2,600 Years of Discovery From Thales to Higgs

Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262338750

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 8795

Humans have been trying to understand the physical universe since antiquity. Aristotle had one vision (the realm of the celestial spheres is perfect), and Einstein another (all motion is relativistic). More often than not, these different understandings begin with a simple drawing, a pre-mathematical picture of reality. Such drawings are a humble but effective tool of the physicist's craft, part of the tradition of thinking, teaching, and learning passed down through the centuries. This book uses drawings to help explain fifty-one key ideas of physics accessibly and engagingly. Don Lemons, a professor of physics and author of several physics books, pairs short, elegantly written essays with simple drawings that together convey important concepts from the history of physical science.Lemons proceeds chronologically, beginning with Thales' discovery of triangulation, the Pythagorean monocord, and Archimedes' explanation of balance. He continues through Leonardo's description of "earthshine" (the ghostly glow between the horns of a crescent moon), Kepler's laws of planetary motion, and Newton's cradle (suspended steel balls demonstrating by their collisions that for every action there is always an equal and opposite reaction). Reaching the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, Lemons explains the photoelectric effect, the hydrogen atom, general relativity, the global greenhouse effect, Higgs boson, and more. The essays place the science of the drawings in historical context -- describing, for example, Galileo's conflict with the Roman Catholic Church over his teaching that the sun is the center of the universe, the link between the discovery of electrical phenomena and the romanticism of William Wordsworth, and the shadow cast by the Great War over Einstein's discovery of relativity. Readers of Drawing Physics with little background in mathematics or physics will say, "Now I see, and now I understand."
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2,600 Years of Discovery From Thales to Higgs

Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262035901

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 9230

Drawings and short essays offer engaging and accessible explanations of key ideas in physics, from triangulation to relativity and beyond.
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2,600 Years of Discovery from Thales to Higgs

Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262535199

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 9077

"The subject of "Seeing Physics" is our understanding of the physical universe as organized into 51 one thousand-word essays each anchored in a drawing that conveys a key idea. Each essay expands on the science of the drawing and places it in a broader human context. Many people have an interest in the latest in science and technology. But many, even among this group, do not understand basic principles from the 2600-year old intellectual tradition of physics. The old ideas are still new to those who don't understand them. Some of the classic discoveries and theories Lemons discusses include Archimedes' Principle, Alhazen's early theory on the optics of vision and refracted rays, Oresme's Triangle, how Copernicus was able to discover heliocentricism, and Rontgen's accidental discovery of X-rays"--
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Author: Károly Simonyi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439865116

Category: Mathematics

Page: 636

View: 6388

While the physical sciences are a continuously evolving source of technology and of understanding about our world, they have become so specialized and rely on so much prerequisite knowledge that for many people today the divide between the sciences and the humanities seems even greater than it was when C. P. Snow delivered his famous 1959 lecture, "The Two Cultures." In A Cultural History of Physics, Hungarian scientist and educator Károly Simonyi succeeds in bridging this chasm by describing the experimental methods and theoretical interpretations that created scientific knowledge, from ancient times to the present day, within the cultural environment in which it was formed. Unlike any other work of its kind, Simonyi’s seminal opus explores the interplay of science and the humanities to convey the wonder and excitement of scientific development throughout the ages. These pages contain an abundance of excerpts from original resources, a wide array of clear and straightforward explanations, and an astonishing wealth of insight, revealing the historical progress of science and inviting readers into a dialogue with the great scientific minds that shaped our current understanding of physics. Beautifully illustrated, accurate in its scientific content and broad in its historical and cultural perspective, this book will be a valuable reference for scholars and an inspiration to aspiring scientists and humanists who believe that science is an integral part of our culture.
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Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107161150

Category: Science

Page: 121

View: 6416

This introduction to dimensional analysis covers the methods, history and formalisation of the field, and provides physics and engineering applications. Covering topics from mechanics, hydro- and electrodynamics to thermal and quantum physics, it illustrates the possibilities and limitations of dimensional analysis. Introducing basic physics and fluid engineering topics through the mathematical methods of dimensional analysis, this book is perfect for students in physics, engineering and mathematics. Explaining potentially unfamiliar concepts such as viscosity and diffusivity, the text includes worked examples and end-of-chapter problems with answers provided in an accompanying appendix, which help make it ideal for self-study. Long-standing methodological problems arising in popular presentations of dimensional analysis are also identified and solved, making the book a useful text for advanced students and professionals.
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Author: Don S. Lemons,Paul Langevin

