The Politics of a Divided Democracy

Author: Robert Singh

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199250493

Category: Political Science

Page: 529

View: 9114

Governing America is an innovative edited textbook, designed for first-time students of American politics. Written by an international team of experts, this volume offers an accessible and comprehensive examination of American politics both before and after September 11. Divided into four parts, the volume opens with an introduction to the main theoretical and historical surveys of American politics and foreign policy. Part Two analyzes the key institutions of American government, Part Three examines a range of public policies and Part Four assesses a series ofcontemporary issues and controversies.
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Kubanische Interessengruppen und die US-Außenpolitik

Author: Wilson Cardozo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531924362

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6162

Innerhalb der außenpolitischen Interaktion zwischen den USA und den Ländern Lateina- rikas gibt es keinen vergleichbaren Fall, der die Differenzen, die ideologische Konfronta- on, aber auch die kulturelle Annäherung und gegenseitige Einflussnahme so facettenreich widerspiegelt wie die Beziehungen zwischen den Vereinigten Staaten und Kuba. Die - genwärtige Gestaltung neuer Ansätze zur Lösung des bilateralen Konflikts, der schon über ein halbes Jahrhundert besteht, wird durch verschiedene historische Ereignisse kondit- niert. Die kulturelle Verbundenheit beider Länder, die nicht nur durch die geographische Nähe entstanden ist, sondern auch durch den US-amerikanischen Einfluss zu Zeiten der kubanischen Nationsbildung und der damit verknüpften Auseinandersetzung um die Un- hängigkeit der Insel, die gleichzeitig von einer nachhaltigen Migrationsbewegung begleitet war, führte im Laufe der Jahrzehnte zur Etablierung kubanischstämmiger Gruppierungen in den USA. Diese bilden zum einen auf Grund ihrer erfolgreichen Integration in die soz- politischen und ökonomischen Strukturen der Vereinigten Staaten, die durch die - amerikanischen Regierungen begünstigt wurde, und zum anderen wegen ihrer demograp- schen Konzentration in der Region Floridas einen Referenzpunkt für eine erfolgreiche - teiligung einer ethnischen Minderheit an der Gestaltung, Einflussnahme und Ausführung außenpolitischer US-amerikanischer Maßnahmen. In der vorliegenden Studie werde ich zeigen, dass die Gruppen für die Interpretation der bilateralen Beziehungen zwischen den USA und Kuba einen entscheidenden innenpolitischen Faktor repräsentieren. Dieser wird zwar in der wissenschaftlichen Literatur zu diesem spezifischen Thema erwähnt, bisher wurde er jedoch nicht in einen theoretischen Rahmen eingebettet und empirisch untersucht.
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Author: Miriam Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135859205

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 3876

Lesbian and gay citizens today enjoy a much broader array of rights and obligations and a greater ability to live their lives openly in both the U.S. and Canada. However, while human rights protections have been exponentially expanded in Canada over the last twenty years, even basic protections in areas such as employment discrimination are still unavailable to many in the United States. This book examines why these similar societies have produced such divergent policy outcomes, focusing on how differences between the political institutions of the U.S. and Canada have shaped the terrain of social movement and counter-movement mobilization. It analyzes cross-national variance in public policies toward lesbians and gay men, especially in the areas of the decriminalization of sodomy, the passage of anti-discrimination laws, and the enactment of measures to recognize same-sex relationships. For political science, sociology, and queer studies alike, this book will prove vital as movements for lesbian and gay rights continue to recast the social landscape in North America and beyond.
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Author: Richard Higgott,Ivona Malbasic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134041055

