Embedded Systems Foundations of Cyber-Physical Systems, and the Internet of Things

Author: Peter Marwedel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331956045X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 423

View: 5732

A unique feature of this textbook is to provide a comprehensive introduction to the fundamental knowledge in embedded systems, with applications in cyber-physical systems and the Internet of things. It starts with an introduction to the field and a survey of specification models and languages for embedded and cyber-physical systems. It provides a brief overview of hardware devices used for such systems and presents the essentials of system software for embedded systems, including real-time operating systems. The author also discusses evaluation and validation techniques for embedded systems and provides an overview of techniques for mapping applications to execution platforms, including multi-core platforms. Embedded systems have to operate under tight constraints and, hence, the book also contains a selected set of optimization techniques, including software optimization techniques. The book closes with a brief survey on testing. This third edition has been updated and revised to reflect new trends and technologies, such as the importance of cyber-physical systems and the Internet of things, the evolution of single-core processors to multi-core processors, and the increased importance of energy efficiency and thermal issues.
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Author: Steve Heath

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080477565

Category: Computers

Page: 430

View: 2578

In this new edition the latest ARM processors and other hardware developments are fully covered along with new sections on Embedded Linux and the new freeware operating system eCOS. The hot topic of embedded systems and the internet is also introduced. In addition a fascinating new case study explores how embedded systems can be developed and experimented with using nothing more than a standard PC. * A practical introduction to the hottest topic in modern electronics design * Covers hardware, interfacing and programming in one book * New material on Embedded Linux for embedded internet systems
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Achieving High Performance with a Limited Budget

Author: Lewin Edwards

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080491233

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 7942

In this practical guide, experienced embedded engineer Lewin Edwards demonstrates faster, lower-cost methods for developing high-end embedded systems. With today's tight schedules and lower budgets, embedded designers are under greater pressure to deliver prototypes and system designs faster and cheaper. Edwards demonstrates how the use of the right tools and operating systems can make seemingly impossible deadlines possible. Designer's Guide to Embedded Systems Development shares many advanced, in-the-trenches design secrets to help engineers achieve better performance on the job. In particular, it covers many of the newer design tools supported by the GPL (GNU Public License) system. Code examples are given to provide concrete illustrations of tasks described in the text. The general procedures are applicable to many possible projects based on any 16/32-bit microcontroller. The book covers choosing the right architecture and development hardware to fit the project; choosing an operating system and developing a toolchain; evaluating software licenses and how they affect a project; step-by-step building instructions for gcc, binutils, gdb and newlib for the ARM7 core used in the case study project; prototyping techniques using a custom printed circuit board; debugging tips; and portability considerations. A wealth of practical tips, tricks and techniques Design better, faster and more cost-effectively
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Author: Vahid

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9788126508372


Page: 348

View: 5071

Special Features: · Embedded Systems Design: A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction provides readers a unified view of hardware design and software design. This view enables readers to build modern embedded systems having both hardware and software. Chapter 7's example uses the methods described earlier in the book to build a combined hardware/software system that meets performance constraints while minimizing costs.· Not specific to any one microprocessor. The reader maintains an open view towards all microprocessors. Chapter 3 talks of features common to most microprocessors.· Provides a simple, yet powerful, new view of hardware design, showing that hardware can be automatically generated from a high-level programming language. Presents unified view of hardware and software; both are described using a programming language, both get derived from that language, only differing in design metrics. Chapter 2 concisely provides a method for deriving hardware implementations of sequential programs -- something not found in any other book. About The Book: This book introduces a modern approach to embedded system design, presenting software design and hardware design in a unified manner. It covers trends and challenges, introduces the design and use of single-purpose processors ( hardware ) and general-purpose processors ( software ), describes memories and buses, illustrates hardware/software tradeoffs using a digital camera example, and discusses advanced computation models, controls systems, chip technologies, and modern design tools. For courses found in EE, CS and other engineering departments.
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Applying the ARM Mbed

