Near Eastern Influences on Ancient Greek and Roman Law
Author: Raymond Westbrook,Deborah Lyons,Kurt Raaflaub
Publisher: JHU Press
Throughout the twelve essays that appear in Ex Oriente Lex, Raymond Westbrook convincingly argues that the influence of Mesopotamian legal traditions and thought did not stop at the shores of the Mediterranean, but rather had a profound impact on the early laws and legal developments of Greece and Rome as well. He presents readers with tantalizing fragments of early Greek or archaic Roman law which, when placed in the context of the broader Near Eastern tradition, suddenly acquire unexpected new meanings. Before his untimely death in July 2009, Westbrook was regarded as one of the world’s leading authorities on ancient legal history. Although his main field was ancient Near Eastern law, he also made important contributions to the study of early Greek and Roman law. In his examination of the relationship between ancient Near Eastern and pre-classical Greek and Roman law, Westbrook sought to demonstrate that the connection between the two legal spheres was not merely theoretical but also concrete. The Near Eastern legal heritage had practical consequences that help us understand puzzling individual cases in the Greek and Roman traditions. His essays provide rich material for further reflection and interdisciplinary discussion about compelling similarities between legal cultures and the continuity of legal traditions over several millennia. Aimed at classicists and ancient historians, as well as biblicists, Egyptologists, Assyriologists, and legal historians, this volume gathers many of Westbrook’s most important essays on the legal aspects of Near Eastern cultural influences on the Greco-Roman world, including one new, never-before-published piece. A preface by editors Deborah Lyons and Kurt Raaflaub details the importance of Westbrook’s work for the field of classics, while Sophie Démare-Lafont’s incisive introduction places Westbrook’s ideas within the wider context of ancient law.
The Jurisdiction of the Lotus-Eaters
Author: Piyel Haldar
Focusing on the ‘problem’ of pleasure Law, Orientalism and Postcolonialism uncovers the organizing principles by which the legal subject was colonized. That occidental law was complicit in colonial expansion is obvious. What remains to be addressed, however, is the manner in which law and legal discourse sought to colonize individual subjects as subjects of law. It was through the permission of pleasure that modern Western subjects were refined and domesticated. Legally sanctioned outlets for private and social enjoyment instilled and continue to instil within the individual tight self-control over behaviour. There are, however, states of behaviour considered to be repugnant to, and in excess of, modern codes of civility. Drawing on a broad range of literature, (including classical jurisprudence, eighteenth century Orientalist scholarship, early travel literature, and nineteenth century debates surrounding the rule of law), yet concentrating on the experience of British India, the argument here is that such excesses were deemed to be an Oriental phenomenon. Through the encounter with the Orient and with the fantasy of its excess, Piyel Haldar concludes, the relationship between the subject and the law was transformed, and must therefore be re-assessed.
Author: Michael David Coogan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Examines the history, art, architecture, languages, literatures, society, and religion of Biblical Israel and early Judaism and Christianity
Wege Zur Neuzeitlichen Wissenschaft
Author: Mamoun Fansa
Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh
English summary: The history of the sciences: physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, biology, and medicine! This volume presents the labyrinthine ways in which the modern sciences have developed from the past until today, taking the reader on an exciting and informative journey . In 585 B.C., Thales of Milet was to have predicted a solar eclipse - a momentous moment in astronomy. But the Greeks took over a large amount of knowledge of natural sciences from Egypt and Babylon. In the Middle Ages, this knowledge was further refined in the Arab world, until, in the 16th century, Europe again became interested in natural sciences. In the volume accompanying the exhibition "Ex oriente lux?", experts from different subjects are our guides through the exciting history of knowledge and sciences. Exceptional exhibits, precious manuscripts, and models take us on a fascinating voyage that not only manages to link Antiquity and the modern world, but also East and West. German text. German description: Die Geschichte der Wissenschaften: Physik, Chemie, Mathematik, Astronomie, Biologie und Medizin! Dieser Band ermoglicht unterhaltsam und informativ eine Reise von der Vergangenheit bis in die Gegenwart und zeigt die verschlungenen Wege der neuzeitlichen Wissenschaften auf.Im Jahr 585 v. Chr. soll Thales von Milet eine Sonnenfinsternis vorausgesagt haben - eine Sternstunde der Astronomie. Doch ubernahmen die alten Griechen viele ihrer naturwissenschaftlichen Kenntnisse aus Agypten und Babylon. Im Mittelalter wurden diese Kenntnisse in der arabischen Welt weiterentwickelt, bis im 16. Jahrhundert in Europa das Interesse an den Naturwissenschaften schliesslich wiedererwachte. Im Begleitband zur Ausstellung Ex oriente lux? fuhren Experten verschiedener Fachrichtungen durch die spannende Geschichte von Wissen und Wissenschaft. Herausragende Exponate, kostbare Manuskripte und Modelle entfuhren auf eine spannende Reise, die nicht nur Antike und Gegenwart, sondern auch Ost und West untrennbar verknupft.
Author: Jacqueline Fabre-Serris,Alison Keith
Publisher: JHU Press
The martial virtues—courage, loyalty, cunning, and strength—were central to male identity in the ancient world, and antique literature is replete with depictions of men cultivating and exercising these virtues on the battlefield. In Women and War in Antiquity, sixteen scholars reexamine classical sources to uncover the complex but hitherto unexplored relationship between women and war in ancient Greece and Rome. They reveal that women played a much more active role in battle than previously assumed, embodying martial virtues in both real and mythological combat. The essays in the collection, taken from the first meeting of the European Research Network on Gender Studies in Antiquity, approach the topic from philological, historical, and material culture perspectives. The contributors examine discussions of women and war in works that span the ancient canon, from Homer’s epics and the major tragedies in Greece to Seneca’s stoic writings in first-century Rome. They consider a vast panorama of scenes in which women are portrayed as spectators, critics, victims, causes, and beneficiaries of war. This deft volume, which ultimately challenges the conventional scholarly opposition of standards of masculinity and femininity, will appeal to scholars and students of the classical world, European warfare, and gender studies. -- Kurt Raaflaub, Brown University, coeditor of Raymond Westbrook’
Author: Simon M. Dixon
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Neither a comprehensive 'life and times' nor a conventional biography, this is an engaging and accessible exploration of rulership and monarchial authority in eighteenth century Russia. Its purpose is to see how Catherine II of Russia conceived of her power and how it was represented to her subjects. Simon Dixon asks essential questions about Catherin'es life and reign, and offers new and stimulating arguments about the Englightenment, the power of the monarch in early modern Europe, and the much-debated role of the "great individual" in history.