Author: Brenda Shaffer

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812204522

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 9683

It is not uncommon to hear states and their leaders criticized for "mixing oil and politics." The U.S.-led Iraq War was criticized as a "war for oil." When energy exporters overtly use energy as a tool to promote their foreign policy goals, Europe and the United States regularly decry the use of energy as a "weapon" rather than accept it as a standard and legitimate tool of diplomacy. In Energy Politics, Brenda Shaffer argues that energy and politics are intrinsically linked. Modern life—from production of goods, to means of travel and entertainment, to methods of waging war—is heavily dependent on access to energy. A country's ability to acquire and use energy supplies crucially determines the state of its economy, its national security, and the quality and sustainability of its environment. Energy supply can serve as a basis for regional cooperation, but at the same time can serve as a source of conflict among energy seekers and between producers and consumers. Shaffer provides a broad introduction to the ways in which energy affects domestic and regional political developments and foreign policy. While previous scholarship has focused primarily on the politics surrounding oil, Shaffer broadens her scope to include the increasingly important role of natural gas and alternative energy sources as well as emerging concerns such as climate change, the global energy divide, and the coordinated international policy-making required to combat them. Energy Politics concludes with examinations of how politics and energy interact in six of the world's largest producers and consumers of energy: Russia, Europe, the United States, China, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.
Read More

Author: David Howard Davis

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780312072322

Category: Education

Page: 321

View: 3921

ENERGY POLITICS examines the policy issues and politics involved in the production of energy resources. Organized around the different sources of energy - coal, oil, natural gas, electricity, nuclear energy, and newer alternative energy sources - the text shows how each form of energy involves distinct policy and management issues, and describes the specific governmental agencies concerned with their production and use. In addition, it focuses on the choices the U.S. must make in providing energy for industrial and private use as the country moves into the twenty-first century. Topics covered in this edition include energy as an issue of national security, the decline of OPEC, the Persian Gulf War, and changes in the international supply and distribution of energy.
Read More

Author: Jennifer I. Considine,Keun-Wook Paik

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784712302


Page: 528

View: 7326

Starting with the fundamentals of the global energy industry, Handbook of Energy Politics goes on to cover the evolution of capital and financial markets in the energy industry, the effects of technology, environmental issues and global warming and geopolitics. The book concludes by considering the future, including the lessons learned from history, where we are most likely to be heading and what steps we can take to mitigate potential energy risks. This Handbook will be an invaluable resource for upper level graduates and postgraduate scholars.
Read More

Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan

Author: Indra Overland,Heidi Kjaernet,Andrea Kendall-Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135224722

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 681

Caspian Energy Politics analyses the role of oil and gas in the development of the three main petroleum exporters in the Caspian region - Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan - and how energy resources influence interactions with semi-authoritarian Russia and China. Due to volatile commodity prices and competition for the resources in and around the Caspian Sea, the governments of these petroleum-exporters face a series of difficult decisions. These governments have sought to balance short-term incentives to spend oil revenues as a means to maintain power against the need for a long-term strategy for managing these assets, choices which have further implications for how these countries align themselves internationally. By illuminating important linkages between domestic and international dynamics in these states, the book provides a fresh perspective on energy politics and the impact of petroleum on the development of the Caspian petroleum producers. Expert contributors from Central Asia and the South Caucasus and international scholars provide context-specific insights into the incentives affecting decision-makers that can provide a foundation for strategies to help the countries in the region overcome the negative effects of reliance on oil and gas. As such, the book will be a valuable tool for business actors seeking to understand the role of Chinese and Russian companies in the region, as well as local and international policymakers and non-governmental organisations.
Read More

Comparative and International Perspectives

Author: Stacy D VanDeveer,Mr Henrik Selin,Professor Miranda A Schreurs

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409498972

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 3454

Environmental and energy policies have become increasingly significant in European and North American politics. This fascinating book uses a wide range of case studies that embrace climate change, product standards, chemical regulations, renewable energy policies, food safety and genetically-modified organisms to examine areas of conflict and cooperation in the transatlantic relationship. While there are many areas where the European Union and the United States are following divergent policy paths, there are also many signs that a more cooperative transatlantic relationship could emerge in the future. Transatlantic Environment and Energy Politics is highly relevant to understanding how the European Union and North America can cooperate more effectively in meeting today's many global environmental and energy policy challenges. It is essential reading for all advanced students and scholars.
Read More

