Author: Robert Lee Aston

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566705752

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 1103

Today’s engineering and geoscience student needs to know more than how to design a new or remedial project or facility. Questions of law and ambiguities of terms often occur in contracts for mining, landfills, site reclamation, waste depositories, clean up sites, land leases, operating agreements, joint ventures, and other projects. Work place situations arise where environmental compliance methods are challenged by enforcement agencies. Although the statutes, rules, and regulations may seem to be worded clearly and specifically, there are often questions in application and sometimes varied interpretations. Environmental Law for Engineers and Geoscientists introduces simplified American jurisprudence focusing on the legal system, its courts, terms, phrases, administrative law, and regulation by the agencies that administer environmental law. The book comprehensively covers the “big five” environmental statutes: NEPA, CAA, CWA, CERCLA, and RCRA. With the basic law chapter as a foundation, the book covers the practical applications of environmental law for geo-engineers. It concludes with a chapter on the growing area of expert witnessing and admissible evidence in environmental litigation — an area of law where success or failure increasingly depends on the exacting preparation and presentation of expert scientific evidence. Written by a professional mining and geological engineer and a practicing attorney, Environmental Law for Engineers and Geoscientists prepares students for the numerous environmental regulatory encounters they can expect when dealing with various statutes, laws, regulations, and agency rules that govern, affect, and apply to environmental engineering projects. It provides a working knowledge of how to judge whether or not a project is in compliance with regulations, and how to ensure that it is.
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Practice and Ethics

Author: Gordon C. Andrews

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0176441344

Category: Earth scientists

Page: 429

View: 2032

This comprehensive textbook introduces engineers and geoscientists to the structure, practice, and ethics of their professions and encourages them to apply ethical concepts in their professional lives. It is a comprehensive reference for engineers and geoscientists in any branch of these professions, in any province or territory of Canada. The book is intended for practicing professionals, recent graduates, and senior undergraduates and is an excellent study guide for the practice and ethics part of the Professional Practice Examination (PPE) required for licensing in every province and territory.
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Author: Anastasia Telesetsky,An Cliquet,Afshin Akhtar-Khavari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317633660

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 3327

Human activities are depleting ecosystems at an unprecedented rate. In spite of nature conservation efforts worldwide, many ecosystems including those critical for human well-being have been damaged or destroyed. States and citizens need a new vision of how humans can reconnect with the natural environment. With its focus on the long-term holistic recovery of ecosystems, ecological restoration has received increasing attention in the past decade from both scientists and policymakers. Research on the implications of ecological restoration for the law and law for ecological restoration has been largely overlooked. This is the first published book to examine comprehensively the relationship between international environmental law and ecological restoration. While international environmental law (IEL) has developed significantly as a discipline over the past four decades, this book enquires whether IEL can now assist states in making a strategic transition from not just protecting and maintaining the natural environment but also actively restoring it. Arguing that states have international duties to restore, this book offers reflections on the philosophical context of ecological restoration and the legal content of a duty to restore from an international law, European Union law and national law perspective. The book concludes with a discussion of several contemporary themes of interest to both lawyers and ecologists including the role of private actors, protected areas and climate change in ecological restoration.
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Geoscience, Technologies, Environmental Aspects and Legal Frameworks

Author: J Gluyas,S Mathias

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 085709727X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 366

