Author: Martin Hollis

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198275893

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 226

View: 7120

Are the workings of the international world to be explained scientifically, or are they to be understood through their inward meaning? In Explaining and Understanding International Relations philosopher Martin Hollis and international relations scholar Steve Smith join forces to analyse the dominant theories of international relations and to examine the philosophical issues underlying them. The book has three parts. In the first the authors review the growth of the discipline since 1918, pose the 'level of analysis' problem of whether to account for a sytem in terms of its units or vice versa, and contrast the demand of scientific method with those of interpretative understanding. In the second they apply the contrast to four factors often cited in accounting for international behaviour - the international system, the state, bureaucracies, and decision-making individuals. Rival accounts of the games nations play are offered in readiness for the final part, where the authors propose a theoretical agenda, air their differences, and invite readers to take sides. By tackling deep theoretical issues with lucidity and verve this book will excite debate among theorists and students of international relations while also engaging thought about the philosophical character of the social sciences.
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Author: Chris Brown,Kirsten Ainley

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230248993

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 7200

The fourth edition of this well-established and popular text has been fully updated to take account of developments in the field of International Relations and recent world events. The authors provide systematic coverage of the classical concerns of International Relations theory – power, national interest, foreign policy and war – alongside analysis of the impact of globalization on security, governance and the world economy. A central concern throughout is to show how the theories the authors outline and assess can help make sense of the puzzle of current world events, from the rise of Russia and China, the downturn in the world economy and the changing role of America to the challenges of identity politics and human rights. Clear and accessible, but also critical and penetrating, Understanding International Relations provides a uniquely readable and thought-provoking introduction to the theory and practice of international relations.
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Mechanisms and the Mosaic Unity of Neuroscience

Author: Carl F. Craver

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199299315

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

View: 6164

Carl Craver investigates what we are doing when we use neuroscience to explain what>'s going on in the brain. When does an explanation succeed and when does it fail? Craver offers explicit standards for successful explanation of the workings of the brain, on the basis of a systematic view about what neuroscientific explanations are: they are descriptions of mechanisms.
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Author: Tim Dunne,Milja Kurki,Steve Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199696012

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 5035

Drawing on a wealth of expertise from a global team of contributors, the third edition of International Relations Theories provides an up-to-date and comprehensive account of all the major IR theories--including some of the more alternative understandings not found in other texts--and supports them with case study examples. Editors Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki, and Steve Smith have brought together a team of international contributors, each specializing in a different theory. The contributors explain the theoretical background to their positions before showing how and why their theories matter. The book opens up space for analysis and debate, allowing students to decide which theories they find most useful in explaining and understanding international relations. While some of the theories discussed are complex, the authors convey them in a clear and accessible manner, with the use of engaging pedagogical features, making this an ideal introduction to the field. NEW TO THIS EDITION * A new chapter on Critical Theory, authored by Steven Roach, which addresses this important theoretical orientation * Updated chapters and case studies that reflect new developments in world politics International Relations Theories, Third Edition, is accompanied by a Companion Website that provides additional resources for instructors--PowerPoint-based slides and figures and tables from the text--and students--web links, a flashcard glossary, and a revision guide.
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Theories and Approaches

Author: Robert Jackson,Georg Sørensen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019870755X

Category: International relations

Page: 384

View: 630

Introduction to International Relations provides a concise and engaging introduction to the principal international relations theories and, uniquely, explores how theory can be used to analyse contemporary issues.Readers are introduced to the most important theories, encompassing both classical and contemporary approaches and debates. Throughout the text the authors encourage readers to consider the strengths and weaknesses of the theories presented, and the major points of contention between them. In so doing, the text helps the reader to build a clear understanding of how major theoretical debates link up with each other, and how the structure of the discipline of international relations is established.Jackson and Sørensen place a strong emphasis throughout on the relationship between theory and practice, carefully explaining how theories organise and shape our view of the world. A chapter is dedicated to key global issues and how theory can be used as a tool to analyse and interpret these issues. New to this editionIncreased coverage of significant and current issues in global politics, including terrorism, religion, the environment, and war and peaceA substantially updated chapter on the contemporary debates in international political economy, including capitalist diversity, models of development, and inequality New end of chapter questions to encourage readers to link the key theories to practice, highlighting how theories matter
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An Introduction to International Relations

Author: John Baylis,Steve Smith,Patricia Owens

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198739850

Category: Globalization

Page: 610

View: 533

Now in its seventh edition, this contributed textbook introduces students to the history, theory, structures, and key issues in international relations. Fully updated and revised in light of recent developments in world politics, new chapters on feminism, race, international organizations,and NGOs ensure the text continues to cover topics that define the issues today and for the next generation.
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The Sources of Competitive Strength