Author: Rob Toulson,Tim Wilmshurst

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080977685

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 1354

A hands-on introduction to the field of embedded systems; A focus on fast prototyping of embedded systems; All key embedded system concepts covered through simple and effective experimentation; An understanding of ARM technology, one of the world's leaders; A practical introduction to embedded C; Applies possibly the most accessible set of tools available in the embedded world. This book is an introduction to embedded systems design, using the ARM mbed and C programming language as development tools. The mbed provides a compact, self-contained and low-cost hardware core, and the on-line compiler requires no download or installation, being accessible wherever an internet link exists. The book further combines these with a simple "breadboard" approach, whereby simple circuits are built up around the mbed, with no soldering or pcb assembly required. The book adopts a "learning through doing" approach. Each chapter is based around a major topic in embedded systems. The chapter proceeds as a series of practical experiments; the reader sets up a simple hardware system, develops and downloads a simple program, and immediately observes and tests the outcomes. The book then reflects on the experimental results, evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the technology or technique introduced, explores how precise the link is between theory and practice, and considers applications and the wider context. The only book that explains how to use ARM's mbed development toolkit to help the speedy and easy development of embedded systems. Teaches embedded systems core principles in the context of developing quick applications, making embedded systems development an easy task for the non specialist who does not have a deep knowledge of electronics or software All key concepts are covered through simple and effective experimentation
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Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120347307

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 4020

Embedded system, as a subject, is an amalgamation of different domains, such as digital design, architecture, operating systems, interfaces, and algorithmic optimization techniques. This book acquaints the students with the alternatives and intricacies of embedded system design. It is designed as a textbook for the undergraduate students of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Information Communication Technology (ICT), as well as for the postgraduate students of Computer Applications (MCA). While in the hardware platform the book explains the role of microcontrollers and introduces one of the most widely used embedded processor, ARM, it also deliberates on other alternatives, such as digital signal processors, field programmable devices, and integrated circuits. It provides a very good overview of the interfacing standards covering RS232C, RS422, RS485, USB, IrDA, Bluetooth, and CAN. In the software domain, the book introduces the features of real-time operating systems for use in embedded applications. Various scheduling algorithms have been discussed with their merits and demerits. The existing real-time operating systems have been surveyed. Guided by cost and performance requirements, embedded applications are often implemented partly in hardware and partly in software. The book covers the different optimization techniques proposed in the literature to take a judicious decision about this partitioning of application tasks. Power-aware design of embedded systems has also been dealt with. In its second edition, the text has been extensively revised and updated. Almost all the chapters have been modified and elaborated including detailed discussion on hardware platforms—ARM, DSP, and FPGA. The chapter on “interfacing standards” has been updated to incorporate the latest information. The new edition will be thereby immensely useful to the students, practitioners and advanced readers. Key Features • Presents a considerably wide coverage of the field of embedded systems • Discusses the ARM microcontroller in detail • Provides numerous exercises to assess the learning process • Offers a good discussion on hardware–software codesign
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Design Patterns for Great Software

Author: Elecia White

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449320589

Category: Computers

Page: 330

View: 8658

Interested in developing embedded systems? Since they don’t tolerate inefficiency, these systems require a disciplined approach to programming. This easy-to-read guide helps you cultivate a host of good development practices, based on classic software design patterns and new patterns unique to embedded programming. Learn how to build system architecture for processors, not operating systems, and discover specific techniques for dealing with hardware difficulties and manufacturing requirements. Written by an expert who’s created embedded systems ranging from urban surveillance and DNA scanners to children’s toys, this book is ideal for intermediate and experienced programmers, no matter what platform you use. Optimize your system to reduce cost and increase performance Develop an architecture that makes your software robust in resource-constrained environments Explore sensors, motors, and other I/O devices Do more with less: reduce RAM consumption, code space, processor cycles, and power consumption Learn how to update embedded code directly in the processor Discover how to implement complex mathematics on small processors Understand what interviewers look for when you apply for an embedded systems job "Making Embedded Systems is the book for a C programmer who wants to enter the fun (and lucrative) world of embedded systems. It’s very well written—entertaining, even—and filled with clear illustrations." —Jack Ganssle, author and embedded system expert.
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Author: Han-Way Huang

