chance Act, faith-based initiatives, prison gangs, and much more. Covering criminal justice both chronologically and topically, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT couples recent trends with historical analysis to equip readers with a thorough understanding of today’s criminal justice system. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Richard A. Bauman
First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Mental-Historical Investigations of Basic Human Problems and Social Responses
Author: Albrecht Classen,Connie Scarborough
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Literary Criticism
All societies are constructed, based on specific rules, norms, and laws. Hence, all ethics and morality are predicated on perceived right or wrong behavior, and much of human culture proves to be the result of a larger discourse on vices and virtues, transgression and ideals, right and wrong. The topics covered in this volume, addressing fundamental concerns of the premodern world, deal with allegedly criminal, or simply wrong behavior which demanded punishment. Sometimes this affected whole groups of people, such as the innocently persecuted Jews, sometimes individuals, such as violent and evil princes. The issue at stake here embraces all of society since it can only survive if a general framework is observed that is based in some way on justice and peace. But literature and the visual arts provide many examples of open and public protests against wrongdoings, ill-conceived ideas and concepts, and stark crimes, such as theft, rape, and murder. In fact, poetic statements or paintings could carry significant potentials against those who deliberately transgressed moral and ethical norms, or who even targeted themselves.
Author: Richard Alston,Keith Hopwood
Publisher: Classical Press of Wales
What are states but large bandit bands, and what are bandit bands but small states? So asked St Augustine, reflecting on the late Roman world. Here nine original studies, by historians of Greece and Rome, explore the activities and the images of ancient criminals, comparing them closely and provocatively with the Greek and Roman governments which the criminals challenged.
Author: Kathy Elgin
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Describes the types of criminals that existed during the Renaissance era and the ways they were punished, including the use of hand-crushers, racks, and execution blocks.
Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Author: William Shakespeare
Publisher: Musaicum Books
"Maß für Maß" ist eine Komödie von William Shakespeare. Sie zählt zu den so genannten "Problemstücken" aus Shakespeares Werk und wurde 1604 verfasst. Als Vorlage entnahm Shakespeare Elemente der Tragödie Epitia (1549) des italienischen Dramatikers Giambattista Giraldi und aus dem Zweipersonenstück Promos and Cassandra (1578) von George Whetstone. - Measure for Measure is a play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1603 or 1604. It was (and continues to be) classified as comedy, but its mood defies those expectations. As a result and for a variety of reasons, some critics have labelled it as one of Shakespeare's problem plays. - William Shakespeare (1564-1616) war ein englischer Dramatiker, Lyriker und Schauspieler. Seine Komödien und Tragödien gehören zu den bedeutendsten und am meisten aufgeführten und verfilmten Bühnenstücken der Weltliteratur. - William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor.
Author: Howard Abadinsky
Publisher: Waveland Press
Category: Social Science
Faculty praised each of the previous six editions of Howard Abadinsky’s clear, comprehensive overview of the US legal system. His latest edition—Law, Courts, and Justice in America (previously Law and Justice)—represents a refined, updated synthesis of the complex, fluid justice system in the United States. Part I (Law) describes the history of the US justice system and the emergence of law schools; the realities of a law school education; and the current state of the legal profession for both women and men. Part II (Courts) unravels the structure of federal and state court systems, delineating differences between constitutional and legislative courts and between trial and appellate courts; the structure and purpose of appellate courts; and the Supreme Court, noting variations in the interpretation of statutes, the Constitution, and the original intent of legislators; and the roles of judges, prosecutors, and attorneys. Part III (Justice) demystifies the criminal, civil, and juvenile judicial processes; plea-bargaining and the controversies surrounding it; and adjudication options outside of traditional, adversarial legal venues. Throughout, landmark cases, important historical events, illustrative examples, and boxed items highlight or expand chapter content.
A Psychological Approach to History
Author: Richard Freeman
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
A discussion of the differences among societies with respect to their religion, culture, political institutions, social structures and foreign imperialistic policies that takes into account geographic and economic circumstances, but stresses the psychological background. Freeman points out that fear, apprehension, obsession with status, aggression, guilt feelings and the need for a sense of belonging have all entered into the great drama of history.
Author: Sir Leon Radzinowicz
Category: Social Science
Sir Leon Radzinowicz is one of the key figures in the development of criminology in the twentieth century. This account of the development of criminology intertwines his personal narrative as a criminologist with the progression of criminology itself. His experience gained from a career which has spanned 70 years since the 1920s, offers a profound overview of how the understanding of crime and criminals, of criminal justice systems and penology has changed, and of the tensions and dilemmas these pose for democratic societies.
Author: Donald G. Kyle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The second edition of Sport and Spectacle in the AncientWorld updates Donald G. Kyle’s award-winning introductionto this topic, covering the Ancient Near East up to the late RomanEmpire. • Challenges traditional scholarship on sport andspectacle in the Ancient World and debunks claims that there wereno sports before the ancient Greeks • Explores the cultural exchange of Greek sport and Romanspectacle and how each culture responded to the other’sentertainment • Features a new chapter on sport and spectacle during theLate Roman Empire, including Christian opposition to pagan gamesand the Roman response • Covers topics including violence, professionalism insport, class, gender and eroticism, and the relationship ofspectacle to political structures