Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: George W. Fairweather,Louis G. Tornatzky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483146529

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 5704

Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research explains how experimental methods can be used in social policy research to help solve contemporary human problems and to preserve and improve the world's physical and social climates. This book argues that scientists can make a major contribution to the solution of social problems by aiding the society in incorporating scientific methods into the social decision-making process. Two principal methods required for solving social problems are highlighted: methods for evaluating social models aimed at solving particular problems, and methods for disseminating those models that are beneficial to the state, the region, and the nation. This book is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with the argument that contemporary social policy decision making is inadequate for the late 20th and 21st centuries. It then defines the basic ingredients for an adequate social policy decision-making apparatus and explains how it can be accomplished. The next chapter outlines the basic parameters of social models and dissemination processes from a conceptual point of view. The remaining chapters describe general experimental procedures from the inception of the ideas to the implementation of social models found to be beneficial. The final chapter is reserved for a discussion of a proposed center for experimental social innovation that would provide research and training. This monograph will be a valuable resource for social scientists and researchers as well as social policymakers, public officials, and citizens who are committed to the improvement of living conditions for all members of society.
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Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: John E. Tropman,Milan Dluhy,Roger Lind

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483153134

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 9952

Strategic Perspectives on Social Policy is a collection of readings that provide insights into social policy processes, analysis, and implication. The goal is to locate social policy within a context that suggests the possibility of a wider array of choices for the policymakers. The distinction between social policy and social program is given emphasis. This book has 14 chapters divided into four sections. The first section deals with the relation between politics and policy, with emphasis on the link between social science and social policy as well as on the influence of social values on the direction of policy. The next section illustrates some of the critical skills and technologies that may be used to facilitate the process of making choices and decisions. Topics covered include policy research and analysis; the development and structuring of policy; policy purveyance and implementation; and assessment and evaluation of policy. The chapters that follow explore some of the more important contexts of the ""loci"" of social change, along with the kinds of mechanisms that may be used to make choices operational. This monograph is intended for policymakers and others interested in the policy-making process, as well as for students and teachers in the areas of political science, sociology, social work, public policy, and social planning.
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Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: J. Coombs,D. O. Hall,S. P. Long

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483190803

Category: Nature

Page: 324

View: 3130

Techniques in Bioproductivity and Photosynthesis, Second Edition is a manual that provides information on the field and laboratory techniques associated with the measurement of plant productivity. The title discusses the most reliable and relevant techniques that can be applied to a wide variety of problems. The coverage of the text includes various quantitative methods, such as measurement of plant biomass and net primary production; measurement of CO2 assimilation by plants in the field and the laboratory; and measurement of oxygen and chlorophyll fluorescence. The selection also deals with photosynthetic energy conversion; assimilatory nitrate reduction; and ammonia assimilation and amino acid biosynthesis. The book will be of great interest to botanists, horticulturists, and agriculturists.
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Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: Margaret Stacey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483136388

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 310

Methods of Social Research provides an introduction to the procedures of social research. This book shows that sample surveys are only one approach among many of undertaking social research. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the various methods of social investigation concerning those that increase the knowledge of the facts of social life. This text then explains the main reasons for doing research, including solving a practical problem and determining how something works just because it is interesting to know. Other chapters consider the method of observation utilized in the social sciences that fall into two main groups, namely, participant ad non-participant. This book discusses as well the importance of sample survey in gathering information about a particular population either on a simple matter of fact or religious or political allegiance. The final chapter considers several problems involved in designing and asking questions. Social scientists will find this book useful.
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Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: F. D. Hobbs

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483137465

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 9871

Traffic Planning and Engineering, Second Edition takes into account underlying trends in traffic planning and engineering. In this edition, Chapter 3 has been remodeled, focusing on the techniques on conducting surveys and their subsequent analysis. Further emphasis has also been provided on environmental management and the central role of computers in all aspects of traffic planning and engineering. The topics discussed in this book include administration and planning in traffic engineering; traffic studies; traffic surveys and analysis; parking; traffic and environmental management; and road user, the vehicle and the road. The traffic stream and capacity; traffic control systems; street lighting, traffic signs, and carriageway markings; and accidents and road safety are also deliberated in this text. This publication is valuable to traffic engineering students, as well as individuals researching on techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.
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Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies: International Series in Materials Science and Technology

