Author: Adrian P. Sutton

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191588539

Category:

Page: 276

View: 6324

This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. - ;This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. -
Read More

Author: David G. Pettifor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198517863

Category: Science

Page: 259

View: 4694

This book explains the observed trends in the bonding and structure of molecules and solids within the framework of simple but predictive models of the electronic structure. It is directed at final year undergraduates and first uear postgraduates in physics, chemistry, and materials science.
Read More

An Introduction to Their Electronic Structure and Properties

Author: P.A. Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199588945

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 1638

Transition metal oxides form a series of compounds with a uniquely wide range of electronic properties. The main aim of this book is to describe the varied electronic behaviour shown by transition metal oxides, and to discuss the different types of theoretical models that have been proposed to interpret this behaviour.
Read More

Author: Efthimios Kaxiras

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521523394

Category: Science

Page: 676

View: 2512

Graduate-level textbook for physicists, chemists and materials scientists.
Read More

Author: Adrian P. Sutton

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191588539

Category:

Page: 276

View: 2675

This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. - ;This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. -
Read More

Author: Joel Irwin Gersten,Frederick William Smith

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 826

View: 8098

A comprehensive introduction to the structure, properties, and applications of materials This title provides the first unified treatment for the broad subject of materials. Authors Gersten and Smith use a fundamental approach to define the structure and properties of a wide range of solids on the basis of the local chemical bonding and atomic order present in the material. Emphasizing the physical and chemical origins of material properties, the book focuses on the most technologically important materials being utilized and developed by scientists and engineers. Appropriate for use in advanced materials courses, The Physics and Chemistry of Materials provides the background information necessary to assimilate the current academic and patent literature on materials and their applications. Problem sets, illustrations, and helpful tables complete this well-rounded new treatment. Five sections cover these important topics: * Structure of materials, including crystal structure, bonding in solids, diffraction and the reciprocal lattice, and order and disorder in solids * Physical properties of materials, including electrical, thermal, optical, magnetic, and mechanical properties * Classes of materials, including semiconductors, superconductors, magnetic materials, and optical materials in addition to metals, ceramics, polymers, dielectrics, and ferroelectrics * A section on surfaces, thin films, interfaces, and multilayers discusses the effects of spatial discontinuities in the physical and chemical structure of materials * A section on synthesis and processing examines the effects of synthesis on the structure and properties of various materials This book is enhanced by a Web-based supplement that offers advanced material together with an entire electronic chapter on the characterization of materials. The Physics and Chemistry of Materials is a complete introduction to the structure and properties of materials for students and an excellent reference for scientists and engineers.
Read More

Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

Author: Robert E. Newnham

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198520751

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 7527

Tensors, matrices, symmetry, and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. While tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anistropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to qualify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and party on the basic physics and chemistry of materials.
Read More

Basic Theory and Practical Methods

Author: Richard M. Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643657

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4849

The study of the electronic structure of materials is at a momentous stage, with the emergence of computational methods and theoretical approaches. Many properties of materials can now be determined directly from the fundamental equations for the electrons, providing insights into critical problems in physics, chemistry, and materials science. This book provides a unified exposition of the basic theory and methods of electronic structure, together with instructive examples of practical computational methods and real-world applications. Appropriate for both graduate students and practising scientists, this book describes the approach most widely used today, density functional theory, with emphasis upon understanding the ideas, practical methods and limitations. Many references are provided to original papers, pertinent reviews, and widely available books. Included in each chapter is a short list of the most relevant references and a set of exercises that reveal salient points and challenge the reader.
Read More

Author: Kevin L. Jensen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119051754