View: 4223

Geological storage and sequestration of carbon dioxide, in saline aquifers, depleted oil and gas fields or unminable coal seams, represents one of the most important processes for reducing humankind’s emissions of greenhouse gases. Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) reviews the techniques and wider implications of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). Part one provides an overview of the fundamentals of the geological storage of CO2. Chapters discuss anthropogenic climate change and the role of CCS, the modelling of storage capacity, injectivity, migration and trapping of CO2, the monitoring of geological storage of CO2, and the role of pressure in CCS. Chapters in part two move on to explore the environmental, social and regulatory aspects of CCS including CO2 leakage from geological storage facilities, risk assessment of CO2 storage complexes and public engagement in projects, and the legal framework for CCS. Finally, part three focuses on a variety of different projects and includes case studies of offshore CO2 storage at Sleipner natural gas field beneath the North Sea, the CO2CRC Otway Project in Australia, on-shore CO2 storage at the Ketzin pilot site in Germany, and the K12-B CO2 injection project in the Netherlands. Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) is a comprehensive resource for geoscientists and geotechnical engineers and academics and researches interested in the field. Reviews the techniques and wider implications of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) An overview of the fundamentals of the geological storage of CO2 discussing the modelling of storage capacity, injectivity, migration and trapping of CO2 among other subjects Explores the environmental, social and regulatory aspects of CCS including CO2 leakage from geological storage facilities, risk assessment of CO2 storage complexes and the legal framework for CCS
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Challenges and Responses at the International Level

Author: Martin Hedemann-Robinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351066560

Category: Law

Page: 84

View: 3260

The international community has generated several hundred multilateral environmental agreements, yet it has been far less successful in developing means to ensure that contracting parties honour them in practice. The subject of law enforcement has traditionally attracted relatively little attention amongst international policy-makers at the formation stage of a multilateral environmental accord. Commonly, the question of how to secure collective adherence to environmental treaty regimes might well only be considered in depth at a much later stage of an environmental agreement’s evolution, if at all. At the same time, the significance of the issue of enforcement has gradually received more considered attention by states and international institutions. Providing an analysis of the nature, extent and current state of the international legal framework concerned with enhancing effective implementation of international environmental law, this book considers the scope and impact of international rules of law whose remit is to require or promote compliance by states with their international environmental legal obligations.
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Principles and Practice

Author: Richard O. Mines, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118785991

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 662

View: 2742

Environmental Engineering: Principles and Practice is written for advanced undergraduate and first-semester graduate courses in the subject. The text provides a clear and concise understanding of the major topic areas facing environmental professionals. For each topic, the theoretical principles are introduced, followed by numerous examples illustrating the process design approach. Practical, methodical and functional, this exciting new text provides knowledge and background, as well as opportunities for application, through problems and examples that facilitate understanding. Students pursuing the civil and environmental engineering curriculum will fi nd this book accessible and will benefit from the emphasis on practical application. The text will also be of interest to students of chemical and mechanical engineering, where several environmental concepts are of interest, especially those on water and wastewater treatment, air pollution, and sustainability. Practicing engineers will find this book a valuable resource, since it covers the major environmental topics and provides numerous step-by-step examples to facilitate learning and problem-solving. Environmental Engineering: Principles and Practice offers all the major topics, with a focus upon: • a robust problem-solving scheme introducing statistical analysis; • example problems with both US and SI units; • water and wastewater design; • sustainability; • public health. There is also a companion website with illustrations, problems and solutions.
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With Special Reference to High Risk Vessels

Author: Bénédicte Sage-Fuller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135020019

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 3344

The book examines whether the jurisdiction of coastal States under international law can be extended to include powers of intervention towards vessels posing a significant risk to their coastal and marine environment, but which have not yet been involved in any incident or accident. The books sets out how it is that coastal State jurisdiction can indeed be seen as including powers of intervention towards High Risks Vessels before an incident or accident happens, on the basis of the precautionary principle. The precautionary principle requires taking action when a risk of damage to the environment is suspected, but cannot be confirmed scientifically.The book thus considers the potential opportunities for the coastal state under international law to regulate international shipping where they consider vessels to an unacceptable risk to the environment, in order to prevent or minimise the risk of occurrence of the accident or incident leading to damage. The book acknowledges that this puts into question some very old and established principles of the law of the sea, most importantly the principle of freedom of navigation. But Bénédicte Sage-Fuller contends that this change would itself be a consequence of the evolution, since the end of WWII, of on the one hand international law of the sea itself, and of international environmental law on the other hand.
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Author: Prem V. Sharma