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495471747

Category: Technology

Page: 818

View: 1630

This book provides a broad and systematic introduction to microcontrollers. Through focusing on the 8051 8-bit microcontroller and its variants, the text aims at helping students learn about modern microcontroller interfacing and applications. For use with design projects, this book also provides numerous more complicated examples to explore the functions and applications of the 8051. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Author: Rolf Drechsler,Nicole Drechsler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402072765

Category: Computers

Page: 177

View: 1675

Evolutionary Algorithms for Embedded System Design describes how Evolutionary Algorithm (EA) concepts can be applied to circuit and system design - an area where time-to-market demands are critical. EAs create an interesting alternative to other approaches since they can be scaled with the problem size and can be easily run on parallel computer systems. This book presents several successful EA techniques and shows how they can be applied at different levels of the design process. Starting on a high-level abstraction, where software components are dominant, several optimization steps are demonstrated, including DSP code optimization and test generation. Throughout the book, EAs are tested on real-world applications and on large problem instances. For each application the main criteria for the successful application in the corresponding domain are discussed. In addition, contributions from leading international researchers provide the reader with a variety of perspectives, including a special focus on the combination of EAs with problem specific heuristics. Evolutionary Algorithms for Embedded System Design is an excellent reference for both practitioners working in the area of circuit and system design and for researchers in the field of evolutionary concepts.
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The ARTIST Roadmap for Research and Development

Author: Bruno Bouyssounouse,Joseph Sifakis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540251073

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 9664

This extensive and increasing use of embedded systems and their integration in everyday products mark a significant evolution in information science and technology. Nowadays embedded systems design is subject to seamless integration with the physical and electronic environment while meeting requirements like reliability, availability, robustness, power consumption, cost, and deadlines. Thus, embedded systems design raises challenging problems for research, such as security, reliable and mobile services, large-scale heterogeneous distributed systems, adaptation, component-based development, and validation and tool-based certification. This book results from the ARTIST FP5 project funded by the European Commision. By integration 28 leading European research institutions with many top researchers in the area, this book assesses and strategically advances the state of the art in embedded systems. The coherently written monograph-like book is a valuable source of reference for researchers active in the field and serves well as an introduction to scientists and professionals interested in learning about embedded systems design.
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Author: Juan C. López,Román Hermida,Walter Geisselhardt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792381280

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 7618

As electronic technology reaches the point where complex systems can be integrated on a single chip, and higher degrees of performance can be achieved at lower costs, designers must devise new ways to undertake the laborious task of coping with the numerous, and non-trivial, problems that arise during the conception of such systems. On the other hand, shorter design cycles (so that electronic products can fit into shrinking market windows) put companies, and consequently designers, under pressure in a race to obtain reliable products in the minimum period of time. New methodologies, supported by automation and abstraction, have appeared which have been crucial in making it possible for system designers to take over the traditional electronic design process and embedded systems is one of the fields that these methodologies are mainly targeting. The inherent complexity of these systems, with hardware and software components that usually execute concurrently, and the very tight cost and performance constraints, make them specially suitable to introduce higher levels of abstraction and automation, so as to allow the designer to better tackle the many problems that appear during their design. Advanced Techniques for Embedded Systems Design and Test is a comprehensive book presenting recent developments in methodologies and tools for the specification, synthesis, verification, and test of embedded systems, characterized by the use of high-level languages as a road to productivity. Each specific part of the design process, from specification through to test, is looked at with a constant emphasis on behavioral methodologies. Advanced Techniques for Embedded Systems Design and Test is essential reading for all researchers in the design and test communities as well as system designers and CAD tools developers.
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Principles and Practices