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3161

Anti-Americanism as a concept is confused, often used in a contradictory fashion and invariably driven by emotion rather than intellect. Nevertheless, it casts a long policy shadow with adverse consequences (both real and potential) for actors including those who may not support the concept. This book puts anti-Americanism into a contemporary context and analyses some of its political consequences. The argument of the book is that ideas matter: they shape actions and have policy consequences. With the case of anti-Americanism, even superficial ideas can reflect deep seated emotions that might, at first sight, appear real. These can range from the rhetorical flourish and smart comment occasioned by a presidential gaucherie through to a deep embedded, visceral hatred of all things American. The contributors to this volume discern the difference between these two ends of the anti-American spectrum and assess the varying degree of ‘political consequence’. Divided into three parts, items addressed include: Networks, culture and foundations consisting of the role of influential foundations and think tanks in combating anti-Americanism, and the link between the political establishment in Washington D.C. and the popular culture industry Security and Anti-Americanism Regional and country Studies, including Canada, Australia, East Asia, Latin America, Greece and France. The Political Consequences of Anti-Americanism will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, international relations, security studies, American politics and American foreign policy.
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An Introduction to American Culture

Author: Neil Campbell,Alasdair Kean

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136623728

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 4089

Praise for previous editions: 'Something of a godsend ... as a teaching resource this book is second to none ... achieves levels of multiplicity rarely, if ever, reached by others.' - Borderlines: Studies in American Culture This third edition of American Cultural Studies has been updated throughout to take into account the developments of the last six years, providing an introduction to the central themes in modern American culture and explores how these themes can be interpreted. Chapters in the book discuss the various aspects of American cultural life such as religion, gender and sexuality, and regionalism. Updates and revisions include: discussion of Barack Obama’s rise to power and the end of the ‘Bush Years’ consideration of ‘Hemispheric American Studies’ and the increasing debates about globalisation and the role of the USA up-to-date case-studies, such as The Wire and Nurse Jackie, more on suburbia, the Mexican-border crossing, the Twilight phenomena etc updated further-reading lists.Accompanying website. American Cultural Studies is a core text and an accessible introduction to the interdisciplinary study of American culture.
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America's Death Penalty in an Age of Abolition

Author: David Garland

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199594996

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 7364

For Europeans, the endurance of capital punishment is a stark reminder of American 'otherness'. The practice is an archaic relic, a hollow symbol that accomplishes nothing, but reflects a punitive, bloodthirsty culture - puritanical in its pursuit of retribution. This new book by a leading social thinker sweeps aside the familiar story of abolition and retention; 'us' and 'them'. It recasts the history and modern culture of American capital punishment,explaining its endurance as an aspect of the radical democracy at the heart of American politics. Shattering prevailing stereotypes, the book forces us to rethink our understanding of the politics ofpunishment in America and beyond.
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Governing a Divided Society

Author: Kris Deschouwer

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137030259

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 3696

Belgium set a new world record in 2011 for the time needed to form a government, taking no less than 541 days to bring together a new federal coalition. Governing a divided society like Belgium is never easy, demanding appropriate institutions and advanced political skills. In this fully revised and updated text, Kris Deschouwer gives an even-handed and analytically sophisticated account of contemporary Belgium politics. He explains the background to the territorial divide between a Dutch-speaking north and a French-speaking south that has shaped the political system and has led Belgium's polarized communities to contemplate divorce after decades of search for institutional responses to internal conflict. Deschouwer sets out the institutional arrangements of what has been called the most thorough example of a consociational democracy, and shows how this form of democratic government, along with Belgium's particular federal system has provided a basis – most of the time – to govern a deeply divided country. Fully updated to cover the latest developments, including the 2011 agreement on new constitutional reform, this leading text provides a comprehensive picture of Belgian politics which helps answer the question of whether Belgium – and indeed other divided societies – can be governed in a legitimate democratic manner.
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Decoding the Countercultural Apocalypse

Author: Joseph Gelfer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317544137

Category: Religion

Page: 212

View: 9590

21 December 2012 was believed to mark the end of the thirteenth B'ak'tun cycle in the Long Count of the Mayan calendar. Many people believed this date to mark the end of the world or, at the very least, a shift to a new form of global consciousness. Examining how much of the phenomenon is based on the historical record and how much is contemporary fiction, the book explores the landscape of the modern apocalyptic imagination, the economics of the spiritual marketplace, the commodification of countercultural values, and the cult of celebrity.
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Author: Duncan Watts