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521576321

Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 4875

This advanced undergraduate textbook comprehensively describes principal geophysical surveying techniques for environmental and engineering problems.
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Author: Olga Waelder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354075301X

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 8302

This fascinating work makes the link between the rarified world of maths and the down-to-earth one inhabited by engineers. It introduces and explains classical and modern mathematical procedures as applied to the real problems confronting engineers and geoscientists. Written in a manner that is understandable for students across the breadth of their studies, it lays out the foundations for mastering difficult and sometimes confusing mathematical methods. Arithmetic examples and figures fully support this approach, while all important mathematical techniques are detailed. Derived from the author's long experience teaching courses in applied mathematics, it is based on the lectures, exercises and lessons she has used in her classes.
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Understanding How Legal Frameworks Influence Environmental Problem Solving

Author: Chad J. McGuire

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482203685

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 325

View: 7299

Most books on environment law focus on the law first, and then look at how environmental problems are dealt with in relation to the law. Taking a fresh approach, Environmental Law from the Policy Perspective: Understanding How Legal Frameworks Influence Environmental Problem Solving examines environmental problems first, followed by an examination of legal frameworks and how they impact environmental issues. This approach provides a clearer understanding of the relationship between the law and environment by examining environmental issues from an applied perspective. By first focusing on environmental problems without constraining the analysis to a particular legal framework, this book fosters a more holistic discussion of environmental issues that include scientific, social, economic, and political contexts. It examines how laws affect the adaptation of policy, how policy is legitimized into statutory law, and how the law is impacted in practice. The text then underscores how interpretation of the law affects its application to different factual settings. Written by an environmental law expert who teaches environmental law to those not trained in legal theory, the book provides insights into the way environmental issues are "ingested" into a legal process. The author demystifies environmental law as a concept by applying it through the lens of environmental problem solving. Once you have a clear picture of the role legal frameworks have in managing environmental issues, you will be able to take a deeper policy-oriented approach to environmental problems.
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Risks, Regulation, and Management

Author: Matthew Hull,Diana Bowman

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1455731900

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 6804

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety, Second Edition focuses not only on the impact of nanotechnology and the discipline of nanotoxicity, but also explains each of these disciplines through in the context of management requirements and via risk scenarios — providing an overview of regulation, risk management, and exposure. Contributors thoroughly explain environmental health and safety (EHS) issues, financial implications, foreseeable risks (e.g., exposure, dose, hazards of nanomaterials), occupational hygiene, and consumer protection. Key new chapters have been included covering eco-toxicity, nanomedicine, informatics, and future threats. New case studies have also been added, including a chapter on the impact of nanosilver on the environment, as well as an assessment of how well lessons have been learned from the past, such as in the case of asbestos. The book also makes a business case for the importance of proactive EHS management - essential reading for existing or prospective producers of nanoscale products. Practical guidance on risk management and mitigation across different legislative frameworks worldwide Reviews toxicological studies and industrial initiatives, supported by numerous case studies Includes extensive new material on the implications of nanotechnology for medicine, energy and food, as well as assessing future threats.
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Maintaining ecological integrity through consistency in law

Author: Froukje Maria Platjouw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317293762

Category: Law

Page: 220

View: 9137

The ecosystem approach embodies a concept of the environment which emphasizes the integrated components of nature as complex adaptive systems. This book examines the relationship between the architecture and design of environmental law and the implementation of the ecosystem approach as a means to maintain ecological integrity. The main issue addressed is: in which manner and to what extent does fragmentation and administrative discretion in environmental law impede the implementation of an ecosystem approach? This is explored through analysis of several questions: what is an ecosystem approach and how could it be implemented; how can economic evaluation of ecosystem services contribute to the debate; to what extent is environmental law fragmented and how does this affect the implementation of the ecosystem approach; to what extent does environmental law contain administrative discretion and how does this affect the implementation of the ecosystem approach; is there a need for greater consistency, coherence and a stronger rule of law in environmental law in light of the ecosystem approach? The main focus is on Europe, with additional international comparisons where appropriate. The book concludes by providing a normative portrayal of future environmental law as protective, systemic and predictable.
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Author: James R. Pfafflin,Edward N. Ziegler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439851867

