Author: Paul Rexton Kan

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442247592

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 5794

Each chapter examines how drug trafficking affects a certain security issue, such as rogue nations, weak and failing states, protracted intrastate conflicts, terrorism, transnational crime, public health, and cyber security. This book provides an understanding of how an array of threats to international security are exacerbated by drug trafficking.
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Deutschlands internationale Verantwortung

Author: James Bindenagel,Matthias Herdegen,Karl Kaiser

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3847106171

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4961

Wissenschaft und Politik müssen sich heute vielfachen, oft neuen Herausforderungen stellen: Zerfallende Staaten, Verteilungskonflikte, Terrorismus und Flüchtlingsströme sind nur einige Beispiele. Im vorliegenden Band zeichnen renommierte Experten und Expertinnen aus dem In- und Ausland ein Panorama der internationalen Sicherheitsherausforderungen des 21. Jahrhunderts. Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rolle Deutschlands zeigen sie dabei strategische Ansätze auf, wie diese Herausforderungen effektiv und sinnvoll bewältigt werden können und liefern so neue Impulse für die sicherheitspolitische Debatte in Deutschland.
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The 21st Century Security Environment

Author: Alekseĭ Georgievich Arbatov,Karl Kaiser,Robert Legvold

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765604323

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 5866

This comprehensive exploration of the new international environment examines not only traditional political-military concerns but also economic, ethnic, and other factors in the security environment of Russia and its neighbors to the west, (Vol. 1), south (Vol. 2), and east (Vol. 3). This dynamic approach takes account of both internal and external aspects of security problems and their interplay. International authors participate in considering each problem from all relevant points of view.
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International Cooperation and Counter-trafficking in the Black Sea Region

Author: Fiona Houston,W. Duncan Wood,Derek M. Robinson

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 160750636X

Category: Political Science

Page: 137

View: 1570

This book expands on the proceedings and subsequent contributions resulting from a NATO workshop held at Oxford University. The workshop on Black Sea security cooperation brought together key government and private sector stakeholders in the region. The first part of the book covers the security challenges to the Black Sea region. The second part looks at the prospects for shaping a new security architecture in the region, highlighting various regional law enforcement and counter-trafficking cooperation initiatives and proposing a range of technical security cooperation solutions to the ongoing challenges. The final part of the book offers perspectives on the South Ossetia conflict."--P. [4] of cover.
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Author: Jacques Fontanel,Manas Chatterji

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849505357

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7117

In the name of international and domestic security, billions of dollars are wasted on unproductive military spending in both developed and developing countries, when millions are starving and living without basic human needs. This book contains articles relating to military spending, military industrial establishments, and peace keeping.
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The Post - Cold War Caribbean Security Environment

Author: Michael Charles Desch,Jorge I. Domínguez,Andrés Serbín

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791437490

Category: Political Science

Page: 161

View: 759

Examines Caribbean countries' impact on the U. S. and the world and how they have consolidated their democracies, advanced prosperity, and maintained peace through collective security and international cooperation.
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Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Stephen Emerson,Hussein Solomon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1526122731

Category: Africa

Page: 264

View: 2023

This book explores and analyzes the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats and challenges facing the continent and the international community. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security needs of African governments and their 1 billion plus citizens in an increasingly globalized and interdependent world. Through the lens of human security the authors' examine the continent's most pressing security challenges - from identity conflict and failing states to terrorism, disease, and environmental degradation - and in doing so provide a comprehensive look at the complexities of building peace and stability in modern-day Africa. Not only does the book critically assess the state of progress in addressing security challenges, but it presents new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community in their common search for solutions.
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Power Transition and Peace

Author: Zhiqun Zhu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135989958

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8759

US-China Relations in the 21st Century addresses the bilateral relations of these two nations on an international, domestic, societal and individual level between 1990 and 2005. Peaceful power shifts remain a central dilemma in world politics, since historically power transition from a dominant nation to a challenger has been associated with international wars. This book examines whether China and the US can learn from history and manage a potential power transition peacefully. Zhiqun Zhu selects two important cases of power transitions in history as the background for this study: power rivalry between Great Britain and Germany that led to the First World War the peaceful power transition from Great Britain to the United States. US-China Relations in the 21st Century contributes to the current International Relations theory by proposing a new analytical model on global power transition and providing recommendations for peacefully handling a potential power transition from the US to China in the future. This original and comprehensive study is essential reading for scholars of US and Chinese foreign policy, world politics and international relations.
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Author: Julia Buxton

