New Zealand 2006 Review

Author: OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264109706

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 2824

A small, geographically isolated country, New Zealand faces some serious energy sector challenges, requiring special attention to security of supply issues, both in oil and gas domains. Natural gas production from the major Maui field is rapidly declining. New domestic resources must be found or an import capability developed and imports secured if gas is to remain a significant part of the country's energy mix. At the same time, New Zealand's greenhouse gas emissions are rising: the most recent estimates put them at 21% above their Kyoto target over the first commitment period. Thankfully, th.
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Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264093176

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 3898

OECD's 2011 periodic review of New Zealand's economy. This edition includes chapters covering sustainable growth, rebalancing housing markets, product market regulation, and green growth and climate change policies.
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Innovative Solutions in Changing Markets

Author: Martha M. Roggenkamp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199645039

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 453

View: 9305

Energy supply depends on the means of transport to the consumer. Cables and pipelines are necessary to transport oil, gas, and electricity. Their construction and use depend on developments in technology, policies, and laws. This book analyzes the challenges confronting governments, regulators, and network operators in managing energy networks.
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Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264093164

Category:

Page: 168

View: 9836

OECD's 2011 periodic review of New Zealand's economy. This edition includes chapters covering sustainable growth, rebalancing housing markets, product market regulation, and green growth and climate change policies.
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Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe

Page: N.A

View: 5620

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Australia 2012

Author: International Energy Agency

Publisher: Organization for Economic

ISBN: 9789264170728

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 1398

The IEA's 2012 review of Australia's energy policies and programmes finds that Australia enjoys the benefit of abundant and diverse energy resources; it is the world's ninth-largest energy producer and is one of only three net energy exporters in the OECD. Its substantial conventional energy resource base includes coal, natural gas, oil and uranium. The country also enjoys extensive wind, solar and geothermal resources as well as large biomass and ocean energy potential.The energy sector is a significant contributor to the Australian economy. Exports have more than tripled over the past decade and surging economic and social expansion in relatively nearby emerging economies such as China and India has driven significant demand for Australian energy and mineral resources. This boom is widely forecast to continue in the coming decades.Late in 2011, the Australian government released a draft energy white paper, which sets out a comprehensive strategic policy framework to guide the development of the energy sector. Also in 2011, the Australian government announced a climate change plan including a wide-ranging package of clean-energy proposals and the introduction of a carbon price mechanism accompanied by significant levels of financial support for innovation in clean-energy technologies.The scale of Australia's energy policy ambitions is enormous and very costly even for a resource-rich nation. Significant investments will be needed for the clean-energy transition and building the infrastructure necessary to expand the domestic resource base. This review analyses the energy-policy challenges facing Australia and provides critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
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Slovak Republic 2012

Author: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Publisher: Organization for Economic

ISBN: 9789264098244

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 156

View: 4039

The Slovak Republic imports virtually all of its natural gas and crude oil from a single supplier, the Russian Federation. Energy security is therefore an overarching concern and priority in the Slovak Republic's energy policy agenda. The government is taking steps to diversify supplies and build on lessons learned from the gas supply disruption in 2009. Enhancing regional co-operation, particularly in the development of gas and electricity interconnections, is an essential step towards meeting the dual policy objectives of enhancing energy security and market competition. The Slovak Republic has moved forward with coupling its electricity market with the Czech Republic's, and supports the construction of a North-South pipeline connection that would link planned LNG terminals in Croatia and Poland, including an interconnector to Hungary. Despite a sharp decline in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions since 1990, the Slovak Republic remains a GHG-intensive economy by OECD standards, with energy-related CO2 emissions accounting for over 70% of total GHG emissions. The country must continue to implement policies that ease the transition to a low-carbon economy. Nuclear power and renewable energy can play crucial roles in the Slovak Republic's efforts to decarbonise its electricity production. Significant efforts can also be made to improve energy efficiency, especially in the transport and building sectors. District heating is a notable area with huge potential for reducing national GHG emissions. This review analyses the energy-policy challenges currently facing the Slovak Republic, and provides sectoral studies and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
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Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Publisher: Organization for Economic

ISBN: 9789264171480

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 151

View: 7934

This 2012 IEA review of Swiss energy policies finds that Switzerland has taken bold decisions to gradually phase out nuclear power and to reduce by a fifth its greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 with domestic measures only. These are challenging objectives, and the country now needs to identify the most viable ways to meet them at least cost and minimum risk to energy security. In the absence of nuclear power, maintaining sufficient electricity capacity will require strong policies to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy. Such measures have already been outlined, but they will likely not be enough. For baseload generation, gas-fired power plants would be the simplest option. Treating their CO2 emissions the same way as in the neighbouring countries would be a strong positive incentive for investors. Because Switzerland's energy-related CO2 emissions come mostly from oil use in transport and space heating, action is most needed in these areas. Commendably, the country is making polluters pay by using a CO2 tax for financing decarbonisation efforts in space heating. Stronger efforts will be needed to reduce emissions from private car use, however. Since the 2007 IEA energy policy review, Switzerland has made clear progress in electricity market reform. Moving to a fully open market by 2015 would be a further positive step. The system of regulated end-user prices, however, is subsidising electricity consumption at a time when low-carbon power supply is becoming more constrained and expensive. It should be reconsidered. Switzerland should also continue to take an increasingly European approach to developing its electricity infrastructure, to its own benefit and to that of its neighbours.
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Strategien der Nachhaltigkeit