Category: Science

Page: 1440

View: 2414

Completely revised and updated, Encyclopedia of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fifth Edition spans the entire spectrum of environmental science and engineering. Still the most comprehensive, authoritative reference available in this field, the monumental two-volume encyclopedia has expanded to include 87 articles on topics ranging from acid rain, air pollution, and community health, to environmental law, instrumentation, modeling, alternative energy, toxicology, radioactive waste, and water treatment. The articles have been extensively revised and updated, new ones have been added to cover the latest developments related to today's environmental problems. The result is a reference work that provides the information necessary to understand, manage, and respond to threats to the human environment.
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Author: Thomas T. Gordon,Arthur S. Cookfair,Vincent G. LoTempio,Brendan S. Lillis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466509457

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 1424

The most significant overhaul of the U.S. patent laws in decades occurred with the recent passage of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). Understanding the law that dictates what a patent is and how a patent is obtained and enforced, and the recent changes through statute or case law litigation presents unique challenges. This third edition of Patent Fundamentals for Scientists and Engineers examines the new Act and provides an overview of the patent system for the independent inventor as well as for members of the scientific and business community—whether a scientist, engineer, supervisor, or manager. In addition to a new chapter dedicated to the America Invents Act, the third edition includes annotations of the recent law changes, updates in all chapters, new figures, and new case studies. The authors discuss patent filing outside of the United States and also dedicate a chapter specifically to the Canadian patent system. They describe the key topics that anyone involved in the patent process needs to know, including what makes an invention patentable, the art of patent searching, and the crucial role of record keeping. The text also includes an indispensable glossary of patent terminology, as well as an appendix with sample U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) forms. This book provides a valuable guide to assist inventors in dealing with the USPTO, as well as with patent professionals. The text describes the patent process from conception to application filing and is a must-have reference for scientists and businesspeople alike. Since the role of patent professionals is to obtain the maximum protection for inventors, both the inventor and businessperson would be well advised to understand and participate in all the steps involved. This book offers an excellent insight into the patent process.
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Getting Maximum Yield from Surface Mines

Author: Robert Lee Aston

Publisher: London : Imperial College Press

ISBN: 9781860941238

Category: Law

Page: 512

View: 5687

Since mining is a basic and essential industry, it cannot be done away with as many environmentalists would like. It provides the raw materials for medicines; building materials for shelters, schools, hospitals, roads; fuels for heating and energy; metals for transportation (cars, airplanes and ships), machinery, communications infrastructure and other conveniences. What would modern life be without minerals? Miners are the harvesters of the earth's fruits. To reap those fruits, the earth must be plowed up. After harvesting, the plowed fields can be reclaimed and restored to pristine, natural beauty without lasting damage to the earth. Reclamation of surface mines can profitably utilise the void space for burial of society's solid wastes while restoring the mined land surfaces to their original beauty or utility. Industry and environmentalists should rejoice
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Assessment and Control

Author: Daniel Vallero

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080470351

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 832

View: 1259

Environmental Contaminants serves as a tool for environmental professionals to produce technically sound and reproducible scientific evidence. It identifies ways to clean up environmental problems in air, water, soil, sediment and living systems. Ethical issues, environmental management, and professionalism, and environmental economic problems are illustrated to assist the reader in understanding and applying quantitative analysis of environmental problems. Real life solutions for practicing environmental professionals. Example problems, sidebars, and case studies to illustrate ethical issues, environmental economic problems, and environmental management. Explanation of scientific principles and concepts needed for risk assessment, waste management, contaminant transport, environmental hydrogeology, and environmental engineering & chemistry. A fully supportive glossary, appendices and tables throughout the text contain physical, chemical and biological resources necessary for all environmental practitioners.
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Author: Steve Hencher

