Author: Keith Cooper,Linda Torczon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080916613

Category: Computers

Page: 824

View: 6710

This entirely revised second edition of Engineering a Compiler is full of technical updates and new material covering the latest developments in compiler technology. In this comprehensive text you will learn important techniques for constructing a modern compiler. Leading educators and researchers Keith Cooper and Linda Torczon combine basic principles with pragmatic insights from their experience building state-of-the-art compilers. They will help you fully understand important techniques such as compilation of imperative and object-oriented languages, construction of static single assignment forms, instruction scheduling, and graph-coloring register allocation. In-depth treatment of algorithms and techniques used in the front end of a modern compiler Focus on code optimization and code generation, the primary areas of recent research and development Improvements in presentation including conceptual overviews for each chapter, summaries and review questions for sections, and prominent placement of definitions for new terms Examples drawn from several different programming languages
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Author: Keith D. Cooper,Linda Torczon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 155860698X

Category: Computers

Page: 801

View: 8434

Today's compiler writer must choose a path through a design space that is filled with diverse alternatives. "Engineering a Compiler" explores this design space by presenting some of the ways these problems have been solved, and the constraints that made each of those solutions attractive.
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Author: Keith Cooper,Linda Torczon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080472672

Category: Computers

Page: 801

View: 4640

The proliferation of processors, environments, and constraints on systems has cast compiler technology into a wider variety of settings, changing the compiler and compiler writer's role. No longer is execution speed the sole criterion for judging compiled code. Today, code might be judged on how small it is, how much power it consumes, how well it compresses, or how many page faults it generates. In this evolving environment, the task of building a successful compiler relies upon the compiler writer's ability to balance and blend algorithms, engineering insights, and careful planning. Today's compiler writer must choose a path through a design space that is filled with diverse alternatives, each with distinct costs, advantages, and complexities. Engineering a Compiler explores this design space by presenting some of the ways these problems have been solved, and the constraints that made each of those solutions attractive. By understanding the parameters of the problem and their impact on compiler design, the authors hope to convey both the depth of the problems and the breadth of possible solutions. Their goal is to cover a broad enough selection of material to show readers that real tradeoffs exist, and that the impact of those choices can be both subtle and far-reaching. Authors Keith Cooper and Linda Torczon convey both the art and the science of compiler construction and show best practice algorithms for the major passes of a compiler. Their text re-balances the curriculum for an introductory course in compiler construction to reflect the issues that arise in current practice. Focuses on the back end of the compiler—reflecting the focus of research and development over the last decade. Uses the well-developed theory from scanning and parsing to introduce concepts that play a critical role in optimization and code generation. Introduces the student to optimization through data-flow analysis, SSA form, and a selection of scalar optimizations. Builds on this background to teach modern methods in code generation: instruction selection, instruction scheduling, and register allocation. Presents examples in several different programming languages in order to best illustrate the concept. Provides end-of-chapter exercises.
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Author: Dick Grune,Kees van Reeuwijk,Henri E. Bal,Ceriel J.H. Jacobs,Koen Langendoen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461446996

Category: Computers

Page: 822

View: 3802

"Modern Compiler Design" makes the topic of compiler design more accessible by focusing on principles and techniques of wide application. By carefully distinguishing between the essential (material that has a high chance of being useful) and the incidental (material that will be of benefit only in exceptional cases) much useful information was packed in this comprehensive volume. The student who has finished this book can expect to understand the workings of and add to a language processor for each of the modern paradigms, and be able to read the literature on how to proceed. The first provides a firm basis, the second potential for growth.
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Author: Andrew W. Appel,Maia Ginsburg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521607650

Category: Computers

Page: 556

View: 6811

Describes all phases of a modern compiler, including techniques in code generation and register allocation for imperative, functional and object-oriented languages.
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Principles, Techniques, & Tools

Author: Alfred V. Aho

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780321486813

Category: Computers

Page: 1009

View: 3211

Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools, known to professors, students, and developers worldwide as the "Dragon Book," is available in a new edition. Every chapter has been completely revised to reflect developments in software engineering, programming languages, and computer architecture that have occurred since 1986, when the last edition published. The authors, recognizing that few readers will ever go on to construct a compiler, retain their focus on the broader set of problems faced in software design and software development.
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Author: Des Watson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319527894

Category: Computers

Page: 254

View: 3393

This book provides a practically-oriented introduction to high-level programming language implementation. It demystifies what goes on within a compiler and stimulates the reader's interest in compiler design, an essential aspect of computer science. Programming language analysis and translation techniques are used in many software application areas. A Practical Approach to Compiler Construction covers the fundamental principles of the subject in an accessible way. It presents the necessary background theory and shows how it can be applied to implement complete compilers. A step-by-step approach, based on a standard compiler structure is adopted, presenting up-to-date techniques and examples. Strategies and designs are described in detail to guide the reader in implementing a translator for a programming language. A simple high-level language, loosely based on C, is used to illustrate aspects of the compilation process. Code examples in C are included, together with discussion and illustration of how this code can be extended to cover the compilation of more complex languages. Examples are also given of the use of the flex and bison compiler construction tools. Lexical and syntax analysis is covered in detail together with a comprehensive coverage of semantic analysis, intermediate representations, optimisation and code generation. Introductory material on parallelisation is also included. Designed for personal study as well as for use in introductory undergraduate and postgraduate courses in compiler design, the author assumes that readers have a reasonable competence in programming in any high-level language.
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Optimizations and Machine Code Generation, Second Edition