Author: Martin Jänicke,Helge Jörgens

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642569536

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 4584

Seit Ende der 80er Jahre gehen Pionierländer des Umweltschutzes neue Wege. Hintergrund ist das Konzept der nachhaltigen Entwicklung, wie es die 1992 in Rio de Janeiro beschlossene Agenda 21 formuliert. Im Kern handelt es sich um eine strategische Umweltplanung mit weitreichenden Konsequenzen für andere Politikfelder. Rund vier Fünftel der Industrieländer verfügen bereits über die eine oder andere Form solcher Planung. In Deutschland hingegen kommt dieser Prozeß bisher nur mühsam voran. Was tut sich in den Vorreiterländern einer strategisch orientierten Umweltpolitik? Was sind die Chancen und Vorzüge einer kooperativen Umweltplanung? Und was ergibt sich daraus für Deutschland? Dies sind die Fragen, denen sich dieses Buch widmet. Der Stand der internationalen Entwicklung wird von namhaften Wissenschaftlern im Überblick dargestellt. Das Buch ist sowohl für Umwelt-, Planungs- und Politikwissenschaftler als auch für Praktiker in Politik, Wirtschaft und Verbänden von Nutzen.
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Author: Lars Holstenkamp,Jörg Radtke

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658094168

Category: Political Science

Page: 1183

View: 369

Dieses Handbuch thematisiert in 68 sozial- und geisteswissenschaftlichen Beiträgen die Transformation des Energiesystems in Deutschland und anderen Ländern vor dem Hintergrund zivilgesellschaftlich-ökonomisch-staatlicher Aktivitäten und Entwicklungen. Die so genannte Bürgerenergie beschreibt eine gemeinschaftliche Betreibung von Energieanlagen. Träger können engagierte Bürger sein, aber auch Beteiligungsangebote und Einrichtungen der öffentlichen Hand können zu diesen Formen zählen – jenseits konventioneller Betreibung und Nutzung. Hinzu kommen weitere Formen der Beteiligung, des Austausches und Diskurses von Bürgern, Unternehmen, Staat und Politik im Rahmen der Energiewende. Von Interesse sind dabei nicht nur sozioökonomische und technische Innovationen, sondern auch Effekte, die auf die Gesellschaft ausstrahlen und umgekehrt, wie gesamtgesellschaftliche Trends, die in die Gestaltung der Energiewende integriert werden. Die Darstellungen beschränken sich nicht nur auf die Beschreibung einzelner Entwicklungen im Bereich der Nutzung Erneuerbarer Energien, sondern beziehen sich auch auf angrenzende Bereiche der Energiepolitik, nachhaltiger Ökonomie, lokaler zivilgesellschaftlicher und staatlicher Aktivitäten, Nutzung und Einfluss von Kommunikations- und Medienformen, Technikdiskurse, Konflikte usw.
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Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264560653

Category:

Page: 212

View: 9485

Das Examen betont die Notwendigkeit, Regionalpolitik auf das ganze Land auszudehnen und stärker mit der Raumplanung zu verknüpfen, um sicherzustellen, dass alle Landesteile von den Vorteilen von Liberalisierung und Globalisierung profitieren können.
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Key Issues and Policy Options

Author: Minsoo Lee,Donghyun Park,Harry D. Saunders

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317666739

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 568

View: 1648

This book examines key issues and policy options of developing Asia’s energy security. Rapid growth has transformed Asia’s presence in the world economy. Past growth has dramatically improved Asia’s living standards, lifting millions out of poverty. Future growth will do the same. But, crucially, can Asia secure the energy it needs to fuel this dramatic economic expansion? This book stresses that the threefold challenge of energy supply security, environmental sustainability, and affordable access requires a multipronged approach. The book also explains that the region must actively contain its rising demand, aggressively explore new energy supply sources and technology, and progressively promote the regional integration of energy markets and infrastructure. The book also highlights that unless there is a paradigm shift in the current energy use, Asia will struggle to deliver the inclusive growth needed to lift millions of its citizens out of poverty. The book also considers the range of policy reforms and technological developments that can ensure a future of ample, affordable, clean energy for Asia.
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Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264209549

Category:

Page: 194

View: 4520

Regierung und Verwaltung auf einen Blick 2013 enthält eine Reihe wichtiger Indikatoren für die Analyse und den internationalen Vergleich der Leistung des öffentlichen Sektors.
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Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264043322

Category:

Page: 522

View: 1352

Der OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2030 liefert Analysen ökonomischer und ökologischer Trends bis 2030 sowie Simulationen politischer Maßnahmen zur Bewältigung der wichtigsten Herausforderungen.
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