war, youth & resources in Sierra Leone

Author: Paul Richards

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 5121

Paul Richards argues that the war in Sierra Leone and other small wars in Africa do not manifest a "new barbarism". What appears as random, anarchic violence is no such thing. The terrifying military methods of Sierra Leone's soldiers may not fit Western models of warfare, but they are rational and effective. The war must be understood partly as "performance", in which techniques of terror compensate for lack of equipment. Richards points out that Sierra Leone's war is a crisis of modernity. Sierra Leone's youth belongs to a modern, trans-Atlantic culture. In remote diamond-digging camps, young people watch Rambo videos and listen to BBC news. These are part of the cultural resources with which the war is fought. The frustrations of these young people underlie the crisis. Not only the soldiers but most of the commanders are teenagers. Their aspirations are for schools and jobs. Financial stringency and the decay of the patrimonial state led directly to the government's surrender of much of the countryside. The rain forest is also central to the war. The war is fought in the rain forest and can only be understood in the context of old traditions of social and technical management of the forest. There is no evidence that a crisis of deforestation or overpopulation has contributed to the war. Rebuilding the state -- and giving young Sierra Leoneans confidence in it -- is essential for peace. But in the meantime, many people are learning to live with war and
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war, youth & resources in Sierra Leone

Author: Paul Richards

Publisher: James Currey

ISBN: 9780852553978

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 642

Examines the war in Sierra Leone as a crisis of modernity.
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War, Youth, and Resources in Sierra Leone

Author: Paul Richards

Publisher: Heinemann Educational Publishers

ISBN: 9780435074067

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 4405

"What appears as random, anarchic violence is no such thing. The terrifying military methods of Sierra Leone's soldiers may not fit conventional western models of warfare, but they are rational and effective nonetheless. The war must be understood partly as a 'performance', in which techniques of terror compensate for lack of equipment." "Sierra Leone's youth belong to a modern, trans-Atlantic culture. In remote diamond-digging camps, young people watch Rambo videos and have a sophisticated understanding of world affairs from the BBC. These are part of the cultural resources with which the war is fought." "The war is fought in the rain forest, and can only be understood in the context of old traditions of social and technical management of the forest. There is no evidence that a crisis of deforestation or overpopulation has contributed to the war." "Rebuilding the state - and giving young Sierra Leoneans confidence in it - is essential for peace. But in the meantime, many people are learning to live with war, and building limited peace locally. Aid agencies must learn from these initiatives if relief is to contribute to peace and not become part of the economy of conflict."--BOOK JACKET.
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Burundi Refugees in Urban Tanzania

Author: Marc Sommers

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571813312

Category: History

Page: 219

View: 868

But these young men nonetheless join migrants in "Bongoland" (meaning "Brainland") where, as the nickname suggests, only the shrewdest and most cunning can survive.".
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youth combatants in Sierra Leone

Author: Krijn Peters,Institute for Security Studies (South Africa)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781919913476

Category: History

Page: 35

View: 5597

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The Sierra Leone Civil War

Author: Ibrahim Abdullah

Publisher: Unisa Press

ISBN: 9782869781238

Category: History

Page: 263

View: 8659

Between Democracy and Terror is the first serious study to engage with the Sierra Leone civil war. It explores the genesis of the crisis; the contradictory roles of different internal actors; civil society and the fourth estate; the regional intervention force; the demise of the second republic; and the numerous peace initiatives to end the war. This study articulates how internal actors tread the multiple but conflicting pathways to power, why the war lasted for as long as it did, and how non-conventional actors were able to inaugurate and sustain an insurgency that called forth the largest concentration of United Nations peacekeepers the world has ever seen.
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Author: Ernest E. Uwazie

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739106693

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 6916

Africa today suffers from too much political unrest and violent conflict. The contributors to this edited collection recognize a missing link in efforts to foster democracy, and with it political stability and peace, in Africa's developing countries: Democracy can be sustained only where effective means for resolving citizens' disputes exist both within and outside the formal legal system. The writers whose articles appear here--scholars, practitioners, and peace advocates--present their varied knowledge of conflict and war in Africa and strategies for introducing and implementing mediation, from Sierra Leone to South Africa. This volume is a model exchange of insights and ideas in the important field of conflict resolution as applied to Africa.
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The RUF and the Destruction of Sierra Leone

