Author: Myer Kutz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123858828

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 760

View: 5415

Handbook of Farm, Dairy and Food Machinery Engineering is the essential reference for engineers who need to understand those aspects of the food industry from farm machinery to food storage facilities to the machinery that processes and packages our foods. The process of getting food from "farm to fork," as the saying goes, involves more than planting, harvesting, shipping, processing, packaging and distributing—though those are all key components. Effective and efficient food delivery systems are built around processes that maximize the effort while minimizing cost, time, and resource depletion. This comprehensive reference is for engineers who design and build machinery and processing equipment, shipping containers, and packaging and storage equipment. It includes cutting-edge coverage of microwave vacuum application in grain processing, cacao processing, fruit and vegetable processing, ohmic heating of meat, facility design, closures for glass containers, double seaming, and much more. Provides cross-topic information for translational research and potential application Focuses on design and controls – written for engineers by engineers – always with practical applications in mind Includes design of machinery and facilities as well as theoretical basis for determining and predicting behavior of foods as they are handled and processed
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Author: Myer Kutz

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0815517513

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 756

View: 7698

Indispensable for food, chemical, mechanical, and packaging engineers, Handbook of Farm, Dairy, and Food Machinery covers in one comprehensive volume fundamental food engineering principles in the design of food industry machinery. The handbook provides broad, yet technically detailed coverage of food safety, regulations, product processing systems, packaging, facilities, waste management, and machinery design topics in a ôfarm to the forkö organization. The 22 chapters are contributed by leading experts worldwide with numerous illustrations, tables, and references. The book includes the new USDA regulations for ôcertified organicö processing, as well as state-of-the-art technologies for equipment both on the farm and in the plant.
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Author: Nnamdi Anosike,Maurizio Cutini

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781642230376

Category:

Page: 302

View: 9746

The procedures of employing mechanical resources to agricultural operations are originally focused on the intention of supplying plenty of food for the farm family, the village, the region and the country. In convincing this idea, farm machines that assist bring more land into production; more water to dry-season production, offer for accommodation of intensively-managed crops etc. are typically given priority. Once food sufficiency has been achieved, the focus of farm machinery tends to become the development of the efficiency of food production. In this perspective technologies that reduce costs, save on scarce resources, meet market demand for high-value products, reduce environmental stresses, etc. are commonly found to receive particular attention. Looking towards the future to a point in time when humans are removed from field machinery, there are several emerging technologies that will be essential for autonomous operation. Advancements in sensing, communication and control technologies coupled with Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are aiding the progression of farm machines from the simple, mechanical machines of yesterday to the intelligent, autonomous vehicles of the future. Handbook of Farm, Dairy and Food Machinery presents up-to-date information on fundamental food engineering doctrine in the design of food industry machinery. It provides wide ranging, theoretical and practical detailed coverage of food safety, product processing systems, packaging, waste management, and machinery design topics in a farm to the organization. The purpose of this work is to examine a number of controlling factors relating to the removal of man as a control element in agricultural field production systems. Many forces external to the industry will shape how automation develops and is adopted by producers. This book will be of valuable to Food, chemical, mechanical, and packaging engineers involved with the food industry.
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Author: Myer Kutz

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071614788

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1008

View: 2142

The definitive transportation engineering resource--fully revised and updated The two-volume Handbook of Transportation Engineering, Second Edition offers practical, comprehensive coverage of the entire transportation engineering field. Featuring 18 new chapters and contributions from nearly 70 leading experts, this authoritative work discusses all types of transportation systems--freight, passenger, air, rail, road, marine, and pipeline--and provides problem-solving engineering, planning, and design tools and techniques with examples of successful applications. Volume II focuses on applications in automobile and non-automobile transportation, and on safety and environmental issues. VOLUME II COVERS: Traffic engineering analysis Traffic origin-destination estimation Traffic congestion Highway capacity Traffic control systems: freeway management and communications Traffic signals Highway sign visibility Transportation lighting Geometric design of streets and highways Intersection and interchange design Pavement engineering: flexible and rigid pavements Pavement testing and evaluation Bridge engineering Tunnel engineering Pedestrians Bicycle transportation Spectrum of automated guideway transit (AGT) and its applications Railway vehicle engineering Railway track design Improvement of railroad yard operations Modern aircraft design techniques Airport design Air traffic control systems design Ship design Pipeline engineering Traffic safety Transportation hazards Hazardous materials transportation Incident management Network security and survivability Optimization of emergency evacuation plans Transportation noise issues Air quality issues in transportation Transportation and climate change
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Author: NIIR Board