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801868672

Category: Mathematics

Page: 110

View: 5646

"Students will love this book. It tells them without fuss how to do simple and useful numerical calculations, with just enough background to understand what they are doing... a refreshingly brief and unconvoluted work." -- American Journal of Physics
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Author: George L. Trigg

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151204

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 2214

Clear, detailed explorations feature extensive quotations from original research papers in their coverage of groundbreaking research. Topics include x-rays, superconductivity, neutrinos, lasers, and many other subjects. 120 illustrations. 1975 edition.
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Variational Principles, Methods, and Applications in Elementary Physics

Author: Don Stephen Lemons

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691026633

Category: Science

Page: 117

View: 4174

What does the path taken by a ray of light share with the trajectory of a thrown baseball and the curve of a wheat stalk bending in the breeze? Each is the subject of a different study yet all are optimal shapes; light rays minimize travel time while a thrown baseball minimizes action. All natural curves and shapes, and many artificial ones, manifest such "perfect form" because physical principles can be expressed as a statement requiring some important physical quantity to be mathematically maximum, minimum, or stationary. Perfect Form introduces the basic "variational" principles of classical physics (least time, least potential energy, least action, and Hamilton's principle), develops the mathematical language most suited to their application (the calculus of variations), and presents applications from the physics usually encountered in introductory course sequences. The text gradually unfolds the physics and mathematics. While other treatments postulate Hamilton's principle and deduce all results from it, Perfect Form begins with the most plausible and restricted variational principles and develops more powerful ones through generalization. One selection of text and problems even constitutes a non-calculus of variations introduction to variational methods, while the mathematics more generally employed extends only to solving simple ordinary differential equations. Perfect Form is designed to supplement existing classical mechanics texts and to present variational principles and methods to students who approach the subject for the first time.
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The Detection of Gravitational Waves

Author: Harry Collins

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262036185

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 6782

A fascinating account, written in real time, of the unfolding of a scientific discovery: the first detection of gravitational waves.
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Author: Robert K Logan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814338591

Category:

Page: 340

View: 7987

This is a textbook for a survey course in physics taught without mathematics, that also takes into account the social impact and influences from the arts and society. It combines physics, literature, history and philosophy from the dawn of human life to the 21st century. It will also be of interest to the general reader.Contents: The Origins of PhysicsPhysics of the Ancient Greek EraPoetry Influenced by the Scientific RevolutionThe Concept of EnergyThermodynamics and the Atomic and Molecular Structure of MatterThe General Theory of RelativityThe Structure of the AtomWave MechanicsQuantum ElectrodynamicsElementary Particles, Quarks and Quantum ChromodynamicsCosmology and the Universe: The Big Bang, Dark Matter and Dark Energyand other papers Readership: High school students, undergraduates and general readers.
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Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Author: Adolfo Plasencia,Tim O'Reilly

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262339315

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 2656

Science today is more a process of collaboration than moments of individual "eurekas." This book recreates that kind of synergy by offering a series of interconnected dialogues with leading scientists who are asked to reflect on key questions and concepts about the physical world, technology, and the mind. These thinkers offer both specific observations and broader comments about the intellectual traditions that inform these questions; doing so, they reveal a rich seam of interacting ideas. The persistent paradox of our era is that in a world of unprecedented access to information, many of the most important questions remain unsolved. These conversations (conducted by a veteran science writer, Adolfo Plasencia) reflect this, with scientists addressing such issues as intelligence, consciousness, global warming, energy, technology, matter, the possibility of another earth, changing the past, and even the philosophical curveball, "is the universe a hologram?"The dialogues discuss such fascinating aspects of the physical world as the function of the quantum bit, the primordial cosmology of the universe, and the wisdom of hewn stones. They offer optimistic but reasoned views of technology, considering convergence culture, algorithms, "Beauty ? Truth," the hacker ethic, AI, and other topics. And they offer perspectives from a range of disciplines on intelligence, discussing subjects that include the neurophysiology of the brain, affective computing, collaborative innovation, and the wisdom of crowds.Conversations with Hal Abelson, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, John Perry Barlow, Javier Benedicto, José Bernabéu, Michail Bletsas, Jose M. Carmena, David Casacuberta, Yung Ho Chang, Ignacio Cirac, Gianluigi Colalucci, Avelino Corma, Bernardo Cuenca Grau, Javier Echeverria, José Hernández-Orallo, Hiroshi Ishii, Pablo Jarillo-Herrero, Henry Jenkins, Anne Margulies, Mario J. Molina, Tim O'Reilly, John Ochsendorf, Paul Osterman, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Rosalind W. Picard, Howard Rheingold, Alejandro W. Rodriguez, Israel Ruiz, Sara Seager, Richard Stallman, Antonio Torralba, Bebo White, José María Yturralde
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An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Robert C. Hilborn

