Women and Prehistory

Author: Joan M. Gero,Margaret W. Conkey

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631175018

Category: Social Science

Page: 436

View: 1413

This pathbreaking book brings gender issues to archaeology for the first time, in an explicit and theoretically informed way. In it, leading archaeologists from around the world contribute original analyses of prehistoric data to discover how gender systems operated in the past.
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Analyzing Power and Prestige

Author: Sarah M. Nelson

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759104956

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 4337

'Gender in Archaeology' provides a feminist theoretical synthesis of the flood of archaeological work on gender. The author examines the roles of women & men in areas as human origins, the sexual division of labour, kinship & other social formations.
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Author: Kelley Hays-Gilpin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415173599

Category: Social Science

Page: 383

View: 3812

This Reader in Gender Archaeology presents nineteen current, controversial and highly influential articles which confront and illuminate issues of gender in prehistory. The question of gender difference and whether it is natural or culturally constructed is a compelling one. The articles here, which draw on evidence from a wide range of geographic areas, demonstrate how all archaeological investigation can benefit from an awareness of issues of gender. They also show how the long-term nature of archaeological research can inform the gender debate across the disciplines. The volume: * organizes this complex area into seven sections on key themes in gender archaeology: archaeological method and theory, human origins, division of labour, the social construction of gender, iconography and ideology, power and social hierarchies and new forms of archaeological narrative * includes section introductions which outline the history of research on each topic and present the key points of each article * presents a balance of material which rewrites women into prehistory, and articles which show how the concept of gender informs our understanding and interpretation of the past.
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Worldwide Archaeological Approaches

Author: Sarah M. Nelson,Myriam Rosen-Ayalon

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100879

Category: Social Science

Page: 433

View: 1435

Visit our website for sample chapters!
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Women and Society in Ancient Cyprus

Author: Diane R. Bolger,Nancy J. Serwint

Publisher: Amer School of Oriental


Category: History

Page: 457

View: 3093

This is a collection of papers which focus on issues of gender and society in ancient Cyprus from the Neolithic to Roman periods.
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Author: Diane Bolger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118294262

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 597

An authoritative guide on gender prehistory for researchers, instructors and students in anthropology, archaeology, and gender studies Provides the most up-to-date, comprehensive coverage of gender archaeology, with an exclusive focus on prehistory Offers critical overviews of developments in the archaeology of gender over the last 30 years, as well as assessments of current trends and prospects for future research Focuses on recent Third Wave approaches to the study of gender in early human societies, challenging heterosexist biases, and investigating the interfaces between gender and status, age, cognition, social memory, performativity, the body, and sexuality Features numerous regional and thematic topics authored by established specialists in the field, with incisive coverage of gender research in prehistoric and protohistoric cultures of Africa, Asia, Europe, the Americas and the Pacific
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The Discipline of Things

Author: Bjørnar Olsen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274164

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 8974

“This book exhorts the reader to embrace the materiality of archaeology by recognizing how every step in the discipline’s scientific processes involves interaction with myriad physical artifacts, ranging from the camel-hair brush to profile drawings to virtual reality imaging. At the same time, the reader is taken on a phenomenological journey into various pasts, immersed in the lives of peoples from other times, compelled to engage their senses with the sights, smells, and noises of the publics and places whose remains they study. This is a refreshingly original and provocative look at the meaning of the material culture that lies at the foundation of the archaeological discipline.”—Michael Brian Schiffer, author of The Material Life of Human Beings “This volume is a radical call to fundamentally rethink the ontology, profession, and practice of archaeology. The authors present a closely reasoned, epistemologically sound argument for why archaeology should be considered the discipline of things, rather than its more commonplace definition as the study of the human past through material traces. All scholars and students of archaeology will need to read and contemplate this thought-provoking book.”—Wendy Ashmore, Professor of Anthropology, UC Riverside "A broad, illuminating, and well-researched overview of theoretical problems pertaining to archaeology. The authors make a calm defense of the role of objects against tedious claims of 'fetishism.'"—Graham Harman, author of The Quadruple Object
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Author: Domna C. Stanton,Abigail J. Stewart

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472065660

Category: Social Science

Page: 361

View: 3407

Brings together essays by leading scholars to explore the profound impact of feminist scholarship on the major academic disciplines.
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Separating the Spheres in Urban America

Author: Diana diZerga Wall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 148991210X

