Author: Peter Marwedel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387300872

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 241

View: 8927

Until the late eighties, information processing was associated with large mainframe computers and huge tape drives. During the nineties, this trend shifted towards information processing with personal computers, or PCs. The trend towards miniaturization continues. In the future, most of the information processing systems will be quite small and embedded into larger products such as transportation and fabrication equipment. Hence, these kinds of systems are called embedded systems. It is expected that the total market volume of embedded systems will be significantly larger than that of traditional information processing systems such as PCs and mainframes. Embedded systems share a number of common characteristics. For example, they must be dependable, efficient, meet real-time constraints and require customized user interfaces (instead of generic keyboard and mouse interfaces). Therefore, it makes sense to consider common principles of embedded system design. Embedded System Design starts with an introduction into the area and a survey of specification languages for embedded systems. A brief overview is provided of hardware devices used for embedded systems and also presents the essentials of software design for embedded systems. Real-time operating systems and real-time scheduling are covered briefly. Techniques for implementing embedded systems are also discussed, using hardware/software codesign. It closes with a survey on validation techniques. Embedded System Design can be used as a text book for courses on embedded systems and as a source which provides pointers to relevant material in the area for PhD students and teachers. The book assumes a basic knowledge of information processing hardware and software.
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IFIP TC10 Working Conference: International Embedded Systems Symposium (IESS), May 30 - June 1, 2007, Irvine (CA), USA

Author: Achim Rettberg,Mauro Zanella,Rainer Domer,Andreas Gerstlauer,Franz Rammig

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387722580

Category: Computers

Page: 444

View: 768

This volume presents the technical program of the 2007 International Embedded Systems Symposium held in Irvine, California. It covers timely topics, techniques and trends in embedded system design, including design methodology, networks-on-chip, distributed and networked systems, and system verification. It places emphasis on automotive and medical applications and includes case studies and special aspects in embedded system design.
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Author: Steve Heath

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080477565

Category: Computers

Page: 430

View: 1083

In this new edition the latest ARM processors and other hardware developments are fully covered along with new sections on Embedded Linux and the new freeware operating system eCOS. The hot topic of embedded systems and the internet is also introduced. In addition a fascinating new case study explores how embedded systems can be developed and experimented with using nothing more than a standard PC. * A practical introduction to the hottest topic in modern electronics design * Covers hardware, interfacing and programming in one book * New material on Embedded Linux for embedded internet systems
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Author: Twan Basten,Marc Geilen,Harmke de Groot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306487063

Category: Computers

Page: 348

View: 1202

Hugo de Man Professor Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Senior Research Fellow IMEC The steady evolution of hardware, software and communications technology is rapidly transforming the PC- and dot.com world into the world of Ambient Intelligence (AmI). This next wave of information technology is fundam- tally different in that it makes distributed wired and wireless computing and communication disappear to the background and puts users to the foreground. AmI adapts to people instead of the other way around. It will augment our consciousness, monitor our health and security, guide us through traffic etc. In short, its ultimate goal is to improve the quality of our life by a quiet, reliable and secure interaction with our social and material environment. What makes AmI engineering so fascinating is that its design starts from studying person to world interactions that need to be implemented as an int- ligent and autonomous interplay of virtually all necessary networked electronic intelligence on the globe. This is a new and exciting dimension for most elect- cal and software engineers and may attract more creative talent to engineering than pure technology does. Development of the leading technology for AmI will only succeed if the engineering research community is prepared to join forces in order to make Mark Weiser’s dream of 1991 come true. This will not be business as usual by just doubling transistor count or clock speed in a microprocessor or increasing the bandwidth of communication.
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Author: SANTANU CHATTOPADHYAY