How Interest Groups Influenced Energy Politics in Germany

Author: Wolfgang Gründinger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658176911

Category: Political Science

Page: 657

View: 2922

Wolfgang Gründinger explores how interest groups, veto opportunities, and electoral pressure formed the German energy transition: nuclear exit, renewables, coal (CCS), and emissions trading. His findings provide evidence that logics of political competition in new German politics have fundamentally changed over the last two decades with respect to five distinct mechanisms: the end of ’fossil-nuclear’ corporatism, the new importance of trust in lobbying, ’green ’ path dependence, the emergence of a ’Green Grand Coalition’, and intra-party fights over energy politics. ​
Read More

Ecological Modernisation and Corporate Social Responsibility

Author: Giorel Curran

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137352323

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 9893

This book explores the fraught politics of energy transitions in an age of climate change. But it does so in a very specific way – through the discourses of ecological modernisation and corporate social responsibility which, Giorel Curran contends, fundamentally shape the conception and practice of sustainability today. Curran investigates whether these prevailing sustainability discourses and practices are up to the task of stemming accelerating social and environmental harms. Against the global political economy background of neo-liberalism and globalisation – which significantly condition the power relations of environmental reform today – the author seeks answers to this question through an exploration of several energy-related case studies, primarily in the United States, Australia and Germany. These include the cases of global climate politics, unconventional gas developments and renewable energy transitions.
Read More

The Case of Ghana

Author: Naaborle Sackeyfio

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319601229

Category: Political Science

Page: 193

View: 6870

This book addresses the paradox of uneven electricity in one of the fastest growing and now petro rich economies, Ghana, by addressing the question of why one of the most hydro rich countries in sub-Saharan Africa produces irregular access for all but ‘swing’ voter regions of the country. The book questions why targeted rural electricity initiatives over the course of the last two decades have yielded uneven benefits for what is a substantial portion of the country’s population. Using Ghana as an emblematic case-study that speaks to broader regional concerns, including those of Nigeria and South Africa, this book contextualizes the variegated nature of how power sector reforms could not be undertaken without significant political costs. Indeed, the book situates an unfolding political landscape that prompted the successful but partial implementation of power sector reforms in part prompted by the Washington consensus and undergirded by a shrinking role for the state in the wider economy.
Read More

Japan's policy between short-term wealth and long-term global welfare

Author: Helmar Krupp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9784431701040

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 1095

This comprehensive treatment of present Japanese energy-policy making demonstrates structural identities among the highly industrialized countries, in spite of geographical, historical and political particularities of Japan. Through a conflict with short-term wealth orientation, the industrialized world is slowly heading towards two new paradigms, that of natural resources protection and the opposite one of global eco-engineering in order to substitute nature by an enlarged technosphere.
Read More

Citizens’ Needs, Entitlements and Struggles for Access

Author: David Gullette,Jeanne Féaux de la Croix

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317302524

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 6208

The perception of Central Asia and its place in the world has come to be shaped by its large oil and gas reserves. Literature on energy in the region has thus largely focused on related geopolitical issues and national policies. However, little is known about citizens’ needs within this broader context of commodities that connect the energy networks of China, Russia and the West. This multidisciplinary special issue brings together anthropologists, economists, geographers and political scientists to examine the role of all forms of energy (here: oil, gas, hydropower and solar power) and their products (especially electricity) in people’s daily lives throughout Central Asia and the Caucasus. The papers in this issue ask how energy is understood as an everyday resource, as a necessity and a source of opportunity, a challenge or even as an indicator of exclusionary practices. We enquire into the role and views of energy sector workers, rural consumers and urban communities, and their experiences of energy companies’ and national policies. We further examine the legacy of Soviet and more recent domestic energy policies, the environmental impact of energy use as well as the political impact of citizens’ energy grievances. This book was published as a special issue of Central Asian Survey.
Read More

Challenges for a Sustainable Future

Author: Steve Vanderheiden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135710481

