Author: Charles Richard Fitts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123847052

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 6497

Groundwater Science, 2E, covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater. New to the Second Edition: * New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systems * Expanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis. * Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertainty * Free software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modeling * Lists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapter * Expanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions * Two-color figures * Homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughout * Companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problems * PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty
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Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport

Author: Mary P. Anderson,William W. Woessner,Randall J. Hunt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080916384

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 1066

This second edition is extensively revised throughout with expanded discussion of modeling fundamentals and coverage of advances in model calibration and uncertainty analysis that are revolutionizing the science of groundwater modeling. The text is intended for undergraduate and graduate level courses in applied groundwater modeling and as a comprehensive reference for environmental consultants and scientists/engineers in industry and governmental agencies. Explains how to formulate a conceptual model of a groundwater system and translate it into a numerical model Demonstrates how modeling concepts, including boundary conditions, are implemented in two groundwater flow codes-- MODFLOW (for finite differences) and FEFLOW (for finite elements) Discusses particle tracking methods and codes for flowpath analysis and advective transport of contaminants Summarizes parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis approaches using the code PEST to illustrate how concepts are implemented Discusses modeling ethics and preparation of the modeling report Includes Boxes that amplify and supplement topics covered in the text Each chapter presents lists of common modeling errors and problem sets that illustrate concepts
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Author: H. M. Raghunath

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 8122419046

Category: Groud water

Page: 520

View: 8862

The Book Introduces To The Reader All Aspects Of Ground Water I.E., Its Assessment, Development, Utilisation And Management. Practical Application Of Different Formulae For Field Conditions, Data Collection And Processing, Test Procedures And Principles Of Design Are Worked Out To Illustrate The Theory And Design Procedure.The Revised Edition Includes Case Studies Of Pump Test Data In The Country. Methods Of Irrigation And Complete Design And Layout Of Sprinkler And Drip Irrigation Projects Are Given.Model University Question Papers (With Answers To Problems) Are Given Which Explore A Comprehensive Knowledge Of Ground Water Resource Evaluation.The Book Will Prove Eminently Suitable For Students, Research Scholars And Professionals Associated With Ground Water Development And Management.
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Conflict Resolution for Groundwater and Aquifers

Author: W. Todd Jarvis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136212744

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 2355

The world increasingly relies on groundwater resources for drinking water and the provision of food for a growing population. The utilization of aquifer systems also extends beyond freshwater supply to include other resources such as heat extraction and the storage and disposal of substances. Unlike other books about conflict resolution and negotiations over water resources, this volume is unique in focusing exclusively on conflicts over groundwater and aquifers. The author explores the specific challenges presented by these "hidden" resources, which are shown to be very different from those posed by surface water resources. Whereas surface watersheds are static, groundwater boundaries are value-laden and constantly changing during development. The book describes the various issues surrounding the governance and management of these resources and the various parties involved in conflicts and negotiations over them. Through first-hand accounts from a pracademic skilled in both process and substance as a groundwater professional and professional mediator, the book offers options for addressing the challenges and issues through a transdisciplinary approach.
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Author: Milton E. Harr

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486145190

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 2541

DIVLogical, analytical approach to solution of groundwater and seepage problems. Coverage of Russian work, advanced engineering mathematics, numerous worked-out examples, over 200 problems. /div
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Development and Management

Author: K. R. Karanth

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780074517123

Category: Artificial groundwater recharge

Page: 720

View: 474

A comprehensive, self-sufficient and up-to-date text providing complete information on various aspects of groundwater assessment, development and management. It gives a balanced presentation of theory and field practice using a multidisciplinary approach to aid in solving problems from a variety of data bases. The coverage in this book includes: Aquifer tests and evaluation of aquifer properties Stream gauging and measurement of discharge and stage of wells Ground water exploration Geomorphic and geologic control on ground water Estimation of individual components of ground water recharge, discharge and ground water balance Ground water development and management. The book contains a large number of figures, examples of complex interpretative techniques and methodologies, case histories, and problems along with answers. With its integrated, multidisciplinary approach, the book would serve as a valuable reference book to hydrogeologists, geologists, geophysicists, hydrologists, hydrometerologists, and irrigation, agricultural and drilling engineers, as well as those concerned with planning and decision making. Researchers and students would also find this an indispensable text.
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Author: Price, Michael (Senior Lecturer in Hydrogeology, University of Reading)