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 854

A practical, in-depth description of the physics behind electron emission physics and its usage in science and technology Electron emission is both a fundamental phenomenon and an enabling component that lies at the very heart of modern science and technology. Written by a recognized authority in the field, with expertise in both electron emission physics and electron beam physics, An Introduction to Electron Emission provides an in-depth look at the physics behind thermal, field, photo, and secondary electron emission mechanisms, how that physics affects the beams that result through space charge and emittance growth, and explores the physics behind their utilization in an array of applications. The book addresses mathematical and numerical methods underlying electron emission, describing where the equations originated, how they are related, and how they may be correctly used to model actual sources for devices using electron beams. Writing for the beam physics and solid state communities, the author explores applications of electron emission methodology to solid state, statistical, and quantum mechanical ideas and concepts related to simulations of electron beams to condensed matter, solid state and fabrication communities. Provides an extensive description of the physics behind four electron emission mechanisms—field, photo, and secondary, and how that physics relates to factors such as space charge and emittance that affect electron beams. Introduces readers to mathematical and numerical methods, their origins, and how they may be correctly used to model actual sources for devices using electron beams Demonstrates applications of electron methodology as well as quantum mechanical concepts related to simulations of electron beams to solid state design and manufacture Designed to function as both a graduate-level text and a reference for research professionals Introduction to the Physics of Electron Emission is a valuable learning tool for postgraduates studying quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, solid state physics, electron transport, and beam physics. It is also an indispensable resource for academic researchers and professionals who use electron sources, model electron emission, develop cathode technologies, or utilize electron beams.
Read More

Author: John Singleton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057460

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 8880

This book provides an introduction to band theory and the electronic properties of materials at a level suitable for final-year undergraduates or first-year graduate students. It sets out to provide the vocabulary and quantum-mechanical training necessary to understand the electronic, optical and structural properties of the materials met in science and technology and describes some of the experimental techniques which are used to study band structure today. In order to leave space for recent developments, the Drude model and the introduction of quantum statistics are treated synoptically. However, Bloch's theorem and two tractable limits, a very weak periodic potential and the tight-binding model, are developed rigorously and in three dimensions. Having introduced the ideas of bands, effective masses and holes, semiconductor and metals are treated in some detail, along with the newer ideas of artificial structures such as super-lattices and quantum wells, layered organic substances and oxides. Some recent `hot topics' in research are covered, e.g. the fractional Quantum Hall Effect and nano-devices, which can be understood using the techniques developed in the book. In illustrating examples of e.g. the de Haas-van Alphen effect, the book focuses on recent experimental data, showing that the field is a vibrant and exciting one. References to many recent review articles are provided, so that the student can conduct research into a chosen topic at a deeper level. Several appendices treating topics such as phonons and crystal structure make the book self-contained introduction to the fundamentals of band theory and electronic properties in condensed matter physic today.
Read More

Science and Applications

Author: Patrice Melinon,Bruno Masenelli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814241849

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 8033

Recently, carbon and silicon research has seen an outburst of new structures, experimentally observed or theoretically predicted (e.g., small fullerenes, heterofullerenes, schwarzite, and clathrates) with attractive properties. This book reviews these exotic futuristic species and their potential applications and critically examines the predicting models and the possible routes for their synthesis. The book starts with a review of 2D and 3D crystals based on carbon and/or silicon. The second part of the book is devoted to the description at the nanoscale of the new structures and complex architectures that ensue from them. The originality of the book lies in the fact that it deals with these scarcely evoked structures. The book is, therefore, complementary to the wide existing literature dedicated to popular nanostructures such as graphene, nanotube, and fullerenes.
Read More

Author: RĂĽdiger Memming

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527688714

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 9470

Providing both an introduction and an up-to-date survey of the entire field, this text captivates the reader with its clear style and inspiring, yet solid presentation. The significantly expanded second edition of this milestone work is supplemented by a completely new chapter on the hot topic of nanoparticles and includes the latest insights into the deposition of dye layers on semiconductor electrodes. In his monograph, the acknowledged expert Professor Memming primarily addresses physical and electrochemists, but materials scientists, physicists, and engineers dealing with semiconductor technology and its applications will also benefit greatly from the contents.
Read More

Properties and Predictions

Author: Feliciano Giustino

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199662436

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 6039

This book is an introduction to the modern quantum theory of materials, and primarily addresses seniorundergraduate and first-year graduate students in the physical and chemical sciences, and in materials science and engineering. As advanced materials are becoming ubiquitous in every aspect of our life, the use of quantum mechanics to understand, predict, and design new materials is experiencing a fast-paced growth in academic and industrial research.Following this trend, atomistic materials modelling is becoming an important component of undergraduate science education, however there is still no book on this subject written primarily for anundergraduate readership. The book explains the fundamental ideas of density functional theory, and how this theory can be used as a powerful method for explaining and even predicting the properties of materials with stunning accuracy. This book can be used either as a complement to the quantum theory of materials, or as a primer in modern techniques of computational materials modelling using quantum mechanics.
Read More

Author: Gregory S. Rohrer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521663793

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 9302

A graduate level textbook for materials scientists that describes the established principles of crystallography and bonding.
Read More