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120347307

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 5139

Embedded system, as a subject, is an amalgamation of different domains, such as digital design, architecture, operating systems, interfaces, and algorithmic optimization techniques. This book acquaints the students with the alternatives and intricacies of embedded system design. It is designed as a textbook for the undergraduate students of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Information Communication Technology (ICT), as well as for the postgraduate students of Computer Applications (MCA). While in the hardware platform the book explains the role of microcontrollers and introduces one of the most widely used embedded processor, ARM, it also deliberates on other alternatives, such as digital signal processors, field programmable devices, and integrated circuits. It provides a very good overview of the interfacing standards covering RS232C, RS422, RS485, USB, IrDA, Bluetooth, and CAN. In the software domain, the book introduces the features of real-time operating systems for use in embedded applications. Various scheduling algorithms have been discussed with their merits and demerits. The existing real-time operating systems have been surveyed. Guided by cost and performance requirements, embedded applications are often implemented partly in hardware and partly in software. The book covers the different optimization techniques proposed in the literature to take a judicious decision about this partitioning of application tasks. Power-aware design of embedded systems has also been dealt with. In its second edition, the text has been extensively revised and updated. Almost all the chapters have been modified and elaborated including detailed discussion on hardware platforms—ARM, DSP, and FPGA. The chapter on “interfacing standards” has been updated to incorporate the latest information. The new edition will be thereby immensely useful to the students, practitioners and advanced readers. Key Features • Presents a considerably wide coverage of the field of embedded systems • Discusses the ARM microcontroller in detail • Provides numerous exercises to assess the learning process • Offers a good discussion on hardware–software codesign
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Achieving High Performance with a Limited Budget

Author: Lewin Edwards

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080491233

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 4622

In this practical guide, experienced embedded engineer Lewin Edwards demonstrates faster, lower-cost methods for developing high-end embedded systems. With today's tight schedules and lower budgets, embedded designers are under greater pressure to deliver prototypes and system designs faster and cheaper. Edwards demonstrates how the use of the right tools and operating systems can make seemingly impossible deadlines possible. Designer's Guide to Embedded Systems Development shares many advanced, in-the-trenches design secrets to help engineers achieve better performance on the job. In particular, it covers many of the newer design tools supported by the GPL (GNU Public License) system. Code examples are given to provide concrete illustrations of tasks described in the text. The general procedures are applicable to many possible projects based on any 16/32-bit microcontroller. The book covers choosing the right architecture and development hardware to fit the project; choosing an operating system and developing a toolchain; evaluating software licenses and how they affect a project; step-by-step building instructions for gcc, binutils, gdb and newlib for the ARM7 core used in the case study project; prototyping techniques using a custom printed circuit board; debugging tips; and portability considerations. A wealth of practical tips, tricks and techniques Design better, faster and more cost-effectively
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Modeling, Synthesis and Verification

Author: Daniel D. Gajski,Samar Abdi,Andreas Gerstlauer,Gunar Schirner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441905049

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 5960

Embedded System Design: Modeling, Synthesis and Verification introduces a model-based approach to system level design. It presents modeling techniques for both computation and communication at different levels of abstraction, such as specification, transaction level and cycle-accurate level. It discusses synthesis methods for system level architectures, embedded software and hardware components. Using these methods, designers can develop applications with high level models, which are automatically translatable to low level implementations. This book, furthermore, describes simulation-based and formal verification methods that are essential for achieving design confidence. The book concludes with an overview of existing tools along with a design case study outlining the practice of embedded system design. Specifically, this book addresses the following topics in detail: . System modeling at different abstraction levels . Model-based system design . Hardware/Software codesign . Software and Hardware component synthesis . System verification This book is for groups within the embedded system community: students in courses on embedded systems, embedded application developers, system designers and managers, CAD tool developers, design automation, and system engineering.
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The ARTIST Roadmap for Research and Development

Author: Bruno Bouyssounouse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540251073

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 9098

This extensive and increasing use of embedded systems and their integration in everyday products mark a significant evolution in information science and technology. Nowadays embedded systems design is subject to seamless integration with the physical and electronic environment while meeting requirements like reliability, availability, robustness, power consumption, cost, and deadlines. Thus, embedded systems design raises challenging problems for research, such as security, reliable and mobile services, large-scale heterogeneous distributed systems, adaptation, component-based development, and validation and tool-based certification. This book results from the ARTIST FP5 project funded by the European Commision. By integration 28 leading European research institutions with many top researchers in the area, this book assesses and strategically advances the state of the art in embedded systems. The coherently written monograph-like book is a valuable source of reference for researchers active in the field and serves well as an introduction to scientists and professionals interested in learning about embedded systems design.
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Author: Han-Way Huang