Category: Political Science

Page: 8

View: 638

This book brings together leading scholars on the politics of energy, examining the natural resources and developing technologies that are essential to its production and the various public and private factors affecting its use, along with the ecological consequences of both. Section One examines the looming challenges posed by continuing dependence upon oil as a primary energy source, including "peak oil" scenarios and the social and political consequences of resource extraction upon the developing world. Section Two considers proposals to dramatically increase nuclear power production as a means to reduce carbon emissions, with both the risks and potential of this "nuclear option" carefully weighed. Although many tout renewable energy sources for their environmental benefits, Section Three calls attention to several potential problems with large-scale renewable energy development and the dilemmas that they have caused for would-be supporters of such efforts. Finally, Section Four weighs the prospects for developing sustainable energy systems on the ground, including conservation measures that reduce energy demand and system-wide energy policy efforts. Together, these essays demonstrate the importance of sound energy policy along with the numerous obstacles to developing and implementing it. This book was originally published as a special issue of Environmental Politics.
Read More

The Politics of Energy and Development in Latin America

Author: John-Andrew McNeish,Axel Borchgrevink,Owen Logan

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1783600950

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 9479

In the global North the commoditization of creativity and knowledge under the banner of a creative economy is being posed as the post-industrial answer to dependency on labour and natural resources. Not only does it promise a more stable and sustainable future, but an economy focused on intellectual property is more environmentally friendly, so it is suggested. Contested Powers argues that the fixes being offered by this model are bluffs; development as witnessed in Latin American energy politics and governance remains hindered by a global division of labour and nature that puts the capacity for technological advancement in private hands. The authors call for a multi-layered understanding of sovereignty, arguing that it holds the key to undermining rigid accounts of the relationship between carbon and democracy, energy and development, and energy and political expression. Furthermore, a critical focus on energy politics is crucial to wider debates on development and sustainability. Contested Powers is essential reading for those wondering how energy resources are converted into political power and why we still value the energy we take from our surroundings more than the means of its extraction.
Read More

Author: Marie Lall

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 981230827X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 255

View: 506

Energy security has become a central concern for all the countries in the Asian region and the search for sufficient sources of energy to fuel economic growth has drastically influenced relations among the South Asian countries as well as their respective relations with their neighbours China, Myanmar, Iran, and Afghanistan. The recent nuclear deal between India and the US is also indicative of how energy and power politics are linked and how these new inter-linkages underlie relations betwee...
Read More

The Politics of Nuclear and Solar Power in the United States

Author: George A. Gonzalez

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438442955

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 9859

What set the United States on the path to developing commercial nuclear energy in the 1950s, and what led to the seeming demise of that industry in the late 1970s? Why, in spite of the depletion of fossil fuels and the obvious dangers of global warming, has the United States moved so slowly toward adopting alternatives? In Energy and Empire, George A. Gonzalez presents a clear and concise argument demonstrating that economic elites tied their advocacy of the nuclear energy option to post-1945 American foreign policy goals. At the same time, these elites opposed government support for other forms of energy, such as solar, that cannot be dominated by one nation. While researchers have blamed safety concerns and other factors as helping to arrest the expansion of domestic nuclear power plant construction, Gonzalez points to an entirely different set of motivations stemming from the loss of America’s domination/control of the enrichment of nuclear fuel. Once foreign countries could enrich their own fuel, civilian nuclear power ceased to be a lever the United States could use to economically/politically dominate other nations. Instead, it became a major concern relating to nuclear weapons proliferation.
Read More

The Politics of Energy, Climate, and Globalization

Author: Michael P. Byron

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 0875865119

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 4765

Exploring the links between politics, climate, energy, ecology and economics, the author shows the causes and consequences of our actions and values, and informs readers what they can do to ensure their well being and the future survival of human civilization. Figures, charts and tables and literary highlights help convey the message.
Read More

Prelude to Climate Change

Author: Joseph P. Tomain

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499750

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 3317

Climate change presents the United States, and the world, with regulatory problems of a magnitude, complexity and scope unseen before. The United States, however, particularly after the mid-term elections of 2010, lacks the political will necessary to aggressively address climate change. Most current books focus on climate change. Ending Dirty Energy Policy argues that the US will not adequately address climate change until it transforms its fossil fuel energy policy. Yet there are signs that the country will support the transformation of its century-old energy policy from one that is dependent on fossil fuels to a low-carbon energy portfolio. A transformative energy policy that favors energy efficiency and renewable resources can occur only after the US has abandoned the traditional fossil fuel energy policy, has redesigned regulatory systems to open new markets and promoted competition among new energy providers, and has stimulated private-sector commercial and venture capital investment in energy innovations that can be brought to commercial scale and marketability.
Read More