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198507239

Category: Mathematics

Page: 650

View: 7893

This is a comprehensive introduction to the exciting scientific field of nonlinear dynamics for students, scientists, and engineers, and requires only minimal prerequisites in physics and mathematics. The book treats all the important areas in the field and provides an extensive and up-to-date bibliography of applications in all fields of science, social science, economics, and even the arts.
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Author: Helen Czerski

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393248976

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8762

“[Czerski’s] quest to enhance humanity’s everyday scientific literacy is timely and imperative.”—Science Storm in a Teacup is Helen Czerski’s lively, entertaining, and richly informed introduction to the world of physics. Czerski provides the tools to alter the way we see everything around us by linking ordinary objects and occurrences, like popcorn popping, coffee stains, and fridge magnets, to big ideas like climate change, the energy crisis, or innovative medical testing. She provides answers to vexing questions: How do ducks keep their feet warm when walking on ice? Why does it take so long for ketchup to come out of a bottle? Why does milk, when added to tea, look like billowing storm clouds? In an engaging voice at once warm and witty, Czerski shares her stunning breadth of knowledge to lift the veil of familiarity from the ordinary.
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Author: Lewis C. Epstein

Publisher: Insight Press (San Francisco, CA)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 561

View: 7175

En række spørgsmål med svar indenfor bl.a. el-lære, magnetisme, bevægelse, varme, væsker, lys, tyngdekraft, energi, svingninger og atomfysik. Bogen forudsætter viden om fysik.
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Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107470048

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 4798

Striving to explore the subject in as simple a manner as possible, this book helps readers understand the elusive concept of entropy. Innovative aspects of the book include the construction of statistical entropy from desired properties, the derivation of the entropy of classical systems from purely classical assumptions, and a statistical thermodynamics approach to the ideal Fermi and ideal Bose gases. Derivations are worked through step-by-step and important applications are highlighted in over 20 worked examples. Around 50 end-of-chapter exercises test readers' understanding. The book also features a glossary giving definitions for all essential terms, a time line showing important developments, and list of books for further study. It is an ideal supplement to undergraduate courses in physics, engineering, chemistry and mathematics.
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An Illustrated Guide to Science

Author: Diagram Group

Publisher: Chelsea House Pub

ISBN: 9780816061679

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 208

View: 1978

Offers color diagrams, graphs, charts, and maps that illustrate the essential elements of physics, while the accompanying text provides key definitions and step-by-step explanations.
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Author: Sonya Newland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781607104391

Category: Mathematics

Page: 128

View: 8208

Stumped for an answer? Try scribbling your way there with Doodle Yourself Smart... Physics!Physics is the science that deals with matter, energy, motion, and force. It's a subject that some students have trouble with, but it's crucial for understanding our world. Luckily, you don't have to be a genius to succeed. You just have to doodle yourself smart! 'Doodle Yourself Smart... Physics' includes more than 100 problems covering everything from the speeds of the planets in the solar system to the force on a tennis ball to the colors of the visible spectrum of light. To solve them, you'll need to relax your mind - and your hands - and begin to doodle in the spaces provided. You'll draw rays, circuits, waves, and more, and with an answer key and a list of useful equations at the back of the book, you'll never be stumped. With 'Doodle Yourself Smart... Physics', you can let your pencil lead the way to scientific knowledge... and hours of fun!
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Masterpieces for Everyone

Author: Edward R. Scheinerman

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300223005

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 2566

Twenty-three mathematical masterpieces for exploration and enlightenment
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Author: David Yevick,Hannah Yevick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111897980X

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 3213

Provides a concise overview of the core undergraduate physics and applied mathematics curriculum for students and practitioners of science and engineering Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers summarizes college and university level physics together with the mathematics frequently encountered in engineering and physics calculations. The presentation provides straightforward, coherent explanations of underlying concepts emphasizing essential formulas, derivations, examples, and computer programs. Content that should be thoroughly mastered and memorized is clearly identified while unnecessary technical details are omitted. Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers is an ideal resource for undergraduate science and engineering students and practitioners, students reviewing for the GRE and graduate-level comprehensive exams, and general readers seeking to improve their comprehension of undergraduate physics. Covers topics frequently encountered in undergraduate physics, in particular those appearing in the Physics GRE subject examination Reviews relevant areas of undergraduate applied mathematics, with an overview chapter on scientific programming Provides simple, concise explanations and illustrations of underlying concepts Succinct yet comprehensive, Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers constitutes a reference for science and engineering students, practitioners and non-practitioners alike.
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