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848137524

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8103

This book explores the origins, history and organisation of the international system of narcotic drug control with a specific focus on heroin, cannabis and cocaine. It argues that the century-long quest to eliminate the production, trade in and use of narcotic drugs has been a profound failure. The statistics produced by the international and domestic narcotic drug control agencies point to a sustained expansion of the drug trade, despite the imposition of harsh criminal sanctions against those engaged, as producers, traffickers or consumers, in the narcotic drugs market. The roots of this major international policy failure are traced back to the outdated ideology of prohibition, which is shown to be counterproductive, utopian and a fundamentally inadequate basis for narcotic drug policy in the twenty-first century. Prohibition, championed by many US policy makers, has left the international community poorly positioned to confront those changes to the drug trade and drug markets that have resulted from globalisation. Moreover, prohibition based approaches are causing more harm than good, as is demonstrated through reference to issues such as HIV/AIDS, the environment, conflict, development and social justice. As the drug control system approaches its centenary, there are signs that the global consensus on narcotic drug prohibition is fracturing. Some European and South American states are pushing for a new approach based on regulation, decriminalisation and harm reduction. But those seeking to revise prohibition strategies faces entrenched resistance, primarily by the U.S. This important text argues that successive American governments have pursued a contradictory approach; acting decisively against the narcotic drug trade at home and abroad, while at the same time working with drug traffickers and producer states when it is in America's strategic interest. As a result, US policy approaches emerge as a decisive factor in accounting for the failure of prohibition.
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Author: M. Nilsson,J. Gustafsson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113700312X

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 8380

Written by a diverse group of scholars and practitioners from Latin America, the US and Europe and taking into consideration the recent global financial crisis,the book offers a multifaceted insight into the expectations as well as the possible threats related to Latin America's incorporation into the sphere of global interconnectedness.
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Defining a Maritime Security Partnership

Author: Andew Erickson,Lyle Goldstein

Publisher: Naval Institute Press

ISBN: 1612511538

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 5214

China's rise on the world's oceans is attracting wide attention and may ultimately restructure the global balance of power during the course of the 21st century. Many books have described this phenomenon and the significant strategic implications that flow from Beijing's rapid maritime development. However, the subject of whether and how to potentially integrate a stronger China into a global maritime security partnership has not been adequately explored. Delving into a variety of vital domains of contemporary maritime security, American and Chinese contributors to this edited volume illustrate that despite recent turbulence in U.S.-China military relations, substantial shared interests should enable extensive maritime security cooperation. But for professionals to structure cooperation effectively, they warn, Washington and Beijing must create sufficient political and institutional space.
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The Distorted Mirrors

Author: Dace Winther

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135120552

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 7576

This book explores the scope and limits of what is appropriate for regional action in the maintenance of peace and security. It offers a comparative study of legal regulation of the use of force in the maintenance of peace and security of different security regions in the context of the UN system and general international law. The book examines the post-Cold War legal documents and practice of the regional organizations of six security regions of the world (Africa, Asia, the Americas, the Middle East, the Russian sphere of influence and the Euro-Atlantic region), and in doing so offers a unique international and comparative perspective towards regional characteristics that may influence the possibility for coherent action in a UN context. Dace Winther explores the controversial topics of regional humanitarian intervention and robust regional peacekeeping without a UN mandate, what is regarded as appropriate for regional action in different security regions of the world, and if the approaches of the regions differ, what factors could have an influence. The book is highly relevant in a global climate where regional mechanisms take an ever more active part in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the use of force. The book will be of great interest to students and academics of International Law, International Relations and Security Studies.
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40 Years of the Latin American Council of Peace Research (CLAIP)

Author: Úrsula Oswald Spring,Serena Eréndira Serrano Oswald

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319738089

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 5274

This book analyses the war against drugs, violence in streets, schools and families, and mining conflicts in Latin America. It examines the nonviolent negotiations, human rights, peacebuilding and education, explores security in cyberspace and proposes to overcome xenophobia, white supremacy, sexism, and homophobia, where social inequality increases injustice and violence. During the past 40 years of the Latin American Council for Peace Research (CLAIP) regional conditions have worsened. Environmental justice was crucial in the recent peace process in Colombia, but also in other countries, where indigenous people are losing their livelihood and identity. Since the end of the cold war, capitalism aggravated the life conditions of poor people. The neoliberal dismantling of the State reduced their rights and wellbeing in favour of enterprises. Youth are not only the most exposed to violence, but represent also the future for a different management of human relations and nature.
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The Role of Natural Resources and the Environment

