Community Impacts of Commercial Sport

Author: Hans Westerbeek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131799129X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 144

View: 6310

Global Sport Business: The Community Impact of Commercial Sport involves a range of pressing issues that come with the arrival of sport as a commodity in the world economy. It can be argued that, throughout the past two centuries, sport has always been recognized as both a frivolous pursuit of spending leisure time with friends and family, and as an activity that has substantial commercial value to be mined by entrepreneurs. However, only during the most recent wave of globalization, spurred by technological advancements that have led to achieving global reach in regard to potential customers, has sport entered a global marketplace that offers tremendous financial rewards for those who manage to control international sport organizations and events. In this book, global sport business is viewed from a number of different perspectives including a value chain approach to describing the sport industry; the ever increasing impact of the international media on sport business; how globalization influences the style of (sport) management; how social capital can be generated through sport business; and the emergence of social sport business. Overall, the different contributors to the book reflect on how sport’s global (and as such commercial) attractiveness can, and often will impact locally, on communities of people and individuals. This book was published as a special issue of Sport in Society.
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Fencing Off the World Game

Author: Christopher J. Hallinan,John E. Hughson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317965728

Category: Social Science

Page: 154

View: 3997

According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, outdoor soccer was the second most popular organized sport for Australian children after swimming. It far outstripped the popularity of the three other football codes that are played in Australia – rugby league, rugby union and Australian Rules football. Yet the soccer participation phenomenon in Australia is matched neither by the media coverage of the game in these countries, nor by the academic interest in the game. With a few notable exceptions in academic sports history, the game of soccer remains understudied in comparison with the other football codes. And, apart from some interest that is generated by World Cup campaigns, the media coverage of soccer is largely marginalized, and becomes most emphasized when reporting on aspects of ‘hooligan’ crowd behaviour. This book investigates some of the ways that soccer has been maintained as marginal to Australian identity, and why the sport remains vitally important to some marginalized groups within these communities. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.
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To Remember is to Resist

Author: Russell Field,Bruce Kidd

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317989791

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 180

View: 4653

1968 was a year of protest in civil society (Prague, Paris, Chicago) and a year of protest in sport. After a world-wide campaign, the anti-apartheid movement succeeded in barring South Africa from the Olympic Games, while US athletes from the Olympic Project for Human Rights used the medals podium to decry the racism of North America. Meanwhile, students in Mexico demonstrated against social priorities in Mexico, the host of the 1968 Games. These events contributed significantly to the rejection of the idea that sports are apolitical, and stimulated the scholarly study of sport across the social sciences. Leading up to the Beijing Olympic Games, similar dynamics were played out across the globe, while a campaign was underway to boycott the ‘Genocide Olympics’. The volume, To Remember is to Resist, came out of a three-day conference on sports, human rights and social change hosted by the University of Toronto forty years after Mexico and eighty days before the Beijing Opening Ceremony. The contributions to this volume capture the memories of activists who were "on the ground" using sport as a site for the struggle for human rights and provide scholarly examinations of past and current human rights movements in sport. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.
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Kicking Goals

Author: Tony Ward

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317987667

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 216

View: 6425

For many Australians, there are two great passions: sport and ‘taking the piss’. This book is about national identity – and especially about Australia’s image as a sporting country. Whether reverent or not, any successful national image has to reflect something about the reality of the country. But it is also influenced by the reasons that people have for encouraging particular images – and by the conflicts between differing views of national identity, and of sport. Buffeted by these elements, both the extent of Australian sports madness and the level of stirring have varied considerably over time. While many refer to long-lasting factors, such as the amount of sunshine, this book argues that the ebb and flow of sporting images are strongly linked to current views of national identity. Starting from Archer’s win in the first Melbourne Cup in 1861, it traces the importance of trade unions in the formation of Australian Rules, the success of a small rural town in holding one of the world’s foremost running races, and the win-from-behind of a fat arsed wombat knocking off the official mascots of Sydney 2000. This book was based on a special issue of Soccer and Society.
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Visualising the Game

