From the Wrights to the Astronauts

Author: Roger E. Bilstein

Publisher: Resources for the Future

ISBN: 9780801866852

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 3040

Roger E. Bilstein's Flight in America has won acclaim as the foremost history of one of the twentieth century's landmark achievements—human flight. In this revised and expanded third edition, Bilstein chronicles changes in military, commercial, and space aviation in the 1990s. He offers a glimpse of the developments one might expect in the new millennium.
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Trends of Aeronautical Development in the United States, 1918-1929

Author: Roger E. Bilstein,Roger Bilstein

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820332143

Category: Transportation

Page: 260

View: 1264

From 1918 to 1929 American aviation progressed through the pioneering era, establishing the pattern of its impact on national security, commerce and industry, communication, travel, geography, and international relations. In America, as well as on a global basis, society experienced a dramatic transformation from a two-dimensional world to a three-dimensional one. By 1929 aviation was poised at the threshold of a new epoch. Covering both military and civil aviation trends, Roger Bilstein's study highlights these developments, explaining how the pattern of aviation activities in the 1920s is reflected through succeeding decades. At the same time, the author discusses the social, economic, and political ramifications of this robust new technology. Aviation histories usually pay little attention to aeronautical images as an aspect of popular culture. Thoughtful observers of the 1920s such as Stuart Chase and Heywood Broun considered aircraft to be an encouraging example of the new technology-workmanlike, efficient, and graceful, perhaps representing a new spirit of international good will. Flight Patterns is particularly useful for its discussion of both economic and cultural factors, treating them as integrated elements of the evolving air age.
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Author: Roger E. Bilstein,Jay Miller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Transportation

Page: 288

View: 1088

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An Illustrated History of NACA and NASA

Author: Roger E. Bilstein

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801871580

Category: History

Page: 218

View: 3849

The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics—forerunner of today's NASA—emerged in 1915, when airplanes were curiosities made of wood and canvas and held together with yards of baling wire. At the time an unusual example of government intrusion (and foresight, given the importance of aviation to national military concerns), the committee oversaw the development of wind tunnels, metal fabrication, propeller design, and powerful new high-speed aircraft during the 1920s and '30s. In this richly illustrated account, acclaimed historian of aviation Roger E. Bilstein combines the story of NACA and NASA to provide a fresh look at the agencies, the problems they faced, and the hard work as well as inventive genius of the men and women who found the solutions. NACA research during World War II led to critical advances in U.S. fighter and bomber design and, Bilstein explains, contributed to engineering standards for helicopters. After 1945 the agency's test pilots experimented with jet-powered aircraft, testing both human and technical limits in trying to break the so-called "sound barrier." In October 1958, when the launch of the Soviet Sputnik signaled the beginning of the space race, NACA formed the nucleus of the new National Aeronautics and Space Agency. The new agency's efforts to meet President Kennedy's challenge—safely landing a man on the Moon and returning him to Earth before the end of the 1960s—is one of the great adventure stories of all time. Bilstein goes on to describe NASA's recent planetary and extraplanetary exploration, as well as its less well-known research into the future of aeronautical design.
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Author: Deborah G. Douglas

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813148294

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 5648

Women run wind tunnel experiments, direct air traffic, and fabricate airplanes. American women have been involved with flight from the beginning, but until 1940, most people believed women could not fly, that Amelia Earhart was an exception to the rule. World War II changed everything. "It is on the record thatwomen can fly as well as men," stated General Henry H. Arnold, commanding general of the Army Air Forces. The question became "Should women fly?" Deborah G. Douglas tells the story of this ongoing debate and its impact on American history. From Jackie Cochran, whose perseverance led to the formation of the Women's Army Service Pilots (WASP) during World War II to the recent achievements of Jeannie Flynn, the Air Force's first woman fighter pilot and Eileen Collins, NASA's first woman shuttle commander, Douglas introduces a host of determined women who overcame prejudice and became military fliers, airline pilots, and air and space engineers. Not forgotten are stories of flight attendants, air traffic controllers, and mechanics. American Women and Flight since 1940 is a revised and expanded edition of a Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum reference work. Long considered the single best reference work in the field, this new edition contains extensive new illustrations and a comprehensive bibliography.
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Volume 22: Science and Medicine