Author: Lansana Gberie

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253218551

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 7731

"Provides important insider information concerning Sierra Leone's recent war... and builds on [the author's] established reputation as an insightful and courageous journalist." --William Reno, Northwestern University A Dirty War in West Africa recounts Lansana Gberie's harrowing experiences as a journalist during the decade-long civil war in Sierra Leone. Since 1991, this West African nation has been brought to its knees by a series of coups, violent conflicts, and finally, outright war. The war has ended today, but it is clear that things are hardly settled. Focusing on the group spearheading the violence, the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), Gberie exposes the corruption and appalling use of rape and mutilation as tactics to overthrow the former government. Gberie looks closely at the rise of the RUF and its ruthless leader, Foday Sankoh, as he seeks to understand the personalities and parties involved in the war. This sobering and powerful account reveals the domestic and international consequences of the Sierra Leone conflict.
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Violence, Evolutionism, and the War in Sierra Leone

Author: Zubairu Wai

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137280794

Category: Philosophy

Page: 263

View: 4916

Epistemologies of African Conflicts is a bold and ground-breaking epistemological critique of the dominant discourses on contemporary African conflicts. Using the Sierra Leone civil war as its empirical case, and through a detailed and painstaking examination of the dominant ways in which that conflict has been interpreted, theorised and understood, this provocative study considers how Africa is constructed as a reality for knowledge and the power political implications that this construction has for the continent and its people. This study goes beyond the immediate concerns about how the empirical aspect of Africanist discourses attest to their theoretical formulations, to focus on questions about the formal character of Africanist knowledge, their conditions of possibility, the ways in which they produce African subjectivities, define African realities and shape Western attitudes towards the continent as a result of these conflicts. This study situates the current discourses on contemporary African conflicts within the centuries-long Eurocentric conceptions of Africa conveyed through the 'colonial library' and investigates the historical linkages between 'Africanism' as the body of knowledge on and about Africa and a Western will to power which since the fifteenth century has also perfectly espoused and necessitated an Africanist will to truth. Identifying evolutionism as a major condition of Africanist knowledge linked to these power knowledge systems, it argues that the scripts of these conflicts are always already written long before the first shots are fired. Thus, the predicament of Africanist discourses emanates not only from their conceptual and epistemological dependence on the conceptualities of the colonial library, as well as their fidelity to an evolutionist epistemology, but also their devotion to the power/knowledge regimes of the Western will to power which makes them possible.
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Faith, War and Hope in a Shattered State

Author: Mary Harper

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780321058

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 789

Somalia is a failed state, representing a threat to itself, its neighbours and the wider world. In recent years, it has become notorious for the piracy off its coast and the rise of Islamic extremism, opening it up as a new 'southern front' in the war on terror. At least that is how it is inevitably portrayed by politicians and in the media. Mary Harper presents the first comprehensive account of the chaos into which the country has descended and the United States' renewed involvement there. In doing so, Harper argues that viewing Somalia through the prism of al-Qaeda risks further destabilizing the country and the entire Horn of Africa, while also showing that though the country may be a failed state, it is far from being a failed society. In reality, alternative forms of business, justice, education and local politics have survived and even flourished. Provocative in its analysis, Harper shows that until the international community starts to 'get it right' the consequences will be devastating, not just for Somalia, but for the world.
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Violence, History, and the Everyday in Sierra Leone

Author: Mariane C. Ferme

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520225430

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 7947

"Researched with unusual sensitivity, original in approach, illuminating beyond its immediate geographical and theoretical referents, and written in a style that is both carefully crafted and eminently accessible...this is the work of a remarkably talented observer and scholar."—Jane Guyer, editor of Money Matters: Instability, Values and Social Payments in the Modern History of West African Communities, former president of the African Studies Association "The world is currently quite aware of Sierra Leone and its predicament, and it needs this well-informed and beautifully written account of what makes the country so wonderful despite its woes. Ferme's work is truly transcendent, capturing magnificently well some of the most important aspects of an otherwise "difficult" ethnographic case. It is a truthful and honest piece of work, based on a deep grasp of the ethnographer's craft. "—Paul Richards, author of Fighting for the Rain Forest: War, Youth and Resources in Sierra Leone Ferme is a true master in the magic of "things." She gives the study of secrecy new impetus by examining its history, relating that history not only to discourse but also to material conditions. She brilliantly shows how, for Sierra Leone societies, the celebration of ambiguity has been a way to live with permanent danger-from the long history of slavery through the present civil war. —Peter Geschiere, author of The Modernity of Witchcraft, Politics and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa The Underneath of Things is a model of patience, detailed observation, and elegant writing: a theoretically creative study that is keen to track and to disentangle the webs and flows of everyday life.—Achille Mbembe, author of On the Postcolony
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The Global Dimensions of the Sierra Leonean Tragedy

Author: John-Peter Pham

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594546716

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 9173

This book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.
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youth aspiration to personhood in the teleology of Sierra Leone's 'Senseless War'