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495471747

Category: Technology

Page: 818

View: 7234

This book provides a broad and systematic introduction to microcontrollers. Through focusing on the 8051 8-bit microcontroller and its variants, the text aims at helping students learn about modern microcontroller interfacing and applications. For use with design projects, this book also provides numerous more complicated examples to explore the functions and applications of the 8051. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Author: Rolf Drechsler,Nicole Drechsler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146151035X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 177

View: 4549

Evolutionary Algorithms for Embedded System Design describes how Evolutionary Algorithm (EA) concepts can be applied to circuit and system design - an area where time-to-market demands are critical. EAs create an interesting alternative to other approaches since they can be scaled with the problem size and can be easily run on parallel computer systems. This book presents several successful EA techniques and shows how they can be applied at different levels of the design process. Starting on a high-level abstraction, where software components are dominant, several optimization steps are demonstrated, including DSP code optimization and test generation. Throughout the book, EAs are tested on real-world applications and on large problem instances. For each application the main criteria for the successful application in the corresponding domain are discussed. In addition, contributions from leading international researchers provide the reader with a variety of perspectives, including a special focus on the combination of EAs with problem specific heuristics. Evolutionary Algorithms for Embedded System Design is an excellent reference for both practitioners working in the area of circuit and system design and for researchers in the field of evolutionary concepts.
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Author: Juan C. López,Román Hermida,Walter Geisselhardt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475744196

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 4185

As electronic technology reaches the point where complex systems can be integrated on a single chip, and higher degrees of performance can be achieved at lower costs, designers must devise new ways to undertake the laborious task of coping with the numerous, and non-trivial, problems that arise during the conception of such systems. On the other hand, shorter design cycles (so that electronic products can fit into shrinking market windows) put companies, and consequently designers, under pressure in a race to obtain reliable products in the minimum period of time. New methodologies, supported by automation and abstraction, have appeared which have been crucial in making it possible for system designers to take over the traditional electronic design process and embedded systems is one of the fields that these methodologies are mainly targeting. The inherent complexity of these systems, with hardware and software components that usually execute concurrently, and the very tight cost and performance constraints, make them specially suitable to introduce higher levels of abstraction and automation, so as to allow the designer to better tackle the many problems that appear during their design. Advanced Techniques for Embedded Systems Design and Test is a comprehensive book presenting recent developments in methodologies and tools for the specification, synthesis, verification, and test of embedded systems, characterized by the use of high-level languages as a road to productivity. Each specific part of the design process, from specification through to test, is looked at with a constant emphasis on behavioral methodologies. Advanced Techniques for Embedded Systems Design and Test is essential reading for all researchers in the design and test communities as well as system designers and CAD tools developers.
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Design Patterns for Great Software

Author: Elecia White

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449320589

Category: Computers

Page: 330

View: 4236

Interested in developing embedded systems? Since they don’t tolerate inefficiency, these systems require a disciplined approach to programming. This easy-to-read guide helps you cultivate a host of good development practices, based on classic software design patterns and new patterns unique to embedded programming. Learn how to build system architecture for processors, not operating systems, and discover specific techniques for dealing with hardware difficulties and manufacturing requirements. Written by an expert who’s created embedded systems ranging from urban surveillance and DNA scanners to children’s toys, this book is ideal for intermediate and experienced programmers, no matter what platform you use. Optimize your system to reduce cost and increase performance Develop an architecture that makes your software robust in resource-constrained environments Explore sensors, motors, and other I/O devices Do more with less: reduce RAM consumption, code space, processor cycles, and power consumption Learn how to update embedded code directly in the processor Discover how to implement complex mathematics on small processors Understand what interviewers look for when you apply for an embedded systems job "Making Embedded Systems is the book for a C programmer who wants to enter the fun (and lucrative) world of embedded systems. It’s very well written—entertaining, even—and filled with clear illustrations." —Jack Ganssle, author and embedded system expert.
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Applying the ARM Mbed