Author: Susann Baller,Giorgio Miescher,Ciraj Rassool

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317965876

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 196

View: 8911

Football, in many ways, is a visual endeavour. From the visual experience within the stadium itself to worldwide media representations, from advertisements to football art and artefacts: football is much about seeing and being seen, about watching, making visual and being visualised. The FIFA World Cup 2010 in South Africa has turned into a perfect example of the visual dimensions of football. Stadiums have been built and marketed as tourist attractions, mass media and internet platforms are advertising South African cities and venues, logos and emblems are displayed and celebrated, exhibitions are organised in museums world-wide. This book explores the social, cultural and political role of football in Africa by focusing on the issue of its visibility and invisibility. The contributions consider the history and present of football in different parts of Africa. They examine historical and recent pictures and images of football and football players, as well as places and spaces of their production and perception. They analyse the visual dimensions expressed in sports infrastructure, football media-scapes, and in expressive and material arts. This book thus contributes to the growing interest in football in Africa by exploring a new field of research into sports. This book was previously published as a special issue of Soccer and Society.
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Comparative Responses across Europe

Author: Peter Kennedy,David Kennedy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317981715

Category: Political Science

Page: 140

View: 9384

As football clubs have become luxury investments, their decisions increasingly mirror those of any other business organisation. Football supporters have been encouraged to express their club loyalty by ‘thinking business’ - acting as consumers and generating money deemed necessary for their clubs to compete at the highest levels. In critical studies, supporters have been portrayed as passive or reluctant consumers who, imprisoned by enduring club loyalties, embody a fatalistic attitude to their own exploitation. As this book aims to show, however, such expressions of loyalty are far from hegemonic and often interface haphazardly with traditional ideas about what constitutes the ‘loyal fan’. While there is little doubt that professional football is experiencing commodification, the reality is that football clubs are not simply businesses, nor can they ever aspire to be organisations driven solely by expanding or protecting economic value. Rather, clubs hover uncertainly between being businesses and community assets. Football Supporters and the Commercialisation of Football explores the implications of this uncertainty for understanding supporter resistance to, and compromise with, commodification. Every club and its supporters exist in their own unique national and local contexts. In this respect, this book offers a Euro-wide comparison of supporter reactions to commercialisation and provides unique insight into how football supporters actively mediate regional, local and national contexts, as they intersect with the universalistic presumptions of commerce. This book was previously published as a special issue of Soccer and Society.
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Author: Juan Luis Paramio Salcines,Kathy Babiak,Geoff Walters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135011729

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 4737

As the role of sport in society becomes ever more prominent and as sports organisations become increasingly influential members of the global community, so it has become more important than ever for sport to consider its wider social responsibilities. The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Corporate Social Responsibility is the first book to offer a comprehensive survey of theories and concepts of CSR as applied to sport, and the social, ethical and environmental aspects of sport business and management. It offers an overview of perspectives and approaches to CSR in sport, examines the unique features of the sport industry in relation to CSR, explores the tools, models, common pitfalls and examples of best practice on which managers can draw, and discusses how CSR and corporate citizenship can be integrated into the sport management curriculum. The book covers every key issue and functional area, including implementation, strategic benefits, communication and corporate image, stakeholder engagement, and the measurement and evaluation of CSR policies and practices, and includes detailed international case studies, from the NBA and the Olympic Games to Japanese soccer. The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Corporate Social Responsibility is important reading for any student, researcher, manager or policy maker with an interest in sport business, management, ethics or development.
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Author: Simon Chadwick,Daniel Parnell,Paul Widdop,Christos Anagnostopoulos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351262785

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 624

View: 7124

Soccer is the world’s most valuable sport, generating bigger revenues, as well as being watched and played by more people, than any other. It is virtually impossible to understand the business of sport without understanding the football industry. This book surveys contemporary football in unparalleled breadth and depth. Presenting critical insights from world-leading football scholars and introducing football’s key organisations, leagues and emerging nations, it explores key themes from governance and law to strategy and finance, as well as cutting edge topics such as analytics, digital media and the women’s game. This is essential reading for all students, researchers and practitioners working in football, sport business, sport management or mainstream business and management.
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Author: Transparency International

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317443756

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 8460

Sport is a global phenomenon engaging billions of people and generating annual revenues of more than US$ 145 billion. Problems in the governance of sports organisations, fixing of matches and staging of major sporting events have spurred action on many fronts. Yet attempts to stop corruption in sport are still at an early stage. The Global Corruption Report (GCR) on sport is the most comprehensive analysis of sports corruption to date. It consists of more than 60 contributions from leading experts in the fields of corruption and sport, from sports organisations, governments, multilateral institutions, sponsors, athletes, supporters, academia and the wider anti-corruption movement. This GCR provides essential analysis for understanding the corruption risks in sport, focusing on sports governance, the business of sport, planning of major events, and match-fixing. It highlights the significant work that has already been done and presents new approaches to strengthening integrity in sport. In addition to measuring transparency and accountability, the GCR gives priority to participation, from sponsors to athletes to supporters an essential to restoring trust in sport.
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Author: Nicola Anderson,Claire Thomson