Author: Ronald Sass,Andrew G. Schmidt

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9780080921785

Category: Computers

Page: 408

View: 8870

Embedded Systems Design with Platform FPGAs introduces professional engineers and students alike to system development using Platform FPGAs. The focus is on embedded systems but it also serves as a general guide to building custom computing systems. The text describes the fundamental technology in terms of hardware, software, and a set of principles to guide the development of Platform FPGA systems. The goal is to show how to systematically and creatively apply these principles to the construction of application-specific embedded system architectures. There is a strong focus on using free and open source software to increase productivity. Each chapter is organized into two parts. The white pages describe concepts, principles, and general knowledge. The gray pages provide a technical rendition of the main issues of the chapter and show the concepts applied in practice. This includes step-by-step details for a specific development board and tool chain so that the reader can carry out the same steps on their own. Rather than try to demonstrate the concepts on a broad set of tools and boards, the text uses a single set of tools (Xilinx Platform Studio, Linux, and GNU) throughout and uses a single developer board (Xilinx ML-510) for the examples. Explains how to use the Platform FPGA to meet complex design requirements and improve product performance Presents both fundamental concepts together with pragmatic, step-by-step instructions for building a system on a Platform FPGA Includes detailed case studies, extended real-world examples, and lab exercises
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Modeling, Synthesis and Verification

Author: Daniel D. Gajski,Samar Abdi,Andreas Gerstlauer,Gunar Schirner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441905049

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 6741

Embedded System Design: Modeling, Synthesis and Verification introduces a model-based approach to system level design. It presents modeling techniques for both computation and communication at different levels of abstraction, such as specification, transaction level and cycle-accurate level. It discusses synthesis methods for system level architectures, embedded software and hardware components. Using these methods, designers can develop applications with high level models, which are automatically translatable to low level implementations. This book, furthermore, describes simulation-based and formal verification methods that are essential for achieving design confidence. The book concludes with an overview of existing tools along with a design case study outlining the practice of embedded system design. Specifically, this book addresses the following topics in detail: . System modeling at different abstraction levels . Model-based system design . Hardware/Software codesign . Software and Hardware component synthesis . System verification This book is for groups within the embedded system community: students in courses on embedded systems, embedded application developers, system designers and managers, CAD tool developers, design automation, and system engineering.
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Author: Steven Barrett

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608451283

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 176

View: 8148

This textbook provides practicing scientists and engineers an advanced treatment of the Atmel AVR microcontroller. This book is intended as a follow-on to a previously published book, titled Atmel AVR Microcontroller Primer: Programming and Interfacing. Some of the content from this earlier text is retained for completeness. This book will emphasize advanced programming and interfacing skills. We focus on system level design consisting of several interacting microcontroller subsystems. The first chapter discusses the system design process. Our approach is to provide the skills to quickly get up to speed to operate the internationally popular Atmel AVR microcontroller line by developing systems level design skills. We use the Atmel ATmega164 as a representative sample of the AVR line. The knowledge you gain on this microcontroller can be easily translated to every other microcontroller in the AVR line. In succeeding chapters, we cover the main subsystems aboard the microcontroller, providing a short theory section followed by a description of the related microcontroller subsystem with accompanying software for the subsystem. We then provide advanced examples exercising some of the features discussed. In all examples, we use the C programming language. The code provided can be readily adapted to the wide variety of compilers available for the Atmel AVR microcontroller line. We also include a chapter describing how to interface the microcontroller to a wide variety of input and output devices. The book concludes with several detailed system level design examples employing the Atmel AVR microcontroller. Table of Contents: Embedded Systems Design / Atmel AVR Architecture Overview / Serial Communication Subsystem / Analog to Digital Conversion (ADC) / Interrupt Subsystem / Timing Subsystem / Atmel AVR Operating Parameters and Interfacing / System Level Design
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IFIP TC10 Working Conference: International Embedded Systems Symposium (IESS), May 30 - June 1, 2007, Irvine (CA), USA