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 7847

Historical archaeologists often become so involved in their potsherd patterns they seldom have time or energy left to address the broader processes responsi ble for the material culture patterns they recognize. Some ofus haveurged our colleagues to use the historical record as a springboard from which to launch hypotheses with which to better understand the behavioral and cultural pro cesses responsible for the archaeological record. Toooften, this urging has re sulted in reports designed like a sandwich, having a slice of "historical back ground," followed by a totally different "archaeological record," and closed with a weevil-ridden slice of "interpretation" of questionable nutritive value for understanding the past. The reader is often left to wonder what the archae ological meat had to do with either slice of bread, since the connection be tween the documented history and the material culture is left to the reader's imagination, and the connection between the interpretation and the other disparate parts is tenuous at best. The plethora of stale archaeological sandwiches in the literature has re sulted at the methodological level from a too-narrow focus on the specific history and archaeology ofa site and the individuals involvedon it, rather than a focus on the explanation of broader processes of culture to which the actors and events at the site-specific level responded.
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Feminist Archaeology at a Wahpeton Dakota Village

Author: Janet Spector

Publisher: Minnesota Historical Society Press

ISBN: 9780873517577

Category: Feminist criticism

Page: 161

View: 3667

This pioneering work focuses on excavations and discoveries at Little Rapids, a 19th-century Eastern Dakota planting village near present-day Minneapolis.
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Archaeological Perspectives on Female and Male Work

Author: Sophia E. Kelly,Traci Ardren

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1607324830

Category: Social Science

Page: 412

View: 8464

Prehistoric economic relationships are often presented as genderless, yet mounting research highlights the critical role gendered identities play in the division of work tasks and the development of specialized production in pre-modern economic systems. In Gendered Labor in Specialized Economies, contributors combine the study of gender in the archaeological record with the examination of intensified craft production in prehistory to reassess the connection between craft specialization and the types and amount of work that men and women performed in ancient communities. Chapters are organized by four interrelated themes crucial for understanding the implications of gender in the organization of craft production: craft specialization and the political economy, combined effort in specialized production, the organization of female and male specialists, and flexibility and rigidity in the gendered division of labor. Contributors consider how changes to the gendered division of labor in craft manufacture altered other types of production or resulted from modifications in the organization of production elsewhere in the economic system. Striking a balance between theoretical and methodological approaches and presenting case studies from sites around the world, Gendered Labor in Specialized Economies offers a guide to the major issues that will frame future research on how men’s and women’s work changes, predisposes, and structures the course of economic development in various societies. Contributors: Alejandra Alonso Olvera, Traci Ardren, Michael G. Callaghan, Nigel Chang, Cathy Lynne Costin, Pilar Margarita Hernández Escontrías, A. Halliwell, Sue Harrington, James M. Heidke, Sophia E. Kelly, Brigitte Kovacevich, T. Kam Manahan, Ann Brower Stahl, Laura Swantek, Rita Wright, Andrea Yankowski
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Author: Cheryl Claassen

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812215090

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 4714

"Pt. 1 of this collection presents a history of women in Americanist archaeology, including a biography of Dorothy Hughes Popenoe who conducted early stratigraphic excavations in Honduras. Pt. 2 focuses on the current status of North American women in Me
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Author: Margaret Ehrenberg,Margaret R. Ehrenberg

Publisher: N.A


Category: Europe

Page: 192

View: 1284

" "ocial attitudes in our culture have led to the assumption that early advances in human knowledge were the achievements of men; the role of women in prehistoric times has been largely overlooked. In this thought-provoking book, however, Margaret Ehrenberg argues that the true contribution of women especially in the discovery and development of agriculture was much greater than has been acknowledged to date. Examining the evidence from archaeological, anthropological, and classical documentary sources, Ehrenberg throws new light on the lives of women and their social status in Europe from the Palaeolithic era to the Iron Age. The relationship between the role of women and economic production is a central theme of this survey. In Bronze Age and Iron Age societies individual women are seen to be in positions of power. Although available evidence is fragmentary and often controversial, Ehrenberg shows how information can be gathered from skeletons and grave goods found in burials, from settlement sites, from rock carvings and sculpted figurines, as well as from anthropological parallels, to enable significant inferences to be drawn about the life of prehistoric women.
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Author: Rita Wright

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812215748

Category: Architecture

Page: 296

View: 6231

This important collection represents current thinking in feminist studies in archaeology. Its contributors are primarily anthropologists but the book also includes essays by a bioanthropologist and an historian of technology. All are leading scholars who, using a range of methodologies and theoretical frameworks, integrate gender into the central questions with which archaeologists have traditionally been concerned. The book challenges archaeologists to draw on wider feminist discourses in their interpretations of past societies and feminist scholars in other disciplines to consider the new engendered approaches to archaeology presented in the volume. Contributors include: Gillian Bentley, Elizabeth Brumfiel, Margaret Conkey, Cathy Lynne Costin, Joan Gero, Rosemary Joyce, Judith McGaw, Janet Romanowicz, Ruth Tringham, and the editor.
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Archaeology, Ambiguity, and the Production of Knowledge in Northwest Argentina

