Edwin Chadwick and the Politics of Government Growth, 1832-1854

Author: Anthony Brundage

Publisher: University Park : Pennsylvania State University Press


Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5600

This political biography offers a fresh critical assessment of one of the major reformers of nineteenth-century Britain. Edwin Chadwick, lawyer, journalist, and protege of the great Utilitarian sage Jeremy Bentham, spent the next twenty two years after Bentham's death in 1832 in government service. As a member of various royal commissions investigating such social problems as child labor in factories, the poor laws, crime, and public health, Chadwick held the post of secretary to the Poor Law Commissioners (1834-47) and served as a member of the General Board of Health (1848-54). Brundage investigates the process of government growth and modernization in Britain during these critical years. He traces the relationship between Chadwick's ideas and his policy, and the interaction of personal ambition with both. By looking in detail not only at Chadwick's ideas and their sources, but at his political strategies and maneuvers as well, the author offers a substantially new interpretation of the man and the period. The work reflects careful research in the voluminous Chadwick manuscripts at University College, the letters and papers of those connected with Chadwick, and the numerous official reports written entirely or partially by Chadwick. The result, in the words of one reviewer, is a work "several levels beyond" the two earlier biographies of Chadwick. Previous historians have seen Chadwick as a doctrinaire Benthamite, determined to apply his master's blueprints to the ramshackle institutions of British government in order to make them rational, efficient, and responsive to the problems resulting from rapid industrialization and urbanization. While not refuting this assessment, the author reveals other sides of Chadwick's character. Chadwick is shown to have been a deeply ambitious, often devious figure whose strategies frequently backfired, causing damage not only to his own career but to the reforms he espoused. Intensely jealous of rivals, resentful of superiors, and contemptuous of those who valued local self-government, Chadwick made many enemies and was denounced for his "Prussian" tendencies. The opposition to him and his policies finally led to his ouster from the General Board of Health in 1854, and he never again held public office. This full-bodied portrait of a brilliant and dedicated man will be of value to specialists and others interested in nineteenth-century British political, social, and administrative history. Brundage demonstrates that the process of governmental reform was less tidy and straightforward than is sometimes thought, and that the traditional paternalist ethos of government, directed by an aristocratic parliament, did not crumble under Chadwick's Benthamite assault on its structure and methods.
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Practice and Policy in England, Wales, Ireland, and Scotland, 1800-1874

Author: Deborah Brunton

Publisher: University Rochester Press

ISBN: 9781580460361

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 9749

A detailed examination of the political forces and events that shaped smallpox vaccination policy in England, Wales, Ireland, and Scotland during the nineteenth century.
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England 1783-1846

Author: Boyd Hilton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199218919

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 784

View: 2094

Boyd Hilton examines the changes in politics and society in the years 1783-1846, showing how the raffish and rakish style of eighteenth-century society, having reached a peak in the Regency, then succumbed to the new norms of respectability popularly known as 'Victorianism'.
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Abfall und Gesellschaft in Westdeutschland 1945–1990

Author: Roman Köster

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647317209

Category: History

Page: 438

View: 4863

Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg musste sich die westdeutsche Gesellschaft mit einer bis dahin unbekannten Nebenfolge der Konsumgesellschaft auseinandersetzen: Einer dramatischen, in dieser Form bislang nicht gekannten Steigerung der Abfallmengen. Das brachte in den 1960er Jahren nicht nur die Systeme der städtischen Abfallsammlung an ihre Grenzen, sondern warf vor allem die Frage auf, wie sich der Müll möglichst unschädlich für Mensch und Natur »beseitigen« ließ.Die Studie von Roman Köster beschäftigt sich mit der gesellschaftlichen Auseinandersetzung mit dem Abfallproblem nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Sie beschreibt die Entstehung eines »neuen« Umweltproblems sowie die politischen, ökonomischen und kommunikativen Strategien, um mit ihm zurechtzukommen.
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Author: J. Connelly,J. Hayward