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN: 8190568574

Category:

Page: 550

View: 5070

The dairy industry plays an important role in our daily life. It is difficult to realize how fast changes are taking place in the dairy industry. Milk is an important human food, it is palatable, easy to digest and highly nutritive. One of the important factors affecting the total amount of milk produced and the way in which this milk is utilized is the demand for the various products. In order to prepare such a diversity of products, many different processes have been developed by the industry. There are numerous types of milk products such as ghee, butter, paneer, cheese, yogurt, ice cream powder, baby cereal food, cream, and so on. Each of these has been designed to take advantage of some particular property of milk. Dairy products are generally defined as food produced from the milk of mammals; they are usually high energy yielding food products. Enzymes play an important role in the production of cheese. Raw milk contains several native enzymes some of which can be used for analytical and quality purposes for example pasteurization can be assessed by determining indigenous alkaline phosphate activity. India is known as the Oyster of the global dairy industry, with opportunities galore to the entrepreneurs globally. Anyone might want to capitalize on the largest and fastest growing milk and milk products market. The dairy industry in India has been witnessing rapid growth. The liberalized economy provides more opportunities for MNCs and foreign investors to release the full potential of this industry. The main aim of the Indian dairy industry is only to better manage the national resources to enhance milk production and upgrade milk processing using innovative technologies. The major contents of the book are cholesterol, coronary heart disease and mil fat, cholesterol and cardio vascular diseases, fatty acids & cholesterol, factors affecting cardio vascular disease, application of enzymes in dairy and food processing, utilisation of milk components: casein, advances in the heat treatment of milk, varieties of sheep's cheese, whey cheese, potted cheese, filled cheese, testing butter at different stages, presentation of butter at different stages, condensed and evaporated milk, dried milk powder, skimmed powder, malted powder, butter powder, ghee yoghurt, technology processing of dairy and dairy products, dried milk shake, milk powder, dahi from sweet cream butter milk, packaging of dairy and milk products, dairy farm, dairy products & milk packaging in pouches, etc. Developments in the dairy industry are enough to justify a revision of a considerable amount of material in this book. This book deals with processes, formulae, project profiles, details of plant, machinery & raw materials with their resources etc. of various dairy products. This book will help all its readers from entrepreneurs to food industries, technocrats and scientists.
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Small-Scale, Holistic Grain Production for the Home and Market Producer

Author: Jack Lazor

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1603583653

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 431

View: 5440

The Organic Grain Grower is an invaluable resource for both home-scale and commercial producers interested in expanding their resiliency and drop diversity through growing their own grains. Longtime farmer and organic pioneer Jack Lazor covers how to grow and store wheat, barley, oats, corn, dry beans, soybeans, oilseeds, grasses, nutrient-dense forages, and lesser-known cereals. In addition, Lazor argues the importance of integrating grains on the organic farm (not to mention within the local food system) for reasons of biodiversity and whole-farm management. The Organic Grain Grower provides information on wide-ranging topics, from nutrient density and building soil fertility to machinery and grinding grains for livestock rations.--COVER.
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The Original 1922 Edition

Author: Fred D. Crawshaw,E W. Lehmann

Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1620878976

Category: Nature

Page: 432

View: 4934

An essential agricultural text originally published in 1922, Farm Mechanics is exactly that: a detailed but easy-to-understand manual outlining all the important aspects of working the land. The guide is broken up into sections that cover every aspect of farm work, from woodworking and cement-laying to farm machinery repair. Informative and easy to understand, with close to five hundred illustrations and photographs, Farm Mechanics is both a historical reference for those interested in the history of agriculture and a commonsense tool that outlines essential agricultural skills. For those who want to know more about the golden days of farming, there are plenty of details here to paint a vivid picture of early-twentieth-century farming in the United States, accompanied by detailed photos and illustrations of farm equipment and practices in action. But this isn’t just a book of theoretical practices for curious historians either—while some of the skills explained here might admittedly seem inapplicable for modern use (due to advances in technology most farmers aren’t taking the time to learn blacksmithing, for instance), other sections, like cement and concrete or rope and harness work for farm animals, contain tools and advice that are still indispensable to the modern-day farmer.
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Author: M. Ataman Aksoy,John C. Beghin

