Implications for Justice Policy

Author: John F. MacLeod,Peter Grove,David Farrington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199697248

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 4747

A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via www.oup.com/uk as well as the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license and is part of the OAPEN-UK research project. Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple but influential theory of crime, conviction and reconviction. The assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples extracted from the Home Office Offenders Index - a unique database which contains records of all criminal (standard list) convictions in England and Wales since 1963. In particular, the theory explains the well-known Age/Crime curve. Based on the idea that there are only three types of offenders, who commit crimes at either high or low (constant) rates and have either a high or low (constant) risk of reoffending, this simple theory makes exact quantitative predictions about criminal careers and age-crime curves. Purely from the birth-rate over the second part of the 20th century, the theory accurately predicts (to within 2%) the prison population contingent on a given sentencing policy. The theory also suggests that increasing the probability of conviction after each offence is the most effective way of reducing crime, although there is a role for treatment programmes for some offenders. The authors indicate that crime is influenced by the operation of the Criminal Justice System and that offenders do not 'grow out' of crime as commonly supposed; they are persuaded to stop or decide to stop after (repeated) convictions, with a certain fraction of offenders desisting after each conviction. Simply imprisoning offenders will not reduce crime either by individual deterrence or by incapacitation. With comprehensive explanations of the formulae used and complete mathematical appendices allowing for individual interpretations and further development of the theory, Explaining Criminal Careers represents an innovative and meticulous investigation into criminal activity and the influences behind it. With clear policy implications and a wealth of original and significant discussions, this book marks a ground-breaking chapter in the criminological debate surrounding criminal careers.
Read More

Clinical, Legal and Ethical Issues, Second Edition

Author: John Gunn,Pamela Taylor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1444165062

Category: Law

Page: 1035

View: 6424

Highly Commended, BMA Medical Book Awards 2014 Comprehensive and erudite, Forensic Psychiatry: Clinical, Legal and Ethical Issues, Second Edition is a practical guide to the psychiatry of offenders, victims, and survivors of crime. This landmark publication has been completely updated but retains all the features that made the first edition such a well-established text. It integrates the clinical, legal, and ethical aspects of forensic psychiatry with contributions from internationally regarded experts from a range of clinical professions. The Second Edition features updates to all current chapters and several new chapters that explore: The genetics of antisocial behavior Disorders of brain structure and function that relate to crime Offenders with intellectual disabilities Older people and the criminal justice system Deviant and mentally ill staff Although the book focuses on jurisdictions in the UK, a substantial comparative chapter written by an international group from all five continents explores the different philosophies, legal principles, and style of services elsewhere. This book is an essential reference for specialists and postgraduate trainees in forensic psychiatry but also for general psychiatrists, and clinical and forensic psychologists. It is also an invaluable resource for other forensic mental health professionals, including nurses, social workers, occupational therapists, probation service staff, police, attorneys, criminologists, and sociologists.
Read More

Author: Frank F Furstenberg, Jr

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780761926894

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 4861

How has the role of adolescence, as a life stage, changed in post-industrial Western societies? Although it’s clear that there has been a definite change across most cultures in this life stage, the array of ways it has changed is surprising. This issue of The Annals is devoted to understanding how and why different nations have organized the life course of youth - between the ages of eighteen and thirty-four - in different ways and examines the consequences of this reorganization. The project sprang from a yearlong seminar at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS), sponsored by the Carnegie Foundation. IT began by mapping out what was known about the transition from adolescence to adulthood and then examining historical and cross-national date on departure from school, entrance into the labor force, setting up an independent household, marriage, and parenthood. While a large amount of date existed, there was little analysis. So a series of papers (most of them included in this issue) were prepared. The objective was to look across the data sets to glean what could be learned from the causes and consequences of different "regimes" of the transition to adulthood. Although there is still much work to be done in this field, this compilation of articles has made great strides toward understanding the how the life stage of adolescence is shaped across cultures and provides a solid foundation for further research.
Read More

Author: Barry Goldson,John Muncie

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Juvenile delinquency

Page: 367

View: 8459

This three-volume set of original readings is designed to reveal how and why children and young people have been repeatedly the subject of adult concern, censure and intervention. It conceptualises notions of 'childhood', 'youth' and 'adolescence' whilst also tracing the complex history of adult intervention and juvenile justice. This collection is particularly timely not only because of persistent concerns over 'out of control' youth but also because of an apparent hardening of adult reactions in many jurisdictions. Youth justice...
Read More

A Psychosocial Approach

Author: Curt R. Bartol,Anne M. Bartol

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 387

View: 4694

Provides in-depth, contemporary coverage of juvenile justice. Views the juvenile offender as being embedded and continually influenced by multiple systems within the social environment. The book examines the causes, prevention, and intervention of juvenile offending within these multiple systems from a contemporary developmental perspective. Expands coverage of the psychosocial aspects of antisocial behavior, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders, conduct disorders, learning disorders. Focuses more on contemporary perspectives and issues and less on historical perspectives and methodological issues. Members of the Police force and administrators in middle and high schools.
Read More

Author: Richard M. Lerner,Laurence Steinberg, PhD

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471209485

Category: Psychology

Page: 864

View: 1555

The study of adolescence in the field of psychology has grown tremendously over the last two decades, necessitating a comprehensive and up-to-date revision of this seminal work. This multidisciplinary handbook, edited by the premier scholars in the field, Richard Lerner and Laurence Steinberg, and with contributions from the leading researchers, reflects the latest empirical work and growth in the field.
Read More