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1471894118

Category: Study Aids

Page: 208

View: 2776

Fully updated to cover the 2017 CCEA Home Economics: Food and Nutrition GCSE specification, this new edition of the market-leading textbook will guide your students through the content, prepare them for assessment and help you deliver an engaging, cost-effective Home Economics: Food and Nutrition course. - Ensures your students understand even the most challenging topics such as nutrition and consumer law with clear, accessible explanations of all subject content and simple definitions of key words - Helps students apply their understanding of food and nutrition with engaging and cost-effective practical food preparation and cooking activities - Differentiates with stretch and challenge activities to ensure progression and to challenge more able learners - Prepares students for Controlled Assessment with guidance on the Practical Food and Nutrition task - Supports exam preparation with advice on preparing for the written paper and practice exam-style questions throughout
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Signal Lost?

Author: Jay Scherer,David Rowe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135017093

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 338

View: 4172

This book examines the political debates over the access to live telecasts of sport in the digital broadcasting era. It outlines the broad theoretical debates, political positions and policy calculations over the provision of live, free-to-air telecasts of sport as a right of cultural citizenship. In so doing, the book provides a number of comparative case studies that explore these debates and issues in various global spaces.
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A Global Perspective

Author: Eric C. Schwarz,Stacey A. Hall,Simon Shibli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317568192

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 408

View: 5123

Anybody working in sport management will be involved in the operation of a sports facility at some point in their career. It is a core professional competency at the heart of successful sport business. Sport Facility Operations Management is a comprehensive and engaging textbook which introduces cutting-edge concepts in facilities and operations management, including practical guidance from professional facility managers. Now in a fully revised and updated second edition—which introduces new chapters on capital investment and operational decision-making—the book covers all fundamental aspects of sport facility operations management from a global perspective, including: ownership structures and financing options planning, design, and construction processes organizational and human resource management financial and operations management legal concerns marketing management and event planning risk assessment and security planning benchmarking and performance management Each chapter contains newly updated real-world case studies and discussion questions, innovative 'Technology Now!' features and step-by-step guidance through every element of successful sport facilities and operations management, while an expanded companion website offers lecture slides, a sample course syllabus, a bank of multiple-choice and essay questions, glossary flashcards links to further reading, and appendices with relevant supplemental documentation. With a clear structure running from planning through to the application of core management disciplines, Sport Facility Operations Management is essential reading for any sport management course.
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Principles and Applications

Author: Russell Hoye,Aaron C.T. Smith,Matthew Nicholson,Bob Stewart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317557786

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 5846

Now available in a fully revised and updated fourth edition, Sport Management: Principles and Applications introduces the sport industry and examines the role of the state, non-profit and professional sectors in sport. It focuses on core management principles and their application in a sporting context, highlighting the unique challenges faced in a career in sport management. Written in an engaging and accessible style, each chapter has a clear structure designed to make key information and concepts simple to find and to utilize. Chapters contain a conceptual overview, references, further reading, links to important websites, study questions and up-to-date case studies from around the world to show how theory works in the real world, and a companion website offers additional activities for students and guidance notes and slides for instructors. The book covers every core functional area of management, including: strategic planning organizational culture organizational structures human resource management leadership governance financial management marketing performance management. This fourth edition also includes expanded coverage of sport media, change management and other contemporary management issues, providing a comprehensive introduction to the practical application of management principles within sport organizations. It is ideal for first and second year students on sport management related courses, as well as those studying business-focused or human movement courses seeking an overview of applied sport management principles.
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Identities, Commodities and the Politics of Representation

Author: Steven J. Jackson,David L. Andrews

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113429879X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 288