Author: Joan M. Gero

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292772025

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 3569

Around 400 BCE, inhabitants of the Southern Andes took up a sedentary lifestyle that included the practice of agriculture. Settlements were generally solitary or clustered structures with walled agricultural fields and animal corrals, and the first small villages appeared in some regions. Surprisingly, people were also producing and circulating exotic goods: polychrome ceramics, copper and gold ornaments, bronze bracelets and bells. To investigate the apparent contradiction between a lack of social complexity and the broad circulation of elaborated goods, archaeologist Joan Gero co-directed a binational project to excavate the site of Yutopian, an unusually well-preserved Early Formative village in the mountains of Northwest Argentina. In Yutopian, Gero describes how archaeologists from the United States and Argentina worked with local residents to uncover the lifeways of the earliest sedentary people of the region. Gero foregounds many experiential aspects of archaeological fieldwork that are usually omitted in the archaeological literature: the tedious labor and constraints of time and personnel, the emotional landscape, the intimate ethnographic settings and Andean people, the socio-politics, the difficult decisions and, especially, the role that ambiguity plays in determining archaeological meanings. Gero's unique approach offers a new model for the site report as she masterfully demonstrates how the decisions made in conducting any scientific undertaking play a fundamental role in shaping the knowledge produced in that project.
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the archaeology of maintenance activities

Author: Sandra Montón-Subías,Margarita Sánchez Romero

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd


Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 95

View: 5890

A selection of some of the papers presented at two international workshops: Women and Maintenanceactivities in times of change and Interpreting household practices: reflections on the social and cultural roles of maintenance activities, which were held in Barcelona in November 2005 and November 2007. These two workshops were co-organised by the Centre d'Estudis del Patrimoni Arqueològic de la Prehistòria-CEPAP (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain) and by the Departament d'Humanitats (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain). Contents: Introduction: Engendering social dynamics. The archaeology of maintenance activities. An introduction (Paloma González-Marcén, Sandra Montón-Subías, Marina Picazo, and Margarita Sánchez-Romero); 2) Chapter 1. Towards an archaeology of maintenance activities (Paloma González-Marcén, Sandra Montón-Subías and Marina Picazo); Chapter 2. Why has history not appreciated maintenance activities? (Almudena Hernando); Chapter 3. Thought on a method for zooarchaeological study of quotidian life (Diane Gifford-González); Chapter 4. The technics of the American Home (Francesca Bray ); Chapter 5. Sun Disks and solar cycles: weaving and the down of solar cosmologies in Post-Classical Mexico (Elisabeth Brumfiel ); Chapter 6. Nurturing the dead: medieval women as family undertakers (Roberta Gilchrist); Chapter 7. Maintenance activities in the funerary record. The case of Iberian cemeteries (Antonia García-Luque and Carmen Risquez ); Chapter 8. Greek terracota figurines: images and representations of everyday life (Marina Picazo );Chapter 9. Grinding to a Halt: Gender and the Changing Technology of Flour Production in Roman Galilee (Carol Meyers); Chapter 10. Changing foodways: new strategies in food preparation, serving and consumption in the Bronze Age of the Iberian Peninsula (Margarita Sánchez-Romero and Gonzalo Aranda); Chapter 11. "Spun on a wheel were women's hearts". Women between ideology and life in the Nordic past (Liv Helga Dommasnes).
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Author: Karen Olsen Bruhns,Karen E. Stothert

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806131696

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 4103

This first comprehensive work on women in precolumbian American cultures describes gender roles and relationships in North, Central, and South America from 12,000 B.C. to the 1500s A.D. Utilizing many key archaeological works, Karen Olsen Bruhns and Karen E. Stothert redress some of the long-standing male bias in writing about ancient Native American lifeways. Bruhns and Stothert focus on several of the most thought-provoking areas of study in the Americas: the origins of agriculture, the development of complex societies, the evolution of religious systems, and the interpretation of art and mortuary materials. The authors pay particular attention to the problems of interpreting archaeological remains and the uses of historic and ethnographic evidence in reconstructing the past.
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Author: Adrian Praetzellis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315434350

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 3390

Adrian Praetzellis provides a brief, readable introduction to contemporary theoretical models used in archaeology for the undergraduate or beginning graduate student. He demystifies a dozen flavors of contemporary theory for the theory-phobic reader, providing a short history of each, its application in archaeology, and an example of its use in recent work. The book: teaches about different contemporary archaeological theories including postcolonialism, neoevolutionism, materiality, and queer theoy is written in accessible language with key examples for each theory includes illustrations and cartoons by the author provides questions at the end of each chapter to facilitate discussion.
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