Author: Reece Walters
Category: Social Science
In this important and original book, Reece Walters examines the politics of criminology and the ways in which criminological knowledge is generated. It includes an overview of the politics and practice of conducting criminological research (drawing upon material from Britain, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and the USA), and the ways that regulatory and governing authorities set research agendas, manipulate the processes and production of knowledge and silence or suppress critical voices through various techniques of neutralisation. The book argues for 'knowledges of resistance' - a position that promotes critique, challenges concepts of power and social order, wrestles with notions of truth and adheres to intellectual autonomy and independence. It provides invaluable insights into the relationship between the criminological researcher, public officials and corporate representatives. Drawing upon a wide range of interviews with academics and administrators from government and business, the book provides rare insights into the ways that knowledge about crime and criminal justice is produced and consumed, revealing why certain topics of criminological enquiry are rarely funded and why others receive ongoing political and governmental support. The book will be essential reading for anybody interested in the development of criminological theory and research, and the context and influences that shape it.
Author: Rod Morgan,Mike Maguire,Robert Reiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
With contributions from leading academics, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology provides an authoritative collection of chapters covering the topics studied on criminology courses. Each chapter details relevant theory, recent research, policy developments, and current debates, and includes extensive references to aid further research.
Essays in Honour of W.G. Carson
Author: Augustine Brannigan,George Pavlich
Comprising fourteen articles by leading international contributors, including some of the most prominent socio-legal and criminological scholars working in the field, this volume is currently the only work available that critically examines W.G. Carson and his crucial influence in the turn towards sociological approaches to criminology and a criminological interest in governance and social control. The 1970s witnessed an epiphany in the sociological understanding of crime in Britain. The correctional perspective, which assumed crimes had inherent or essential qualities that distinguished them from other acts, was superseded by the analysis of how social events came to be defined as so harmful and repugnant as to require criminalization. This shift in perspectives was exemplified in W.G. Carson’s work, which combines a Marxist acknowledgement of the imperative for profit with a symbolic interactionist attention to the restraining effect of prestige and status among producers and regulators. This key work is an essential read for postgraduates and researchers studying and researching in the areas of criminology and law.
Author: Reece Walters
The GM debate has been ongoing for over a decade, yet it has been contained in the scientific world and presented in technical terms. Eco Crime and Genetically Modified Food brings the debates about GM food into the social and criminological arena. This book highlights the criminal and harmful actions of state and corporate officials. It concludes that corporate and political corruption, uncertain science, bitter public opposition, growing farmer concern and bankruptcy, irreversible damage to biodervisty, corporate monopolies and exploitation, disregard for social and cultural practices, devastation of small scale and local agricultural economies, imminent threats to organics, weak regulation, and widespread political and biotech mistrust – do not provide the bases for advancing and progressing GM foods into the next decade. Yet, with the backing of the WTO, the US and UK Governments march on – but at what cost to future generations?
Author: Murray Lee
Category: Social Science
Over the past four decades the fear of crime has become an increasingly significant concern for criminologists, victimologists, policy makers, politicians, police, the media and the general public. For many practitioners reducing fear of crime has become almost as important an issue as reducing crime itself. The identification of fear of crime as a serious policy problem has given rise to a massive amount of research activity, political discussion and intellectual debate. Despite this activity, actually reducing levels of fear of crime has proved difficult. Even in recent years when many western nations have experienced reductions in the levels of reported crime, fear of crime has often proven intractable. The result has been the development of what amounts to a fear of crime industry. Previous studies have identified conceptual challenges, theoretical cul-de-sacs and methodological problems with the use of the concept fear of crime. Yet it has endured as both an organizing principal for a body of research and a term to describe a social malady. This provocative, wide ranging book asks how and why fear of crime retains this cultural, political and social scientific currency despite concerted criticism of its utility? It subjects the concept to rigorous critical scrutiny taking examples from the UK, North America and Australia. Part One of Inventing Fear of Crime traces the historical emergence of the fear of crime concept, while Part Two addresses the issue of fear of crime and political rationality, and analyses fear of crime as a tactic or technique of government. This book will be essential reading on one of the key issues in government and politics in contemporary society.
Crime, Deviance and Culture
Author: M. O'Neill,L. Seal
Category: Social Science
This book focuses upon the breaking of rules and taboos involved in 'doing crime', including violent crime as represented in fictive texts and ethnographic research. It includes chapters on topics of urgent contemporary interest such as asylum seekers, sex work, serial killers, school shooters, crimes of poverty and understandings of 'madness'.