Author: Rob Toulson,Tim Wilmshurst

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080977685

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 8926

A hands-on introduction to the field of embedded systems; A focus on fast prototyping of embedded systems; All key embedded system concepts covered through simple and effective experimentation; An understanding of ARM technology, one of the world's leaders; A practical introduction to embedded C; Applies possibly the most accessible set of tools available in the embedded world. This book is an introduction to embedded systems design, using the ARM mbed and C programming language as development tools. The mbed provides a compact, self-contained and low-cost hardware core, and the on-line compiler requires no download or installation, being accessible wherever an internet link exists. The book further combines these with a simple "breadboard" approach, whereby simple circuits are built up around the mbed, with no soldering or pcb assembly required. The book adopts a "learning through doing" approach. Each chapter is based around a major topic in embedded systems. The chapter proceeds as a series of practical experiments; the reader sets up a simple hardware system, develops and downloads a simple program, and immediately observes and tests the outcomes. The book then reflects on the experimental results, evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the technology or technique introduced, explores how precise the link is between theory and practice, and considers applications and the wider context. The only book that explains how to use ARM's mbed development toolkit to help the speedy and easy development of embedded systems. Teaches embedded systems core principles in the context of developing quick applications, making embedded systems development an easy task for the non specialist who does not have a deep knowledge of electronics or software All key concepts are covered through simple and effective experimentation
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IFIP WG10.3/WG10.4/WG10.5 International Workshop on Distributed and Parallel Embedded Systems (DIPES 2000) October 18–19, 2000, Schloß Eringerfeld, Germany

Author: Bernd Kleinjohann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792373452

Category: Computers

Page: 236

View: 2027

Due to the decreasing production costs of IT systems, applications that had to be realised as expensive PCBs formerly, can now be realised as a system-on-chip. Furthermore, low cost broadband communication media for wide area communication as well as for the realisation of local distributed systems are available. Typically the market requires IT systems that realise a set of specific features for the end user in a given environment, so called embedded systems. Some examples for such embedded systems are control systems in cars, airplanes, houses or plants, information and communication devices like digital TV, mobile phones or autonomous systems like service- or edutainment robots. For the design of embedded systems the designer has to tackle three major aspects: The application itself including the man-machine interface, The (target) architecture of the system including all functional and non-functional constraints and, the design methodology including modelling, specification, synthesis, test and validation. The last two points are a major focus of this book. This book documents the high quality approaches and results that were presented at the International Workshop on Distributed and Parallel Embedded Systems (DIPES 2000), which was sponsored by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), and organised by IFIP working groups WG10.3, WG10.4 and WG10.5. The workshop took place on October 18-19, 2000, in Schloß Eringerfeld near Paderborn, Germany. Architecture and Design of Distributed Embedded Systems is organised similar to the workshop. Chapters 1 and 4 (Methodology I and II) deal with different modelling and specification paradigms and the corresponding design methodologies. Generic system architectures for different classes of embedded systems are presented in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3 several design environments for the support of specific design methodologies are presented. Problems concerning test and validation are discussed in Chapter 5. The last two chapters include distribution and communication aspects (Chapter 6) and synthesis techniques for embedded systems (Chapter 7). This book is essential reading for computer science researchers and application developers.
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Author: Jean Mermet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402028679

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 3958

This book presents the perspective of the project on a Paradigm Unifying System Specification Environments for proven Electronic design (PUS SEE) as conceived in the course of the research during 2002 -2003. The initial statement of the research was formulated as follows: The objective of PUSSEE is to introduce the formal proof of system properties throughout a modular system design methodology that integrates sub-systems co-verification with system refinement and reusability of virtual system components. This will be done by combining the UML and B languages to allow the verification of system specifications through the composition of proven sub-systems (in particular interfaces, using the VSIAISLIF standard). The link of B with C, VHDL and SystemC will extend the correct-by-construction design process to lower system-on-chip (SoC) development stages. Prototype tools will be developed for the code generation from UML and B, and existing B verification tools will be extended to support IP reuse, according to the VSI Alliance work. The methodology and tools will be validated through the development of three industrial applications: a wireless mobile terminal-a telecom system-on-chip based on HIPERLANI2 protocol and an anti-collision module for automobiles. The problem was known to be hard and the scope ambitious. But the seventeen chapters that follow, describing the main results obtained demonstrate the success of the research, acknowledged by the European reviewers. They are released to allow the largest audience to learn and take benefit of.
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An Introduction to Processes, Tools, and Techniques

Author: Arnold S. Berger,Arnold H. Berger

Publisher: Focal Press

ISBN: 9781578200733

Category: Computers

Page: 237

View: 4592

The embedded design life cycle - The selection process - The partitioning decision - The development environment - Special software techniques - A basic toolset - BDM, JTAG, and nexus - The ICE- an integrated solution - Testing - The future.
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Principles and Practices