Author: Nathaniel King

Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 32

View: 1026

The rebel war in Sierra Leone has been given various characterisations. One of the most commonplace of them brands it a "senseless war". In this study the author examines the views of the Sierra Leoneans themselves on this notion, and through a sociological lens he explores the 'youthscape' of the war. The study also revisits some of the central works on the Sierra Leonean war by authors such as Paul Richards, Ibrahim Adbdullah and Yusuf Bangura.
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Author: Krijn Peters

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139497391

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4112

The armed conflict in Sierra Leone and the extreme violence of the main rebel faction - the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) - have challenged scholars and members of the international community to come up with explanations. Up to this point, though, conclusions about the nature of the war are mainly drawn from accounts of civilian victims and commentators who had access to only one side of the war. The present study addresses this currently incomplete understanding of the conflict by focusing on the direct experiences and interpretations of protagonists, paying special attention to the hitherto neglected, and often underage, cadres of the RUF. The data presented challenges the widely canvassed notion of the Sierra Leone conflict as a war motivated by 'greed, not grievance'. Rather, it points to a rural crisis expressed in terms of unresolved tensions between landowners and marginalized rural youth, further reinforced and triggered by a collapsing patrimonial state.
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Truth-telling, Accountability and Reconciliation

Author: Sharanjeet Parmar,Mindy Jane Roseman,Saudamini Siegrist,Theo Sowa

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780979639548

Category: Law

Page: 417

View: 6453

Children are increasingly a focus of international and national courts and truth commissions. Their participation, including through testimony that bears witness to their experiences, demonstrates their critical role in truth, justice, and reconciliation processes. If children are to engage, however, their rights must be respected. This book includes analysis of the recent involvement of children in transitional justice processes in Liberia, Peru, Sierra Leone, and South Africa. It also explores key areas of current debates among legal scholars and child rights advocates, such as international criminal responsibility, traditional and restorative justice, reparations, psychosocial support for child witnesses, and links between education and reconciliation. The book emphasizes how children must be engaged during post-conflict transition. If children are excluded, they may become vulnerable to a continuing cycle of violence, affecting future generations. In contrast, through active involvement in transitions, children and adolescents can be the catalysts for justice, reconciliation, and peace-building within their own families and communities.
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Shattering the Dreams of the Post Cold War

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9781400033034

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 7584

Robert Kaplan, bestselling author of Balkan Ghosts, offers up scrupulous, far-ranging insights on the world to come in a spirited, rousing, and provocative book that has earned a place at the top of the reading lists of the world's policy makers. The end of the Cold War has not ushered in the global peace and prosperity that many had anticipated. Volatile new democracies in Eastern Europe, fierce tribalism in Africa, civil war and ethnic violence in the Near East, and widespread famine and disease—not to mention the brutal rift developing as wealthy nations reap the benefits of seemingly boundless technology while other parts of the world slide into chaos—are among the issues Kaplan identifies as the most important for charting the future of geopolitics. Historical antecedents in Gibbon's Decline and Fall and in the legacies of statesmen such as Henry Kissinger contribute to this bracingly prophetic framework for addressing the new global reality. Bold, erudite, and profoundly important, The Coming Anarchy is a compelling must-read by one of today's most penetrating writers and provocative minds.
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Conflict and Its Consequences

Author: Chris Coulter,Mariam Persson,Mats Utas

Publisher: Nordic Africa Inst

ISBN: 9789171066275

Category: Social Science

Page: 51

View: 9694

Challenging the stereotype of women in African wars as victims only, this book shows how in modern African wars women have often been as active as men. Female fighters are victimized, yet they are not mere victims. Girls and young women who volunteer to fight often possess quite considerable strength and independence.
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Big Men and Networks

Author: Mats Utas

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848138857

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2585

In the aftermath of an armed conflict in Africa, the international community both produces and demands from local partners a variety of blueprints for reconstructing state and society. The aim is to re-formalize the state after what is viewed as a period of fragmentation. In reality, African economies and polities are very much informal in character, with informal actors, including so-called Big Men, often using their positions in the formal structure as a means to reach their own goals. Through a variety of in-depth case studies, including the DRC, Sierra Leone and Liberia, this comprehensive volume shows how important informal political and economic networks are in many of the continent’s conflict areas. Moreover, it demonstrates that without a proper understanding of the impact of these networks, attempts to formalize African states, particularly those emerging from wars, will be in vain.
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The Tragedy of Endowment

Author: Abiodun Alao

Publisher: University Rochester Press

ISBN: 9781580462679

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 353

View: 1593

The first comprehensive account of the linkage between natural resources and political and social conflict in Africa.
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Author: William Reno

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780521471794

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 2696

A study of Sierra Leone which shows how an African ruler manages corruption that destroys the state bureaucracy.
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