Author: Reece Walters,Trevor Bradley
Publisher: Pearson Education New Zealand
Introduction to Criminological Thought is an innovative and comprehensive text for students of criminology, criminal justice and the sociology of deviance. It also provides a solid and accessible resource for practitioners and policy officers working in criminal justice. Readers - even those with no prior knowledge of criminology - will gain a fascinating insight into the criminal justice system through such chapters as those that discuss representations of crime in the media, social variables in crime and justice, community policing and community crime prevention. Crime statistics both official and unofficial are also provided.
The British Experience
Author: Robert R. Sullivan
Publisher: Lexington Books
Category: Political Science
This book explores one of the most significant events in 20th century Anglo-Saxon liberalism: the shift in Britain from the welfare state to the risk society.
Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt
Category: Social Science
Based on Russell Schutt's bestselling text Investigating the Social World, this Third Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is the most comprehensive research methods text available to students in criminal justice and criminology. Specifically designed for criminal justice courses and programs, this innovative text uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. With expanded coverage of topics like causation, ethics, and qualitative analysis, along with a comprehensive and one-of-a-kind ancillary package, the Third Edition is a text both students and instructors will appreciate.
Author: Janet Newman,Nicola Yeates
Publisher: Open Univ Pr
""Social justice is a highly contested term, with all political parties now claiming it for their own. Some clarity about the value base of social justice and what it means in practice is therefore essential to make sense of these claims. This book does that most effectively for a range of key forms of welfare provision. In a very readable way, and with substantial illustrative material, it takes the reader from engagement with key theories and concepts of social justice into the world of social welfare and crime control politics, policy and practice, showing what a socially just world might look like. The authors are to be congratulated on an impressive collection of writing."" Gary Craig, Professor of Social Justice, University of Hull, UK This book explores ways of defining and enacting social justice in the context of modern social welfare and crime control policies. It examines how the notion of social justice informs experiences and understandings of the social world, why it appeals to so many people as a mobilising ideal for social change and reform, and how it shapes the claims, demands and actions that people take in the pursuit of the 'good society'. The authors employ an interdisciplinary approach to explore the interrelationship between social policy and criminology. With international content and a sustained focus across the book on different kinds of evidence, it helps readers to gauge the role of evidence in social science and policy development. Designed as an interactive teaching text, the book includes a range of student-friendly learning features, such as case studies, activities and questions for discussion, making it ideal for both classroom-based and distance learners. Social Justice is a key text for students in criminology, social policy and social justice.
Author: Chris Hale
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.
Author: Steve Tombs,David Whyte
Publisher: Willan Pub
Every year in the UK, hundreds of workers are Killed just doing their jobs, thousands more die of illnesses caused by their work and tens of thousands suffer major injuries such as amputations, loss of sight, serious bums, and so on. Worldwide, two million people are killed by work each year. Yet with the exception of high profile cases such as the gas leak at Bhopal. India, which killed tens of thousands, this crime wave fails to attract the interest of the politicians, or the media. This book is concerned with crimes against worker health and safety, providing an account and analysis of this increasingly important field, and setting this within the broader context of corporate and white-collar crime. It uses case studies to illustrate key points and themes, including both the well known and high profile instances of safety crimes but also the larger number of 'mundane' or 'routine' deaths, injuries, ill health, prosecutions, and enforcement relationships. Analysis and arguments are drawn not only from criminal justice and criminology, but draw also on other disciplines such as business and management studies, economics, organisational sociology, political economy and political science to help understand white collar and corporate crime in general and safety crimes in particular.
Dangerousness, Law and Social Change
Author: John Pratt
Publisher: Federation Press
Category: Social Science
The question of dangerousness - how it should be defined and punished, and the ethical dilemmas associated with it - is a recurring theme of modern policy. In this powerful and important book, John Pratt addresses this question by explaining how dangerousness first became an object of penological discourse and why it has since remained so. Pratt sees the late 19th century as an important turning point; earlier concerns about the threat posed by the dangerous classes give way to a new set of concerns about dangerous criminals. He traces change to the present, identifying ‘Three Strikes’ laws and related initiatives as the latest in a long line of attempts to govern the dangerous. Drawing on material from Australia, New Zealand, England, the United States and Canada, the author argues that dangerousness is not a quality possessed by certain groups of offenders. Rather, it is a particular creation of modernity, possessing a life force that began when the concept of risk and its attendant strategies of management found their way into the social fabric. Ultimately, the dilemma of dangerousness is seen as political rather than ethical. Which to choose? The burdens of state regulation necessary to keep dangerousness under control? Or, intolerable license that reducing the role of the state gives to it?