Author: B. Henderson,G. Frank Imbusch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199298624

Category: Science

Page: 645

View: 384

The beautiful colors of many inorganic compounds, including minerals and gemstones, as well as the mysterious cold light of luminescence emitted by these materials, have attracted the inquisitiveness of natural philosophers for centuries. The scientific study of such phenomena - the optical spectroscopy of solids - has paid rich dividends in technological advances such as lasers and other optronic devices. This is a book on the art of optical spectroscopy of solids, establishing a theoretical and experimental framework for the subject, which is well illustrated with relevant spectra and experimental data. Chapters 1 to 5 set down the quantum description of atoms, ions and defects in solids, and the interaction of such centers with electromagnetic radiation. Considerations of symmetry and the effects of lattice vibrations on the spectroscopic properties are treated in detail. The physical bases of prominent experimental techniques are presented in Chapter 6 and their application to color centers, dopant rare-earth and transition-metal ions are described in Chapters 7 -9. The spectroscopic behaviors of magnetic ions at high concentration are detailed in Chapter 10, followed by a brief review of the operational features of solid state lasers that rely on the foregoing discussion of their optical characteristics. Finally, Chapter 12 describes the application of magneto-optical double resonance techniques to the elucidation of the optical properties of insulating and semi-conducting materials. The authors emphasize that their own interests have guided the selection of topics from the panoply of available choices. They have written the book with senior undergraduates and postgraduates in mind: it is expected also to be useful to seasoned investigators from solid state physics and engineering from inorganic chemistry, and from materials and geological sciences.
Read More

Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Author: A. M. Stoneham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507802

Category: Science

Page: 955

View: 6629

This book surveys the theory of defects in solids, concentrating on the electronic structure of point defects in insulators and semiconductors. The relations between different approaches are described, and the predictions of the theory compared critically with experiment. The physical assumptions and approximations are emphasized. The book begins with the perfect solid, then reviews the main methods of calculating defect energy levels and wave functions. The calculation and observable defect properties is discussed, and finally, the theory is applied to a range of defects that are very different in nature. This book is intended for research workers and graduate students interested in solid-state physics. From reviews of the hardback: 'It is unique and of great value to all interested in the basic aspects of defects in solids.' Physics Today 'This is a particularly worthy book, one which has long been needed by the theoretician and experimentalist alike.' Nature
Read More

An Atomic View of Materials

Author: Martin T. Dove

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198506782

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 334

View: 7527

This book describes how the arrangement and movement of atoms in a solid are related to the forces between atoms, and how they affect the behaviour and properties of materials. The book is intended for final year undergraduate students and graduate students in physics and materials science.
Read More

An Introduction from the Point of View of Symmetry

Author: Simon L. Altmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019855866X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 2229

BLApproach taken uses the theory of group theory with which chemists are familiar BLFills the void between existing elementary and advanced treatments This excellent graduate text introduces the applications of group theory in solving problems in solid state science. This is the first book to approach the band theory of solids using the ideas of group theory. As such, this book is a valuable introduction to band theory for chemists as it includes many problems to enable the application of major ideas.
Read More

Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573360

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 5802

The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solids. All of the chapters have been updated and improved, and new sections on optical control of spin, quantum dots, plasmonics, negative refraction, carbon nanostructures and diamond NV centres have been added.
Read More

Author: Ian W. Hamley

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198502180

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 2813

This comprehensive and systematic text is the first of its kind to deal with the fundamental physics underlying the remarkable structural and dynamical properties of block copolymers. It provides the polymer scientist and technologist with a firm grounding in the principles underlying the wide applications of these important materials. It also highlights the intrinsically fascinating properties of block copolymers, such as nanoscale self-assembly in bulk and two-dimensions. The first textof its kind on the subject since the mid-1980s, this book stands alone - previous texts have focused on the chemical and material properties of block copolymers. During the last decade, there have been major developments in the field, and these experimental and theoretical advances are discussed in depth. Topics covered include: the thermodynamics and dynamics of block copolymer melts, block copolymers in dilute, semidilute and concentrated solutions, the structure of crystalline block copolymers and block copolymers in blends with other polymers. This informative book is essential to the polymer physics and materials science researcher in industry and academia, and postgraduates in related fields. Final year undergraduate students in chemistry, physics and materials science will also find this book useful as a reference text.
Read More