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134982739

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 8410

Presented in a style intended for the non-specialist reader, with technical terms and mathematical formulae kept to a minimum, the second edition of this introduction to groundwater covers a range of topics as they relate to hydrogeology. A major new chapter focuses on pollution.
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Author: Larry W. Canter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873715690

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 9498

This time-saving book provides extensive coverage of all important aspects of nitrates in groundwater, ranging from prevention to problem assessment to remediation. It begins by highlighting the nitrogen cycle and related health concerns, providing both background information and a unique perspective on health issues. It then analyzes subsurface processes and the factors and practices that affect them. It thoroughly reviews aquifer vulnerability mapping, an emerging new management tool, and contains a nitrate pollution index that can be used in evaluating actual or potential nitrate pollution from agricultural areas. Best Management Practices are described and evaluated, and possible treatment measures are also explored. Thoroughly researched and well-organized, Nitrates in Groundwater provides a vivid snapshot of the status of nitrates in groundwater today.
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Author: Janine Gibert,Dan Danielopol,Jack Arthur Stanford

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780122821103

Category: Science

Page: 571

View: 8053

Basic attributes of groundwater ecosystems and prospects for reasearch. Hydrodynamics and geomorphology of groundwater environments. Biological organizations and constraints in groundwater. Functioning of groundwater ecosystems: case studies.
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Groundwater Pumping and the Fate of America's Fresh Waters

Author: Robert Jerome Glennon

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597267878

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 1400

"...a book as rich in detail as it is devastating in its argument." -SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN "Water Follies deserves a place alongside the late Marc Reisner's classic Cadillac Desert." -ENVIRONMENT "a lively account of hydrology" -NEW YORK REVIEW OF BOOKS "if you want to scare yourself silly, read Water Follies, by Robert Jerome Glennon. In it you'll learn how America is irrigating itself to death-just like the Sumerians-while sucking its groundwater aquifers dry." -TORONTO GLOBE & MAIL "Even if you are not working with water issues, you should read this book for a wider awareness of the depth and importance of groundwater impacts, right down to the bottle of water you are probably drinking right now." -CONSERVATION IN PRACTICE "To law professor Robert Glennon, the names Perrier and Poland pack a fearful punch, for they and the other huge producers of bottled water are feeding a craze that puts the environment on the brink of disaster." -PUBLISHERS WEEKLY The Santa Cruz River that once flowed through Tucson, Arizona is today a sad mirage of a river. Except for brief periods following heavy rainfall, it is bone dry. The cottonwood and willow trees that once lined its banks have died, and the profusion of birds and wildlife recorded by early settlers are nowhere to be seen. The river is dead. What happened? Where did the water go. As Robert Glennon explains in Water Follies, what killed the Santa Cruz River -- and could devastate other surface waters across the United States -- was groundwater pumping. From 1940 to 2000, the volume of water drawn annually from underground aquifers in Tucson jumped more than six-fold, from 50,000 to 330,000 acre-feet per year. And Tucson is hardly an exception -- similar increases in groundwater pumping have occurred across the country and around the world. In a striking collection of stories that bring to life the human and natural consequences of our growing national thirst, Robert Glennon provides an occasionally wry and always fascinating account of groundwater pumping and the environmental problems it causes. Robert Glennon sketches the culture of water use in the United States, explaining how and why we are growing increasingly reliant on groundwater. He uses the examples of the Santa Cruz and San Pedro rivers in Arizona to illustrate the science of hydrology and the legal aspects of water use and conflicts. Following that, he offers a dozen stories -- ranging from Down East Maine to San Antonio's River Walk to Atlanta's burgeoning suburbs -- that clearly illustrate the array of problems caused by groundwater pumping. Each episode poses a conflict of values that reveals the complexity of how and why we use water. These poignant and sometimes perverse tales tell of human foibles including greed, stubbornness, and, especially, the unlimited human capacity to ignore reality. As Robert Glennon explores the folly of our actions and the laws governing them, he suggests common-sense legal and policy reforms that could help avert potentially catastrophic future effects. Water Follies, the first book to focus on the impact of groundwater pumping on the environment, brings this widespread but underappreciated problem to the attention of citizens and communities across America.
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Author: Fletcher G. Driscoll

Publisher: Reynolds Guyar Designs

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1089

View: 7227

Standard work in demand.
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Author: D Armstrong,K Narayan