Author: Masahiko Aoki,Ronald Philip Dore

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198292159

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 410

View: 2861

Japanese firms have come under close examination by their international counterparts,who seek insight into the sources of Japanese accomplishments. The Japanese Firm reveals the complex network of institutions and practices surrounding the Japanese firm to explain the successes of the Japanese economy. A team of internationally renowned scholars uses theoretical and empirical work, and combines contributions from the fields of institutional economics, organizational theory, economic history, and sociology to elucidate the distinctive social and economic context of Japanese firms. Through an analysis of the internal structure of firms, the interdependency of firms and their suppliers, and the effects of relative income and power equality, Aoki and Dore recognize the diversity of experience within Japan and address the transferability or adaptability of the Japanese experience to the Nordic or Anglo-American context.
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Author: William G. Beasley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198221685

Category: History

Page: 279

View: 2294

This is a study of the origins and nature of Japanese imperialism from the Sino-Japanese war of 1894-1895 through to 1945. Japan is the only Asian country in modern times to have built both a successful industrial economy and an empire, and it is Professor Beasley's contention that these two phenomena are closely related. Japan's aims were influenced by its experience of western imperialism and its own growing industrialization, but as external circumstances changed and Japan's capacitygrew, so did its needs and ambitions. The creation of the Japanese empire is one of the most remarkable exploits of the twentieth century. Professor Beasley has provided a much-needed scholarly investigation into its development, expansion, and eventual destruction.
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Author: Frank Hahn,Martin Hollis

Publisher: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 177

View: 4260

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Essays in the Philosophy of Law

Author: H. L. A. Hart

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021776

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 8533

This classic collection of essays, first published in 1968, has had an enduring impact on academic and public debates about criminal responsibility and criminal punishment. Forty years on, its arguments are as powerful as ever. H.L.A. Hart offers an alternative to retributive thinking about criminal punishment that nevertheless preserves the central distinction between guilt and innocence. He also provides an account of criminal responsibility that links the distinction between guilt and innocence closely to the ideal of the rule of law, and thereby attempts to by-pass unnerving debates about free will and determinism. Always engaged with live issues of law and public policy, Hart makes difficult philosophical puzzles accessible and immediate to a wide range of readers. For this new edition, otherwise a reproduction of the original, John Gardner adds an introduction engaging critically with Hart's arguments, and explaining the continuing importance of Hart's ideas in spite of the intervening revival of retributive thinking in both academic and policy circles. Unavailable for ten years, the new edition of Punishment and Responsibility makes available again the central text in the field for a new generation of academics, students and professionals engaged in criminal justice and penal policy.
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Law, Politics, Morals : Text and Materials

Author: Henry J. Steiner,Philip Alston,Ryan Goodman

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019927942X

Category: Law

Page: 1492

View: 2331

The third edition of International Human Rights in Context continues to bring sophisticated and thought-provoking analysis to the study of human rights within its wider social and cultural context. This widely acclaimed interdisciplinary coursebook presents a diverse range of carefully edited primary and secondary materials alongside extensive text, editorial commentary, and study questions. Within its conceptual framework, the book thoroughly covers the major topics of internationalhuman rights: the basic characteristics of international law; evolution of the human rights movement movement; civil, political, economic and social rights; the humanitarian laws of war; globalization; self-determination; women's rights; universalism and cultural relativisim; intergovernmental and nongovernmental institutions; implementation and enforcement; internal application of human rights norms; and the spread of constitutionalism. The third edition has been considerably revised and restructured to incoroprate new themes and topics including: human rights in relation to terrorism amd national security; responsibility of nonstate actors for human rights violations; recent substantial changes in sources and processes of international law; achieved and potential reforrm within UN human rights institution; theories about international organizations and their influence on state behavior. Its scope, challenging enquiries, and clarity make it the ideal companion for human rightsstudents, scholars, advocates and practitioners alike. Online Resource Centre The third edition will be accompanied by a new online resource centre which will house the Annex of Documents, allowing them to be updated between editions.
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Stories in the Art of Diplomacy

Author: Paul Sheeran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317104471

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 1133

Making a strong case for the relevance of literary production to understanding international relations, this persuasive volume highlights the potential rewards of developing a methodology to bring literature to bear on a discipline which has tended to neglect fictional sources. Paul Sheeran considers the deep insight that can be gained from the study of key works in fiction and literature to enhance knowledge of the social forces shaping world affairs. While there are numerous relevant works, the author has carefully selected multi-faceted and colourful sources of material to explore developments in contemporary global issues such as the demise of the Soviet Union, the attack on the World Trade Centre, infectious diseases and human conflict. This exciting book enthusiastically breaks new ground and is highly suitable for courses on international relations, cultural studies and literature.
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Author: Jacqui True

