Challenges After Fukushima

Author: Vlado Vivoda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317143647

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 1237

For a country already uneasy about energy security, the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, which caused a nuclear catastrophe at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, turned pre-existing Japanese concern about the availability of energy into outright anxiety. The subsequent closure of many nuclear reactors meant Japan needed to replace lost power quickly and so had no choice but to secure additional fossil fuels, undermining Japanese diversification policy and increasing global and regional competition for energy. This switch has been at a cost to the already weak Japanese economy whilst the increase in fossil fuel consumption has caused a significant increase in greenhouse gas emissions. In this book Vlado Vivoda examines the drastically changed environment following the disaster in order to analyse Japan’s energy security challenges and evaluate Tokyo’s energy policy options. Looking at how the disaster exacerbated Japan’s existing energy security challenges, Vivoda considers the best policy options for Japan to enhance national energy security in the future, exploring the main impediments to change and how they might be overcome.
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Author: Mike M. Mochizuki,Deepa M. Ollapally

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317194586

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1818

Many states appear to have strong sentiment on energy security and energy transit vulnerability. Some analysts see the rapidly increasing demand for energy and competition for energy resources leading to nationalistic energy policies. Others argue that global trends with efficient energy markets and growing options on renewables suggest more relaxed energy outlooks. This book focuses on Asia, where global demand for energy is now concentrated in the aspiring and rising powers of the region: China, India, Japan and South Korea, and also recognises the importance of Russia as a growing energy supplier. Contributions by experts in the field provide detailed and parallel case studies. Shedding light on the ongoing debate in the literature regarding energy outlooks of major Asian states, they analyse whether energy policies are expected to evolve along market oriented cooperative lines or more competitive and even destructive mercantile, nationalist lines. The book argues that states are not unitary actors even in the key energy security arena and there are competing and contrasting viewpoints in Asian states on energy security. It suggests that domestic debates structure thinking on energy security, making energy policy more contingent than assumed by purely market or geopolitical logics. Providing a strong contribution to comparative energy security studies, the book fills an important gap in the literature on energy and national security and offers a basis for conducting further inter-state, interactive analysis. It will be of interest to researchers on Asian Studies, energy politics and international relations.
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The Asia-Pacific Experience

Author: L. Anceschi,J. Symons

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230355366

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 4867

Leading scholars assess the transformations in energy security policy that flow from recognition of global climate change. They explore through case studies the key policy responses formulated in the Asia-Pacific and identify potential synergies between energy policy and climate mitigation efforts.
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resources-diplomacy-security

Author: Ronald A. Morse,University of California, Berkeley. Institute of East Asian Studies

Publisher: Univ of California Inst of East

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

View: 3364

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Author: Michael Wesley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113412967X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 7834

This book explores the various dimensions of energy security in Asia – which has become an increasingly important geopolitical issue. Reputable international contributors look at the roles played by each of the major energy importers: the United States, China, Japan and India, as well as the main suppliers: the OPEC states, Russia, the Central Asian states and Australia. In each case, the domestic politics of energy security are investigated, and state interests and perspectives on the issue are considered. Analyzing the policy and security aspects of energy security, the book includes an examination of: the geopolitics of energy competition strategic, economic and environmental dimensions the impacts of energy security on human security. With energy security being one of the central issues facing the world today, this book is a timely and impressive appraisal of the major energy security issues facing Asia.
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Seeking Energy Security in Europe, Japan, and the United States

Author: John S. Duffield

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421416743

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4164

In recent years, the efforts of nations to promote energy security have been hotly debated. Fuels Paradise examines how five major developed democracies—Britain, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States—have sought to enhance their energy security since the oil shocks of the 1970s and in response to the more diverse set of challenges of the early twenty-first century. Drawing on a vast range of primary and secondary sources, John S. Duffield explains the actions taken—and not taken—by these countries to address their energy security concerns. Throughout the book, Duffield argues that state strength and policy legacies are essential for understanding national responses to energy insecurity. In addition to identifying feasible energy policies and the constraints faced by policy makers, he evaluates the prospects for international cooperation to promote energy security and considers the implications of recent advances in the production and distribution of energy, particularly the fracking revolution. An ambitious cross-national and longitudinal study grounded in promising theories of national behavior, Fuels Paradise will contribute substantially to broader debates about the determinants of state action and public policy. -- Charles F. Doran, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University
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Common Challenges and National Responses in Japan, China and Northern Europe