Author: James G. Thomas Jr.,Charles Reagan Wilson

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807837431

Category: Reference

Page: 304

View: 9738

Science and medicine have been critical to southern history and the formation of southern culture. For three centuries, scientists in the South have documented the lush natural world around them and set a lasting tradition of inquiry. The medical history of the region, however, has been at times tragic. Disease, death, and generations of poor health have been the legacy of slavery, the plantation economy, rural life, and poorly planned cities. The essays in this volume explore this legacy as well as recent developments in technology, research, and medicine in the South. Subjects include natural history, slave health, medicine in the Civil War, public health, eugenics, HIV/AIDS, environmental health, and the rise of research institutions and hospitals, to name but a few. With 38 thematic essays, 44 topical entries, and a comprehensive overview essay, this volume offers an authoritative reference to science and medicine in the American South.
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Author: Tom D. Crouch

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393322279

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 6178

Describes the early experiments of American inventors and scientists, such as Octave Chanute, Samuel Langley, and August Herring, and how they paved the way for the Wright brothers. Reprint.
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Author: Tom Wolfe

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448181976

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 878

A wildly vivid and entertaining chronicle of America's manned space program, from the author of The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY US ASTRONAUT SCOTT KELLY ‘What is it’ asks Tom Wolfe, ‘that makes a man willing to sit on top of an enormous Roman Candle...and wait for someone to light the fuse?’ Arrogance? Stupidity? Bravery? Courage? Or, simply, that quality we call 'the right stuff'? A monument to the men who battled to beat the Russians into space, The Right Stuff is a voyage into the mythology of the American space program, and a dizzying dive into the sweat, fear, beauty and danger of being on the white-hot edge of history in the making. ‘Tom Wolfe at his very best... Learned, cheeky, risky, touching, tough, compassionate, nostalgic, worshipful, jingoistic...The Right Stuff is superb’ - New York Times Book Review
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Author: Smithsonian Institution

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588344622

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 240

View: 2873

Who was the first person to dine in space? How long was the Wright brothers's first successful flight? What famous aircraft was named after a grape-flavored soft drink? What toy based on an animated film accompanied astronauts on a shuttle mission in 2000? These questions and many more are answered in The Smithsonian Book of Air & Space Trivia. In addition to the canon of space and aviation information, the pages are illustrated with more than 125 objects from the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum's collections.
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Author: Reg Grant

Publisher: DK

ISBN: 9781465463272

Category: Transportation

Page: 452

View: 9715

A visual guide to aviation and man's conquest of the skies, covering the earliest pioneers of flight to modern-day space technology. Created in association with the Smithsonian Institution and now in paperback. Over 100 years ago, the Wright brothers flew in a shaky plane for the first time. Today, pilots can fly faster than the speed of sound, creating a sonic boom. Filled with thousands of full-color photographs and fact-filled profiles on 300 aircrafts, Flight follows the history of mankind taking to the skies. From Da Vinci's drawings of flying machines to Charles Lindbergh's transatlantic flight in The Spirit of Saint Louis to the Boeing 767, this reference guide breaks down the complete story of aviation into easy-to-read facts and sidebar pullouts. Study the advances in aircraft design, compare the times of record-breaking flights, see how airplanes became weapons of war, and follow the timeline of the space race. Discover how we claimed the skies in Flight, from aviation pioneers of the past to astronauts of the future.
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Author: Buzz Aldrin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0399247211

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 40

View: 6067

Presents a history of man's exploration of space, discussing the Wright brothers' first airplane, America's space race with Russia, missions to the Moon and Mars, and a guide to the inner workings of the International Space Station.
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Author: David McCullough

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476728747

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 5435

Chronicles the dramatic story-behind-the-story about the Wright brothers, sharing insights into the disadvantages that challenged their lives and their mechanical ingenuity. By the Pulitzer Prize- and National Book Award-winning author of Truman.
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The Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Author: Judith E. Rinard

Publisher: Firefly Books Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 128

View: 1205

The ultimate guide to the world of flight documents the extraordinary men and women who turned the dream of flying into a reality; brings to life the monumental milestones that changed our world forever, from the development of ballooning to the building of the International Space Station; and provides a wealth of photographs and illustrations that capture the development of flight. Simultaneous.
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Author: Roger E. Bilstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781410220141