Author: Ronald Sass,Andrew G. Schmidt

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9780080921785

Category: Computers

Page: 408

View: 1914

Embedded Systems Design with Platform FPGAs introduces professional engineers and students alike to system development using Platform FPGAs. The focus is on embedded systems but it also serves as a general guide to building custom computing systems. The text describes the fundamental technology in terms of hardware, software, and a set of principles to guide the development of Platform FPGA systems. The goal is to show how to systematically and creatively apply these principles to the construction of application-specific embedded system architectures. There is a strong focus on using free and open source software to increase productivity. Each chapter is organized into two parts. The white pages describe concepts, principles, and general knowledge. The gray pages provide a technical rendition of the main issues of the chapter and show the concepts applied in practice. This includes step-by-step details for a specific development board and tool chain so that the reader can carry out the same steps on their own. Rather than try to demonstrate the concepts on a broad set of tools and boards, the text uses a single set of tools (Xilinx Platform Studio, Linux, and GNU) throughout and uses a single developer board (Xilinx ML-510) for the examples. Explains how to use the Platform FPGA to meet complex design requirements and improve product performance Presents both fundamental concepts together with pragmatic, step-by-step instructions for building a system on a Platform FPGA Includes detailed case studies, extended real-world examples, and lab exercises
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Selected Contributions from FDL’07

Author: Eugenio Villar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402082975

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 275

View: 1597

This book is the latest contribution to the Chip Design Languages series and it consists of selected papers presented at the Forum on Specifications and Design Languages (FDL'07), in September 2007. The book represents the state-of-the-art in research and practice, and it identifies new research directions. It highlights the role of specification and modelling languages, and presents practical experiences with specification and modelling languages
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A Foundation for Embedded Systems Design

Author: Suhel Dhanani,Michael Parker

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0124157610

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 3267

Any device or system with imaging functionality requires a digital video processing solution as part of its embedded system design. Engineers need a practical guide to technology basics and design fundamentals that enables them to deliver the video component of complex projects. This book introduces core video processing concepts and standards, and delivers practical how-to guidance for engineers embarking on digital video processing designs using FPGAs. It covers the basic topics of video processing in a pictorial, intuitive manner with minimal use of mathematics. Key outcomes and benefits of this book for users include: understanding the concepts and challenges of modern video systems; architect video systems at a system level; reference design examples to implement your own high definition video processing chain; understand implementation trade-offs in video system designs. Video processing is a must-have skill for engineers working on products and solutions for rapidly growing markets such as video surveillance, video conferencing, medical imaging, military imaging, digital broadcast equipment, displays and countless consumer electronics applications This book is for engineers who need to develop video systems in their designs but who do not have video processing experience. It introduces the fundamental video processing concepts and skills in enough detail to get the job done, supported by reference designs, step-by-step FPGA- examples, core standards and systems architecture maps Written by lead engineers at Altera Corp, a top-three global developer of digital video chip (FPGA) technology
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Author: Peter Marwedel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540340491

Category: Computers

Page: 265

View: 792

Informationsverarbeitende Systeme werden immer kleiner und zunehmend in komplexe Produkte eingebettet – daher der Name "eingebettete Systeme". Es wird erwartet, dass ihre wirtschaftliche Bedeutung diejenige von traditionellen informationsverarbeitenden Systemen wie PCs und Großrechnern deutlich übersteigen wird. Dieses Buch betrachtet gemeinsame Eigenschaften solcher Systeme wie Verlässlichkeit, Effizienz, Echtzeitanforderungen sowie anwendungsspezifische Benutzerschnittstellen. Neben Spezifikationssprachen werden Hard- und Software eingebetteter Systeme sowie Echtzeitbetriebssysteme und Scheduling betrachtet. Zur Implementierung eingebetteter Systeme wird Hardware-/Software-Codesign verwendet. Das Buch schließt mit einem Überblick über Validierungstechniken. Dieses Buch eignet sich als Begleitbuch zu einem Kurs über eingebettete Systeme, ist aber auch eine Informationsquelle für Doktoranden und Lehrende. Grundwissen über Hard- und Software in der Informationsverarbeitung wird vorausgesetzt.
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