Author: E. Moe,P. Midford

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137338873

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 4689

Bringing together renewable energy and energy security, this book covers both the politics and political economy of renewables and energy security and analyzes renewable technologies in diverse and highly topical countries: Japan, China and Northern Europe.
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Meine Geschichte

Author: Michelle Obama

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641227321

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 544

View: 5996

Die kraftvolle und inspirierende Autobiografie der ehemaligen First Lady der USA Michelle Obama ist eine der überzeugendsten und beeindruckendsten Frauen der Gegenwart. Als erste afro-amerikanische First Lady der USA trug sie maßgeblich dazu bei, das gastfreundlichste und offenste Weiße Haus zu schaffen, das es je gab. Sie wurde zu einer energischen Fürsprecherin für die Rechte von Frauen und Mädchen in der ganzen Welt, setzte sich für einen dringend notwendigen gesellschaftlichen Wandel hin zu einem gesünderen und aktiveren Leben ein und stärkte außerdem ihrem Ehemann den Rücken, während dieser die USA durch einige der schmerzlichsten Momente des Landes führte. Ganz nebenbei zeigte sie uns noch ein paar lässige Dance-Moves, glänzte beim „Carpool Karaoke“ und schaffte es obendrein auch, zwei bodenständige Töchter zu erziehen – mitten im gnadenlosen Blitzlichtgewitter der Medien. In diesem Buch erzählt sie nun erstmals ihre Geschichte – in ihren eigenen Worten und auf ihre ganz eigene Art. Sie nimmt uns mit in ihre Welt und berichtet von all den Erfahrungen, die sie zu der starken Frau gemacht haben, die sie heute ist. Warmherzig, weise und unverblümt erzählt sie von ihrer Kindheit an der Chicagoer South Side, von den Jahren als Anwältin und leitende Angestellte, von der nicht immer einfachen Zeit als berufstätige Mutter sowie von ihrem Leben an Baracks Seite und dem Leben ihrer Familie im Weißen Haus. Gnadenlos ehrlich und voller Esprit schreibt sie sowohl über große Erfolge als auch über bittere Enttäuschungen, den privaten wie den öffentlichen. Dieses Buch ist mehr als eine Autobiografie. Es enthält die ungewöhnlich intimen Erinnerungen einer Frau mit Herz und Substanz, deren Geschichte uns zeigt, wie wichtig es ist, seiner eigenen Stimme zu folgen.
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The Maritime Dimension

Author: H. Lai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230619606

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 7928

The main focus of the contributors of this volume is to analyze closely major aspects of energy security, energy diplomacy, and maritime security in East and Southeast Asia. Specifically, they examine the current state of energy security and maritime security of China and Japan, as well as Southeast Asia.
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The Birth of Energy Security in Industrial America

Author: Peter A. Shulman

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421417065

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 2319

Since the early twentieth century, Americans have associated oil with national security. From World War I to American involvement in the Middle East, this connection has seemed a self-evident truth. But as Peter A. Shulman argues, Americans had to learn to think about the geopolitics of energy in terms of security, and they did so beginning in the nineteenth century: the age of coal. Coal and Empire insightfully weaves together pivotal moments in the history of science and technology by linking coal and steam to the realms of foreign relations, navy logistics, and American politics. Long before oil, coal allowed Americans to rethink the place of the United States in the world. Shulman explores how the development of coal-fired, ocean-going steam power in the 1840s created new questions, opportunities, and problems for U.S. foreign relations and naval strategy. The search for coal, for example, helped take Commodore Matthew Perry to Japan in the 1850s. It facilitated Abraham Lincoln’s pursuit of black colonization in 1860s Panama. After the Civil War, it led Americans to debate whether a need for coaling stations required the construction of a global island empire. Until 1898, however, Americans preferred to answer the questions posed by coal with new technologies rather than new territories. Afterward, the establishment of America’s island empire created an entirely different demand for coal to secure the country’s new colonial borders, a process that paved the way for how Americans incorporated oil into their strategic thought. By exploring how the security dimensions of energy were not intrinsically linked to a particular source of power but rather to political choices about America’s role in the world, Shulman ultimately suggests that contemporary global struggles over energy will never disappear, even if oil is someday displaced by alternative sources of power.
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An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: Gawdat Bahgat