Author: Y.N. Srikant,Priti Shankar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420043839

Category: Computers

Page: 784

View: 7350

Today’s embedded devices and sensor networks are becoming more and more sophisticated, requiring more efficient and highly flexible compilers. Engineers are discovering that many of the compilers in use today are ill-suited to meet the demands of more advanced computer architectures. Updated to include the latest techniques, The Compiler Design Handbook, Second Edition offers a unique opportunity for designers and researchers to update their knowledge, refine their skills, and prepare for emerging innovations. The completely revised handbook includes 14 new chapters addressing topics such as worst case execution time estimation, garbage collection, and energy aware compilation. The editors take special care to consider the growing proliferation of embedded devices, as well as the need for efficient techniques to debug faulty code. New contributors provide additional insight to chapters on register allocation, software pipelining, instruction scheduling, and type systems. Written by top researchers and designers from around the world, The Compiler Design Handbook, Second Edition gives designers the opportunity to incorporate and develop innovative techniques for optimization and code generation.
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Virtual Machines

Author: Reinhard Wilhelm,Helmut Seidl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642149092

Category: Computers

Page: 187

View: 5436

While compilers for high-level programming languages are large complex software systems, they have particular characteristics that differentiate them from other software systems. Their functionality is almost completely well-defined – ideally there exist complete precise descriptions of the source and target languages, while additional descriptions of the interfaces to the operating system, programming system and programming environment, and to other compilers and libraries are often available. The implementation of application systems directly in machine language is both difficult and error-prone, leading to programs that become obsolete as quickly as the computers for which they were developed. With the development of higher-level machine-independent programming languages came the need to offer compilers that were able to translate programs into machine language. Given this basic challenge, the different subtasks of compilation have been the subject of intensive research since the 1950s. This book is not intended to be a cookbook for compilers, instead the authors' presentation reflects the special characteristics of compiler design, especially the existence of precise specifications of the subtasks. They invest effort to understand these precisely and to provide adequate concepts for their systematic treatment. This is the first book in a multivolume set, and here the authors describe what a compiler does, i.e., what correspondence it establishes between a source and a target program. To achieve this the authors specify a suitable virtual machine (abstract machine) and exactly describe the compilation of programs of each source language into the language of the associated virtual machine for an imperative, functional, logic and object-oriented programming language. This book is intended for students of computer science. Knowledge of at least one imperative programming language is assumed, while for the chapters on the translation of functional and logic programming languages it would be helpful to know a modern functional language and Prolog. The book is supported throughout with examples, exercises and program fragments.
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Author: Robert Morgan

Publisher: Digital Press

ISBN: 9781555581794

Category: Computers

Page: 450

View: 8319

Building an Optimizing Compiler provides a high-level design for a thorough optimizer, code generator, scheduler, and register allocator for a generic modern RISC processor. In the process it addresses the small issues that have a large impact on the implementation. The book approaches this subject from a practical viewpoint. Theory is introduced where intuitive arguments are insufficient; however, the theory is described in practical terms. Building an Optimizing Compiler provides a complete theory for static single assignment methods and partial redundancy methods for code optimization. It also provides a new generalization of register allocation techniques. A single running example is used throughout the book to illustrate the compilation process.
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Author: Steven S. Muchnick

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9781558603202

Category: Computers

Page: 856

View: 9522

Computer professionals who need to understand advanced techniques for designing efficient compilers will need this book. It provides complete coverage of advanced issues in the design of compilers, with a major emphasis on creating highly optimizing scalar compilers. It includes interviews and printed documentation from designers and implementors of real-world compilation systems.
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Author: Randy Allen,Ken Kennedy