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654941

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 8305

This introduction tells you everything you need to know about British Government and Politics. It examines the institutions and practices and makes comparisons with the experience of other countries.
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Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1497034817

Category: Education

Page: 24

View: 4439

Facts101 is your complete guide to American Energy; The Politics of 21st Century Policy. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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The Republican Revolution and the Erosion of American Democracy

Author: Jacob S. Hacker,Paul Pierson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030013066X

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4697

The Republicans who run American government today have defied the normal laws of political gravity. They have ruled with the slimmest of majorities and yet have transformed the nation’s governing priorities. They have strayed dramatically from the moderate middle of public opinion and yet have faced little public backlash. Again and again, they have sided with the affluent and ideologically extreme while paying little heed to the broad majority of Americans. And much more often than not, they have come out on top. This book shows why—and why this troubling state of affairs can and must be changed. Written in a highly accessible style by two professional political scientists, Off Center tells the story of a deliberative process restricted and distorted by party chieftains, of unresponsive power brokers subverting the popular will, and of legislation written by and for powerful interests and deliberately designed to mute popular discontent. In the best tradition of engaged social science, Off Center is a powerful and informed critique that points the way toward a stronger foundation for American democracy.
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Imagining Democratic Alternatives in Complex Settings

Author: Alain-G Gagnon,Michael Keating

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230365329

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 5365

An all star cast of academic experts offer an important and timely analysis of the pursuit of autonomy. They argue that it is key to move beyond the primarily normative debate about the rights or wrongs of autonomous regions on the basis of cultural concerns, instead focusing on understanding what makes autonomy function successfully.
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Author: Dick Howard

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847681631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 4187

Against the backdrop of the radical change in political conditions since the 1989 revolutions in Eastern Europe, noted philosopher and political theorist Dick Howard asks: what is modern politics? Returning to the historical problems posed by the French and American Revolutions, Howard examines the ways that philosophy has tried to understand the contemporary political dilemma. He then puts his theory to the test by looking at political problems in Eastern Europe, in the European Union, and in the United States. This collection of essays, many available in English for the first time, will be useful to philosophers, sociologists, and political scientists.
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Human Embryo Research and the Politics of Bioethics

Author: Benjamin Hurlbut

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231542917

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 9219

Human embryo research touches upon strongly felt moral convictions, and it raises such deep questions about the promise and perils of scientific progress that debate over its development has become a moral and political imperative. From in vitro fertilization to embryonic stem cell research, cloning, and gene editing, Americans have repeatedly struggled with how to define the moral status of the human embryo, whether to limit its experimental uses, and how to contend with sharply divided public moral perspectives on governing science. Experiments in Democracy presents a history of American debates over human embryo research from the late 1960s to the present, exploring their crucial role in shaping norms, practices, and institutions of deliberation governing the ethical challenges of modern bioscience. J. Benjamin Hurlbut details how scientists, bioethicists, policymakers, and other public figures have attempted to answer a question of great consequence: how should the public reason about aspects of science and technology that effect fundamental dimensions of human life? Through a study of one of the most significant science policy controversies in the history of the United States, Experiments in Democracy paints a portrait of the complex relationship between science and democracy, and of U.S. society's evolving approaches to evaluating and governing science's most challenging breakthroughs.
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Can the U.S. Constitution Help?

Author: Robert A. Licht

Publisher: American Enterprise Institute

ISBN: 9780844738345

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 3547

This book is designed to help bring about the desired transition to liberal democracy in South Africa, particularly as the deliberations about a permanent constitution get under way.
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Continuity and Change Over Ten Presidential Elections

