Theories in Action

Author: Heather Savigny,Lee Marsden

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230344135

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 8499

This is an ideal introduction for all embarking on a degree in Politics or International Relations. Starting from the premise that the 'doing' of political science is an active, and interactive, process of critical evaluation, it addresses the crucial question of how – as well as what – we should study. The book examines a wide range of theoretical perspectives and shows how they can be usefully applied to questions such as 'Why do states go to war?' and 'In whose interests does the political system work?' Chapters are organized by core areas of study – such as power, the state, policy, institutions, the media, security, political economy – and show how theories can be used and applied within each topic. Key benefits: - shows how to apply and critique theories with confidence - provides the complete analytical toolkit needed to study Politics and International Relations - incorporates case studies and examples from around the world
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Author: Volker Rittberger,Bernhard Zangl,Andreas Kruck

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353119514X

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 4228

Internationale Organisationen mit globaler oder regionaler Reichweite (z.B. UN, IWF, Weltbank, WTO, EU) spielen eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle bei der Schaffung und Implementierung von internationalen Normen und Regeln, mithin bei Global Governance. Die Sicherheit, das ökonomische Wohlergehen, der Schutz der Menschenrechte und die ökologischen Lebensbedingungen von Menschen weltweit werden von der Fähigkeit bzw. Unfähigkeit internationaler Organisationen, Kooperation und Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates möglich zu machen und zu stabilisieren, beeinflusst. Das Lehrbuch will die Leserin bzw. den Leser daher theoretisch informiert und empirisch fundiert mit den Entstehungsbedingungen, der Entwicklung, Funktionsweise und den Tätigkeiten internationaler Organisationen vertraut machen. Es führt in die wichtigsten Theorien über internationale Organisationen ein und bietet einen historischen Überblick über internationale Organisationen in verschiedenen Politikfeldern. Das Lehrbuch analysiert ferner die Akteure, Strukturen und Prozesse, die die Entscheidungsfindung in internationalen Organisationen prägen. Schließlich werden die Tätigkeiten eines breiten Spektrums internationaler Organisationen und deren Beitrag zur kooperativen Bearbeitung grenzüberschreitender Probleme in den Sachbereichen „Sicherheit“, „Wirtschaft“, „Umwelt“ und „Menschenrechte“ untersucht.
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Rational Leaders and Risky Behavior

Author: Kai He,Huiyun Feng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415656214

Category: Political Science

Page: 155

View: 8806

Why does North Korea behave erratically in pursuing its nuclear weapons program? Why did the United States prefer bilateral alliances to multilateral ones in Asia after World War II? Why did China become "nice"—no more military coercion—in dealing with the pro-independence Taiwan President Chen Shuibian after 2000? Why did China compromise in the negotiation of the Chunxiao gas exploration in 2008 while Japan became provocative later in the Sino-Japanese disputes in the East China Sea? North Korea’s nuclear behavior, U.S. alliance strategy, China’s Taiwan policy, and Sino-Japanese territorial disputes are all important examples of seemingly irrational foreign policy decisions that have determined regional stability and Asian security. By examining major events in Asian security, this book investigates why and how leaders make risky and seemingly irrational decisions in international politics. The authors take the innovative step of integrating the neoclassical realist framework in political science and prospect theory in psychology. Their analysis suggests that political leaders are more likely to take risky actions when their vital interests and political legitimacy are seriously threatened. For each case, the authors first discuss the weaknesses of some of the prevailing arguments, mainly from rationalist and constructivist theorizing, and then offer an alternative explanation based on their political legitimacy-prospect theory model. This pioneering book tests and expands prospect theory to the study of Asian security and challenges traditional, expected-utility-based, rationalist theories of foreign policy behavior.
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Author: Morton A. Kaplan

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 0954796624

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 3225

System and Process (1957) broke the mould in political science by combining systems, game, and cybernetic concepts in its theoretical formulations. Since its publication, serious research in international relations has needed to respond to the bold hypotheses that matched equilibrial rules with type of system. Kaplan's life-long interest in finding an objective basis for moral judgments had its scholarly origins in an appendix of this classical book, which incorporated his understanding of philosophy and, in particular, the philosophy of science. A second appendix on 'The Mechanisms of Regulation' explored the cybernetic and recursive nature of knowing.
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Author: Charlotte Epstein

