The Historian's Macroscope

Author: Shawn Graham,Ian Milligan,Scott Weingart

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783266112

Category: Computers

Page: 308

View: 1405

The Digital Humanities have arrived at a moment when digital Big Data is becoming more readily available, opening exciting new avenues of inquiry but also new challenges. This pioneering book describes and demonstrates the ways these data can be explored to construct cultural heritage knowledge, for research and in teaching and learning. It helps humanities scholars to grasp Big Data in order to do their work, whether that means understanding the underlying algorithms at work in search engines, or designing and using their own tools to process large amounts of information. Demonstrating what digital tools have to offer and also what 'digital' does to how we understand the past, the authors introduce the many different tools and developing approaches in Big Data for historical and humanistic scholarship, show how to use them, what to be wary of, and discuss the kinds of questions and new perspectives this new macroscopic perspective opens up. Authored 'live' online with ongoing feedback from the wider digital history community, Exploring Big Historical Data breaks new ground and sets the direction for the conversation into the future. It represents the current state-of-the-art thinking in the field and exemplifies the way that digital work can enhance public engagement in the humanities. Exploring Big Historical Data should be the go-to resource for undergraduate and graduate students confronted by a vast corpus of data, and researchers encountering these methods for the first time. It will also offer a helping hand to the interested individual seeking to make sense of genealogical data or digitized newspapers, and even the local historical society who are trying to see the value in digitizing their holdings. The companion website to Exploring Big Historical Data can be found at http://www.themacroscope.org/. On this site you will find code, a discussion forum, essays, and datafiles that accompany this book.
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The Historian's Macroscope

Author: Shawn Graham,Ian Milligan,Scott B. Weingart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781783266371

Category: Computers

Page: 282

View: 4614

The Digital Humanities have arrived at a moment when digital Big Data is becoming more readily available, opening exciting new avenues of inquiry but also new challenges. This pioneering book describes and demonstrates the ways these data can be explored to construct cultural heritage knowledge, for research and in teaching and learning. It helps humanities scholars to grasp Big Data in order to do their work, whether that means understanding the underlying algorithms at work in search engines, or designing and using their own tools to process large amounts of information. Demonstrating what digital tools have to offer and also what 'digital' does to how we understand the past, the authors introduce the many different tools and developing approaches in Big Data for historical and humanistic scholarship, show how to use them, what to be wary of, and discuss the kinds of questions and new perspectives this new macroscopic perspective opens up. Authored 'live' online with ongoing feedback from the wider digital history community, Exploring Big Historical Data breaks new ground and sets the direction for the conversation into the future. It represents the current state-of-the-art thinking in the field and exemplifies the way that digital work can enhance public engagement in the humanities. Exploring Big Historical Data should be the go-to resource for undergraduate and graduate students confronted by a vast corpus of data, and researchers encountering these methods for the first time. It will also offer a helping hand to the interested individual seeking to make sense of genealogical data or digitized newspapers, and even the local historical society who are trying to see the value in digitizing their holdings.
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The Historian's Macroscope

Author: Shawn Graham,Ian Milligan,Scott B. Weingart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781783266081

Category: Computers

Page: 282

View: 511

The Digital Humanities have arrived at a moment when digital Big Data is becoming more readily available, opening exciting new avenues of inquiry but also new challenges. This pioneering book describes and demonstrates the ways these data can be explored to construct cultural heritage knowledge, for research and in teaching and learning. It helps humanities scholars to grasp Big Data in order to do their work, whether that means understanding the underlying algorithms at work in search engines, or designing and using their own tools to process large amounts of information. Demonstrating what digital tools have to offer and also what 'digital' does to how we understand the past, the authors introduce the many different tools and developing approaches in Big Data for historical and humanistic scholarship, show how to use them, what to be wary of, and discuss the kinds of questions and new perspectives this new macroscopic perspective opens up. Authored 'live' online with ongoing feedback from the wider digital history community, Exploring Big Historical Data breaks new ground and sets the direction for the conversation into the future. It represents the current state-of-the-art thinking in the field and exemplifies the way that digital work can enhance public engagement in the humanities. Exploring Big Historical Data should be the go-to resource for undergraduate and graduate students confronted by a vast corpus of data, and researchers encountering these methods for the first time. It will also offer a helping hand to the interested individual seeking to make sense of genealogical data or digitized newspapers, and even the local historical society who are trying to see the value in digitizing their holdings.
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Author: Steven E. Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113620234X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 904

The past decade has seen a profound shift in our collective understanding of the digital network. What was once understood to be a transcendent virtual reality is now experienced as a ubiquitous grid of data that we move through and interact with every day, raising new questions about the social, locative, embodied, and object-oriented nature of our experience in the networked world. In The Emergence of the Digital Humanities, Steven E. Jones examines this shift in our relationship to digital technology and the ways that it has affected humanities scholarship and the academy more broadly. Based on the premise that the network is now everywhere rather than merely "out there," Jones links together seemingly disparate cultural events—the essential features of popular social media, the rise of motion-control gaming and mobile platforms, the controversy over the "gamification" of everyday life, the spatial turn, fabrication and 3D printing, and electronic publishing—and argues that cultural responses to changes in technology provide an essential context for understanding the emergence of the digital humanities as a new field of study in this millennium.
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Wage Labor, Slavery, and Survival in Early Baltimore