Author: Oli Brown,United Nations Environment Programme,David Jensen

Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint

ISBN: 9789280729573

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 44

View: 1758

This United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report aims to summarize current knowledge on the links between environment, conflict and peacebuilding through thirteen field-based case studies. Based on its analysis, UNEP's report draws three key conclusions for future UN peacemaking and peacebuilding operations: - Natural resources and the environment can be involved in all phases of the conflict cycle: from contributing to the outbreak and perpetuation of conflict and to spoiling the prospects for peace. The way that natural resources and the environment are governed has a determining influence on peace and security..
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Coming of Age

Author: Kai Michael Kenkel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135095701

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 7145

This volume is the first English-language work to focus specifically on South America in the context of peace operations. The region of South America has been undergoing significant changes recently with regard to its attitudes towards participation in peace operations. Leaving behind a strong reluctance with regard to intervention, the states have recently taken on a much stronger presence among UN peacekeepers. The foremost showcase of this more robust and responsible stance has been MINUSTAH, the current UN mission in Haiti. South American contributors provide over half the operation’s troops, and the Force Commander is provided by Brazil. This book is intended as an introduction for researchers to the nexus of issues surrounding South America’s increasing influence as a contributor to peace operations. The authors provide the reader with a historically and theoretically grounded understanding of what motivates defence policy and decisions on intervention in the region. Featuring contributions from prominent thinkers in the field and a broad range of case studies, this volume successfully combines practical applicability with diversity of analysis. This book will be of much interest to students of peacekeeping, South American politics, peace and conflict studies, security studies and International Relations in general.
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Author: Suthiphand Chirathivat,Poul Henrik Lassen,Chia Siow Yue

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9812301488

Category: Asia

Page: 221

View: 8254

This unique book provides both Asian and European perspectives on a diversity of topics concerning the relationship between Asia and Europe. There are in-depth analyses of the most crucial issues including historical and cultural links, political aspects and linkages, and economic partnerships.
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Author: Alexander Warkotsch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135193002

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1602

In June 2007, the Council of the European Union (EU) adopted The EU in Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership, highlighting the growing importance of Central Asia to the EU. This book examines the EU's policy towards the five Central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan in light of this Strategy. The analysis focuses on the EU's Central Asia Strategy and provides an evaluation of the EU's performance in meeting its policy goals in the region. It starts by looking at the EU as an actor, and discusses the general framework of EU-Central Asia cooperation. The book goes on to focus on the Strategy's general strategic directions and, in particular, its set of concrete policy commitments and questions whether these are adequately designed and implemented so they are able to contribute to regional security and stability. The book contributes to a better understanding for the pitfalls of overall stability in Central Asia, as well as studies on European Union and International relations.
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An Analysis of Risk and Prevention Factors

Author: Kelly Neudorfer

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739199617

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 1748

Using criminological theories to hypothesize risk and prevention factors for sexual exploitation and abuse in UN peacekeeping missions, this book tests these factors in a mixed methods design with the case studies of the UN peacekeeping missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and the Golan Heights.
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New Tasks for the United Nations

Author: Klaus Hüfner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3663092259

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 8722

The 50th anniversary of the United Nations Organisation is commemorated in 1995. The UN emerged at the end of the most bloody war in the history of contemporary civilization and it is understandable that its founding fathers were concerned first and foremost with the need "to save succeeding gen erations from the scourge of war." This great historical mission of the new international organisation was determined and designed by the allied powers that had won the war against the "enemy states." Cooperation of the perma nent members of the UN Security Council was the basic element of the effi ciency of post -war system of international peace and security. Apart from this main mission, the founding fathers of the United Nations declared their determination "to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social prog ress and better standards of life in larger freedom" (preamble, UN Charter).
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Author: S. Cornelissen,F. Cheru,T. Shaw

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230355749

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 5694

This book examines key emergent trends related to aspects of power, sovereignty, conflict, peace, development, and changing social dynamics in the African context. It challenges conventional IR precepts of authority, politics and society, which have proven to be so inadequate in explaining African processes. Rather, this edited collection analyses the significance of many of the uncharted dimensions of Africa's international relations, such as the respatialisation of African societies through migration, and the impacts this process has had on state power; the various ways in which both formal and informal authority and economies are practised; and the dynamics and impacts of new transnational social movements on African politics. Finally, attention is paid to Africa's place in a shifting global order, and the implications for African international relations of the emergence of new world powers and/or alliances. This edition includes a new preface by the editors, which brings the findings of the book up-to-date, and analyses the changes that are likely to impact upon global governance and human development in policy and practice in Africa and the wider world post-2015.
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