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230349234

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 2611

Since the 1970s the public commitment to social solidarity between citizens through comprehensive provision of welfare has been eroded by the imperatives of international markets. In this volume the problems posed to public intervention are analyzed. The contributors compare and evaluate how different countries have dealt with these challenges.
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Municipal Initiative in Parliament from 1858–1872

Author: R.J.B. Morris

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315525364

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 7110

In the mid-Victorian period, when British international influence and power were at their height, concerns about local economic and social conditions were only slowly coming to be recognised as part of the obligations and expectations of central government. Adopting a legal history perspective, this study reveals how municipal authorities of this period had few public law powers to regulate local conditions, or to provide services, and thus the more enterprising went direct to Parliament to obtain – at a price – the passing specific local Bills to address their needs. Identifying and analysing for the first time the 335 local Parliamentary Bills promoted by local authorities in the period from the passing of the Local Government Act 1858 to the first annual report of the Local Government Board in 1872, the book draws three main conclusions from this huge mass of local statute book material. The first is that, far from being an uncoordinated mass of inconsistent, quixotic provisions, these Acts have a substantial degree of cohesion as a body of material. Second, the towns and cities of northern England secured more than half of them. Thirdly, the costs of promotions (and the vested interests involved in them) represented a huge and often wasteful outlay that a more pragmatic and forward-looking Parliamentary attitude could have greatly reduced.
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Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present

Author: Martin V. Melosi

Publisher: N.A


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 578

View: 5940

The authors examines water supply and waste disposal in U.S. cities from Colonial times to the present day.
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The Politics of Reform

Author: David Philips,Robert D. Storch

Publisher: Burns & Oates

ISBN: 9780718501129

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 2194

One of the most profound social changes in the modern world came with the establishment of police forces in the 19th century. In England, law enforcement had for many centuries been the preserve of the traditional parish constable; within a few decades, the change was made to the professional forces which are now part of society.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 722

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Soziales Gleichgewicht und Gesundheit

Author: Richard G. Wilkinson

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3709161800

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 8210

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Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518735179

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6256

Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.
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Vorlesungen am Collège de France 1973-1974

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518297520


Page: 595

View: 1436

In Die Macht der Psychiatrie präsentiert Michel Foucault eine Genealogie der modernen Psychiatrie und der spezifischen Wissensformen, die sie hervorgebracht hat. Man kann, so seine These, den Erkenntnissen der Psychiatrie über den Wahnsinn nur dann Rechnung tragen, wenn man sie ausgehend von den Dispositiven und Wissenstechniken analysiert, die die Behandlung der Kranken bestimmen. Foucaults brillante Untersuchung konzentriert sich vor allem auf die Frühzeit der Psychiatrie von Pinel bis Charcot und schließt mit einer Betrachtung der ”Depsychiatrisierung“ des Wahnsinns in den Neurowissenschaften und der Psychoanalyse, die über die Bewegung der Antipsychiatrie bis in die Gegenwart wirkt.
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Kultur der Macht und Macht der Kultur

Author: T. C. W. Blanning

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783896785510

Category: Books and reading

Page: 516

View: 8218

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die Theorie des staatlichen Gesundheitswesens im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert

Author: Caren Möller

Publisher: Vittorio Klostermann

ISBN: 9783465034407

Category: Medical care

Page: 376

View: 6491

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Author: Nancy Mitford

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843706751

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 3154

Nancy Mitfords schönster Roman, mit dem sie ein paar unvergessliche Prototypen der britischen Upper-Class schuf: Allen voran den exzentrischen Onkel Matthew, dessen reales Vorbild niemand anderes als Nancys eigener Vater war. Im Mittelpunkt der Geschichte steht jedoch die junge, unkonventionelle Linda Radlett, die in politisch bewegter Zeit von Liebe und Abenteuer, kurz: dem wahren Leben träumt – jenseits von Fuchstreibjagden und Five-O’Clock-Tea.
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