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643106073

Category: Science

Page: 24

View: 334

This booklet outlines the properties of geological materials which enable them to accept, store and transmit groundwater, together with a description of the principal types of aquifer which are commonly found to occur in the field. Sources of groundwater are described in order to provide an understanding of the hydrogeological modelling exercise. The governing equations for steady state and non-steady state (transient) groundwater flow, are presented together with a brief overview of a range of modelling techniques, including both analytical and numerical models, the use of diffuse recharge as a model calibration tool and recent developments in the field of inverse modelling are also discussed.
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Management, Containment, Risk Assessment and Legal Issues

Author: Chester D. Rail

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566768979

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 174

View: 4235

Fully updated and expanded into two volumes, the new edition of Groundwater Contamination explains in a comprehensive way the sources for groundwater contamination, the regulations governing it, and the technologies for abating it. This volume discusses aquifer management and strategies for stormwater control and groundwater restoration. A number of case histories on site analysis and remediation based on DOE and state documents are included. Among the many new features of this edition are a full discussion of risk assessment, the preparation of groundwater protection plans, and references linking the text to over 2,300 water-related Web sites.
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Author: Jeremy B. Jones,Patrick J. Mulholland

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080517995

Category: Science

Page: 425

View: 5584

Streams around the world flow toward the sea in floodplains. All along this transit, there is exchange of water between the stream itself and the surrounding sediments which form the floodplain. Many chemical, biological, and geological processes occur when water moves back and forth between streams and these flood plain sediments. Streams and Groundwaters focuses on the consequences of water flow between streams, their underlying sediments, and surrounding landscapes. Certain to appeal to anyone interested in stream ecology, the management of stream ecosystems, or landscape ecology, this volume should become a oft-opened reference.
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Author: C. G. E. M. van Beek

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1780400241

Category: Science

Page: 153

View: 3145

Groundwater serves many purposes. It is a source of public and private drinking water, it is utilized as an industrial feedstock and it is used in agriculture for irrigation and cattle watering. The abstraction of groundwater also serves many civil engineering purposes such as structures, construction pit dewatering and remediation of polluted groundwater. Furthermore, groundwater is increasingly used for supply and storage of energy for the cooling and heating of buildings. Many wells abstracting groundwater suffer from impaired performance as a result of clogging by mechanical or biogeochemical processes. This represents a significant economic loss due to volume reductions, cost of well rehabilitations or construction of new wells. Cause and Prevention of Clogging of Wells Abstracting Groundwater from Unconsolidated Aquifers provides a comprehensive description of the various causes and processes associated with well clogging in addition to describing methodologies for diagnosis and prevention.
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Geochemistry and Occurrence

Author: Alan H. Welch,Kenneth G. Stollenwerk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402073178

Category: Nature

Page: 475

View: 2141

This book consolidates much of what is known about the geochemistry of arsenic and provides new information on relationships between high concentrations of arsenic in ground water and geochemical environments. The subject matter of this book ranges in scope from molecular-scale geochemical processes that affect the mobility of arsenic in ground water, to arsenic contaminated ground water at the national scale. Chapters were contributed by an international group of research scientists from a broad range of backgrounds.
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Author: AWWA Staff

Publisher: American Water Works Association

ISBN: 1613001754

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 207

View: 2416

This manual provides operators, engineers, and other professionals with a basic understanding of groundwater that will help them make decisions on water-well design and operation. The manual covers geology, groundwater movement, groundwater quality, regulatory issues, water-well types and construction, pumps, water treatment, water-well problems, and groundwater recharge and storage.
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Author: D Armstrong,K Narayan

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643106065

Category: Science

Page: 20

View: 9724

Analytical methods of assessing the response of groundwater levels to a range of factors, including elastic (barometric and tidal) influences in confined aquifers and recharge to unconfined aquifers due to infiltration of rain and other surface water, are presented. Responses in a confined aquifer to distant recharge events and the associated time lag is discussed. Also covered are responses to changes in storage volume resulting from direct recharge at the outcrop of an unconfined aquifer system both seasonally and on a single recharge event basis. Worked examples and case histories are used to illustrate methods of estimating the amount of recharge at different sites within a catchment. The application of vertical cross-sectional flow nets to the estimation of recharge is presented in the context of recharge/discharge profiles.
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