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470980168

Category: Computers

Page: 254

View: 5389

Security of Energy supply is a major concern for all modern societies, intensified by skyrocketing demand in India and China and increasing international competition over fossil fuel deposits. Energy Security: An Interdisciplinary Approach gives A comparative analysis from both consumers' and producers' perspectives. It uniquely combines economics, geology, international relations, business, history, public management and political science, in one comprehensive volume, highlighting the vulnerabilities and need to move to more sustainable energy sources. The author provides a number of useful case studies to demonstrate the theory, including perspectives from consuming regions such as the United States, the European Union, and China, and from exporting regions; the Middle East, Africa, Russia and the Caspian Sea. Key features include: coverage on theoretical and empirical frameworks so readers are able to analyse concepts relevant to new laws and policies in energy security up-to-date coverage on ‘green energy', outlining research on the balance between meeting energy needs and avoiding polluting the environment an examination of the three most prominent international energy organizations; International Energy Agency, International Energy Forum, and Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries a full Glossary listing all important terms used in the energy field This study holds important information for policymakers, politicians, energy specialists, scientists and post-graduate and final year students of energy and international relations. With its clear written style, it will also engage other professionals who are interested in international political economy and the future of global energy.
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A Reference Handbook

Author: Gal Luft

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0275999971

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 8634

This timely and comprehensive book is a one stop shop for anyone interested in the nexus between energy and security. Bringing the perspectives of the best experts in the field it sheds light on the role of energy in modern life and the various approaches countries use to achieve energy security.
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Responding to the 2011 earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima nuclear crisis

Author: Paul Bacon,Christopher Hobson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131774747X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 6080

Japan has been one of the most important international sponsors of human security, yet the concept has hitherto not been considered relevant to the Japanese domestic context. This book applies the human security approach to the specific case of the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident that struck Japan on 11 March 2011, which has come to be known as Japan's ‘triple disaster’. This left more than 15,000 people dead and was the most expensive natural disaster in recorded history. The book identifies the many different forms of human insecurity that were produced or exacerbated within Japan by the triple disaster. Each chapter adds to the contemporary literature by identifying the vulnerability of Japanese social groups and communities, and examining how they collectively seek to prevent, respond to and recover from disaster. Emphasis is given to analysis of the more encouraging signs of human empowerment that have occurred. Contributors draw on a wide range of perspectives, from disciplines such as: disaster studies, environmental studies, gender studies, international relations, Japanese studies, philosophy and sociology. In considering this Japanese case study in detail, the book demonstrates to researchers, postgraduate students, policy makers and practitioners how the concept of human security can be practically applied at a policy level to the domestic affairs of developed countries, countering the tendency to regard human security as exclusively for developing states.
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The Global Context and Indian Perspectives

Author: B. Sudhakara Reddy,Sergio Ulgiati

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 813222065X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 519