Author: Seth Rockman

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801899990

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 5119

These rich accounts of day laborers and domestic servants illuminate the history of early republic capitalism and its consequences for working families.
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Towards an Oral History of Digital Humanities

Author: Julianne Nyhan,Andrew Flinn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319201700

Category: Computers

Page: 285

View: 7333

This book addresses the application of computing to cultural heritage and the discipline of Digital Humanities that formed around it. Digital Humanities research is transforming how the Human record can be transmitted, shaped, understood, questioned and imagined and it has been ongoing for more than 70 years. However, we have no comprehensive histories of its research trajectory or its disciplinary development. The authors make a first contribution towards remedying this by uncovering, documenting, and analysing a number of the social, intellectual and creative processes that helped to shape this research from the 1950s until the present day. By taking an oral history approach, this book explores questions like, among others, researchers’ earliest memories of encountering computers and the factors that subsequently prompted them to use the computer in Humanities research. Computation and the Humanities will be an essential read for cultural and computing historians, digital humanists and those interested in developments like the digitisation of cultural heritage and artefacts. This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license
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Digital Methods and Literary History

Author: Matthew L. Jockers

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 025209476X

Category: Computers

Page: 208

View: 7732

In this volume, Matthew L. Jockers introduces readers to large-scale literary computing and the revolutionary potential of macroanalysis--a new approach to the study of the literary record designed for probing the digital-textual world as it exists today, in digital form and in large quantities. Using computational analysis to retrieve key words, phrases, and linguistic patterns across thousands of texts in digital libraries, researchers can draw conclusions based on quantifiable evidence regarding how literary trends are employed over time, across periods, within regions, or within demographic groups, as well as how cultural, historical, and societal linkages may bind individual authors, texts, and genres into an aggregate literary culture. Moving beyond the limitations of literary interpretation based on the "close-reading" of individual works, Jockers describes how this new method of studying large collections of digital material can help us to better understand and contextualize the individual works within those collections.
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Author: T. Mills Kelly

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472118781

Category: Education

Page: 167

View: 8552

A practical guide on how one professor employs the transformative changes of digital media in the research, writing, and teaching of history
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A Historical Approach

Author: Jacques Heyman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521622493

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 174

View: 8965

This volume provides a concise, historical review of the methods of structural analysis and design - from Galileo in the seventeenth century, to the present day. Through it, students in structural engineering and professional engineers will gain a deeper understanding of the theory behind the modern software packages they use daily in structural design. This book also offers the reader a lucid examination of the process of structural analysis and how it relates to modern design. The first three chapters cover questions about the strength of materials, and how to calculate local effects. An account is then given of the development of the equations of elastic flexure and buckling, followed by a separate chapter on masonry arches. Three chapters on the overall behaviour of elastic structures lead to a discussion of plastic behaviour, and a final chapter indicates that there are still problems needing solution.
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Author: Fillard Jean-pierre

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813145579

Category: Computers

Page: 264

View: 7174

It is well known that every animal species obeys Darwin's law of evolution, which requires permanent adaptation of animals to their environment. To be precise, every species except man, who behaves exactly contrariwise, adapting the workplace to himself in order to survive. For that he generally enjoys a particular gift of nature: intelligence. That reverse adaptation, which accumulated over centuries, led to what we call "progress". This was enhanced by the development of machines which began to be also intelligent and now compete fiercely with humans through the development of an "artificial intelligence". Some famous people in the world of science and technology recently sounded the alarm about the threats which these improvements are posing. They invoked a possible domination by the machines due to their uncontrolled superior intelligence, potentially leading us into a certain kind of slavery. In this book we take a look at this new challenge of the human brain versus the computer. The brain is a very complex organ and we are just beginning to understand how it works; many things remain mysterious and can lead to surprises. We will see how current investigations bring new information about this strange organ. We will also see how the "artificial challenger" plans to win the battle, how computers are getting more and more powerful and subtle as the AI advances. Would a transfer of minds in a machine be possible? Would the computer be capable of a self, nonneuromorphic intelligence? These questions are now open. Who will win? We do not know yet. But it is certain that many things are going to change in our lives in the very near future.
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1960s Labour Unrest, Young Workers, and New Leftists in English Canada

Author: Ian Milligan

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774826894

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 8024

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Using Web Archives to Understand the Past and the Present