View: 2748

Despite the range of theoretical and methological positions adopted and the wide range of issues and topics related to advertising covered by cultural studies, relationships between sport and advertising have been largely overlooked. Given its gobal popularity and its prevalence across the spectrum of cultural and commercial life it is not surprising that scholars interrogating the cultural politics of sport have begun to recognise advertising as an important site for the analysis of power relations, cultural politics and cultural repesentation. Sport, Culture and Advertising presents a first step towards understanding the relationship between advertising and identity with a focus on sport. The book will be useful for scholars across a range of disciplines and will be of interest to students looking for a more critical examination of the commercial realm of sport.
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Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 6394

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
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Consequences for the Global Environment

Author: Peter Dauvergne

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262260573

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 4305

The Shadows of Consumption gives a hard-hitting diagnosis: many of the earth's ecosystems and billions of its people are at risk from the consequences of rising consumption. Products ranging from cars to hamburgers offer conveniences and pleasures; but, as Peter Dauvergne makes clear, global political and economic processes displace the real costs of consumer goods into distant ecosystems, communities, and timelines, tipping into crisis people and places without the power to resist. In The Shadows of Consumption, Peter Dauvergne maps the costs of consumption that remain hidden in the shadows cast by globalized corporations, trade, and finance. Dauvergne traces the environmental consequences of five commodities: automobiles, gasoline, refrigerators, beef, and harp seals. In these fascinating histories we learn, for example, that American officials ignored warnings about the dangers of lead in gasoline in the 1920s; why China is now a leading producer of CFC-free refrigerators; and how activists were able to stop Canada's commercial seal hunt in the 1980s (but are unable to do so now). Dauvergne's innovative analysis allows us to see why so many efforts to manage the global environment are failing even as environmentalism is slowly strengthening. He proposes a guiding principle of "balanced consumption" for both consumers and corporations. We know that we can make things better by driving a high-mileage car, eating locally grown food, and buying energy-efficient appliances; but these improvements are incremental, local, and insufficient. More crucial than our individual efforts to reuse and recycle will be reforms in the global political economy to reduce the inequalities of consumption and correct the imbalance between growing economies and environmental sustainability.
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International perspectives

Author: Trish Bradbury,Ian O'Boyle

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131732840X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 294

View: 1723

Sport management is a rapidly developing industry which continues to grow in size and scope on an international scale. This comprehensive and engaging textbook offers a complete introduction to core principles and best practice in contemporary sport management. Adopting an issues-based approach and drawing on the very latest research, it demonstrates how theory translates into practice across all the key functional areas of sport management, from governance and leadership to tourism and events. Written by a team of experts from across the globe, the book explores sport management from a truly international perspective and looks at all levels from professional, high-performance sport to non-profit and grassroots. With extended real-world case studies and an array of helpful features in every chapter, it addresses crucial topics such as: managing organisational performance communication and social media sponsorship and marketing the impact of sport on society future directions for sport management. Complemented by a companion website full of additional teaching and learning resources for students and instructors, this is an essential textbook for any degree-level sport management course.
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A Critical Study

Author: John Hughson,David Inglis,Marcus Free

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415260473

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 9016

Putting sport in the spotlight of cultural inquiry, the authors engage with a number of themes including community and social capital, cultural populism, cultural materialism, visual culture and citizenship.
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Author: Keith Gilbert,Will Bennett

Publisher: Common Ground Publishing

ISBN: 9781612290867

Category: Political Science

Page: 510

View: 960

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Author: Trevor Slack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135764352

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 368

View: 2240

What does commercialisation mean for the future of sport? Modern sports links to commerce are highly visible. Stadiums and arenas bear the names of businesses, while sponsors' logos appear on athletes' clothing and equipment, on the facilities in which they play, and in the titles of the events in which they compete. Media companies pay vast sums for the rights to broadcast sports events, and advertisers pay a premium to promote products during the screening of these events. Cities invest, at the expense of other social projects, in the staging of major sports events and to attract professional teams to their areas. Star athletes are transferred for multi-million fees and professional sport franchises are sold for sums higher than the gross domestic products of some countries. Even recreational athletes are subject to a constant barrage of commercial pressures to improve their game. Sport's links to commerce have intensified over the past 30 years but have been subjected to little academic analysis. This book represents an attempt to fill that significant gap in the literature by examining five different aspects of the commercialisation of sport: · The sports industry · The public sector · The commercialisation of 'amateur' sport · Sport and television · Sports sponsorship There has been a rapid and widespread commercialisation of sport and it is vital that we now raise critical questions and analyse the changes that have taken place.
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