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821383490

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 2917

Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries presents research findings based on a series of commodity studies of significant economic importance to developing countries. The book sets the stage with background chapters and investigations of cross-cutting issues. It then describes trade and domestic policy regimes affecting agricultural and food markets, and assesses the resulting patterns of production and trade. The book continues with an analysis of product standards and costs of compliance and their effects on agricultural and food trade. The book also investigates the impact of preferences given to selected countries and their effectiveness, then reviews the evidence on the attempts to decouple agricultural support from agricultural output. The last background chapter explores the robustness of the global gains of multilateral agricultural and food trade liberalization. Given this context, the book presents detailed commodity studies for coffee, cotton, dairy, fruits and vegetables, groundnuts, rice, seafood products, sugar, and wheat. These markets feature distorted policy regimes among industrial or middle-income countries. The studies analyze current policy regimes in key producing and consuming countries, document the magnitude of these distortions and estimate the distributional impacts - winners and losers - of trade and domestic policy reforms. By bringing the key issues and findings together in one place, Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries aids policy makers and researchers, both in their approach to global negotiations and in evaluating their domestic policies on agriculture. The book also complements the recently published Agriculture and the WTO, which focuses primarily on the agricultural issues within the context of the WTO negotiations.
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Author: U. S. Department of Labor

Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing Inc.

ISBN: 1602393206

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 890

View: 1323

A directory for up-and-coming jobs in the near-future employment market includes recommendations for finding or advancing a career and draws on statistics from the U.S. Department of Labor, in a guide that includes coverage of more than 250 occupations. Original.
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Materials and Engineering Mechanics

Author: Myer Kutz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118907485

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1040

View: 4654

Full coverage of materials and mechanical design in engineering Mechanical Engineers' Handbook, Fourth Edition provides a quick guide to specialized areas you may encounter in your work, giving you access to the basics of each and pointing you toward trusted resources for further reading, if needed. The accessible information inside offers discussions, examples, and analyses of the topics covered. This first volume covers materials and mechanical design, giving you accessible and in-depth access to the most common topics you'll encounter in the discipline: carbon and alloy steels, stainless steels, aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys, titanium alloys for design, nickel and its alloys, magnesium and its alloys, superalloys for design, composite materials, smart materials, electronic materials, viscosity measurement, and much more. Presents comprehensive coverage of materials and mechanical design Offers the option of being purchased as a four-book set or as single books, depending on your needs Comes in a subscription format through the Wiley Online Library and in electronic and custom formats Engineers at all levels of industry, government, or private consulting practice will find Mechanical Engineers' Handbook, Volume 1 a great resource they'll turn to repeatedly as a reference on the basics of materials and mechanical design.
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Author: G. Henderson

Publisher: Read Books Ltd

ISBN: 144749377X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 194

View: 7509

This early work by G. Henderson is both expensive and hard to find in its first edition. It details the experiences of a farmer and his thoughts on the best methods of agricultural production. He includes chapters on poultry, cattle, corn and much more. This fascinating work is thoroughly recommended for those with an interest in the farming industry and its historical technologies and developments. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
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Feeding the World in the 21st Century

Author: Dr. Dickson Despommier

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1429946040

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 4045

"The vertical farm is a world-changing innovation whose time has come. Dickson Despommier's visionary book provides a blueprint for securing the world's food supply and at the same time solving one of the gravest environmental crises facing us today."--Sting Imagine a world where every town has their own local food source, grown in the safest way possible, where no drop of water or particle of light is wasted, and where a simple elevator ride can transport you to nature's grocery store - imagine the world of the vertical farm. When Columbia professor Dickson Despommier set out to solve America's food, water, and energy crises, he didn't just think big - he thought up. Despommier's stroke of genius, the vertical farm, has excited scientists, architects, and politicians around the globe. Now, in this groundbreaking book, Despommier explains how the vertical farm will have an incredible impact on changing the face of this planet for future generations. Despommier takes readers on an incredible journey inside the vertical farm, buildings filled with fruits and vegetables that will provide local food sources for entire cities. Vertical farms will allow us to: - Grow food 24 hours a day, 365 days a year - Protect crops from unpredictable and harmful weather - Re-use water collected from the indoor environment - Provide jobs for residents - Eliminate use of pesticides, fertilizers, or herbicides - Drastically reduce dependence on fossil fuels - Prevent crop loss due to shipping or storage - Stop agricultural runoff Vertical farms can be built in abandoned buildings and on deserted lots, transforming our cities into urban landscapes which will provide fresh food grown and harvested just around the corner. Possibly the most important aspect of vertical farms is that they can built by nations with little or no arable land, transforming nations which are currently unable to farm into top food producers. In the tradition of the bestselling The World Without Us, The Vertical Farm is a completely original landmark work destined to become an instant classic.
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Author: Adnan Y. Tamime