Author: John S. Jackson

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815726384

Category: Political Science

Page: 225

View: 2727

From party polarization, elections, and internal party politics, to the evolution of the U.S. presidency, John S. Jackson's new book has something for everyone interested in American politics. Beginning with a discussion of the creation of the U.S. government to the formation of today's political powerhouses, Jackson provides a narrative sweep of American party history like none other. Unique to this book is a detailed breakdown of the evolution of political parties from 1832 to the current era. Jackson explains how the reform era came to be, as well as how it produced the polarized party era we have today. In doing so, he guides the reader to an appreciation of where U.S. party politics originated and the aspirations of those who helped create the current system. Jackson also examines the internal mechanisms and personalities of the Democratic and Republican parties. He compares multiple presidential elections, thus telling a broader story of the unfolding of today's party polarization and gridlock. He also explores the theoretical meaning of the changes observed in the parties from the responsible party model perspective. The themes of continuity and change are set in the context of group-think versus rational decisionmaking. Specific focus is given to political elites who are sophisticated about politics and who make strategic decisions, but are also bound by their humanity and occasionally fail to see the right deci-sion due to their own personal biases. This book will be particularly useful for those who want to explore polarization, the responsible parties model, the rational actor model, and anyone who wants to better understand elections, party politics, and the evolution of the presidency.
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The Ferocious Power Struggle in American Politics

Author: Earl Black,Merle Black

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743262069

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 1447

Identifying geographically based political systems that have divided the United States into five specific regions, an analysis of the confrontational relationships between the emerging new parties offers insight into how elections are fought and won today while explaining how the future of governance is becoming increasingly complicated. 35,000 first printing.
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Author: L. Sandy Maisel,Jeffrey M. Berry

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019160920X

Category: Political Science

Page: 720

View: 1180

The Oxford Handbook of American Political Parties and Interest Groups is a major new volume that will help scholars assess the current state of scholarship on parties and interest groups and the directions in which it needs to move. Never before has the academic literature on political parties received such an extended treatment. Twenty nine chapters critically assess both the major contributions to the literature and the ways in which it has developed. With contributions from most of the leading scholars in the field, the volume provides a definitive point of reference for all those working in and around the area. Equally important, the authors also identify areas of new and interesting research. These chapters offer a distinctive point of view, an argument about the successes and failures of past scholarship, and a set of recommendations about how future work ought to develop. This volume will help set the agenda for research on political parties and interest groups for the next decade. The Oxford Handbooks of American Politics are a set of reference books offering authoritative and engaging critical overviews of the state of scholarship on American politics. Each volume focuses on a particular aspect of the field. The project is under the General Editorship of George C. Edwards III, and distinguished specialists in their respective fields edit each volume. The Handbooks aim not just to report on the discipline, but also to shape it as scholars critically assess the scholarship on a topic and propose directions in which it needs to move. The series is an indispensable reference for anyone working in American politics. General Editor for The Oxford Handbooks of American Politics: George C. Edwards III
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Communication and Government in Sweden and the United States

Author: Erik Asard,W. Lance Bennett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521565257

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 8845

This book explores the institutional links between society and government that shape political communication.
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The Complete and Unabridged Volumes I and II

Author: Alexis De Tocqueville

Publisher: Bantam Classics

ISBN: 0553900382

Category: Political Science

Page: 976

View: 4697

From America's call for a free press to its embrace of the capitalist system, Democracy in America--first published in 1835--enlightens, entertains, and endures as a brilliant study of our national government and character. Philosopher John Stuart Mill called it "among the most remarkable productions of our time." Woodrow Wilson wrote that de Tocqueville's ability to illuminate the actual workings of American democracy was "possibly without rival." For today's readers, de Tocqueville's concern about the effect of majority rule on the rights of individuals remains deeply meaningful. His shrewd observations about the "almost royal prerogatives" of the president and the need for virtue in elected officials are particularly prophetic. His profound insights into the great rewards and responsibilities of democratic government are words every American needs to read, contemplate, and remember. From America's call for a free press to its embrace of the capitalist system Democracy in America enlightens, entertains, and endures as a brilliant study of our national government and character. De Toqueville's concern about the effect of majority rule on the rights of individuals remains deeply meaningful. His insights into the great rewards and responsibilities of democratic government are words every American needs to read, contemplate, and remember. From the Paperback edition.
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