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199755914

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 1911

Violence against women is a major problem in all countries, affecting women in every socio-economic group and at every life stage. Yet, when women enjoy good social and economic status they are less vulnerable to violence across all societies. This book develops a political economy approach to understanding violence against women - from the household to the transnational level - accounting for its globally increasing scale and brutality.
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Author: Hyun Song Shin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191613835

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 880

This book presents the Clarendon Lectures in Finance by one of the leading exponents of financial booms and crises. Hyun Song Shin's work has shed light on the recent global financial crisis and he has been a central figure in the policy debates. The paradox of the global financial crisis is that it erupted in an era when risk management was at the core of the management of the most sophisticated financial institutions. This book explains why. The severity of the crisis is explained by financial development that put marketable assets at the heart of the financial system, and the increased sophistication of financial institutions that held and traded the assets. Step by step, the lectures build an analytical framework that take the reader through the economics behind the fluctuations in the price of risk and the boom-bust dynamics that follow. The book examines the role played by market-to-market accounting rules and securitisation in amplifying the crisis, and draws lessons for financial architecture, financial regulation and monetary policy. This book will be of interest to all serious students of economics and finance who want to delve beneath the outward manifestations to grasp the underlying dynamics of the boom-bust cycle in a modern financial system - a system where banking and capital market developments have become inseparable.
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On the Theory of Law and Practical Reason

Author: Joseph Raz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191580341

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 1454

In this book Joseph Raz develops his views on some of the central questions in practical philosophy: legal, political, and moral. The book provides an overview of Raz's work on jurisprudence and the nature of law in the context of broader questions in the philosophy of practical reason. The book opens with a discussion of methodological issues, focusing on understanding the nature of jurisprudence. It asks how the nature of law can be explained, and how the success of a legal theory can be established. The book then addresses central questions on the nature of law, its relation to morality, the nature and justification of authority, and the nature of legal reasoning. It explains how legitimate law, while being a branch of applied morality, is also a relatively autonomous system, which has the potential to bridge moral differences among its subjects. Raz offers responses to some critical reactions to his theory of authority, adumbrating, and modifying the theory to meet some of them. The final part of the book brings together for the first time Raz's work on the nature of interpretation in law and the humanities. It includes a new essay explaining interpretive pluralism and the possibility of interpretive innovation. Taken together, the essays in the volume offer a valuable introduction for students coming for the first time to Raz's work in the philosophy of law, and an original contribution to many of the current debates in practical philosophy.
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Author: Peter Achinstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198020767

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 1288

Offering a new approach to scientific explanation, this book focuses initially on the explaining act itself. From that act, a "product" emerges: an explanation. To understand what that product is, as well as how it can be evaluated in the sciences, reference must be made to the concept of the explaining act. Following an account of the explaining act, its product, and the evaluation of explanations, the theory is brought to bear on these issues: Why have the standard models of scientific explanation been unsuccessful, and can there be a model of the type sought? What is causal explanation, and must explanation in the sciences be causal? What is a functional explanation? The "illocutionary" theory of explanation developed at the outset is used in discussing these issues, and contrasting philosophical viewpoints are assessed.
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An International Exploration

Author: Justice Tankebe,Alison Liebling

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198701996

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 7102

Brings together internationally renowned scholars from a range of disciplines, including criminology, international relations, sociology and political science, to examine the meaning of legitimacy and the implications for its future empirical analysis in the context of criminal justice.
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Methods for Mediation and Interaction

Author: Tyler VanderWeele,Tyler J.. VanderWeele

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199325871

Category: Psychology

Page: 706

View: 2649

"A comprehensive book on methods for mediation and interaction. The only book to approach this topic from the perspective of causal inference. Numerous software tools provided. Easy-to-read and accessible. Examples drawn from diverse fields. An essential reference for anyone conducting empirical research in the biomedical or social sciences"--
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Organizational Design for Performance and Growth

Author: John Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198293750

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 318

View: 1520

The Economist's Best Business Book of the Year, The Modern Firm is written by one of the world's leading economists and experts on business strategy and organization, and provides new insights into the changes going on in business today.
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A Modern History

Author: Richard Holt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192852298

Category: Religion

Page: 396

View: 913

This lively and thoroughly researched history - the first of its kind - goes beyond the great names and moments to explain how organized sport has changed since 1800, and why it holds such a special place in the lives of Britons of all classes. Combining illuminating and entertaining anecdotes with scholarly insight, this fascinating survey will increase an understanding of the British obsession with sport among sports lovers and loathers alike.
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