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262262673

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 5348

In the second half of the twentieth century, worldwide attitudes toward whaling shifted from widespread acceptance to moral censure. Why? Whaling, once as important to the global economy as oil is now, had long been uneconomical. Major species were long known to be endangered. Yet nations had continued to support whaling. In The Power of Words in International Relations, Charlotte Epstein argues that the change was brought about not by changing material interests but by a powerful anti-whaling discourse that successfully recast whales as extraordinary and intelligent endangered mammals that needed to be saved. Epstein views whaling both as an object of analysis in its own right and as a lens for examining discursive power, and how language, materiality, and action interact to shape international relations. By focusing on discourse, she develops an approach to the study of agency and the construction of interests that brings non-state actors and individuals into the analysis of international politics. Epstein analyzes the "society of whaling states" as a set of historical practices where the dominant discourse of the day legitimated the killing of whales rather than their protection. She then looks at this whaling world's mirror image: the rise from the political margins of an anti-whaling discourse, which orchestrated one of the first successful global environmental campaigns, in which saving the whales ultimately became shorthand for saving the planet. Finally, she considers the continued dominance of a now taken-for-granted anti-whaling discourse, including its creation of identity categories that align with and sustain the existing international political order. Epstein's synthesis of discourse, power, and identity politics brings the fields of international relations theory and global environmental politics into a fruitful dialogue that benefits both.
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Author: Chris Brown,Kirsten Ainley

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230248993

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 569

The fourth edition of this well-established and popular text has been fully updated to take account of developments in the field of International Relations and recent world events. The authors provide systematic coverage of the classical concerns of International Relations theory – power, national interest, foreign policy and war – alongside analysis of the impact of globalization on security, governance and the world economy. A central concern throughout is to show how the theories the authors outline and assess can help make sense of the puzzle of current world events, from the rise of Russia and China, the downturn in the world economy and the changing role of America to the challenges of identity politics and human rights. Clear and accessible, but also critical and penetrating, Understanding International Relations provides a uniquely readable and thought-provoking introduction to the theory and practice of international relations.
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Theory and Practice

Author: Joyce P. Kaufman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442221208

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 4048

This clear and concise text takes as its starting point the theoretical frameworks that are the foundation of current international relations. Kaufman explains the traditional theories, but also makes a place for understanding the areas that lie outside of or cannot be explained by those approaches. Although levels of analysis are the primary unifying force, the book also assesses what this approach does not explain about the contemporary international system.
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Critical Concepts in Political Science

Author: Timothy J. Sinclair

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415276627

Category: Globalization

Page: 440

View: 9085

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The Continuing Story of a Death Foretold

Author: Stefano Guzzini

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415144025

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4919

Providing an introductory survey of the evolution of Realism in international theory, Guzzini argues Realism is the reference point of the internal history of IR and IPE, and study of the realist paradigm is key to understanding international history.
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Theory and Analysis

Author: André Lecours

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802048811

Category: Political Science

Page: 363

View: 4656

Featuring discussions of comparative politics, public policy, and international relations, this collection from editor André Lecours is a comprehensive examination of the subject, making it a crucial addition to any political scientist?s library.
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Reclaiming Causal Analysis

Author: Milja Kurki

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470760

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4754

World political processes, such as wars and globalisation, are engendered by complex sets of causes and conditions. Although the idea of causation is fundamental to the field of International Relations, what the concept of cause means or entails has remained an unresolved and contested matter. In recent decades ferocious debates have surrounded the idea of causal analysis, some scholars even questioning the legitimacy of applying the notion of cause in the study of International Relations. This book suggests that underlying the debates on causation in the field of International Relations is a set of problematic assumptions (deterministic, mechanistic and empiricist) and that we should reclaim causal analysis from the dominant discourse of causation. Milja Kurki argues that reinterpreting the meaning, aims and methods of social scientific causal analysis opens up multi-causal and methodologically pluralist avenues for future International Relations scholarship.
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Prospect Theory in American Foreign Policy

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472087877

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1979

Discusses the way leaders deal with risk in making foreign policy decisions
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Author: N. Jayapalan

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788126900459

Category:

Page: 376

View: 9599

The Book Deals With All Aspects Of Modern Political Analysis In Detail. In This Book The Nature And Scope Of Politics Is Beautifully Described In The First Chapter. In The Following Chapters The Main Features Of The Study I.E., Behaviouralism, Group Theory, Game Theory, Political Culture And Political Socialisation Have Been Discussed In A Clear And Lucid Way. The Chapters On Political Participation And Political Evaluation Have Been Presented In A Pleasing Manner So As To Cater To The Needs Of The Students Of Politics And Public Administration. In The Last Chapter, Theories Of Social Change Highlight The Political Ideas Of Mahatma Gandhi And Mao Tse-Tung In An Excellent Manner. Greater Importance Has Been Given In This Chapter To The Methods Of Gandhiji To Achieve His Ends In All Fields For The Welfare Of The People.
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Democracy, Autonomy, and Conflict in Comparative and International Politics

Author: American Political Science Association. Meeting,Edward D. Mansfield,Richard Sisson

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 0814209343

Category: Political Science

Page: 391

View: 5523

Over the course of the last century, political scientists have been moved by two principal purposes. First, they have sought to understand and explain political phenomena in a way that is both theoretically and empirically grounded. Second, they have analyzed matters of enduring public interest, whether in terms of public policy and political action, fidelity between principle and practice in the organization and conduct of government, or the conditions of freedom, whether of citizens or of states. Many of the central advances made in the field have been prompted by a desire to improve both the quality and our understanding of political life. Nowhere is this tendency more apparent than in research on comparative politics and international relations, fields in which concerns for the public interest have stimulated various important insights. This volume systematically analyzes the major developments within the fields of comparative politics and international relations over the past three decades. Each chapter is composed of a core paper that addresses the major puzzles, conversations, and debates that have attended major areas of concern and inquiry within the discipline. These papers examine and evaluate the intellectual evolution and natural history of major areas of political inquiry and chart particularly promising trajectories, puzzles, and concerns for future work. Each core paper is accompanied by a set of shorter commentaries that engage the issues it takes up, thus contributing to an ongoing and lively dialogue among key figures in the field.
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U.S. and Comparative Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

Author: Laura Neack

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742501478

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 2795

A study of foreign policy in the new millennium. Laura Neack draws on examples that range from the Dalai Lama and Pinochet to Amnesty International and Al Qaeda to illustrate the changing character of foreign policy-making and also to suggest its powerful effects in the world.
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APPROACHES, METHODS AND ISSUES

Author: SAMIRENDRA N. RAY

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120314887

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 8279

Designed primarily as an introductory textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate students offering comparative politics as a compulsory course, this finely integrated text is by far the most comprehensive, yet concise and critical analysis of the contending approaches, methods, and models and the theory-building efforts made in the second half of this century. The book provides a lucid and up-to-date presentation of the ramifications of the governmental process and political dynamics, issues and problems relating to the structure, function, process and operation of governmental and political organizations in a genuinely comparative perspective.
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Systemic Theory in Empirical Perspective

Author: Bear F. Braumoeller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139560441

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 925

Do great leaders make history? Or are they compelled to act by historical circumstance? This debate has remained unresolved since Thomas Carlyle and Karl Marx framed it in the mid-nineteenth century, yet implicit answers inform our policies and our views of history. In this book, Professor Bear F. Braumoeller argues persuasively that both perspectives are correct: leaders shape the main material and ideological forces of history that subsequently constrain and compel them. His studies of the Congress of Vienna, the interwar period, and the end of the Cold War illustrate this dynamic, and the data he marshals provide systematic evidence that leaders both shape and are constrained by the structure of the international system.
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Author: Leonie Huddy,David O. Sears,Jack S. Levy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199760101

Category: Philosophy

Page: 986

View: 9329

Political psychology applies what is known about human psychology to the study of politics. It examines how people reach political decisions on topics such as voting, party identification, and political attitudes as well as how leaders mediate political conflicts and make foreign policy decisions. The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology gathers together a distinguished group of scholars from around the world to shed light on these vital questions. Focusing first on political psychology at the individual level (attitudes, values, decision-making, ideology, personality) and then moving to the collective (group identity, mass mobilization, political violence), this fully interdisciplinary volume covers models of the mass public and political elites and addresses both domestic issues and foreign policy. Now with new material providing an up-to-date account of cutting-edge research within both psychology and political science, this is an essential reference for scholars and students interested in the intersection of the two fields.
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