Category: History

Page: 60

View: 8629

As World War II unfolded in Europe during the late 1930s and early 1940s, U.S. military planners realized the nation's airlift and airborne combat capability was underdeveloped and out of date. The U.S. Army Air Forces relied largely on civil airline equipment and personnel to launch the Air Transport Command's intercontinental routes to overseas combat zones. A separate Troop Carrier Command and newly formed airborne divisions hammered out doctrinal concepts and tactical requirements for paratroop engagements. Despite operational shortcomings, subsequent airborne assaults in North Africa and Italy generated a base of knowledge from which to plan such massive aerial formations and paratroop drops as those for the Normandy invasion and Operation MARKET-GARDEN, and strategic efforts in the China-Burma-India theater. Airlift routes over the Himalayas demonstrated one of the war's most effective uses of air transport. The Air Transport Command emerged as a remarkably successful organization with thousands of aircraft and a global network of communications centers, weather forecasting offices, airfields, and maintenance depots, and air-age realities influenced a postwar generation of dedicated military air transports operating around the world.
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An American Hero in the Twentieth Century

Author: W. David Lewis

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801882449

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 668

View: 9507

Looks at the life and career of the World War I flying ace, including his establishment of Eastern Airlines as a major carrier and his resignation under pressure in 1963.
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A Recent History

Author: Lawrence R. Samuel

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 029277477X

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 4654

The future is not a fixed idea but a highly variable one that reflects the values of those who are imagining it. By studying the ways that visionaries imagined the future—particularly that of America—in the past century, much can be learned about the cultural dynamics of the time. In this social history, Lawrence R. Samuel examines the future visions of intellectuals, artists, scientists, businesspeople, and others to tell a chronological story about the history of the future in the past century. He defines six separate eras of future narratives from 1920 to the present day, and argues that the milestones reached during these years—especially related to air and space travel, atomic and nuclear weapons, the women's and civil rights movements, and the advent of biological and genetic engineering—sparked the possibilities of tomorrow in the public's imagination, and helped make the twentieth century the first century to be significantly more about the future than the past. The idea of the future grew both in volume and importance as it rode the technological wave into the new millennium, and the author tracks the process by which most people, to some degree, have now become futurists as the need to anticipate tomorrow accelerates.
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Author: Byron Barton

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0064432807

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 32

View: 2927

Blast-off! Up into the shy goes the space shuttle. Into orbit, the astronauts get a taste of ready-to-eat food, experience zero gravity, go for space walks, and even fix a satellite. It's fun to fly aboard the shuttle...and then come back to earth. ‘A young girl declares her longing to ‘fly on the shuttle into outer space.’ The familiar acts of eating, sleeping, and working become intense and special as she and the rest of the crew go about their business. The illustrations positively glow in this simple, lyrical picture book that will have nearly everyone off and flying.’ —SLJ. Notable Children's Book of 1988 (ALA) 1988 Fanfare Honor List (The Horn Book) Best Illustrated Children's Books of 1988 (NYT) Oustanding Science Trade Books for Children 1988 (NSTA/CBC)
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Author: Ronda Leathers Dively

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780073406039

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 496

View: 7838

Invention and Craft: A Guide to College Writing offers a new approach to teaching and learning in the first-year writing classroom. Invention and Craft draws onthe relationship between the writing process and the creative process model and teaches a problem-solving, insight-driven approach to writing clearly and effectivelyin all genres. Its emphasis on knowledge transfer instructs students to recognize the patterns that occur within and across genres and to apply what they knowto each new writing assignment. Invention and Craft offers special promise for casting students in the role of meaning-makers by pinpointing strategies for transferringknowledge—the hallmark of successful expository prose. ConnectComposition offers four years of access to comprehensive and reliableinstruction in writing and research along with the text and a brief handbook.
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Author: Jenifer Van Vleck

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674727320

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 9471

Jenifer Van Vleck's fascinating history reveals the central role commercial aviation played in the United States' ascent to global preeminence in the twentieth century. As U.S. military and economic influence grew, the federal government partnered with the aviation industry to deliver American power across the globe and to sell the idea of the "American Century" to the public at home and abroad. The airplane promised to extend the frontiers of the United States "to infinity," as Pan American World Airways president Juan Trippe said. As it accelerated the global circulation of U.S. capital, consumer goods, technologies, weapons, popular culture, and expertise, few places remained distant from Wall Street and Washington. Aviation promised to secure a new type of empire--an empire of the air instead of the land, which emphasized access to markets rather than the conquest of territory and made the entire world America's sphere of influence. By the late 1960s, however, foreign airlines and governments were challenging America's control of global airways, and the domestic aviation industry hit turbulent times. Just as the history of commercial aviation helps to explain the ascendance of American power, its subsequent challenges reflect the limits and contradictions of the American Century.
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