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203894820

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 6792

Steve Hencher presents a broad and fresh view on the importance of engineering geology to civil engineering projects. Practical Engineering Geology provides an introduction to the way that projects are managed, designed and constructed and the ways that the engineering geologist can contribute to cost-effective and safe project achievement. The need for a holistic view of geological materials, from soil to rock, and of geological history is emphasised. Chapters address key aspects of Geology for engineering and ground modelling Site investigation and testing of geological materials Geotechnical parameters Design of slopes, tunnels, foundations and other engineering structures Identifying hazards Avoiding unexpected ground conditions The book is illustrated throughout with case examples and should prove useful to practising engineering geologists and geotechnical engineers and to MSc level students of engineering geology and other geotechnical subjects.
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Benchmarking, Implementation, and Engineering Concepts

Author: Martha J. Boss,Brad Boss,Cybil Boss,Dennis W. Day

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498717802

Category: Law

Page: 616

View: 4066

The first book of its kind, Handbook of Chemical Regulations: Benchmarking, Implementation, and Engineering Concepts introduces the concept of global harmonization and interlinks between regulations and examines the reasons behind major requirements for chemical manufacture, article production, and distribution, importation, and usage. A compendium of environmental, health and safety, and engineering concepts for global harmonization, the book provides a road map between regulations from the European Union, the United States, and other countries who adopt similar regulations. As with any road map, not every feature along the road is mapped; however, what is shown are the markers leading to a point where more effective stewardship of your industrial development and chemical usage base is possible. The book discusses the Eurpoean Union’s Regulation (EC) No 1907/ 2006 - Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), the Eurpean Union’ s Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 for classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, and the United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) perspectives for Safety Data Sheet (SDS) development and product labeling. In addition, the United States Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) and Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) are presented as regards TSCA new substance review critiera and FIFRA required labeling. This compendium of information aids in the successful integration and implementation of the regulatory requirements—an integration that should lead to more efficient and effective business decisions. Rather than reacting to one regulation at a time, making policy decisions that reflect the underlying conceptual framework of GHS will lead to safer products and safer industrial production sites. Based on a framework for regulatory standards, this easy-to-read guide helps you understand the scientific concepts that are inherent in chemical usage and their interplay globally.
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Author: David H.F. Liu,Bela G. Liptak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584888598

Category: Science

Page: 1454

View: 7244

Protecting the global environment is a single-minded goal for all of us. Environmental engineers take this goal to task, meeting the needs of society with technical innovations. Revised, expanded, and fully updated to meet the needs of today's engineer working in industry or the public sector, the Environmental Engineers' Handbook, Second Edition is a single source of current information. It covers in depth the interrelated factors and principles that affect our environment and how we have dealt with them in the past, are dealing with them today, and how we will deal with them in the future. This stellar reference addresses the ongoing global transition in cleaning up the remains of abandoned technology, the prevention of pollution created by existing technology, and the design of future zero emission technology. Béla G. Lipták speaks on Post-Oil Energy Technology on the AT&T Tech Channel.
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A Global Perspective

Author: Vasudevan Rajaram,Subijoy Dutta,Krishna Parameswaran

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439834237

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 8670

A perfect introduction to sustainable mining for those new to the subject or those who require some revision, this book provides a basic overview of international sustainable mining practices since 1992, with particular emphasis upon practices in the Americas, Asia and Europe. The text begins by addressing issues such as the volume of waste generated by mining, mine closure planning and the environmental impacts, and then goes into specific detail in the following areas: cleaner production practices in Australia; blasting impacts and their control in the US; minimizing surface water impacts; minimizing groundwater impacts; use of environmental indicators in mining; and emerging mining technologies that minimize environmental impacts. The text contains relevant examples and case histories for ease of revision, and also includes a chapter on Best Mining Practices for Sustainable Mining and sub-chapters on small-scale mining, tailings pond management and hazardous waste management.
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