View: 7205

This volume provides a systematic framework for energy suppliers, policy makers, academics, students, and all others interested in energy security, and analyzes key issues concerning energy, security and sustainability with the help of a wealth of data. While sustainability is the broadest objective, energy security is an important part of it, at the global, national and societal levels. The development of a sustainable, long-term solution to meeting the world’s energy needs is a defining issue of our time, since central global challenges that the world faces—poverty alleviation, climate change, and environmental degradation—are directly linked to energy security. The contributions cover key issues in sustainable energy and illustrate that the insecurity of a majority of countries owes to internal factors which have more to do with market forces, inefficient technologies, lack of institutions, environmental insecurity, pricing mechanisms, etc., and less to do with the international situation. The links between energy and development are both direct and indirect. Directly, energy provides several services and utilities to maintain human well-being, and also does so indirectly through stakeholders. This volume addresses both the direct and indirect links and provides sustainable alternatives, helping readers to better grasp the resilience of both socio-economic and resource sub-systems in the process. The issues affecting energy supply and demand, including technology portfolios, environmental considerations and consumer attitudes are thoroughly discussed. One of the critical questions that arises is how to facilitate energy investment. The investment climate and the key issues involved are analyzed, including: the capital flows with reasonable and stable investment frameworks, timely decision-making by governments, and open markets. The broad objective of the volume is to foster a deeper understanding of the concept of energy security and to identify the methods of analysis, policy initiatives and future research needed to generate a balanced pattern of energy use and mitigate its impact on humanity and the environment.
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Author: Lucas Bernard,Willi Semmler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190204192

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 1784

The first World Climate Conference, which was sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization in Gen?ve in 1979, triggered an international dialogue on global warming. From the 1997 United Nations-sponsored conference-during which the Kyoto Protocol was signed-through meetings in Copenhagen, Canc?n, Durban, and most recently Doha (2012) and Warsaw (2013), worldwide attention to the issue of global warming and its impact on the world's economy has rapidly increased in intensity. The consensus of these debates and discussions, however, is less than clear. Optimistically, many geoscience researchers and members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have supported CO2 emission reduction pledges while maintaining that a 2?C limit in increased temperature by the year 2100 is achievable through international coordination. Other observers postulate that established CO2 reduction commitments such as those agreed to at the Copenhagen United Nations Climate Change Conference (2009) are insufficient and cannot hold the global warming increase below 2?C. As experts theorize on precisely what impact global warming will have, developing nations have become particularly alarmed. The developed world will use energy to mitigate global warming effects, but developing countries are more exposed by geography and poverty to the most dangerous consequences of a global temperature rise and lack the economic means to adapt. The complex dynamics that result from this confluence of science and geopolitics gives rise to even more complicated issues for economists, financial planners, business leaders, and policy-makers. The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming analyzes the economic impact of issues related to and resulting from global warming, specifically the implications of possible preventative measures, various policy changes, and adaptation efforts as well as the different consequences climate change will have on both developing and developed nations. This multi-disciplinary approach, which touches on issues of growth, employment, and development, elucidates for readers state-of-the-art research on the complex and far-reaching problem of global warming.
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Evolving Dynamics, Policy Dilemmas and Prospects

Author: Dr Filippos Proedrou

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409476626

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 436

This book fills an important gap in the literature on energy security in the gas sector in the European Union. Whilst the emphasis is often on energy security in the oil sector, the gas sector has grown in importance in recent decades, with increasing liberalization raising critical questions for the security of gas supplies. The share of gas in Europe's energy mix is rising and the differences between the politics and economics of gas and oil supply are becoming more pronounced. The author sheds light on the state of EU energy security in the gas sector, its interdependence with external suppliers and the current gas strategy. He examines the role of energy companies, EU member-states and EU institutions, locates the main developments in the gas sector and focuses on the principal challenges posed by such fundamental changes. The author scrutinizes the EU's relations with its main gas supplier, Russia, as well as with alternative suppliers, elaborates on the key infrastructure projects on the table and their principal ramifications, and discusses the main policies that member-states pursue to achieve energy security as well as the EU's internal contradictions. The book concludes with policy recommendations, particularly in the light of tougher environmental regulation.
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Author: Rajesh M. Basrur,Swee Lean Collin Koh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415809614

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9825

"The rising demand for energy, the higher costs of oil and gas, and the association of fossil fuels with adverse climate change have all brought a renewed interest in nuclear energy. Nuclear power, however, is itself controversial, because of its costs, its environmental effects and the security risks it poses. This book discusses these critical issues surrounding nuclear power in relation to Asia. It discusses also the politics of nuclear power and the activities of civil society organisations concerned about nuclear issues. Throughout the book the perspectives are included of both proponents and opponents of nuclear power on the key controversial issues."--Publisher's description.
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