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444301659

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 5230

The Society of Dairy Technology (SDT) has joined with Wiley-Blackwell to produce a series of technical dairy-related handbooks providing an invaluable resource for all those involved in the dairy industry; from practitioners to technologists working in both traditional and modern large-scale dairy operations. The fifth volume in the series, Milk Processing and Quality Management, provides timely and comprehensive guidance on the processing of liquid milks by bringing together contributions from leading experts around the globe. This important book covers all major aspects of hygienic milk production, storage and processing and other key topics such as: Microbiology of raw and market milks Quality control International legislation Safety HACCP in milk processing All those involved in the dairy industry including food scientists, food technologists, food microbiologists, food safety enforcement personnel, quality control personnel, dairy industry equipment suppliers and food ingredient companies should find much of interest in this commercially important book which will also provide libraries in dairy and food research establishments with a valuable reference for this important area.
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Author: Paul McNulty,Patrick M. Grace

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848260970

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 1681

Agricultural Mechanization and Automation is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The mechanization of farming practices throughout the world has revolutionized food production, enabling it to maintain pace with population growth except in some less-developed countries, most notably in Africa. Agricultural mechanization has involved the partial or full replacement of human energy and animal-powered equipment (e.g. plows, seeders and harvesters) by engine-driven equipment. The theme on Agricultural Mechanization and Automation cover six main topics: Technology and Power in Agriculture; Farm Machinery; Facilities and Equipment for Livestock Management; Environmental Monitoring; Recovery and Use of Wastes and by-Products; Slaughtering and Processing of Livestock, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs
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Author: George Saravacos,Athanasios E. Kostaropoulos

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319250205

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 775

View: 8236

This text covers the design of food processing equipment based on key unit operations, such as heating, cooling, and drying. In addition, mechanical processing operations such as separations, transport, storage, and packaging of food materials, as well as an introduction to food processes and food processing plants are discussed. Handbook of Food Processing Equipment is an essential reference for food engineers and food technologists working in the food process industries, as well as for designers of process plants. The book also serves as a basic reference for food process engineering students.The chapters cover engineering and economic issues for all important steps in food processing. This research is based on the physical properties of food, the analytical expressions of transport phenomena, and the description of typical equipment used in food processing. Illustrations that explain the structure and operation of industrial food processing equipment are presented. style="font-size: 13.3333330154419px;">The materials of construction and fabrication of food processing equipment are covered here, as well as the selection of the appropriate equipment for various food processing operations. Mechanical processing equipment such as size reduction, size enlargement, homogenization, and mixing are discussed. Mechanical separations equipment such as filters, centrifuges, presses, and solids/air systems, plus equipment for industrial food processing such as heat transfer, evaporation, dehydration, refrigeration, freezing, thermal processing, and dehydration, are presented. Equipment for novel food processes such as high pressure processing, are discussed. The appendices include conversion of units, selected thermophysical properties, plant utilities, and an extensive list of manufacturers and suppliers of food equipment.
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Author: Philip Hasheider,Samantha Johnson

Publisher: Voyageur Press

ISBN: 1627881379

Category: House & Home

Page: 320

View: 6112

DIVThe Complete Illustrated Guide to Farming is a comprehensive, one-stop encyclopedic guide for the beginning farmer, hobby farmer, and small-scale family farmer./divDIV /divDIVAre you interested in the country lifestyle or becoming more self-reliant? Do you think about someday raising livestock or growing crops? If you’re ready to make these thoughts a reality, The Complete Illustrated Guide to Farming is the perfect place to start. Farming experts Philip Hasheider and Samantha Johnson explain farming from start to finish: build your own fence, repair your own machinery, and know what to look for when you’re buying a tractor. Instead of buying a book on each subject area, you need just this one, which condenses the most important and relevant information on every aspect of running a farm into a single handy volume. And unlike other books, it’s designed specifically for the owner of a working farm./divDIV /divDIVThis practical illustrated guide provides hard-won expert advice on raising livestock and growing crops, making repairs, harvesting and butchering, managing a woodlot, and more. It’s everything you need to know to establish and maintain your farm./div
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Author: Frank A. Paine,H.Y. Paine

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780216932104

Category: Reference

Page: 497

View: 6054

For longer than we like to remember, there has been a tendency among food technologists to regard packaging as an afterthought - sometghing to be dealt with as cheaply as possible when the more interesting problems of food technology have been tackled. Conversely, packaging producers have often regarded the food industry as one of their major markets, and have concentrated on pushing their own particular product, irrespective of whether it was best suited for the purpose. In fact, food packaging is about 50% food chemistry and 50% packaging, and product and package should be considered together.
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