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers

ISBN: 9781493303540

Category: Computers

Page: 790

View: 8066

Modern computer architectures designed with high-performance microprocessors offer tremendous potential gains in performance over previous designs. Yet their very complexity makes it increasingly difficult to produce efficient code and to realize their full potential. This landmark text from two leaders in the field focuses on the pivotal role that compilers can play in addressing this critical issue. The basis for all the methods presented in this book is data dependence, a fundamental compiler analysis tool for optimizing programs on high-performance microprocessors and parallel architectures. It enables compiler designers to write compilers that automatically transform simple, sequential programs into forms that can exploit special features of these modern architectures. The text provides a broad introduction to data dependence, to the many transformation strategies it supports, and to its applications to important optimization problems such as parallelization, compiler memory hierarchy management, and instruction scheduling. The authors demonstrate the importance and wide applicability of dependence-based compiler optimizations and give the compiler writer the basics needed to understand and implement them. They also offer cookbook explanations for transforming applications by hand to computational scientists and engineers who are driven to obtain the best possible performance of their complex applications. The approaches presented are based on research conducted over the past two decades, emphasizing the strategies implemented in research prototypes at Rice University and in several associated commercial systems. Randy Allen and Ken Kennedy have provided an indispensable resource for researchers, practicing professionals, and graduate students engaged in designing and optimizing compilers for modern computer architectures. * Offers a guide to the simple, practical algorithms and approaches that are most effective in real-world, high-performance microprocessor and parallel systems. * Demonstrates each transformation in worked examples. * Examines how two case study compilers implement the theories and practices described in each chapter. * Presents the most complete treatment of memory hierarchy issues of any compiler text. * Illustrates ordering relationships with dependence graphs throughout the book. * Applies the techniques to a variety of languages, including Fortran 77, C, hardware definition languages, Fortran 90, and High Performance Fortran. * Provides extensive references to the most sophisticated algorithms known in research.
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Author: Martin Odersky,Lex Spoon,Bill Venners

Publisher: Artima Inc

ISBN: 0981531601

Category: Computers

Page: 736

View: 3961

Presents an introduction to the new programming language for the Java Platform.
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Author: Torben Ægidius Mogensen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319669664

Category: Computers

Page: 258

View: 3572

The second edition of this textbook has been fully revised and adds material about loop optimisation, function call optimisation and dataflow analysis. It presents techniques for making realistic compilers for simple programming languages, using techniques that are close to those used in "real" compilers, albeit in places slightly simplified for presentation purposes. All phases required for translating a high-level language to symbolic machine language are covered, including lexing, parsing, type checking, intermediate-code generation, machine-code generation, register allocation and optimisation, interpretation is covered briefly. Aiming to be neutral with respect to implementation languages, algorithms are presented in pseudo-code rather than in any specific programming language, but suggestions are in many cases given for how these can be realised in different language flavours. Introduction to Compiler Design is intended for an introductory course in compiler design, suitable for both undergraduate and graduate courses depending on which chapters are used.
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Author: Charles N. Fischer,Richard J. LeBlanc Jr.,Ron K. Cytron

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 0133001571

Category: Computers

Page: 720

View: 8369

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Crafting a Compiler is a practical yet thorough treatment of compiler construction. It is ideal for undergraduate courses in Compilers or for software engineers, systems analysts, and software architects. Crafting a Compiler is an undergraduate-level text that presents a practical approach to compiler construction with thorough coverage of the material and examples that clearly illustrate the concepts in the book. Unlike other texts on the market, Fischer/Cytron/LeBlanc uses object-oriented design patterns and incorporates an algorithmic exposition with modern software practices. The text and its package of accompanying resources allow any instructor to teach a thorough and compelling course in compiler construction in a single semester. It is an ideal reference and tutorial for students, software engineers, systems analysts, and software architects.
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Author: Michael L. Scott

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124104770

Category: Computers

Page: 992

View: 8812

Programming Language Pragmatics, Fourth Edition, is the most comprehensive programming language textbook available today. It is distinguished and acclaimed for its integrated treatment of language design and implementation, with an emphasis on the fundamental tradeoffs that continue to drive software development. The book provides readers with a solid foundation in the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of the full range of programming languages, from traditional languages like C to the latest in functional, scripting, and object-oriented programming. This fourth edition has been heavily revised throughout, with expanded coverage of type systems and functional programming, a unified treatment of polymorphism, highlights of the newest language standards, and examples featuring the ARM and x86 64-bit architectures. Updated coverage of the latest developments in programming language design, including C & C++11, Java 8, C# 5, Scala, Go, Swift, Python 3, and HTML 5 Updated treatment of functional programming, with extensive coverage of OCaml New chapters devoted to type systems and composite types Unified and updated treatment of polymorphism in all its forms New examples featuring the ARM and x86 64-bit architectures
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A Practical Guide

Author: Dick Grune,Ceriel J.H. Jacobs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387689540

Category: Computers

Page: 662

View: 2116

This second edition of Grune and Jacobs’ brilliant work presents new developments and discoveries that have been made in the field. Parsing, also referred to as syntax analysis, has been and continues to be an essential part of computer science and linguistics. Parsing techniques have grown considerably in importance, both in computer science, ie. advanced compilers often use general CF parsers, and computational linguistics where such parsers are the only option. They are used in a variety of software products including Web browsers, interpreters in computer devices, and data compression programs; and they are used extensively in linguistics.
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Author: Thomas H. Cormen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262533057

Category: Computers

Page: 1292

View: 1310

A new edition of the essential text and professional reference, with substantial new material on such topics as vEB trees, multithreaded algorithms, dynamic programming, and edge-based flow.
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