Author: Achim Rettberg,Mauro Zanella,Rainer Domer,Andreas Gerstlauer,Franz Rammig

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387722580

Category: Computers

Page: 444

View: 9491

This volume presents the technical program of the 2007 International Embedded Systems Symposium held in Irvine, California. It covers timely topics, techniques and trends in embedded system design, including design methodology, networks-on-chip, distributed and networked systems, and system verification. It places emphasis on automotive and medical applications and includes case studies and special aspects in embedded system design.
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An Embedded Software Engineering Toolkit

Author: Bruce Powel Douglass

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080959719

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 3077

A recent survey stated that 52% of embedded projects are late by 4-5 months. This book can help get those projects in on-time with design patterns. The author carefully takes into account the special concerns found in designing and developing embedded applications specifically concurrency, communication, speed, and memory usage. Patterns are given in UML (Unified Modeling Language) with examples including ANSI C for direct and practical application to C code. A basic C knowledge is a prerequisite for the book while UML notation and terminology is included. General C programming books do not include discussion of the contraints found within embedded system design. The practical examples give the reader an understanding of the use of UML and OO (Object Oriented) designs in a resource-limited environment. Also included are two chapters on state machines. The beauty of this book is that it can help you today. . Design Patterns within these pages are immediately applicable to your project Addresses embedded system design concerns such as concurrency, communication, and memory usage Examples contain ANSI C for ease of use with C programming code
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Author: Twan Basten,Marc Geilen,Harmke de Groot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306487063

Category: Computers

Page: 348

View: 2031

Hugo de Man Professor Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Senior Research Fellow IMEC The steady evolution of hardware, software and communications technology is rapidly transforming the PC- and dot.com world into the world of Ambient Intelligence (AmI). This next wave of information technology is fundam- tally different in that it makes distributed wired and wireless computing and communication disappear to the background and puts users to the foreground. AmI adapts to people instead of the other way around. It will augment our consciousness, monitor our health and security, guide us through traffic etc. In short, its ultimate goal is to improve the quality of our life by a quiet, reliable and secure interaction with our social and material environment. What makes AmI engineering so fascinating is that its design starts from studying person to world interactions that need to be implemented as an int- ligent and autonomous interplay of virtually all necessary networked electronic intelligence on the globe. This is a new and exciting dimension for most elect- cal and software engineers and may attract more creative talent to engineering than pure technology does. Development of the leading technology for AmI will only succeed if the engineering research community is prepared to join forces in order to make Mark Weiser’s dream of 1991 come true. This will not be business as usual by just doubling transistor count or clock speed in a microprocessor or increasing the bandwidth of communication.
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Author: Bagnato, Alessandra

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 146666195X

Category: Computers

Page: 520

View: 6713

As real-time and integrated systems become increasingly sophisticated, issues related to development life cycles, non-recurring engineering costs, and poor synergy between development teams will arise. The Handbook of Research on Embedded Systems Design provides insights from the computer science community on integrated systems research projects taking place in the European region. This premier references work takes a look at the diverse range of design principles covered by these projects, from specification at high abstraction levels using standards such as UML and related profiles to intermediate design phases. This work will be invaluable to designers of embedded software, academicians, students, practitioners, professionals, and researchers working in the computer science industry.
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Hardware and Software

Author: Zdravko Karakehayov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482276828

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 7191

A presentation of developments in microcontroller technology, providing lucid instructions on its many and varied applications. It focuses on the popular eight-bit microcontroller, the 8051, and the 83C552. The text outlines a systematic methodology for small-scale, control-dominated embedded systems, and is accompanied by a disk of all the example problems included in the book.
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