Author: Christina Schües,Pascal Delhom

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 3495827390

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6017

In welchen wechselseitigen Implikationsverhältnissen stehen Zeitauffassungen und -gestaltungen zu unterschiedlichen Friedenskonzeptionen und -prozessen? Inwieweit beeinflusst und strukturiert das zumeist unausgewiesene Verhältnis zwischen Zeitauffassungen und -erfahrungen sowie den Vorstellungen von dem, was als Frieden bezeichnet werden könnte, die praktischen und theoretischen Bemühungen um Friedensprozesse und ordnet gesellschaftliche Transformationen? Diese Leitfragen kommen in Auseinandersetzungen mit unterschiedlichen theoretischen wie empirischen Ansätzen zur Sprache. Mit Beiträgen von Petar Bojanic, Gertrud Brücher, Pascal Delhom, Werner Distler, Alfred Hirsch, Simon Kochut, Christina Schües, Julia Viebach und Pierre-Frédéric Weber.
Read More

das Leben mit der Katastrophe

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238199

Category:

Page: 541

View: 7583

Read More

Sicherheit, Territorium, Bevölkerung : Vorlesung am Collège de France 1977 - 1978 / aus dem Franz. von Claudia Brede-Konersmann und Jürgen Schröder

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518583920

Category: French political philosophy

Page: 600

View: 3571

Read More

Internet, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

Author: Manuel Castells

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783810035936

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 7960

Manuel Castells gibt detailliert und faszinierend Aufschluss über das "Woher" und - soweit aus der aktuellen Situation erkennbar - "Wohin" des Internet und, damit verbunden, der neuen Netzwerkgesellschaft, deren zentrales Kommunikationsmedium das Internet ist. Das www gibt es seit weniger als zehn Jahren. Die allgemeine und kommerzielle Akzeptanz des Internet ist außergewöhnlich - ermöglicht und initiiert Veränderungen in allen individuellen und gesellschaftlichen Bereichen. Es gibt neue Kommunikationssysteme, neue Branchen, Neue Medien und Informationskanäle, neue politische und kulturelle Ausdrucksformen, neue Formen des Lehrens und Lernens und neue Gemeinschaften. Was aber wissen wir schon über das Internet, seine Geschichte, seine Technologie, seine Kultur und seine Applikationen? Welche Folgen ergeben sich für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft? Die Verbreitung des Internet ging so schnell vonstatten, schneller als die Möglichkeiten sorgfältiger empirisch begründeter Analyse. Manuel Castells wird von vielen als der führende Analytiker des Informationszeitalters und der Netzwerkgesellschaft gesehen. Über seine akademische Arbeit hinaus arbeitet er als Berater auf höchstem internationalen Niveau. In diesem kleinen Buch bringt er seine Erfahrung und sein Wissen zur Internet-Galaxie zusammen: Wie hat alles angefangen? Aus welchen zusammen arbeitenden oder konkurrierenden Kulturen besteht das Internet? Wie werden neue Unternehmen dadurch organisiert, wie werden alte Unternehmen davon beeinflusst? Gibt es die "digitale Wasserscheide"? Welchen Einfluss hat das Internet auf soziale und kulturelle Organisationsformen? Wie werden politische Teilhabe, politische Kommunikation, das städtische Leben beeinflusst? Dies sind nur einige Fragen, die in diesem Buch aufgegriffen werden. Castells gibt aber weder Prognosen ab, noch liefert er Patentrezepte - er gibt eine erhellende, auf empirischen Daten beruhende Analyse der aktuellen Situation und hilft uns zu verstehen, wie das
Read More

Neue Konfliktlinien und neuer Integrationsmodus?

Author: Peter Sopp,Ulrich Beck

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322958183

Category: Social Science

Page: 201

View: 5738

Read More

Versuch einer symmetrischen Anthropologie

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050070153

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 680

Read More

Author: N.A

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110976064

Category: Law

Page: 850

View: 9130

The Leipziger Kommentar has traditionally provided the most complete and comprehensive coverage of currently applicable German criminal law. Its strong reputation is based on a combination of academic and practice orientated commentary, with authors and contributors coming from both active legal practice and academia.
Read More

Author: Richard Sennett

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827072263

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 8612

Manche radikalen Denker glauben, man müsse lediglich für mehr soziale Gerechtigkeit sorgen, um auch mehr gegenseitigen Respekt zwischen den Menschen zu wecken. Aber ist das überhaupt realistisch? Zieht Selbstachtung nicht automatisch mangelnden Respekt gegenüber denjenigen nach sich, die im unbarmherzigen sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Wettbewerb die Benachteiligten sind? Bei der Suche nach Antworten greift Sennett auch auf seine eigene Lebensgeschichte zurück: Aufgewachsen in einem Ghetto von Chicago, gelang ihm zunächst mit Hilfe der Musik und dann des Studiums in Harvard der soziale Aufstieg. Erneut erweist sich Sennett als konstruktiver kritischer Geist mit Weitblick, als jemand, der mit Hilfe anschaulicher Beispiele grundlegende gesellschaftliche Veränderungen benennt.
Read More