Author: Niels Brügger,Ralph Schroeder

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 191130755X

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 9613

The World Wide Web has now been in use for more than 20 years. From early browsers to today’s principal source of information, entertainment and much else, the Web is an integral part of our daily lives, to the extent that some people believe ‘if it’s not online, it doesn’t exist.’ While this statement is not entirely true, it is becoming increasingly accurate, and reflects the Web’s role as an indispensable treasure trove. It is curious, therefore, that historians and social scientists have thus far made little use of the Web to investigate historical patterns of culture and society, despite making good use of letters, novels, newspapers, radio and television programmes, and other pre-digital artefacts.This volume argues that now is the time to ask what we have learnt from the Web so far. The 12 chapters explore this topic from a number of interdisciplinary angles – through histories of national web spaces and case studies of different government and media domains – as well as an introduction that provides an overview of this exciting new area of research.
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Author: Lisa Gitelman,Geoffrey B. Pingree

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262572286

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 271

View: 1933

A cultural history of media that were "new media" in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries.
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Author: Richard F. Gilberg,Behrouz A. Forouzan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0534390803

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 3054

This second edition expands upon the solid, practical foundation established in the first edition of the text. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Author: Cynthia Stokes Brown

Publisher: Berkshire Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781614720317

Category:

Page: 300

View: 8367

"Big history becomes engaging and personal in Big History, Small World by Cynthia Stokes Brown, the first guide in English to a new approach to history that has been specifically designed for high school students. It's also ideal for the general reader who shares Bill Gates's fascination with this new blend of history and science, and fits neatly with the free curriculum available at the Big History Project, cofounded by Professor David Christian and Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft. Big History, Small World is organized into twelve chapters. In the first chapter, Brown discusses the scientific method. In the last chapter she discusses the different ways people interpret big history and find meaning in it. The other ten chapters are based on eight major turning points, or thresholds, in the cosmic story. One threshold, the emergence of life, gets two chapters, while a discussion of the future fills chapter eleven. This book is not formatted as a traditional textbook, although it can easily be used as one. Each chapter has questions on the frontier of knowledge, as well as suggestions of how the content applies directly to the reader, to answer the perennial question: "Why do I have to learn this?" There are illustrations, charts, diagrams, a glossary and timeline, and short biographies of scientists and historians who have been influential in developing big history."--Provided by publisher.
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Learn to Build Web Applications from Scratch

Author: Deborah Levinson,Todd Belton

Publisher: Sterling

ISBN: 9781454925668

Category: Application software

Page: 280

View: 9676

Even non-techies can build their first web application with this friendly, approachable guide, which teaches the principles of programming plus two popular practical frameworks: Foundation for Apps and Angular.js. It walks users through every step of the process, from designing something that works on all formats to choosing a programming framework, along with assignments in every chapter. If you know some HTML and CSS, but want to go further, this book is perfect!
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Author: Jörg Arndt,Christoph Haenel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642567355

Category: Computers

Page: 270

View: 5383

In the 4,000-year history of research into Pi, results have never been as prolific as present. This book describes, in easy-to-understand language, the latest and most fascinating findings of mathematicians and computer scientists in the field of Pi. Attention is focused on new methods of high-speed computation.
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Changing the Nature of Scientists

Author: Lawrence R. Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019938021X

Category: Ecology

Page: 464

View: 1942

The Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program is, in a sense, an experiment to transform the nature of science, and represents one of the most effective mechanisms for catalyzing comprehensive site-based research that is collaborative, multidisciplinary, and long-term in nature. The scientific contributions of the Program are prodigious, but the broader impacts of participation have not been examined in a formal way. This book captures the consequences of participation in the Program on the perspectives, attitudes, and practices of environmental scientists. The edited volume comprises three sections. The first section includes two chapters that provide an overview of the history, goals, mission, and inner workings of the LTER network of sites. The second section comprises three dozen retrospective essays by scientists, data managers or educators who represent a broad spectrum of LTER sites from deserts to tropical forests and from arctic to marine ecosystems. Each essay addresses the same series of probing questions to uncover the extent to which participation has affected the ways that scientists conduct research, educate students, or provide outreach to the public. The final section encompasses 5 chapters, whose authors are biophysical scientists, historians, behavioral scientists, or social scientists. This section analyzes, integrates, or synthesizes the content of the previous chapters from multiple perspectives and uncovers emergent themes and future directions.
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Author: Jack Dougherty,Kristen Nawrotzki

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472052063

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 3682

"Writing History in the Digital Age began as a one-month experiment in October 2010, featuring chapter-length essays by a wide array of scholars with the goal of rethinking traditional practices of researching, writing, and publishing, and the broader implications of digital technology for the historical profession. The essays and discussion topics were posted on a WordPress platform with a special plug-in that allowed readers to add paragraph-level comments in the margins, transforming the work into socially networked texts. This first installment drew an enthusiastic audience, over 50 comments on the texts, and over 1,000 unique visitors to the site from across the globe, with many who stayed on the site for a significant period of time to read the work. To facilitate this new volume, Jack Dougherty and Kristen Nawrotzki designed a born-digital, open-access platform to capture reader comments on drafts and shape the book as it developed. Following a period of open peer review and discussion, the finished product now presents 20 essays from a wide array of notable scholars, each examining (and then breaking apart and reexamining) how digital and emergent technologies have changed the ways that historians think, teach, author, and publish"--
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