Author: Desmond F. Moore

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483157288

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 361

Principles and Applications of Tribology provides a mechanical engineering perspective of the fundamental understanding and applications of tribology. This book is organized into two parts encompassing 16 chapters that cover the principles of friction and different types of lubrication. Chapter 1 deals with the immense scope of tribology and the range of applications in the existing technology, and Chapter 2 is devoted entirely to the evaluation and measurement of surface texture. Chapters 3 to 5 present the fundamental concepts underlying the friction of metals, elastomers, and other materials. The principles of hydrodynamic lubrication are briefly discussed in Chapter 6, and the mechanisms of boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubrication are examined in Chapters 7 and 8. Chapter 9 is a generalized treatise on wear and abrasion phenomena in metals and elastomers, whereas Chapter 10 deals with the internal friction in solids, liquids, and gases. Chapter 11 is an abbreviated yet thorough treatment of experimental methods used in tribological studies. The remaining five chapters in this book are devoted to specific applications, including manufacturing processes, automotive applications, transportation, locomotion, bearing design, and miscellaneous. This book is an ideal source for mechanical engineering students.
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Author: British Library

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3111725944

Category: Reference

Page: 523

View: 2895

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Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 6909

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835221092

Category: Monographic series

Page: 1756

View: 6010

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An International Approach

Author: Ingolf Ståhl

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483190684

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 335

Operational Gaming: An International Approach is the result of research carried out at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) situated at Laxenburg (near Vienna), Austria, which relates game theory and system analysis to decision making. The book first shows the relationship of game theory, experimental gaming, and operational gaming through a state-of-the-art survey. This topic includes the history, context, type, and uses of gaming. Then, the text shifts to the discussion on operational gaming, including the definitions of institutional model and game situation concepts. An overview of gaming in different nations including USSR is provided. The book also studies the international transfer of games and the East-West international trade games. The future of this field of study, as well as its implications for humans, is also examined in the latter parts. This book will be of significance to those interested in game theories and those people involved in policy and decision making in their country or organization.
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Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: D. J. Dewhurst

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483187527

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 276

View: 5308

An Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation presents a course of study and applications covering the basic principles of medical and biological instrumentation, as well as the typical features of its design and construction. The book aims to aid not only the cognitive domain of the readers, but also their psychomotor domain as well. Aside from the seminar topics provided, which are divided into 27 chapters, the book complements these topics with practical applications of the discussions. Figures and mathematical formulas are also given. Major topics discussed include the construction, handling, and utilization of the instruments; current, voltage, resistance, and meters; diodes and transistors; power supply; and storage and processing of data. The text will be invaluable to medical electronics students who need a reference material to help them learn how to use competently and confidently the equipment that are important in their field.
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The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135971374

Category: Philosophy

Page: 608

View: 2890

Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.
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Author: J. K. Inglis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483279774

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 6573

Introduction to Laboratory Animal Science and Technology discusses the principles involved in the healthy maintenance of animals in the laboratory or animal house. This book is divided into eight six units of study of the physical requirements of animals, physiological data, and techniques of husbandry, followed by summary data capsules and recommended further reading. After an overview of the laboratory animals, this book goes on dealing with various aspects of animal care, including their accommodation, health care routine, and animal health and hygiene. The next chapters examine the components of animal diet, the biological aspects of animal reproduction, breeding and heredity. The final chapter emphasizes the legal requirements concerning anesthesia, laboratory procedures, and the issue of euthanasia. This book will prove useful to laboratory technicians, students, students, researchers, and the general public who are concerned for animals and their use in laboratory work.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 4270

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Author: J. W. Czerkawski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483292983

Category: Nature

Page: 246

View: 4160

The rumen is an object of study for many types of biological scientist, from anatomists to microbiologists, and more recently even mathematicians. The developments and use of various experimental techniques have enabled much progress to be made in rumen studies. Several chapters of this book concentrate on these techniques and concepts that stem from their application. Biochemical and microbial interrelationships are dealt with fully, with an emphasis on the integrated nature of the rumen's contents. The book concludes by considering the most fruitful approaches that might lead to a more complete understanding of this complex and efficient organ. Each chapter is a complete unit that can be read and understood without reference to other chapters. A general reading list at the end of each chapter, together with more detailed references, will help to launch the student into any specific area of rumen studies.
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Science and Technology

Author: K. H. J. Buschow,Robert Cahn,Merton C. Flemings,Subhash Mahajan,Bernhard Ilschner,Edward J. Kramer

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: 9780080431529

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 10388

View: 5400

The study of materials is interdisciplinary in nature and requires knowledge of research in many related fields, such as physics, chemistry, engineering and even biomedical science. Scientists and engineers working with materials increasingly need a medium for gathering relevant information from the growing amount of literature available. The Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology presents around 1,800 articles written by experts in their fields, resulting in a comprehensive coverage of this broad and wide-ranging subject. It is the only encyclopedia available that covers all of materials science and technology, focussing on the following areas: * Functional Phenomena * Structural Phenomena * Fundamental Core Theory * Structural Materials * Polymers and Materials Chemistry * Functional Materials This title is also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. Please contact your librarian for more information about access to these products within your institution.
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